Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of NepalNepaleseNepaliNepalaCrime in NepalKingdom of NepalNepaulNPRepublic of Nepal
Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia.wikipedia
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Province No. 5

125Lumbini Pradesh
5''' (proposed name: Lumbini) is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal which was adopted on 20 September 2015.

Birendranagar

Surkhet
Birendranagar is a city in Surkhet District in Karnali province of Nepal.

Provinces of Nepal

ProvinceprovincesList of provinces of Nepal
The Constitution of Nepal, adopted in 2015, affirms Nepal as a secular federal parliamentary republic divided into seven provinces.
The Provinces of Nepal were formed on according to Schedule 4 of the Constitution of Nepal.

Human trafficking in Nepal

NepalHuman traffickingchild labor scandals
Human trafficking and child labour are major problems.
Human trafficking in Nepal is a growing criminal industry affecting multiple other countries beyond Nepal, primarily across Asia and the Middle East.

United Nations peacekeeping

UN peacekeepingUN peacekeepersUnited Nations peacekeeping missions
The military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia; it is notable for its Gurkha history, particularly during the world wars, and has been a significant contributor to United Nations peacekeeping operations.
Pakistan contributed the highest number overall with 8,186 personnel, followed by India (7,878), Bangladesh (7,799), Ethiopia (6,502), Rwanda (4,686), Nigeria (4,684), Nepal (4,495), Jordan (3,374), Ghana (2,859), and Egypt (2,750).

Kumaon Kingdom

KumaonKumaunKingdom of Kumaon
The Gorkha control reached its height when the North Indian territories of the Kumaon and Garhwal Kingdoms in the west to Sikkim in the east came under Nepalese control.
In 1791, the Gorkhas of Nepal expanding their empire westwards across Kali River, invaded Almora, the seat of the Kumaon Kingdom and other parts of the kingdom.

Nepalese Army

Nepal ArmyRoyal Nepalese ArmyNepali Army
Nepal Army, an almost exclusively ground infantry force, which numbers at less than one hundred thousand, has few aircraft, mainly helicopters, primarily used for transport, patrol and search and rescue.
The Nepalese Army, formerly Gorkhali Army and The Royal Nepalese Army is the military land warfare force of Nepal that originated from Gorkha Kingdom.

1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship

Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and FriendshipTreaty of Peace and Friendship1950's Treaty of Peace and Friendship
Nepal pursues a policy of "balanced relations" with the two giant immediate neighbours, India and China, even though it shares an unparalleled socio-cultural ties with India and the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between two provides for a much closer relationship between them.
The 1950 India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship (official name Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between the Government of India and Government of Nepal) is a bilateral treaty between Nepal and India establishing a close strategic relationship between the two South Asian neighbours.

Samudragupta

Samudra GuptaSamudra-GuptaSamudragupta (340-380)
In Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar it is mentioned as a border country.

Hinduism

HinduHindusHindu culture
The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country.

Sivalik Hills

Shivalik HillsSiwalik HillsShivalik
The outermost range of the foothills called Sivalik Hills or Churia Range, cresting at 700 to 1000 m, marks the limits of the Gangetic Plain; however broad, low valleys called Inner Terai Valleys (Bhitri Tarai Upatyaka) lie north of these foothills in several places.
They have many subranges and extend west from Arunachal Pradesh through Bhutan to West Bengal, and further westward through Nepal (here known as Churia Hills) and Uttarakhand, continuing into Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir.

Bhutanese refugees

Bhutanese refugeeBhutanesean ethnic cleansing
Nepal's relationship with Bhutan has become acrimonious since Bhutan carried out an ethnic cleansing against its citizens of Nepali origin in the early 1990s, most of whom have been resettled in third countries after decades of efforts to repatriate them failed.
These refugees registered in refugee camps in eastern Nepal during the 1990s as Bhutanese citizens deported from Bhutan during the protest against Bhutanese state and monarch by some of the Lhotshampas demanding democracy and different state.

