Natural science

natural sciencesnaturalnatural scientistsciencenaturalistsciencesnatural scientistsHistory of natural sciencenaturalistsnatural scientific
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.wikipedia
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Outline of physical science

physical sciencesphysical sciencephysical
Natural science can be divided into two main branches: life science (or biological science) and physical science.
Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in contrast to life science.

Physics

physicistphysicalphysicists
Physical science is subdivided into branches, including physics, chemistry, astronomy and Earth science.
Physics (from, from φύσις phýsis 'nature') is the natural science that studies matter, its motion and behavior through space and time, and that studies the related entities of energy and force.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.
Modern science is typically divided into three major branches that consist of the natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study nature in the broadest sense; the social sciences (e.g., economics, psychology, and sociology), which study individuals and societies; and the formal sciences (e.g., logic, mathematics, and theoretical computer science), which study abstract concepts.

Astronomy

astronomicalastronomerastronomers
Physical science is subdivided into branches, including physics, chemistry, astronomy and Earth science.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.

Earth science

Earth Sciencesgeosciencesgeoscience
Physical science is subdivided into branches, including physics, chemistry, astronomy and Earth science.
Earth science or geoscience includes all fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.

Branches of science

scientific disciplineFields of scienceField of science
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.
Physics (from ) is a natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion through spacetime, along with related concepts such as energy and force.

List of life sciences

life scienceslife sciencebioscience
Natural science can be divided into two main branches: life science (or biological science) and physical science.
Life science is one of the two major branches of natural science, the other being physical science, which is concerned with non-living matter.

Scientific law

laws of physicsphysical lawlaws of nature
As empirical sciences, natural sciences use tools from the formal sciences, such as mathematics and logic, converting information about nature into measurements which can be explained as clear statements of the "laws of nature".
The term law has diverse usage in many cases (approximate, accurate, broad, or narrow) across all fields of natural science (physics, chemistry, biology, geology, astronomy, etc.).

Natural philosophy

natural philosophernatural philosophersNatural
Modern natural science succeeded more classical approaches to natural philosophy, usually traced to ancient Greece.
It is considered to be the precursor of natural science.

Formal science

formal sciencesformalformal disciplines
As empirical sciences, natural sciences use tools from the formal sciences, such as mathematics and logic, converting information about nature into measurements which can be explained as clear statements of the "laws of nature".
Whereas the natural sciences and social sciences seek to characterize physical systems and social systems, respectively, using empirical methods, the formal sciences are language tools concerned with characterizing abstract structures described by symbolic systems.

Ecology

ecologicalecologistecologically
The scale of study can range from sub-component biophysics up to complex ecologies.
Modern ecology became a much more rigorous science in the late 19th century.

Alchemy

alchemistalchemicalalchemists
Early experiments in chemistry had their roots in the system of Alchemy, a set of beliefs combining mysticism with physical experiments.
The former is pursued by historians of the physical sciences who examine the subject in terms of early chemistry, medicine, and charlatanism, and the philosophical and religious contexts in which these events occurred.

Conservation of mass

law of conservation of massmass conservationconservation of matter
The science of chemistry began to develop with the work of Robert Boyle, the discoverer of gas, and Antoine Lavoisier, who developed the theory of the Conservation of mass.
The formulation of this law was of crucial importance in the progress from alchemy to the modern natural science of chemistry.

Mathematics

mathematicalmathmathematician
Physics relies heavily on mathematics as the logical framework for formulation and quantification of principles.
Mathematics is essential in many fields, including natural science, engineering, medicine, finance, and the social sciences.

Geophysics

geophysicistgeophysicalgeophysicists
Physics plays a significant role in the other natural sciences, as represented by astrophysics, geophysics, chemical physics and biophysics. Earth science (also known as geoscience), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth, including geology, geophysics, hydrology, meteorology, physical geography, oceanography, and soil science.
Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.

Physical geography

physiographicphysiographyphysiographically
Earth science (also known as geoscience), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth, including geology, geophysics, hydrology, meteorology, physical geography, oceanography, and soil science.
Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.

René Descartes

DescartesCartesianRene Descartes
Galileo, Descartes, Bacon, and Newton debated the benefits of using approaches which were more mathematical and more experimental in a methodical way.
Descartes is often regarded as the first thinker to emphasize the use of reason to develop the natural sciences.

Matter

corporealsubstancematerial
Materials science is a relatively new, interdisciplinary field which deals with the study of matter and its properties; as well as the discovery and design of new materials.
For much of the history of the natural sciences people have contemplated the exact nature of matter.

Geology

geologicalgeologistgeologic
Earth science (also known as geoscience), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth, including geology, geophysics, hydrology, meteorology, physical geography, oceanography, and soil science.
Methods for relative dating were developed when geology first emerged as a natural science.

Philosophy

philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
The formulation of theories about the governing laws of the universe has been central to the study of physics from very early on, with philosophy gradually yielding to systematic, quantitative experimental testing and observation as the source of verification.
The topics of philosophy of science are numbers, symbols and the formal methods of reasoning as employed in the social sciences and natural sciences.

Experiment

experimentalexperimentationexperiments
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.
Uses of experiments vary considerably between the natural and human sciences.

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information.

Empiricism

empiricistempiricalempirically
Both natural and social sciences use working hypotheses that are testable by observation and experiment.

Natural Sciences (Cambridge)

Natural Sciences TriposNatural SciencesNatural Science Tripos
The tripos includes a wide range of Natural Sciences from physical sciences to biology which are taught alongside the history and philosophy of science.

Scientific method

scientific researchscientificmethod
One of its principal advances was the use of the scientific method to investigate nature.
These methodological elements and organization of procedures tend to be more characteristic of natural sciences than social sciences.