National park

national parksnationalNPnature parkparknational nature parkParksAmerican National Parkcoastal parkconservation reserves
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.wikipedia
3,145 Related Articles

Park

parkscounty parkpublic parks
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
National parks and country parks are green spaces used for recreation in the countryside.

Yellowstone National Park

YellowstoneYellowstone ParkYellowstone territory
While this type of national park had been proposed previously, the United States established the first "public park or pleasuring-ground for the benefit and enjoyment of the people", Yellowstone National Park, in 1872.
Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located mostly in Wyoming, with small sections in Montana and Idaho.

Everglades National Park

EvergladesMarjory Stoneman Douglas WildernessEverglades N.P.
Everglades National Park is an American national park that protects the southern twenty percent of the original Everglades in Florida.

World Commission on Protected Areas

IUCN World Commission on Protected AreasWCPAcategory 2 national park
An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas.

Protected area

conservation areaprotected areasprotected landscape
An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas. However, the Tobago Main Ridge Forest Reserve (established in 1776), and the area surrounding Bogd Khan Uul Mountain (1778) are seen as the oldest legally protected areas, predating Yellowstone by nearly a century.
Protected areas of India include National parks, Wildlife sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, Reserved and protected forests, Conservation and community reserves, Communal forests, Private protected areas and Conservation areas.

Hot Springs National Park

Hot Springs ReservationHot SpringsHot Springs of Arkansas
It was known as Hot Springs Reservation, but no legal authority was established.
Hot Springs National Park is an American national park in central Garland County, Arkansas, adjacent to the city of Hot Springs, the county seat.

International Union for Conservation of Nature

IUCNInternational Union for the Conservation of NatureWorld Conservation Union
An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas.
IUCN' stated goal is to expand the global network of national parks and other protected areas and promote good management of such areas.

Conservation (ethic)

conservationnature conservationConservation ethic
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
Thus countries like Britain, the Netherlands, Germany, etc. had what we would today term non-governmental organizations – in the shape of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, National Trust and County Naturalists' Trusts (dating back to 1889, 1895 and 1912 respectively) Natuurmonumenten, Provincial Conservation Trusts for each Dutch province, Vogelbescherming, etc. – a long time before there were national parks and national nature reserves.

Yosemite National Park

YosemiteYosemite, CaliforniaYosemite Grant
President Abraham Lincoln signed an Act of Congress on 1 July 1864, ceding the Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Grove of giant sequoias (later becoming Yosemite National Park) to the state of California.
Yosemite National Park is an American national park located in the western Sierra Nevada of Central California, bounded on the southeast by Sierra National Forest and on the northwest by Stanislaus National Forest.

Western United States

American WestwesternWest
The painter George Catlin, in his travels through the American West, wrote during the 1830s that the Native Americans in the United States might be preserved "(by some great protecting policy of government) ...in a magnificent park ...A nation's Park, containing man and beast, in all the wild and freshness of their nature's beauty!"
(The most important among these are the National Park Service and the Bureau of Land Management within the Interior Department, and the U.S. Forest Service within the Agriculture Department.) National parks are reserved for recreational activities such as fishing, camping, hiking, and boating, but other government lands also allow commercial activities like ranching, logging, and mining.

Swiss National Park

national parkNational parks of SwitzerlandParc Naziunal Svizzer
In Europe, the first national parks were a set of nine parks in Sweden in 1909, followed by the Swiss National Park in 1914.
As of 2009, it is the only National Park in Switzerland, though there are plans to create more.

Royal National Park

The Royal National ParkRoyalNational Park
In Australia, the Royal National Park was established just south of Sydney on 26 April 1879, becoming the world's second official national park Since Mackinac lost its national park status, Royal National Park is, by some considerations, the second oldest national park now in existence.
The Royal National Park is a protected national park that is located in Sutherland Shire in the Australian state of New South Wales, just south of Sydney.

Tongariro National Park

National ParkOtukouTongariro N.P.
New Zealand established Tongariro National Park in 1887.
Tongariro National Park is the oldest national park in New Zealand, located in the central North Island.

Nature reserve

biosphere reservenature preservewildlife sanctuary
In some European and Asian countries, however, national protection and nature reserves already existed, such as a part of the Forest of Fontainebleau (France, 1861).
Denmark has three national parks and several nature reserves, some of them inside the national park areas.

Banff National Park

BanffRocky Mountains ParkBanff Improvement District, Alberta
Rocky Mountain National Park became Canada's first national park in 1885.
In 1931, the Government of Canada enacted the Unemployment and Farm Relief Act which provided public works projects in the national parks during the Great Depression.

Peak District

Peak District National ParkPeak National ParkPeak
The United Kingdom designated its first national park, Peak District National Park, in 1951.
The national park has a formal boundary and covers most of the Dark Peak and White Peak, but the wider Peak District is less well defined.

Lahemaa National Park

LahemaaViru Bog
In 1971, Lahemaa National Park in Estonia was the first area to be designated a national park in the former Soviet Union.
It was the first area to be designated a national park of the former Soviet Union.

Northeast Greenland National Park

NE Greenland National ParkGreenland National ParkList of national parks of Greenland
The largest national park in the world meeting the IUCN definition is the Northeast Greenland National Park, which was established in 1974.
Northeast Greenland National Park (Kalaallit Nunaanni nuna eqqissisimatitaq, Den Nordøstlige Grønlands Nationalpark) is the world's largest national park and the 9th largest protected area.

National Park Service

U.S. National Park ServiceNational Park SystemUnited States National Park Service
Even with the creation of Yellowstone, Yosemite, and nearly 37 other national parks and monuments, another 44 years passed before an agency was created in the United States to administer these units in a comprehensive way – the U.S. National Park Service (NPS).
Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of CongoCongoDR Congo
Africa's first national park was established in 1925 when Albert I of Belgium designated an area of what is now Democratic Republic of Congo centred on the Virunga Mountains as the Albert National Park (since renamed Virunga National Park).
Five of the country's national parks are listed as World Heritage Sites: the Garumba, Kahuzi-Biega, Salonga and Virunga National Parks, and the Okapi Wildlife Reserve.

National Park Service Organic Act

Organic Act1916 National Park Service Organic ActNational Park Service Act (Kent–Smoot Act)
The 64th United States Congress passed the National Park Service Organic Act, which President Woodrow Wilson signed into law on 25 August 1916.
National parks began to be designated in the second half of the 19th century, and national monuments in the early part of the 20th century.

Main Ridge, Tobago

Main RidgeMain Ridge Forest ReserveMain Ridge Reserve
However, the Tobago Main Ridge Forest Reserve (established in 1776), and the area surrounding Bogd Khan Uul Mountain (1778) are seen as the oldest legally protected areas, predating Yellowstone by nearly a century.

Bogd Khan Mountain

Bogd Khan UulBogd KhanBogd Khan Uul Mountain
However, the Tobago Main Ridge Forest Reserve (established in 1776), and the area surrounding Bogd Khan Uul Mountain (1778) are seen as the oldest legally protected areas, predating Yellowstone by nearly a century.

Federation of Australia

FederationAustralian Federationfederated
While national parks are generally understood to be administered by national governments (hence the name), in Australia national parks are run by state governments and predate the Federation of Australia; similarly, national parks in the Netherlands are administered by the provinces.