National Investigation Department of Nepal

National Investigation Department
The National Investigation Department of Nepal is an independent intelligence organisation which gathers intelligence relevant to internal security and law enforcement, as part of its mandate. Directorate of Military Intelligence is the military intelligence agency under Nepal Army, while National Investigation Department is the independent intelligence agency tasked with national and international intelligence gathering.
National Investigation Department (NID) is the main intelligence agency of Nepal collecting information about country’s public security, economic crimes, corruption, domestic and cross border terrorism, money laundering, narcotics, and human trafficking.

Ministry of Home Affairs (Nepal)

Ministry of Home AffairsHome AffairsHome Minister
It is an independent organisation under the command of the Inspector General of Police, who is appointed by and reports to the Home ministry.
Ministry of Home Affairs Nepal is the governmental body of Nepal mainly responsible for delivering critical services to the citizens and maintain security in the nation.

Nepalese Armed Forces

Military of NepalNepalese militaryArmy of Nepal
The military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia; it is notable for its Gurkha history, particularly during the world wars, and has been a significant contributor to United Nations peacekeeping operations.
Brigade, it is the only helicopter pilots training school in Nepal,(there is a fixed-wing pilot training school in Bharatpur, Nepal by private pilots training school) This school produces army air service pilots and civilian too.

Armed Police Force (Nepal)

Armed Police ForceArmed Police Force NepalNepal Armed Police Force
Nepal Armed Police Force, a separate paramilitary police organisation works in cooperation with Nepal police, assisting the latter in maintaining checkpoints, border security, patrols, crowd control in case of violent protests, security of vital assets, counter-insurgency and anti-terrorism actions, as well as any other internal security matter that requires use of force.
The Armed Police Force of Nepal is a paramilitary land force tasked with counter-insurgency operations in Nepal.

West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
The only practical seaport of entry for goods bound for Kathmandu is Kolkata in West Bengal state of India.
Part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
In 1923, the United Kingdom and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship that superseded the Sugauli Treaty of 1816.
The main countries of previous nationality of those naturalised in 2014 were India, Pakistan, the Philippines, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Nepal, China, South Africa, Poland and Somalia.

China–Nepal relations

China-Nepal relationsSino-Nepalese relationsNepal
Nepal established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China on 1 August 1955, signing the Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1960, and relations since have been based on the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence.
The bilateral relation between Nepal and China has been friendly and is defined by the Sino-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship signed on April 28, 1960 by the two countries.

Ethnic groups in Nepal

ethnicityethnic community in Nepal
As a result, Nepalese do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance.
Ethnic groups in Nepal are a product of both the colonial and state-building eras of Nepal.

Directorate of Military Intelligence (Nepal)

Directorate of Military IntelligenceDirectorate of Military Intelligence, Nepal
Directorate of Military Intelligence is the military intelligence agency under Nepal Army, while National Investigation Department is the independent intelligence agency tasked with national and international intelligence gathering.
The Directorate of Military Intelligence in Nepal is the Nepalese Army’s intelligence unit.

Non-Aligned Movement

Nonaligned MovementNAMnon-aligned
Nepal is also a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative.

Tibetan diaspora

Tibetan exileTibetan refugeesTibetans in exile
It remains firmly committed to the One China Policy, and is known to curb anti-China activities from the Tibetan refugees in Nepal.
The 2009 census registered about 128,000 Tibetans in exile, with the most numerous part of the community living in India, Nepal, and Bhutan.

Tharu people

TharuTharusTharu community
Among the earliest inhabitants were the Kirat of east mid-region, Newars of the Kathmandu Valley, aboriginal Tharus of the Terai plains.
The Tharu people are an ethnic group indigenous to the southern foothills of the Himalayas; most of the Tharu people live in the Nepal Terai.

Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation

BIMSTECBay of Bengal InitiativeBay of Bengal Initiative for MultiSectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
Nepal is also a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative.
The BIMSTEC member states—Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Nepal and Bhutan —are among the countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal.