Negawatt market

Negawatt powernegawattnegawatts
A negawatt market is a theoretical energy market where the commodity traded is a negawatt-hour, a unit of energy saved as a direct result of energy conservation measures.wikipedia
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Amory Lovins

Amory B. LovinsLovins, Amory B.List of books by Amory Lovins
The concept was developed after Amory Lovins authored an article published in the March 21, 1985 issue of Public Utilities Fortnightly arguing that utility companies will sell less electricity and more efficiency by marketing 'negawatts'.
Lovins has also advocated a "negawatt revolution" arguing that utility customers don't want kilowatt-hours of electricity; they want energy services.

Association négaWatt

See association négaWatt.
Association NegaWatt Power, Is a French advocacy group based in Valence, Drôme.

Efficient energy use

energy efficiencyenergy efficientenergy-efficient
For energy efficiency investments a CEA calculation produces the value of saved energy or negawatts in $/kWh.
A CEA calculation will produce the value of energy saved, sometimes called negawatts, in $/kWh.

Cost-effectiveness analysis

cost-effectivecost-effectivenesscost effective
Cost for negawatt power can be calculated using cost-effectiveness analysis or CEA.
Such savings are sometimes called negawatts.

Energy market

energy marketsenergyEnergy and Markets
A negawatt market is a theoretical energy market where the commodity traded is a negawatt-hour, a unit of energy saved as a direct result of energy conservation measures.

Commodity

commoditiescommodity pricescommodity good
A negawatt market is a theoretical energy market where the commodity traded is a negawatt-hour, a unit of energy saved as a direct result of energy conservation measures.

Energy conservation

energy efficiencyenergy savingconservation
A negawatt market is a theoretical energy market where the commodity traded is a negawatt-hour, a unit of energy saved as a direct result of energy conservation measures.

Kilowatt hour

kWhGWhTWh
In Lovins' opinion, utility customers don’t want kilowatt-hours of electricity; they want energy services such as hot showers, cold beer, lit rooms, and spinning shafts, which can come more cheaply if electricity is used more efficiently.

Time value of money

Cumulative average returndiscounted future returnsearning potential of money over time
Specifically, Tuominen et al. have suggested using the dynamic generation cost type of CEA for energy efficiency investments as it includes the best accounting for the time value among the various CEA methods available.

Ecological footprint

environmental footprintfootprintecological footprints
Megawatt and negawatt seem to be reminiscent to the larger concept of ecological footprint, handprint handprint, and by following this line of thought toward compatibility and comparability a second frame of concept seems appropriate: mindprint — the impact in another frame or setting where units or numbers can not be compared (see paradigm shift).

Paradigm shift

paradigm founderparadigmatic shiftparadigm
Megawatt and negawatt seem to be reminiscent to the larger concept of ecological footprint, handprint handprint, and by following this line of thought toward compatibility and comparability a second frame of concept seems appropriate: mindprint — the impact in another frame or setting where units or numbers can not be compared (see paradigm shift).

Secondary market

aftermarketsecondary tradingmarket for resale
The negawatt market can be thought of as a secondary market where electricity is allocated from areas of less use to areas of greater use.

Wholesaling

wholesalewholesalerwholesalers
A negawatt market would allow "demand side resources" to participate in wholesale energy markets.

Connecticut

CTState of ConnecticutConn.
"Test negawatt auctions began in 1999 in Connecticut and Georgia and more than a dozen utility exchanges were in existence" in 2000.

Georgia (U.S. state)

GeorgiaGAState of Georgia
"Test negawatt auctions began in 1999 in Connecticut and Georgia and more than a dozen utility exchanges were in existence" in 2000.

New York State Energy Research and Development Authority

NYSERDANew York State Office of Atomic and Space Development
In an effort to move toward energy efficiency, New York has created programs "supported through Energy $mart, which is run by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), with money from a small surcharge on utility bills."

South Australia

SASouth AustralianSouth
On January 1, 2009, the states of South Australia and Victoria (Australia) became the first in Australia to offer "householders energy efficiency incentives programs delivered via local electricity retailers."

Victoria (Australia)

VictoriaVictoria, AustraliaVictorian
On January 1, 2009, the states of South Australia and Victoria (Australia) became the first in Australia to offer "householders energy efficiency incentives programs delivered via local electricity retailers."

Pacific Northwest

northwestNorthwest CoastPacific Northwest Coast
Aluminum manufacturers in the Pacific Northwest shut down their power plants and sold the unused energy because selling the negawatts was more profitable for the company than selling the aluminum product.

Standby power

standbyvampire powerApp Standby
Individual households can practice negawatts through using energy-efficient lighting and Energy Star appliances as well as simply reducing standby power.

Photovoltaic system

solar arraysolar photovoltaicsolar PV
These efficiencies can offset a portion of the cost of a residential photovoltaic system.

San Diego

San Diego, CaliforniaSan Diego, CACity of San Diego
The City of San Diego has created a negawatts initiative called "Reduce then Produce" to promote this idea.

Emissions trading

cap and tradecap-and-tradeemissions trading scheme
This is similar to an emissions trading or a cap-and-trade system, in which the energy that is not used can be bought from the consumers who saved the energy and sold to those who need to purchase the extra energy.

Tax deduction

tax-deductibledeductionstax deductible
If a consumer conserves a substantial amount of energy then there can even be an allowance for a tax deduction.

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

HVACheatingclimate control
Existing buildings can be made more efficient by renovating the insulation to cut back on electricity used for heating, installing more efficient light fixtures, and an upgraded HVAC design.