Neighbourhood

neighborhoodneighborhoodsneighbourhoodsneighborneighborsneighbourneighbouringhoodNeighborhood communityneighboring
For technical reasons, "Neighborhood #1 (Tunnels)", "Neighborhood #2 (Laïka)", "Neighborhood #3 (Power Out)", and "Neighborhood #4 (7 Kettles)" redirect here.wikipedia
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Town

settlementsmall towntowns
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.
Another smaller type of town or neighborhood in a big city is called Kuy .

City

citiesUrbanCivil (City)
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.
Suburbs in the west, and, increasingly, gated communities and other forms of "privatopia" around the world, allow local elites to self-segregate into secure and exclusive neighborhoods.

Ward (electoral subdivision)

wardelectoral wardwards
In addition, government statistics for local areas are often referred to as neighbourhood statistics, although the data themselves are broken down usually into districts and wards for local purposes.
Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods, thoroughfares, parishes, landmarks, geographical features and in some cases historical figures connected to the area.

Community

communitiescommunalsmall community
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

Neighborhood association

block clubneighbourhood associationcivic associations
In Canada and the United States, neighbourhoods are often given official or semi-official status through neighbourhood associations, neighbourhood watches or block watches.
A neighborhood association (NA) is a group of residents or property owners who advocate for or organize activities within a neighborhood.

Neighborhood watch

neighbourhood watchCrime WatchNeighborhood Watch Program
In Canada and the United States, neighbourhoods are often given official or semi-official status through neighbourhood associations, neighbourhood watches or block watches.
A neighborhood watch or neighbourhood watch (see spelling differences), also called a crime watch or neighbourhood crime watch, is an organized group of civilians devoted to crime and vandalism prevention within a neighborhood.

Administrative divisions of China

county-level divisioncounty-level divisionsPrefecture
(See Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China)
Basic local divisions like neighborhoods and communities are not informal like in America, but have defined boundaries and elected heads (one per area):

Barrio

neighbourhoodneighborhoodarrabal
Barrio is a Spanish word meaning a quarter or neighbourhood.

Residential community

communitycommunitiesResidential communities
Within neighbourhoods, families are grouped into smaller residential units or quarters of 100 to 600 families and supervised by a residents' committee; these are subdivided into residents' small groups of fifteen to forty families. In most urban areas of China, neighbourhood, community, residential community, residential unit, 'residential quarter' have the same meaning: 社区 or 小区 or 居民区 or 居住区, and is the direct sublevel of a subdistrict, which is the direct sublevel of a district, which is the direct sublevel of a city .
In the People's Republic of China, a residential community, also called residential unit or residential quarter or neighbourhood or residential community, is an urban residential area and its residents administrated by a subdistrict.

Bairro

Neighbourhoodneighbourhoods
A bairro is a Portuguese word for a quarter or a neighborhood or, sometimes, a district which is within a city or town.

Kiez

der Kiez
Kiez (also: Kietz) is a German word that refers to a city neighbourhood, a relatively small community within a larger town.

Komshi

Komšija (komşu, "neighbor") or Komšiluk denotes the neighborhood in the Balkans.

Suburb

Suburbansuburbssuburbia
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.
In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas.

Subdistricts of China

subdistrictsubdistrictsjiedao
In most urban areas of China, neighbourhood, community, residential community, residential unit, 'residential quarter' have the same meaning: 社区 or 小区 or 居民区 or 居住区, and is the direct sublevel of a subdistrict, which is the direct sublevel of a district, which is the direct sublevel of a city .
In general, urban areas are divided into subdistricts, and a subdistrict is sub-divided into several residential communities or neighbourhoods as well as into villagers' groups .

Precinct

precinctsvoting precinctelection precincts
In Australia, the term precinct (and sometimes neighbourhood) is often used by local councils and the community to define an urban area which is defined by its nature, such as a focus on its cultural institutions, shopping and commercial outlets, creative arts organisations and/or entertainment venues.

Quarter (urban subdivision)

quarterStadtteilquarters
Quarter can also refer to a non-administrative but distinct neighbourhood with its own character: for example, a slum quarter.

Mahalle

ma'alemaḥalneighbourhood
or mah.) is an Arabic word, adopted into Turkish (mahalle), Albanian (mahallë or mahalla, or mëhallë or mëhalla), Bulgarian (махала, makhala), Greek (μαχαλάς, mahalás), and Romanian (mahala), which is variously translated as district, quarter, ward, or "neighborhood."

British English

BritishEnglishUK
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

American English

EnglishAmericanEnglish-language
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

American and British English spelling differences

spelling differencesorsee spelling differences
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

Rural area

ruralcountrysiderural locality
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

Face-to-face interaction

face-to-faceface-to-face communicationinteraction
Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members.

Neighbourhood unit

neighborhood unitClarence Perryspatial units
Researchers have not agreed on an exact definition, but the following may serve as a starting point: "Neighbourhood is generally defined spatially as a specific geographic area and functionally as a set of social networks. Neighbourhoods, then, are the spatial units in which face-to-face social interactions occur—the personal settings and situations where residents seek to realise common values, socialise youth, and maintain effective social control."

Lewis Mumford

Mumford, LewisClock as herald of the Industrial RevolutionLewis Mumford Award
In the words of the urban scholar Lewis Mumford, “Neighbourhoods, in some annoying, inchoate fashion exist wherever human beings congregate, in permanent family dwellings; and many of the functions of the city tend to be distributed naturally—that is, without any theoretical preoccupation or political direction—into neighbourhoods.” Most of the earliest cities around the world as excavated by archaeologists have evidence for the presence of social neighbourhoods.

Household

householdshead of the householddomestic life
In this sense they are local social units larger than households not directly under the control of city or state officials.