Nayanars

NayanarNayanmarsNayanmar63 NayanmarsNāyanārsSaiva saintsshaivite devotees63 Tamil saintsNaayanarNalvars
The Nayanmars (alt. Nayanars, Tamil: நாயன்மார்கள், lit. "hounds of Siva", later "teachers of Siva") were a group of 63 saints (also saint poets) in the 6th to 8th century who were devoted to the Hindu god Shiva in Tamil Nadu.wikipedia
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Sundarar

Sundaramoorthy NayanarCuntararThiruthondar Thogai
The names of the Nayanars were first compiled by Sundarar.
Sundarar (Tamil: சுந்தரர்), also known affectionately as Tampiran Tōḻan (Comrade of the Master, meaning friend of Shiva) was an eighth-century poet who was one of the most prominent Nayanars, the Shaiva bhakti (devotional) poets of Tamil Nadu.

Shiva

Lord ShivaSivaLord Siva
Nayanars, Tamil: நாயன்மார்கள், lit. "hounds of Siva", later "teachers of Siva") were a group of 63 saints (also saint poets) in the 6th to 8th century who were devoted to the Hindu god Shiva in Tamil Nadu.
Tamil literature is enriched by Shiva devotees called 63 Nayanmars (Nayanars).

Sambandar

TirugnanasambandarTirugnana SambandarThirugnana Sambanthar
He arranged the hymns of three saint poets Sambandar, Appar and Sundarar as the first seven books which he called the Tevaram.
He is one of the most prominent of the sixty-three Nayanars, Tamil Saiva bhakti saints who lived between the sixth and the tenth centuries CE.

Bhakti movement

bhaktiBhakti ageBhakti era
They, along with the Alwars, their contemporaries who were devoted to Vishnu, influenced the Bhakti movement in Tamil.
The movement started with the Saiva Nayanars and the Vaisnava Alvars, who lived between 5th and 9th century AD.

Karaikkal Ammaiyar

KaraikkalKaraikal AmmaiyarKaraikkal Ammeiyar
In his poem, Tiruthonda Thogai, he sings, in eleven verses, the names of the Nayanar saints up to Karaikkal Ammeiyar, and refers to himself as "the servant of servants".
Karaikal Ammaiyar (meaning "the revered mother from Karaikkal"), one of the three women amongst the 63 Nayanmars, is one of the greatest figures of early Tamil literature.

Periya Puranam

PeriyapuranamPeriapuranamபெரிய‌ புராண‌ம்
In the 12th century, Sekkizhar added a twelfth volume to the Tirumurai called Periya Puranam in which he expands further on the stories of each of 63 Nayanars.
The Periya Puranam (Tamil: பெரிய‌ புராண‌ம்), that is, the great purana or epic, sometimes called Tiruttontarpuranam ("Tiru-Thondar-Puranam", the Purana of the Holy Devotees), is a Tamil poetic account depicting the lives of the sixty-three Nayanars, the canonical poets of Tamil Shaivism.

Thiruvasagam

TiruvacakamTiruvasakamThiruvasakam
He compiled Manikkavacakar's Tirukovayar and Tiruvacakam as the eighth book, the 28 hymns of nine other saints as the ninth book, the Tirumandiram of Tirumular and 40 hymns by 12 other poets as the tenth book.
Though he is not counted as one of the 63 Saiva nayanars, he is counted as one of the Nalvars ("The Four") consisting of himself and the first three nayanars namely Appar, Sambandhar and Sundarar.

Tirumular

ThirumoolarThirumularTirumoolar
He compiled Manikkavacakar's Tirukovayar and Tiruvacakam as the eighth book, the 28 hymns of nine other saints as the ninth book, the Tirumandiram of Tirumular and 40 hymns by 12 other poets as the tenth book.
Tirumular (also spelt Thirumoolar etc., originally known as Suntaranāthar) was a Tamil Shaivite mystic and writer, considered one of the sixty-three Nayanmars and one of the 18 Siddhars.

Tirumurai

First TirumuraiThirumuraiSeventh Tirumurai
The list was expanded by Nambiyandar Nambi during his compilation of material by the poets for the Tirumurai collection, and would include Sundarar himself and Sundarar's parents.
Sekkizhar's Periya Puranam, composed a century later, contains the life depiction of all the 63 Nayanmars.

