A report on Nepal and Terai

Aerial view of Terai plains near Biratnagar, Nepal
The light green areas indicate the Terai in Nepal
A topographic map of Nepal
Jungle in Uttarakhand
Mount Everest, the highest peak on earth, lies on the Nepal–China border.
Köppen climate classification for Nepal
This land cover map of Nepal using Landsat 30 m (2010) data shows forest cover as the dominant type of land cover in Nepal.
The greater one-horned rhinoceros roams the sub-tropical grasslands of the Terai plains.
The Himalayan monal (Danphe), the national bird of Nepal, nests high in the Himalayas.
B.P. Koirala led the 1951 revolution, became the first democratically elected Prime Minister, and after being deposed and imprisoned in 1961, spent the rest of his life fighting for democracy.
Nepal has made progress with regard to minority rights in recent years.
Traffic Police personnel manually direct traffic at the busiest roads and junctions.
Gurkha Memorial, London
Nepal is one of the major contributors to UN peacekeeping missions.
The multipurpose Kukri knife (top) is the signature weapon of the Nepali armed forces, and is used by the Gurkhas, Nepal Army, Police and even security guards.
A proportional representation of Nepal exports, 2019
Real GPD per capita development of Nepal
Tourists view a greater one-horned rhinoceros from an elephant in Chitwan National Park.
While adults are employed in slavery-like conditions abroad, hundreds of thousands of children in the country are employed as child labour (not including the agricultural sector).
Middle Marsyangdi Hydroelectric Dam. Nepal has significant potential to generate hydropower, which it plans to export across South Asia.
Sadhus in Pashupatinath Temple
Historical development of life expectancy in Nepal
A Magar couple in their ethnic dress
Bhanubhakta Acharya, Nepali writer who translated the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana in the Nepali language
A Nepali man in Daura-Suruwal, coat and Dhaka topi, displays the bhoto during the Bhoto Jatra festival.
A dal-bhat thali with boiled rice, lentil soup, fried leafy greens, vegetable curry, yoghurt, papad and vegetable salad
Momo dumplings with chutney
Samayabaji (Newar cuisine)
Nepali children playing a variant of knucklebones, with pebbles
Nepali cricket fans are renowned for an exceptionally enthusiastic support of their national team.
"Nēpāla" in the late Brahmi script, in the Allahabad Pillar inscription of Samudragupta (350-375 CE).

The Terai or Tarai is a lowland region in northern India and southern Nepal that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Sivalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

- Terai

Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth.

- Nepal

14 related topics with Alpha


Map of the Himalayas (including the Hindu Kush)


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The Himalayas, or Himalaya, are a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

The Himalayas, or Himalaya, are a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

Map of the Himalayas (including the Hindu Kush)
The 6000 km journey of the India landmass (Indian Plate) before its collision with Asia (Eurasian Plate) about 40 to 50 million years ago
Icefall on Khumbu Glacier
Gurudongmar Lake in Sikkim

The Himalayas abut or cross five countries: Bhutan, India, Nepal, China, and Pakistan.

It also forms a barrier for the monsoon winds, keeping them from traveling northwards, and causing heavy rainfall in the Terai region.


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State in the northern part of India.

State in the northern part of India.

Rope bridge across Alaknanda River at Srinagar, 1784-94 – the capital of the Garhwal Kingdom
Fort of Champawat, 1815 – the first capital of the Chand kings of Kumaon Kingdom
Uttarakhand as a part of the Ceded and Conquered Provinces
Uttarakhand as a part of Uttar Pradesh, 1950–2000
With the elevation of 7816 m above sea level, Nanda Devi is the highest mountain in Uttarakhand and the second-highest mountain in India, following Kangchenjunga in Sikkim.
With the elevation of 190 m above sea level, Sharda Sagar Reservoir is the lowest land point in Uttarakhand.
Topography of Uttarakhand.
Kumaon and Garhwal in Uttarakhand
Sumitranandan Pant Museum, Kausani
Bal Mithai, a popular sweet from Kumaon
Women performing Chanchari – a popular folk dance from Danpur region in Kumaon.
Pilgrims gather for the third Shahi Snan ("royal bath") at Har Ki Pauri in Haridwar, Uttarakhand on 14 April 2010 during Haridwar Kumbh Mela.
A woman winnowing rice, an important food crop in Uttarakhand.
Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun
Schematic tourist map of Uttarakhand.
Garhwal Himalaya mountain range in Kedarnath, Uttarakhand.
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium in Dehradun.
Mahasu Devta Temple at Hanol is notable for its traditional wooden architecture.
Architectural details of a Dharamshala, established 1822, Haridwar.
Abhisarika Nayika, a painting by Mola Ram.
The releasing of the Uttaranchal crafts map
Alpine Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster)
Golden Mahseer (Tor putitora)
Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
West Himalayan Common Peacock (Papilio bianor polyctor)
Brahma Kamal (Saussurea obvallata)
Burans (Rhododendron arboreum)
Kaphal (Myrica esculenta)
Kandali (Urtica dioica)
Valley of Flowers National Park
View of a Bugyal (meadow) in Uttarakhand
Har Ki Doon, a high-altitude hanging valley
Rishikesh view and 13 stories Shiva temple across Lakshman Jhula bridge over the Ganges
Kedarnath Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas

Uttarakhand is known for the natural environment of the Himalayas, the Bhabar and the Terai regions.

