Natural disaster

natural disastersnaturaldisasternatural calamitiesact of naturedestructiondisastersnatural calamitynatural catastrophenatural catastrophes
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples are floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.wikipedia
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Natural hazard

natural hazardsnaturalhazard
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples are floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
An example of the distinction between a natural hazard and a natural disaster is that the 1906 San Francisco earthquake was a disaster, whereas living on a fault line is a hazard.

Limnic eruption

limnic eruptionsoverturning eventdegassing
A limnic eruption occurs when a gas, usually CO 2, suddenly erupts from deep lake water, posing the threat of suffocating wildlife, livestock and humans.

1970 Bhola cyclone

Bhola cyclonecycloneOperation Burlap
The deadliest hurricane ever was the 1970 Bhola cyclone; the deadliest Atlantic hurricane was the Great Hurricane of 1780 which devastated Martinique, St. Eustatius and Barbados.
It remains the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded and one of the deadliest natural disasters.

Drought

droughtsdrought reliefdry
Well-known historical droughts include the 1997–2009 Millennium Drought in Australia led to a water supply crisis across much of the country.
Drought affect food production and human society, so they are considered a disaster, of natural, supernatural or human cause (which itself could be supernatural causes, malediction, sin, ...).

Hurricane Katrina

KatrinaHurricanes Katrina2005 Hurricane Katrina
Another notable hurricane is Hurricane Katrina, which devastated the Gulf Coast of the United States in 2005.
The storm surge also devastated the coasts of Mississippi and Alabama, making Katrina one of the most destructive hurricanes, the costliest natural disaster in the history of the United States, tied with Hurricane Harvey in 2017, and the deadliest hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane.

Texas

TXTexanState of Texas
In 2011, the State of Texas lived under a drought emergency declaration for the entire calendar year and severe economic losses.
This makes it the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history.

Landslide

landslideslandslipdebris avalanche
A landslide is described as an outward and downward slope movement of an abundance of slope-forming materials including rock, soil, artificial, or even a combination of these things.
Natural disasters are a dramatic example of people living in conflict with the environment.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian AffairsOCHAUN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
And further United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs is formed by General Assembly Resolution 44/182.
The resolution was designed to strengthen the UN's response to complex emergencies and natural disasters.

Civil defense

civil defencecivil protectioncivil protection service
Civil defence (civil defense in US English) or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters.

Immigration

immigrantimmigrantsimmigrated
In addition to LGBT people and immigrants, women are also disproportionately victimised by religion-based scapegoating for natural disasters: fanatical religious leaders or adherents may claim that a god or gods are angry with women's independent, freethinking behaviour, such as dressing 'immodestly', having sex or abortions if they so choose.
Natural disasters can amplify poverty-driven migration flows.

Emergency management

disaster reliefdisaster managementemergency preparedness
Often these hazards are exacerbated by the conditions of the local environment as a result of the natural disaster.

List of countries by natural disaster risk

15th highest natural disaster riskNatural disaster riskWorld Risk Index
The report systematically considers a country's vulnerability and its exposure to natural hazards to determine a ranking of countries around the world based on their natural disaster risk.

List of natural disasters by death toll

deadliest natural disasters in recorded historydeadliest wildfiresList of deadliest natural disasters
A natural disaster is a sudden event that causes widespread destruction, major collateral damage or loss of life, brought about by forces other than the acts of human beings.

Environmental disaster

ecological disasterecological catastropheenvironmental disasters
This distinguishes it from the concept of a natural disaster.

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

CRPDUN Convention on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesUNCRPD
International law, for example Geneva Conventions defines International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, requires that "States shall take, in accordance with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and international human rights law, all necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of risk, including the occurrence of natural disaster."
Article 11 of the Convention affirms that States Parties shall take, in accordance with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and international human rights law, all necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and the occurrence of natural disaster.

Wild animal suffering

wild animals that sufferanimals do not suffer in the wildanimals suffering in nature
Wild animal suffering is the suffering experienced by nonhuman animals in nature through causes such as disease, injury, parasitism, starvation, natural disasters, and killings by other animals.

World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction

World Conference on Disaster ReductionHyogo Framework for ActionHyogo Framework
Japan's long history of severe natural disasters, prominence in international humanitarian aid and development and its scientific achievements in monitoring dangerous natural phenomena also made it a suitable conference venue.

Act of God

acts of GodAct of natureHand of God
Often it is used in conjunction with a natural disaster or tragic event.

Disaster

disasterscatastrophecatastrophes
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples are floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.

Earth

Earth's surfaceterrestrialworld
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples are floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.

Flood

floodingfloodsflood control
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples are floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.