Manikkavacakar

ManickavasagarManikkavasagarManikavasagar
He compiled Manikkavacakar's Tirukovayar and Tiruvacakam as the eighth book, the 28 hymns of nine other saints as the ninth book, the Tirumandiram of Tirumular and 40 hymns by 12 other poets as the tenth book.
Although he is a prominent saint in Southern India, he is not counted among the sixty-three nayanars.

Sekkizhar

SekkilarSekkiḻarChekkizhar
In the 12th century, Sekkizhar added a twelfth volume to the Tirumurai called Periya Puranam in which he expands further on the stories of each of 63 Nayanars.
He compiled and wrote the Periya Puranam (Great Story or Narrative) in 4253 verses, recounting the life stories of the sixty-three Shaiva Nayanars, the devotees of Shiva.

Tirunilakanta Nayanar

Tiru Neelakanta
Tirunilakanta Nayanar, also known as Tirunilakanta (spelt as Tirunilakantha, Tiru Neelakanta, Tiru Nilakanta), Nilakantan and Tirunilakantar (Thiruneelakandar) was a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Iyarpagai Nayanar

Iyarpagaiar
Iyarpagai Nayanar, also known as Iyarpagaiar, Iyarpahai Nayanar, Iyarpagaiya Nayanar and Iyarppakai Nayanar is a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Meiporul Nayanar

Meiporul
Meiporul Nayanar known as Meypporul Nayanar, Meipporul (Meypporul), Meiporular, Meypporular, Maiporul Nayanar and Miladudaiyar is a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Ilayankudi Maranar

Ilayankudi Mara Nayanar
Ilayankudi Maranar (also spelt as Ilayangudi Maranar), also known Ilaiyangudi Nayanar, Ilaiyankuti Nayanar, Ilayangudi Mara Nayanar (Ilaiyangudi Mara Nayanar, Ilayankudi Mara Nayanar), is a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Viralminda Nayanar

Viralminda
Viralminda Nayanar, also known as Viranmindar (Viranmintar), Viranmintan and Viranminda Nayanar (Viranminta Nayanar), is a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Amaraneedi Nayanar

AmaraneediAmaraneethi Nayanar
Amaraneedi Nayanar, also known as Amarneethi (Nayanar), Amarneeti (Nayanar), Amarniti (Nayanar), Amar-Nidhi (Nayanar) and Amarneethiyar, was a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Alvars

AzhwarAlwarsAzhwars
They, along with the Alwars, their contemporaries who were devoted to Vishnu, influenced the Bhakti movement in Tamil.
Together with the contemporary sixty three Shaiva Nayanars, they are among the most important saints from Tamil Nadu.

Eripatha Nayanar

Eripatha
Eripatha Nayanar, also known as Eripathar, Eripatar, Eribattar, Eripattan', Eripaththa Nayanar and Eripattha Nayanar, is Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Yenathinathar

Yenathinathar, also known as Yenatinata, Yenathi Nayanar, Yenadhinatha, Yenadinath, Yenadinatha Nayanar and Yenadhinatha Nayanar, was a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Kungiliya Kalaya Nayanar

Kungiliya Kalaya
Kungiliya Kalaya Nayanar (also spelt as Kunguliya Kalaya Nayanar, Kungulia Kalaya Nayanar), also known as Kungiliya Kalaya (Kunguliya Kalaya), Kalayar (Kalaya, Kalayan), Kunguliya and Kalaya Nayanar, is a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Manakanchara Nayanar

Manakanchara
Manakanchara Nayanar, also known as Manakkanychaara Nayanar, Manakkancharar, Manakanjara Nayanar, Mankkanjara Nayanar and Manakkanjarar, was a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Anaya Nayanar

Anaya
Anaya Nayanar, also known as Anaya and Anayar, is a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu Shaivite sect.

Murthi Nayanar

Murthiyar
Murthi Nayanar, also spelt as Murthy Nayanar, Moorthy Nayanar and Murti Nayanar and also known as Murtti, is a Nayanar saint, venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.

Nandanar

NandanaarNandanar (Thirunalai Povar)
Nandanar (also spelt as Nantanar), also known as Tirunalaippovar (Thirunaallaippovaar) and Tiru Nalai Povar Nayanar, was a Nayanar saint, who is venerated in the Hindu sect of Shaivism.