Nephritic syndrome

Acute nephritic syndromechronic nephritisChronic nephritic syndromenephritic
Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation.wikipedia
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Kidney disease

renal diseasenephropathykidney damage
Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation.
Nephritis and nephrosis can give rise to nephritic syndrome and nephrotic syndrome respectively.

Glomerulonephritis

C3 glomerulonephritisglomerular nephritisglomerulonephritis, membranoproliferative
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).
As it is not strictly a single disease, its presentation depends on the specific disease entity: it may present with isolated hematuria and/or proteinuria (blood or protein in the urine); or as a nephrotic syndrome, a nephritic syndrome, acute kidney injury, or chronic kidney disease.

Nephrotic syndrome

a serious kidney disorderGlomerulosclerosisidiopathic nephrotic syndrome
By contrast, nephrotic syndrome is characterized by only proteins moving into the urine. This triad contrasts with the classical pentad of nephrotic syndrome (Edema, proteinuria, dyslipidemia, lipiduria and hypoalbuminemia)
It differs from nephritic syndrome in that there are no red blood cells in the urine.

Syndrome

syndromesgenetic syndromessyndromic
Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation.

Medical sign

signsclinical signsign
Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation.

Nephritis

nephritis, hereditaryAthletic nephritisinflammation of the kidney
Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation.

Inflammation

inflammatoryinflammatory responseinflamed
Nephritic syndrome is a syndrome comprising signs of nephritis, which is kidney disease involving inflammation.

Glomerular basement membrane

GBMbasement membraneglomerular basement membranes
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).

Podocyte

podocytesfiltration slitsslit diaphragm
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).

Glomerulus

glomeruliglomerularglomerular filtrate
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).

Protein

proteinsproteinaceousstructural proteins
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).

Red blood cell

red blood cellserythrocyteserythroid
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).

Urine

urinaryhuman urinepiss
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).

Proteinuria

protein in the urineproteinIsolated proteinuria
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).

Hematuria

blood in the urinehaematuriabloody urine
It often occurs in glomerulonephritis, which is characterized by a thin glomerular basement membrane and small pores in the podocytes of the glomerulus, large enough to permit proteins and red blood cells to pass into the urine (yielding proteinuria and hematuria).

Hypoalbuminemia

hypoalbuminaemiaLow albuminlow blood albumin levels
Nephritic syndrome, like nephrotic syndrome, may involve hypoalbuminemia due to the protein albumin moving from the blood to the urine. This triad contrasts with the classical pentad of nephrotic syndrome (Edema, proteinuria, dyslipidemia, lipiduria and hypoalbuminemia)

Albumin

albuminsalbuminousalbumin protein
Nephritic syndrome, like nephrotic syndrome, may involve hypoalbuminemia due to the protein albumin moving from the blood to the urine.

Blood

human bloodhematologicaloxygen consumption
Nephritic syndrome, like nephrotic syndrome, may involve hypoalbuminemia due to the protein albumin moving from the blood to the urine.

Kidney failure

renal failurekidney problemsrenal impairment
Historically, nephritic syndrome has been described to present with the classical triad of hematuria, hypertension and azotemia with subsequent renal failure.

Edema

dropsyoedemaswelling
This triad contrasts with the classical pentad of nephrotic syndrome (Edema, proteinuria, dyslipidemia, lipiduria and hypoalbuminemia)

Dyslipidemia

dyslipidaemiaabnormal lipid levelsabnormal blood lipid levels
This triad contrasts with the classical pentad of nephrotic syndrome (Edema, proteinuria, dyslipidemia, lipiduria and hypoalbuminemia)

Lipiduria

This triad contrasts with the classical pentad of nephrotic syndrome (Edema, proteinuria, dyslipidemia, lipiduria and hypoalbuminemia)

Azotemia

azotaemiadifficulty eliminating nitrogen-based waste productshigh nitrogen levels in blood