Nazi crimes against the Polish nation
Nazi crimes against ethnic PolesPolesethnic PolesNazi crimes in PolandNazi atrocitiesa surge in Polish arrestsagainst the Polish nationcrimes against ethnic Polescrimes against the Polish nationethnic cleansing campaign
Crimes against the Polish nation committed by Nazi Germany and Axis collaborationist forces during the invasion of Poland, along with auxiliary battalions during the subsequent occupation of Poland in World War II, consisted of the murder of millions of ethnic Poles and the systematic extermination of Jewish Poles.wikipedia
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Supreme National Tribunal of PolandSupreme National Tribunal for the Trial of War CriminalsSupreme National Tribunal for Trial of War Criminals
After Germany lost the war, the International Military Tribunal at the Nuremberg Trials and Poland's Supreme National Tribunal concluded that the aim of German policies in Poland – the extermination of Poles and Jews – had "all the characteristics of genocide in the biological meaning of this term."
Nazi Germany occupied Poland in 1939 and carried out many atrocities.
Palmiryexecuted in Palmiryexecute 80 persons
The AB-Aktion saw the massacre of Lwów professors and the executions of about 1,700 Poles in the Palmiry forest.
Palmiry is one of the most infamous sites of German crimes in Poland, and "one of the most notorious places of mass executions" in Poland.
HeydrichR. HeydrichReinhardt Heydrich
On 7 September 1939, Reinhard Heydrich stated that all Polish nobles, clergy, and Jews were to be killed. In the Wartheland, regional leader Arthur Greiser, with the encouragement of Reinhard Heydrich and Martin Bormann, launched a severe attack on the Catholic Church.
Heydrich created the "Zentralstelle IIP Polen" unit of the Gestapo in order to coordinate the ethnic cleansing of Poles in "Operation Tannenberg" and the Intelligenzaktion, two codenames for extermination actions directed at the Polish people during the German occupation of Poland.
Pacification operations in German-occupied PolandpacificationPacification Operations in German occupied Poland
About 20,000 villagers, some of whom were burned alive, were killed in large-scale punitive operations targeting rural settlements suspected of aiding the resistance or hiding Jews and other fugitives.
The so-called "pacification operations" were introduced along with all other extermination policies directed against Poland already in September 1939, and were of a large scale, resulting in the confirmed murder of approximately 20,000 villagers.
Second World WarwarWWII
Crimes against the Polish nation committed by Nazi Germany and Axis collaborationist forces during the invasion of Poland, along with auxiliary battalions during the subsequent occupation of Poland in World War II, consisted of the murder of millions of ethnic Poles and the systematic extermination of Jewish Poles.
Nazi Germany was responsible for the Holocaust (killing approximately 6million Jews), as well as for killing 2.7 million ethnic Poles and 4million others who were deemed "unworthy of life" (including the disabled and mentally ill, Soviet prisoners of war, Romani, homosexuals, Freemasons, and Jehovah's Witnesses) as part of a programme of deliberate extermination, in effect becoming a "genocidal state".
expulsion of PolesexpulsionsExpulsion of Poles by Nazi Germany (1939–1944)
During World War II, the Germans not only murdered millions of Poles (Jewish and otherwise), but ethnically cleansed millions more through forced deportation to make room for “racially superior” German settlers (see Generalplan Ost and Lebensraum).
From the start of the war against Poland, Germany intended to realize Adolf Hitler's plan, set out in his book Mein Kampf, to acquire "living space" (Lebensraum) in the east for massive settlement of German colonists.
Hitler's policies resulted in the killing of nearly two million non-Jewish Poles, over three million Soviet prisoners of war, communists and other political opponents, homosexuals, the physically and mentally disabled, Jehovah's Witnesses, Adventists, and trade unionists.
General Plan Eastplannedplans for them
During World War II, the Germans not only murdered millions of Poles (Jewish and otherwise), but ethnically cleansed millions more through forced deportation to make room for “racially superior” German settlers (see Generalplan Ost and Lebensraum). The mass killings were a part of the secretive Operation Tannenberg, an early measure of the Generalplan Ost settler colonization.
Geheime Staatspolizeithe authoritiesauthorities
Summary executions of Poles were conducted by all German forces without exception including, Wehrmacht, Gestapo, the SS and Selbstschutz in violation of international agreements.
The Gestapo always showed a special interest in denunciations concerning sexual matters, especially cases concerning Rassenschande with Jews or between Germans and foreigners, in particular Polish slave workers; the Gestapo applied even harsher methods to the foreign workers in the country, especially those from Poland, Jews, Catholics and homosexuals.
Nazi racial ideologyAryanNazi racial theories
Hitler's plan combined classic imperialism with Nazi racial ideology.
intelligentsia actionAktion gegen die polnische Intelligenzdeprived of their leaders and most of their intelligentsia
In the first three months of war, from the fall of 1939 until the spring of 1940, some 60,000 former government officials, military officers in reserve, landowners, clergy, and members of the Polish intelligentsia were executed region by region in the so-called Intelligenzaktion, including over 1,000 POWs.
Sonderaktion Tannenbergincluding its elitelists prepared in advance
The mass killings were a part of the secretive Operation Tannenberg, an early measure of the Generalplan Ost settler colonization.
This prejudice led to mass killings and genocide or it was used to justify atrocities both during and after World War II, most notably by the German Nazis, Ukrainian nationalists and Soviet communists.
Consequences of German Nazismin the course of Nazi occupationNazi occupation
The majority of 50,000 Poles imprisoned at Mauthausen-Gusen perished mostly in Gusen; 150,000 at Auschwitz, 20,000 at Sachsenhausen, 40,000 at Gross-Rosen; 17,000 at Neuengamme and 10,000 at Dachau.
StutthofKL StutthofList of subcamps of Stutthof
A major concentration camp complex at Stutthof (east of Gdansk), was launched no later than 2 September 1939 and existed till the end of the war with 39 subcamps.
GhettoJewish ghettoghettoised Jews
As part of the expulsion and slave labor program, Jews were singled out and separated from the rest of civilian population in the newly established ghettos.
Kidnapping of Polish children by Nazi Germanykidnappedkidnapping of children
At least 200,000 children in occupied Poland were kidnapped by the Nazis to be subjected to forcible germanization (Ausländerkinder-Pflegestätte).
The round-up included 2,000 ethnic Poles living and working there.
Ausländerkinder-PflegestätteEntbindungsheim für Ostarbeiterinnen
Children of forced workers were mistreated in Ausländerkinder-Pflegestätte, where thousands of them died.
GreiserArthur Karl GreiserGREISER, Arthur Karl
In the Wartheland, regional leader Arthur Greiser, with the encouragement of Reinhard Heydrich and Martin Bormann, launched a severe attack on the Catholic Church.
massacre in Wolamassacred in the districts of Wolaobliterated
The most notorious occurrence took place in Wola where, at the beginning of August 1944, between 40–50,000 civilians (men, women, and children) were methodically rounded-up and executed by the Einsatzkommando of the Sicherheitspolizei under Heinz Reinefarth's command and the amnestied German criminals from Dirlewanger.
The Germans justified these genocides on the basis of Nazi racial theory, which regarded Poles and other Slavic peoples as racially inferior Untermenschen and depicted Jews as a constant threat.
Ochotaan orgy of civilian killings, rape and lootingmassacre of residents
In Ochota, an orgy of civilian killings, rape and looting was carried out by Russian collaborators of RONA.
Zofja NałkowskaNałkowskaNałkowska, Zofia
* Medaliony (Medallions, 1946), a collection of 8 short stories about German World War II atrocities in occupied Poland