Nazism and race

Nazi racial ideologyAryanNazi racial theoriesNazi racial theoryethnically AryanNazi race theoriesracial ideologyracially basedalready clearAryan ideal
Nazism and race concerns the Nazi Party's adoption and further development of several hypotheses concerning their concept of race.wikipedia
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Nazi Party

NSDAPNazisNazi
Nazism and race concerns the Nazi Party's adoption and further development of several hypotheses concerning their concept of race.
Pseudo-scientific racist theories were central to Nazism, expressed in the idea of a "people's community" (Volksgemeinschaft).

Hans F. K. Günther

Hans F.K. GüntherHans GüntherHans Friedrich Karl Günther
Hitler and Nazi racial theorist Hans F. K. Günther framed this as an issue to be corrected through selective breeding for "Nordic" traits. There were many academic and administrative scholars of race who all had somewhat divergent views about the social misconception of racism, including Alfred Rosenberg and Hans F. K. Günther
He is considered to have been a major influence on Nazi racialist thought.

Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
In 1945, Adolf Hitler said:
Under Hitler's leadership and racially motivated ideology, the Nazi regime was responsible for the genocide of at least 5.5 million Jews and millions of other victims whom he and his followers deemed Untermenschen (subhumans) or socially undesirable.

Racial policy of Nazi Germany

Nazi racial policiesNazi racial policyracial policies
The Chinese and Japanese were still subject to Germany's racial laws, however, which – with the exception of the 1935 Nuremberg Laws, which specifically mentioned Jews – generally applied to all "non-Aryans" although since Japanese and Chinese were given "Honorary Aryan" status these racial laws were applied to them in a more lenient manner as compared to other "non-Aryans" who were not granted "Honorary Aryan" status by Adolf Hitler.
The racial policy of Nazi Germany was a set of policies and laws implemented in Nazi Germany (1933–45) based on a specific racist doctrine asserting the superiority of the Aryan race, which claimed scientific legitimacy.

Untermensch

Untermenschensubhumansubhumans
The Nazis therefore classified them as the most inferior race and used derogatory terms Untermensch (sub-human) and Schwein (pig).
Untermensch (, underman, sub-man, subhuman; plural: Untermenschen) is a term that became infamous when the Nazis used it to describe non-Aryan "inferior people" often referred to as "the masses from the East", that is Jews, Roma, and Slavs – mainly Poles, Serbs, and later also Russians.

Alfred Rosenberg

RosenbergAlfred RosenburgAlfred Ernst Rosenberg
There were many academic and administrative scholars of race who all had somewhat divergent views about the social misconception of racism, including Alfred Rosenberg and Hans F. K. Günther
The author of a seminal work of Nazi ideology, The Myth of the Twentieth Century (1930), Rosenberg is considered one of the main authors of key National Socialist ideological creeds, including its racial theory, persecution of the Jews, Lebensraum, abrogation of the Treaty of Versailles, and opposition to what was considered "degenerate" modern art.

Volksliste

Deutsche VolkslisteGerman Nationality ListDeutsche Volksliste
This started with the classification of people into the Volksliste.
The Deutsche Volksliste (German People's List), a Nazi Party institution, aimed to classify inhabitants of Nazi-occupied territories (1939-1945) into categories of desirability according to criteria systematised by Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler.

Nuremberg Laws

Nuremberg Race LawsNuremberg racial lawsReich Citizenship Law
The Chinese and Japanese were still subject to Germany's racial laws, however, which – with the exception of the 1935 Nuremberg Laws, which specifically mentioned Jews – generally applied to all "non-Aryans" although since Japanese and Chinese were given "Honorary Aryan" status these racial laws were applied to them in a more lenient manner as compared to other "non-Aryans" who were not granted "Honorary Aryan" status by Adolf Hitler.

Nazi eugenics

eugenicseugeniceugenics programme
Nazi eugenics (Nationalsozialistische Rassenhygiene, "National Socialist racial hygiene") were Nazi Germany's racially based social policies that placed the biological improvement of the Aryan race or Germanic "Übermenschen" master race through eugenics at the center of Nazi ideology.

Nazi crimes against the Polish nation

Nazi crimes against ethnic PolesPolesethnic Poles
Hitler's plan combined classic imperialism with Nazi racial ideology.

Lebensraum

living spaceAltreichacquisition of territory
To expand the Lebensraum (living space) for Germans, the Nazis later applied this classification to Slavs, mainly the Poles, Serbs and Russians, along with Romani (Gypsies) east of Germany.
The never-established Reichskommissariat Turkestan would have been the closest territory to Imperial Japan's north-westernmost extents of its own Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, with a "living wall" said to be "defending" the easternmost Lebensraum lands, while simultaneously "elevating" higher social class Chinese and nearly all Japanese-ethnicity populations as "honorary Aryans", partly to Hitler's own stated respect in Mein Kampf towards those specific East Asian ethnicities.

Richard Walther Darré

Walther DarréWalther DarreDarré
Richard Walther Darré, Reich Minister of Food and Agriculture from 1933 to 1942, popularized the expression "Blut und Boden" ("Blood and Soil"), one of the many terms in the Nazi glossary ideologically used to enforce popular racism in the German population.

Life unworthy of life

unworthy of lifeLebensunwertes LebenLife Unworthy of Living
An Untermensch would be stripped of all his/her rights, treated as an animal, deemed to have a Lebensunwertes Leben (life unworthy of living) and fit only for enslavement and extermination.

Germanisation

GermanizationGermanizedGermanised
During World War II, Germanization efforts were carried out in central and eastern Europe to cull those of "German blood" there.
The policy of Germanisation in the Nazi period carried an explicitly ethno-racial rather than purely nationalist meaning, aiming for the spread of a "biologically superior" Aryan race rather than that of the German nation.

An Investigation of Global Policy with the Yamato Race as Nucleus

Some statements in the document coincide with the then-publicly espoused concept of Yamato people; however, much of the work borrowed heavily from German National Socialist racial, political and economic theories, including mention of the "Jewish question" and inclusion of racist anti-Jewish political cartoons, although Japan had a rather negligible and largely overlooked Jewish minority.

Martin Heidegger and Nazism

Heidegger and NazismHeidegger’s Nazi sympathiesaffiliation with Nazism
The relationship between Heidegger and Nazism has remained a controversial subject in the history of philosophy, even today.

Aryan certificate

Ariernachweisnon-AryanAryan ancestry
Aryan certificate) and non-Aryans known as Rassenschande ("race defilement") became punishable by law.

Race (human categorization)

raceracialraces
Nazism and race concerns the Nazi Party's adoption and further development of several hypotheses concerning their concept of race.

Mein Kampf

My Strugglea voluminous bookbook
Hitler's view towards race and people can be found throughout Mein Kampf but more specifically in chapter 11 "Nation and Race".

Aryan race

AryanAryansAryanism
Hitler made references to an "Aryan Race" founding a superior type of humanity.

Nordic race

NordicNordicistNordic theory
The purest stock of Aryans according to Nazi ideology was the Nordic people of Germany, England, Denmark, The Netherlands, Sweden and Norway.

Dolichocephaly

dolichocephalicdolichocephalicsdolicocephalic
The Nazis defined Nordics as being identified by tall stature (average 175 cm), long faces, prominent chins, narrow and straight noses with a low bridge, lean builds, doliocephalic skulls, straight light hair, light eyes, and fair skin.

Han Chinese

HanChineseHan people
The Han Chinese and Japanese races were both considered by Nazi Germany to be "Aryans of the East", "Honorary Aryans" and the "Herrenvolk of the Orient" (i.e. the "Master race of the Orient").