It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north; the Sudurpashchim Province of Nepal to the east; the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west.

The Sivalik Hills and Ganges River

Sivalik Hills

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The Sivalik Hills (also known as the Shivalik Hills and Churia Hills) are a mountain range of the outer Himalayas that stretches from the Indus River about 2400 km eastwards close to the Brahmaputra River, spanning across the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent.

The Sivalik Hills (also known as the Shivalik Hills and Churia Hills) are a mountain range of the outer Himalayas that stretches from the Indus River about 2400 km eastwards close to the Brahmaputra River, spanning across the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent.

The Sivalik Hills and Ganges River
Map of the Sivalik Hills

In Nepal, the Karnali River exposes the oldest part of the Shivalik Hills.

Rainfall, especially during the summer monsoon, percolates into the Bhabar, then is forced to the surface by finer alluvial layers below it in a zone of springs and marshes along the northern edge of the Terai or plains.


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Perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar.

Perennial trans-boundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Manasarovar.

Source of Karnali River
Ghaghara River in Faizabad is also known as Sarayu river
Lake Manasarovar in Tibet near the source of the Karnali River
Ghaghra river in Sitapur
Karnali River in Humla, Nepal
Karnali River in Nepal
Fish from Karnali River on sale in a shop at Chisapani, Kailali, Nepal
Gangetic dolphin
Cable-stayed bridge over the Karnali River in Chisapani, western Nepal

The Karnali cuts through the Himalayas in Nepal and joins the Sharda River at Brahmaghat in India.

The Bheri-Babai project aims to generate electricity and supply additional water to the Babai Irrigation Scheme in the Terai by diverting 40 m3/s of water from the Bheri River into the Babai River.

Indo-Gangetic Plain

Indo-Gangetic Plain

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Indo-Gangetic Plain
Clusters of yellow lights on the Indo-Gangetic Plain reveal numerous cities large and small in this photograph of northern India and northern Pakistan, seen from the northwest. The orange line is the India–Pakistan border.
A part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain over Northern, Central and Eastern India as well as its neighbouring countries

The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the North Indian River Plain, is a 172 e6acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, around half of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.

Below the Bhabar lie the grasslands of Terai and Dooars.

Terai–Duar savanna and grasslands

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The Terai–Duar savanna and grasslands is a narrow lowland ecoregion at the base of the Himalayas, about 25 km wide, and a continuation of the Indo-Gangetic Plain in India, Nepal and Bhutan.

It is colloquially called Terai in the Ganges Basin east to Nepal, then Dooars in West Bengal, Bhutan and Assam east to the Brahmaputra River.

Tharu people

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Map showing area inhabited by Tharu people in dark green
Wax statues of Tharu people in Tharu Museum, Chitwan

The Tharu people are an ethnic group indigenous to the Terai in southern Nepal and northern India.

Naya Muluk, which returned to Nepal in 1860

Naya Muluk

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Naya Muluk, which returned to Nepal in 1860
West-south frontier of Nepal with Oudh state in 1832

Naya Muluk (नयाँ मुलुक) is a geographical region of Nepal, which is situated western-south part in Nepal.

The Terai land between Kali River to Rapti River called "Naya Muluk" after 1860.

Kosi River

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Streams in Barun river valley Nepal - they join and merge into Arun river, another tributary of Koshi river
Dudh Koshi, one of the seven Himalayan tributaries of Kosi river
Flooded north Bihar, India
Koshi Barrage
Silt deposition near Kosi embankment at Navbhata, Saharsa, Bihar, India
Pinus wallichiana in Sagarmatha National Park

The Kosi or Koshi (कोशी, koshī, कोसी, kosī) is a transboundary river which flows through China, Nepal and India.

The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is situated in the flood plains of the Saptkoshi River in the eastern Terai.

Kapilvastu District

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Holi festival celebration in Kapilvastu by Rafik khan (Birta)

Kapilvastu district (कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला ), often Kapilbastu, is one of the districts of Lumbini Province, Nepal.

Geographically, the district can be divided into the low land plains of Terai and the low Chure hills.