Ndu languages

NduNdu language family
The Ndu languages are the best known family of the Sepik languages of northern Papua New Guinea.wikipedia
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Abelam language

AbelamabtTheir language
Abelam is the most populous language, with about 45,000 speakers, though Iatmül is better known to the outside world. Iatmul, Manambu, Yelogu (Yalaku), Abelam (Ambulas), Boiken–Koiwat, Gaikundi, Sos Kundi (Sawos Kundi)
Abelam (or Abulas) is the most prevalent of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Keak language

Keakkeh
Also distinguished are Keak (close to Iatmul or Sos Kundi), Kwasengen (or Hanga Hundi, close to Ambulas), Burui (close to Gai Kundi), and Sengo.
Keak is an Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Kwasengen language

Kwasengenwos
Also distinguished are Keak (close to Iatmul or Sos Kundi), Kwasengen (or Hanga Hundi, close to Ambulas), Burui (close to Gai Kundi), and Sengo.
Kwasengen, also known as Hanga Hundi, is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Burui language

bryBurui
Also distinguished are Keak (close to Iatmul or Sos Kundi), Kwasengen (or Hanga Hundi, close to Ambulas), Burui (close to Gai Kundi), and Sengo.
Burui is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Sengo language

Sengospk
Also distinguished are Keak (close to Iatmul or Sos Kundi), Kwasengen (or Hanga Hundi, close to Ambulas), Burui (close to Gai Kundi), and Sengo.
Sengo is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Iatmül language

IatmülIatmulian
Abelam is the most populous language, with about 45,000 speakers, though Iatmül is better known to the outside world. Iatmul, Manambu, Yelogu (Yalaku), Abelam (Ambulas), Boiken–Koiwat, Gaikundi, Sos Kundi (Sawos Kundi)
Iatmul is part of the Ndu language family, which consists of at least six languages in which ndu is the word for 'man'.

Nggala language

Ngalanud
Ngala
Ngala, or Sogap, is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Vowel

vowelsvowel heightV
Most Sepik and neighboring languages have systems of three vowels, that are distinct only in height.
Very few languages have fewer, though some Arrernte, Circassian, Ndu languages have been argued to have just two, and, with being epenthetic.

Boiken language

Boikenbzf
Iatmul, Manambu, Yelogu (Yalaku), Abelam (Ambulas), Boiken–Koiwat, Gaikundi, Sos Kundi (Sawos Kundi)
Boiken (Nucum, Yangoru) is one of the more populous of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Yelogu language

Yeloguylg
Iatmul, Manambu, Yelogu (Yalaku), Abelam (Ambulas), Boiken–Koiwat, Gaikundi, Sos Kundi (Sawos Kundi)
Yelogu, also known as Kaunga, is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Koiwat language

Koiwatkxt
Iatmul, Manambu, Yelogu (Yalaku), Abelam (Ambulas), Boiken–Koiwat, Gaikundi, Sos Kundi (Sawos Kundi)
Koiwat is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Gaikundi language

Gaikundigbf
Iatmul, Manambu, Yelogu (Yalaku), Abelam (Ambulas), Boiken–Koiwat, Gaikundi, Sos Kundi (Sawos Kundi)
"village language") is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Sos Kundi language

sdksicSos Kundi
Iatmul, Manambu, Yelogu (Yalaku), Abelam (Ambulas), Boiken–Koiwat, Gaikundi, Sos Kundi (Sawos Kundi)
Sos Kundi is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Sepik languages

SepikMiddle SepikSepik Hill
The Ndu languages are the best known family of the Sepik languages of northern Papua New Guinea.
The most populous are Iatmül's fellow Ndu languages Abelam and Boiken, with about 35 000 speakers apiece.

Manambu language

ManambuMalumle
Iatmul, Manambu, Yelogu (Yalaku), Abelam (Ambulas), Boiken–Koiwat, Gaikundi, Sos Kundi (Sawos Kundi)
Manambu is one of the Ndu languages of Sepik River region of northern Papua New Guinea.

Language family

language familiesfamilylanguage group
The Ndu languages are the best known family of the Sepik languages of northern Papua New Guinea.

Papua New Guinea

🇵🇬PNGNew Guinea
The Ndu languages are the best known family of the Sepik languages of northern Papua New Guinea.

Assimilation (phonology)

assimilationassimilatedassimilates
Phonetic are a result of palatal and labial assimilation of to adjacent consonants.

Epenthesis

epentheticepenthetic vowelsvarabhakti
The Ndu languages may take this reduction a step further: In these languages, is used as an epenthetic vowel to break up consonant clusters in compound words.

Consonant cluster

consonant clustersclusterscluster
The Ndu languages may take this reduction a step further: In these languages, is used as an epenthetic vowel to break up consonant clusters in compound words.

Compound (linguistics)

compoundcompound wordcompounds
The Ndu languages may take this reduction a step further: In these languages, is used as an epenthetic vowel to break up consonant clusters in compound words.

Upper Arrernte language

ArrernteUpper ArrernteAranda
That is, the Ndu languages may be a rare case of a two-vowel system, the others being the Arrernte and Northwest Caucasian languages.

Northwest Caucasian languages

Northwest CaucasianNorthwest Caucasian languageCircassian
That is, the Ndu languages may be a rare case of a two-vowel system, the others being the Arrernte and Northwest Caucasian languages.

Sepik

Sepik RiverSepik artKaiserin-Augusta River