Nationality

nationalitiesnational originnationalnationals[nationalitysubjectcompatriotsnational backgroundsbirthcitizen
Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.wikipedia
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Citizenship

citizencitizensburgher
Nationality differs technically and legally from citizenship, which is a different legal relationship between a person and a country.
Nationality is often used as a synonym for citizenship in English – notably in international law – although the term is sometimes understood as denoting a person's membership of a nation (a large ethnic group).

European Convention on Nationality

Strasbourg convention
In some cases, determinations of nationality are also governed by public international law—for example, by treaties on statelessness and the European Convention on Nationality.
It is a comprehensive convention of the Council of Europe dealing with the law of nationality.

Passport

diplomatic passportpassportsinternational passport
This older meaning of nationality is not defined by political borders or passport ownership and includes nations that lack an independent state (such as the Arameans, Scots, Welsh, English, Basques, Catalans, Kurds, Kabyles, Baloch, Berbers, Bosniaks, Kashmiris,
A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government to its citizens, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel.

Conflict of laws

private international lawconflict of lawinternational private law
A person's status as being the national of a country is used to resolve the conflict of laws.

Ethnic group

ethnicityethnicethnic groups
In older texts, the word nationality rather than ethnicity, often used to refer to an ethnic group (a group of people who share a common ethnic identity, language, culture, lineage, history, and so forth).
Depending on the context that is used, the term nationality may either be used synonymously with ethnicity or synonymously with citizenship (in a sovereign state).

British nationality law

BritishBritish citizenBritish citizenship
British nationality law defines six classes of British national, among which "British citizen" is one class (having the right of abode in the United Kingdom, along with some "British subjects").
British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom that concerns citizenship and other categories of British nationality.

United States nationality law

AmericanU.S. citizenUnited States
United States nationality law defines some persons born in U.S. outlying possessions as U.S. nationals but not citizens.
The 1952 Act sets forth the legal requirements for the acquisition of, and divestiture from, American nationality.

Civil and political rights

civil rightscivil rights activistpolitical rights
In the modern era, the concept of full citizenship encompasses not only active political rights, but full civil rights and social rights.
Civil rights include the ensuring of peoples' physical and mental integrity, life, and safety; protection from discrimination on grounds such as race, gender, sexual orientation, national origin, color, age, political affiliation, ethnicity, religion, and disability; and individual rights such as privacy and the freedom of thought, speech, religion, press, assembly, and movement.

International law

public international lawinternationallaw of nations
In some cases, determinations of nationality are also governed by public international law—for example, by treaties on statelessness and the European Convention on Nationality.
There is thus a comprehensive regime dealing with group rights, the treatment of aliens, the rights of refugees, international crimes, nationality problems, and human rights generally.

Multiple citizenship

dual citizenshipdual citizendual nationality
Dual nationality is when a single person has a formal relationship with two separate, sovereign states.
Conceptually, citizenship is focused on the internal political life of the state and nationality is a matter of international dealings.

Catalans

CatalanCatalan peopleCatalonian
This older meaning of nationality is not defined by political borders or passport ownership and includes nations that lack an independent state (such as the Arameans, Scots, Welsh, English, Basques, Catalans, Kurds, Kabyles, Baloch, Berbers, Bosniaks, Kashmiris,
Catalans in Spain are officially recognised as a "nationality" and enjoy a high degree of political autonomy, which has led to reinforcement of a Catalan identity.

Valencian Community

ValenciaValencianValencians
Spanish law recognises the autonomous communities of Andalusia, Aragon, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Catalonia, Valencia, Galicia and the Basque Country as "nationalities" (nacionalidades).
In fact, after a bipartisan reform of the Valencian Statute of Autonomy in 2006, it records the foral civil law, using the traditional conception of a kingdom, and, on the other hand, it also recognizes Valencia as a nationality, in accordance with the modern conception.

Nigerian nationality law

NigeriaNigerianNigerian citizens
Nigerian nationality law is the law of Nigeria which concerns citizenship and other categories of Nigerian nationality.

Nationalities and regions of Spain

RegionNationalities in Spainnationality
Spanish law recognises the autonomous communities of Andalusia, Aragon, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Catalonia, Valencia, Galicia and the Basque Country as "nationalities" (nacionalidades). Spain is one nation, made up of nationalities, which are not politically recognized as nations (state), but can be considered smaller nations within the Spanish nation.
It was suggested that the term "nationality" be changed to "citizenship" in the 11th article, but it was considered that the terms nationality and citizenship are not completely synonymous, as it is common in other European legislations.

Tunisian nationality law

TunisiaTunisianTunisian citizenship
The Tunisian nationality law (مجلة الجنسية التونسية; French: Code de la nationalité tunisienne) governs the acquisition, transmission, and loss of Tunisian nationality.

Peruvian nationality law

PeruPeruvian citizenshipPeruvian nationality
According to the Peruvian Constitution and nationality legislation passed in 1996 as well as an executive order declared in 1997, Peruvian nationality can be passed by birth via jus soli or by registration if born overseas and duly registered at a Peruvian embassy or consulate before the child reaches 18 years of age.

Aragon

AragónAragoneseAutonomous Community of Aragon
Spanish law recognises the autonomous communities of Andalusia, Aragon, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Catalonia, Valencia, Galicia and the Basque Country as "nationalities" (nacionalidades).
In 2007 the Statute of Autonomy of Aragon was reformed again -which was approved by a broad consensus in the Aragonese Corts, having the support of the PSOE, the PP, the PAR and the IU, whereas CHA abstained- granting the Autonomous Community the recognition of historical nationality (since the Organic Law of 1996 reform of the statute, it had the condition of nationality ), includes a new title on the Administration of Chustizia and another on the rights and duties of the Aragoneses and guiding principles of public policies, the possibility of creating an own tax agency in collaboration with that of the State, and also the obligation to public authorities to ensure to avoid transfers from watersheds such as transfer of the Ebro, among many other modifications of the Statute of Autonomy.

Jus soli

birthright citizenshipius solinative-born
]]Jus soli (,, ; meaning "right of soil" ), commonly referred to as birthright citizenship in the United States, is the right of anyone born in the territory of a state to nationality or citizenship.

Philippine nationality law

FilipinoFilipino citizenPhilippine
The Philippine nationality law is based upon the principles of jus sanguinis (Latin for right of blood) and therefore descent from a parent who is a citizen or national of the Republic of the Philippines is the primary method of acquiring Philippine citizenship.

Demonym

gentilicdemonymsinhabitants are called

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
This older meaning of nationality is not defined by political borders or passport ownership and includes nations that lack an independent state (such as the Arameans, Scots, Welsh, English, Basques, Catalans, Kurds, Kabyles, Baloch, Berbers, Bosniaks, Kashmiris, Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.

Customary international law

customaryinternational customary lawcustom
By custom and international conventions, it is the right of each state to determine who its nationals are.

Nationality law

citizenship lawnationality codecitizenship
Such determinations are part of nationality law.

Treaty

treatiesinternational treatyinternational treaties
In some cases, determinations of nationality are also governed by public international law—for example, by treaties on statelessness and the European Convention on Nationality.

Statelessness

statelessstateless personstateless persons
In some cases, determinations of nationality are also governed by public international law—for example, by treaties on statelessness and the European Convention on Nationality.