Neoshamanism

core shamanismPower animalneo-shamanismneoshamanicneo-shamanicneoshamansSpirit Animalanimal companionfeelings of affinity forNeo-Shamanic movement
Neoshamanism refers to "new"' forms of shamanism, or methods of seeking visions or healing.wikipedia
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Shamanism

shamanshamansshamanic
Neoshamanism refers to "new"' forms of shamanism, or methods of seeking visions or healing. Core shamanism does not hold a fixed belief system, but instead focuses on the practice of "shamanic journeying" and may also rely on the novels of Carlos Castaneda.
In the 20th century, many Westerners involved in counter-cultural movements have created modern magico-religious practices influenced by their ideas of indigenous religions from across the world, creating what has been termed neoshamanism or the neoshamanic movement.

Michael Harner

HarnerMichael Harner, PhDMichael J. Harner
"Core Shamanism", which formed the foundations for most contemporary neoshamanism, is a system of practices synthesized, invented and promoted by Michael Harner in the 1980s, based on his reading of anthropological texts about indigenous peoples in the Americas, primarily the Plains Indians.
He founded the Foundation for Shamanic Studies and the New Age practice of "Core Shamanism."

New Age

New Age movementnew-ageNew Age spirituality
Many attend New Age workshops and retreats, where they study a wide variety of ideas and techniques, both new and old. The use of this term has been incorporated into the New Age movement, where it is often mistaken for being the same as a totem in some indigenous cultures.
Closely connected to this is the shamanic consciousness current, which argues that the shaman was a specialist in altered states of consciousness and seeks to adopt and imitate traditional shamanic techniques as a form of personal healing and growth.

Plastic shaman

plastic medicine peoplea non-Native who taught fraudulent, "Native-style" ceremoniesfraudulent shamans
Some members of traditional, indigenous cultures and religions are critical of neoshamanism, asserting that it represents an illegitimate form of cultural appropriation, or that it is nothing more than a ruse by fraudulent spiritual leaders to disguise or lend legitimacy fabricated, ignorant and/or unsafe elements in their ceremonies.
However, with Michael Harner's invention and promotion of "core shamanism" in the 1980s, the term "shaman" began to be misapplied to Native American ways by cultural outsiders; this is due to Harner's unfounded claim that the ways of several North American tribes share core elements with those of the Siberian Shamans.

Totem

totemismtotemstotemic
The use of this term has been incorporated into the New Age movement, where it is often mistaken for being the same as a totem in some indigenous cultures.
Contemporary neoshamanic, New Age, and mythopoetic men's movements not otherwise involved in the practice of a tribal religion have been known to use "totem" terminology for the personal identification with a tutelary spirit or guide, however this is generally seen as cultural misappropriation.

Huna (New Age)

HunaHuna method (New Age)Huna (New Thought)
King also calls what he does "shamanism" and cites "West African shamanism" as an influence.

Tutelary deity

tutelary deitiespatron deitytutelary
Specific practices include the use of rapid drumming in an attempt to attain "the shamanic state of consciousness," ritual dance, and attempted communication with animal tutelary spirits, called "power animals" by Harner."

Kahuna

kahuna nuiBig Kahunakahu
In the New Age spiritual system known as Huna, which uses some Hawaiian words and concepts appropriated from Hawaiian tradition, kahuna denotes someone of priestly or shamanic standing.

Indigenous peoples

indigenousindigenous peopleaboriginal
The use of this term has been incorporated into the New Age movement, where it is often mistaken for being the same as a totem in some indigenous cultures. Some have been invented by individual practitioners, though many borrow or gain inspiration from a variety of different indigenous cultures.

Evenki language

EvenkiEvenkEvenk language
The word "shaman" originates from the Evenki word "šamán".

Indigenous peoples of Siberia

nativesSiberian populationsSiberia
The Tungusic term was subsequently adopted by Russians interacting with the indigenous peoples of Siberia, and then applied very broadly by western anthropologists to many, diverse spiritual systems that share some kind of practice of calling upon, and mediating with, spirit beings.

Spirit

spiritsspiritual beingruach
Most believe in spirits and pursue contact with the "spirit-world" in altered states of consciousness which they achieve through drumming, dance, or the use of entheogens.

Entheogen

entheogensentheogenicspiritual
Most believe in spirits and pursue contact with the "spirit-world" in altered states of consciousness which they achieve through drumming, dance, or the use of entheogens.

Pantheism

pantheisticpantheistpantheists
Most systems might be described as existing somewhere on the animism/pantheism spectrum.

Cultural appropriation

appropriationappropriatedmisappropriation
Some members of traditional, indigenous cultures and religions are critical of neoshamanism, asserting that it represents an illegitimate form of cultural appropriation, or that it is nothing more than a ruse by fraudulent spiritual leaders to disguise or lend legitimacy fabricated, ignorant and/or unsafe elements in their ceremonies.

2011 United Kingdom census

2011 census2011 UK Census2011
The 2011 United Kingdom census made it possible to write in a description of one's own choosing for "Religion".

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

Native AmericanNative Americansindigenous
"Core Shamanism", which formed the foundations for most contemporary neoshamanism, is a system of practices synthesized, invented and promoted by Michael Harner in the 1980s, based on his reading of anthropological texts about indigenous peoples in the Americas, primarily the Plains Indians.

Plains Indians

Plains IndianPlains tribesPlains
"Core Shamanism", which formed the foundations for most contemporary neoshamanism, is a system of practices synthesized, invented and promoted by Michael Harner in the 1980s, based on his reading of anthropological texts about indigenous peoples in the Americas, primarily the Plains Indians.

Shamanism in Siberia

Siberian shamanismSiberianSiberian mythology
Harner, who was not himself indigenous to the Americas, asserted that the ways of several North American tribes share "core" elements with those of the Siberian shamans.

Carlos Castaneda

Don Juan MatusTensegrityCastaneda
Core shamanism does not hold a fixed belief system, but instead focuses on the practice of "shamanic journeying" and may also rely on the novels of Carlos Castaneda.

Consciousness

consciousconsciouslyhuman consciousness
Specific practices include the use of rapid drumming in an attempt to attain "the shamanic state of consciousness," ritual dance, and attempted communication with animal tutelary spirits, called "power animals" by Harner."

Ceremonial dance

ritual danceceremonialritual dances
Specific practices include the use of rapid drumming in an attempt to attain "the shamanic state of consciousness," ritual dance, and attempted communication with animal tutelary spirits, called "power animals" by Harner."

Animism

animistanimisticanimists
Most systems might be described as existing somewhere on the animism/pantheism spectrum. While Harner took inspiration from his study of animistic beliefs in many different cultures, his concept of power animals is much like the familiar spirits of European occultism, which aid the occultist in their metaphysical work.

Familiar spirit

familiarfamiliarsfamiliar animal
While Harner took inspiration from his study of animistic beliefs in many different cultures, his concept of power animals is much like the familiar spirits of European occultism, which aid the occultist in their metaphysical work.

Metaphysics

metaphysicalmetaphysicianmetaphysic
While Harner took inspiration from his study of animistic beliefs in many different cultures, his concept of power animals is much like the familiar spirits of European occultism, which aid the occultist in their metaphysical work.