Nauru

Republic of NauruDistrictDistrictsNauru IslandDistricts of NauruMoqua WellNauruan14 districtsNRNRU
Nauru ( or ; Naoero), officially the Republic of Nauru (Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.wikipedia
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Tuvalu

Ellice IslandsElliceEllice group
It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, northeast of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands.
The island country lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (which belong to the Solomon Islands), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji.

Banaba Island

Ocean IslandBanabaBanaban Islanders
Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in Kiribati, to the east.
Banaba Island (also Ocean Island), an island in the Pacific Ocean, is a solitary raised coral island west of the Gilbert Island chain and 185 mi east of Nauru.

Micronesia

MicronesiansMicronesianFSM
Nauru ( or ; Naoero), officially the Republic of Nauru (Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.
Politically, the islands of Micronesia are divided between six sovereign nations: the Caroline Islands are divided between the Republic of Palau and the Federated States of Micronesia, the latter often shortened to "FSM" or "Micronesia" and not to be confused with the overall region; the Gilbert Islands and the Line Islands comprise the Republic of Kiribati, except for three of the Line Islands that are United States territories (Palmyra Atoll being noteworthy as the only current incorporated U.S. Territory); the Mariana Islands are in union with the United States, divided between the U.S. Territory of Guam and the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Nauru is a fully sovereign nation, coextensive with the island of the same name; and the Republic of the Marshall Islands is coextensive with that island group.

Marshall Islands

MarshallsRepublic of the Marshall IslandsMarshall
It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, northeast of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands.
The islands share maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Wake Island to the north, Kiribati to the southeast, and Nauru to the south.

Federated States of Micronesia

MicronesiaMicronesianMicronesia, Federated States of
It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, northeast of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands.
They lie northeast of New Guinea, south of Guam and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshall Islands, east of Palau and the Philippines, about 2900 km north of eastern Australia and some 4000 km southwest of the main islands of Hawaii.

Australian immigration detention facilities

Australian immigration detention facilityimmigration detention centreimmigration detention facilities
From 2001 to 2008, and again from 2012, it accepted aid from the Australian Government in exchange for hosting the Nauru Regional Processing Centre, an offshore Australian immigration detention facility.
Asylum seekers detected in boats in Australian waters have been detained in facilities on the offshore islands of Nauru and Manus Island, previously under the now defunct Pacific Solution and (since 2013 and ) under Operation Sovereign Borders.

Flag of Nauru

flagNaurucountry's flag
There were traditionally 12 clans or tribes on Nauru, which are represented in the twelve-pointed star on the country's flag.
Following the independence of Nauru, the flag of Nauru was raised for the first time.

Nauruan language

NauruanNauruDorerin Naoero
The name "Nauru" may derive from the Nauruan word Anáoero, which means 'I go to the beach'.
The Nauruan or Nauru language (dorerin Naoero) is an Austronesian language, spoken natively by around 6,000 people in the island country of Nauru.

Nauruan Civil War

Nauruan Tribal WarCivil Warcivil war had broken out on the island
The firearms were used during the 10-year Nauruan Civil War that began in 1878.
Since the British captain John Fearn discovered Nauru in 1798, it had been avoided as much as possible by many ships, due to its notoriety as a station for pirates.

German attacks on Nauru

attack on Nauruattacks on Naurufive Allied merchant ships
On 6 and 7 December 1940, the German auxiliary cruisers Komet and Orion sank five supply ships in the vicinity of Nauru.
Nauru is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.

Japanese occupation of Nauru

occupationJapanese occupationcaptured
Japanese troops occupied Nauru on 25 August 1942.
The Japanese occupation of Nauru was the period of three years (26 August 1942 – 13 September 1945) during which Nauru, a Pacific island under Australian administration, was occupied by the Japanese military as part of its operations in the Pacific War during World War II.

Aweida

Auweyida
The most widely known of these was King Auweyida.
King Aweida (1850–1921) was a King and Head Chief of Nauru.

Oceania

South PacificPacificSouthwest Pacific
Nauru ( or ; Naoero), officially the Republic of Nauru (Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.

Kiribati

Republic of KiribatiI-KiribatiGilbert Islands
Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in Kiribati, to the east.

Albert Fuller Ellis

Albert Ellis
Phosphate was discovered on Nauru in 1900 by the prospector Albert Fuller Ellis.
He discovered phosphate deposits on the Pacific islands of Nauru and Banaba Island (Ocean Island) in 1900.

British Phosphate Commission

British Phosphate CommissionersBoard of British Phosphate CommissionersBPC
The Nauru Island Agreement forged in 1919 between the governments of the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand provided for the administration of the island and for extraction of the phosphate deposits by an intergovernmental British Phosphate Commission (BPC).
The British Phosphate Commissioners (BPC) was a board of Australian, British, and New Zealand representatives who managed extraction of phosphate from Christmas Island, Nauru, and Banaba Island (Ocean Island) from 1920 until 1981.

John Fearn (whaler)

John FearnCaptain Thomas Fearn
In 1798, the British sea captain John Fearn, on his trading ship Hunter (300 tons), became the first Westerner to report sighting Nauru, calling it "Pleasant Island", because of its attractive appearance.
John Fearn (born ca. 1768, fl. 1798) was an English ship captain, notable as the first European to report sighting the Pacific island of Nauru.

Hammer DeRoburt

President DeRoburt
Nauru became self-governing in January 1966, and following a two-year constitutional convention, it became independent in 1968 under founding president Hammer DeRoburt.
Hammer DeRoburt (25 September 1922 – 15 July 1992) was the founding President of the Republic of Nauru, and ruled the country for most of its first twenty years of independence.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
The sovereign state is a member of the United Nations, Pacific Islands Forum, Commonwealth of Nations and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States.
The most recent Member in Arrears, Nauru, returned to full membership in June 2011.

Canals in Nauru

channels
The presence of the reef has prevented the establishment of a seaport, although channels in the reef allow small boats access to the island.
The canals are predominantly man-made openings in the surrounding reef which encircle the entire island of Nauru.

Nauru reed warbler

Acrocephalus rehsei
There are no native land mammals, but there are native insects, land crabs, and birds, including the endemic Nauru reed warbler.
The Nauru reed warbler (itsirir), Acrocephalus rehsei, is a passerine bird endemic to the island of Nauru in the Pacific Ocean.

Pacific Islands Forum

Pacific ForumSouth Pacific ForumPacific Island Forum
The sovereign state is a member of the United Nations, Pacific Islands Forum, Commonwealth of Nations and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States.

Lionel Aingimea

The president of Nauru is Lionel Aingimea, who heads a 19-member unicameral parliament.
Lionel Rouwen Aingimea is a Nauruan lawyer and politician.

Marcus Stephen

related
Following a vote of no confidence on 19 December 2007, Scotty was replaced by Marcus Stephen.
Marcus Stephen (born 1 October 1969) is a Nauruan politician and former sportsperson who previously was a member of the Cabinet of Nauru, and who served as President of Nauru from December 2007 to November 2011.

Ludwig Scotty

Scotty
Bernard Dowiyogo died in office in March 2003 and Ludwig Scotty was elected as the president, later being re-elected to serve a full term in October 2004.
Ludwig Derangadage Scotty (born 20 June 1948) is a Nauruan politician who twice served as President of Nauru and was Speaker of Parliament five times between 2000 and 2016.