Nero Claudius Drusus

DrususDrusus the ElderDrusus GermanicusNero Claudius Drusus GermanicusNero DrususDrusus Claudius Nero IIDrusus IDecimus Claudius DrususDecimus Claudius NeroDecimus Claudius Ti. f. Drusus
Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (January 14, 38 BC – summer of 9 BC ), born Decimus Claudius Drusus, also called Drusus Claudius Nero, Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander.wikipedia
242 Related Articles

Claudius

Emperor ClaudiusClaudianClaudius Caesar
He was also brother of the Emperor Tiberius, father to both the Emperor Claudius and general Germanicus, paternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero.
Born to Drusus and Antonia Minor at Lugdunum in Roman Gaul, where his father was stationed as a military legate, he was the first Roman emperor to be born outside Italy.

Germanicus

Germanicus CaesarGermanicus Julius CaesarCaesar
He was also brother of the Emperor Tiberius, father to both the Emperor Claudius and general Germanicus, paternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero.
The son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, Germanicus was born into an influential branch of the patrician gens Claudia.

Tiberius

Tiberius CaesarEmperor TiberiusTiberius Claudius Nero
He was also brother of the Emperor Tiberius, father to both the Emperor Claudius and general Germanicus, paternal grandfather of the Emperor Caligula, and maternal great-grandfather of the Emperor Nero.
In 38 BC his brother, Nero Claudius Drusus, was born.

Livia

Livia DrusillaJulia AugustaEmpress Livia
He was the son of Livia Drusilla and the legal stepson of her second husband, the Emperor Augustus. Drusus was the youngest son of Livia Drusilla from her marriage to Tiberius Claudius Nero, who was legally declared his father before the couple divorced.
At this time, Livia already had a son, the future emperor Tiberius, and was pregnant with the second, Nero Claudius Drusus (also known as Drusus the Elder).

Early Imperial campaigns in Germania

series of campaignscommandedattempted conquest
In 12 BC, Drusus led a successful campaign into Germania, subjugating the Sicambri. In spring of 12 BCE, he embarked an expeditionary force, perhaps consisting of the Legiones I Germanica and V Alaudae, by ship from the vicinity of modern Nijmegen, making use of one or more canals he had built for the purpose.
His general, Nero Claudius Drusus, began building forts along the Rhine in 13 BC and launched a retaliatory campaign across the Rhine in 12 BC.

Claudia (gens)

Claudiigens ClaudiaClaudia
He was a patrician Claudian on his birth father's side but his maternal grandmother was from a plebeian family. Nero was a traditional cognomen (third name) of the Claudii, whereas Drusus was given to a branch of the gens Livia.

Batavi (Germanic tribe)

BataviBataviansBatavian
Later that year he led a naval expedition against Germanic tribes along the North Sea coast, conquering the Batavi and the Frisii, and defeating the Chauci near the mouth of the Weser.
The strategic position, to wit the high bank of the Waal offering an unimpeded view far into Germania Transrhenana (Germania Beyond the Rhine), was recognized first by Drusus, who built a massive fortress (castra) and a headquarters (praetorium) in imperial style.

Tiberius Claudius Nero (praetor 42 BC)

Tiberius Claudius NeroTiberius Neropraetor, Tiberius Claudius Nero
Drusus was the youngest son of Livia Drusilla from her marriage to Tiberius Claudius Nero, who was legally declared his father before the couple divorced.
Nero was the father of the second Roman emperor Tiberius, (who became the stepson of the emperor Augustus and was adopted by Augustus as his heir), and Roman general Nero Claudius Drusus.

Frisii

FrisiansFrisianancient Frisians
Later that year he led a naval expedition against Germanic tribes along the North Sea coast, conquering the Batavi and the Frisii, and defeating the Chauci near the mouth of the Weser.
The earliest mention of the Frisii tells of Drusus' 12 BC war against the Rhine Germans and the Chauci.

Chauci

Later that year he led a naval expedition against Germanic tribes along the North Sea coast, conquering the Batavi and the Frisii, and defeating the Chauci near the mouth of the Weser.
Drusus campaigned against those Germans along the lower Rhine, and after devastating the lands west and north of the Rhine he won over (or defeated or intimidated) the Frisians.

Marcomanni

Germanic MarcomannicMarcomaniiMarcomannic
The following year, while serving as consul, he conquered the Mattiaci and defeated the Marcomanni and the Cherusci, the latter near the Elbe.
However the historian Florus reports that Drusus erected a mound of their spoils during his campaign of 12-9 BC, after defeating the Tencteri and Chatti, and before next turning to Cherusci, Suevi, and Sicambri, suggesting that they were not close to any obvious border at the time.

Augustus

OctavianCaesar AugustusAugustus Caesar
He was the son of Livia Drusilla and the legal stepson of her second husband, the Emperor Augustus.
The capture of the Alpine region also served the next offensive in 12 BC, when Tiberius began the offensive against the Pannonian tribes of Illyricum, and his brother Nero Claudius Drusus moved against the Germanic tribes of the eastern Rhineland.

Sicambri

SugambriSigambriSicrambri or Sugambri
In 12 BC, Drusus led a successful campaign into Germania, subjugating the Sicambri.
In 12BC and 11 BC, the reported wars of Nero Claudius Drusus show that the tribe was living to the south of the Lippe river, with the Usipetes now settled to their north.

Chatti

ChattenCattiChaci (Chatti)
In 10 BC, he launched a campaign against the Chatti and the resurgent Sicambri, subjugating both.
Cassius Dio describes Drusus establishing a fort in Chatti territory on the Rhine in 11 BC, and that in 10 BC they moved out of an area where the Romans had permitted them.

Foot (unit)

feetftfoot
His contribution to the ongoing building and urban development in Gaul can be seen in the establishment of the pes Drusianus, or ‘Drusian foot’, of about 33.3 cm, which was in use in Samarobriva (modern Amiens) and among the Tungri.
The standard Roman foot (pes) was normally about 295.7 mm (97% of today's measurement), but in the provinces, the pes Drusianus (foot of Nero Claudius Drusus) was used, with a length of about 334 mm.

Rhine

Rhine RiverRiver RhineRhine Valley
He launched the first major Roman campaigns across the Rhine and began the conquest of Germania, becoming the first Roman general to reach the Weser and Elbe rivers.
Augustus ordered his stepson Roman general Drusus to establish 50 military camps along the Rhine, starting the Germanic Wars in 12 BC.

Usipetes

UsipiiUsipetiVispi
In 11 BC, he conquered the Usipetes and the Marsi, extending Roman control to the Upper Weser.
In 12 BC and 11 BC at the time of Drusus, the Usipi are described as living between Nijmegen and the Sugambri, and neighboring the Tubantes, which means they were in the region of the present day Dutch-German border, north of the Rhine and Lippe rivers.

Livia (gens)

LiviaLiviiDrusi
Nero was a traditional cognomen (third name) of the Claudii, whereas Drusus was given to a branch of the gens Livia.

Raetia

RhaetiaRaetia primaCount of Raetia
He became quaestor the following year, fighting against Raetian bandits in the Alps.
There is little doubt, however, that they retained their independence until their subjugation in 15 BC by Tiberius and Drusus.

Antonia Minor

AntoniaAntonia M. f. M. n. Minorhis mother
Drusus married Antonia Minor, the daughter of Mark Antony and Augustus' sister, Octavia Minor, and gained a reputation of being completely faithful to her.
In 16 BC, she married the Roman general and consul Nero Claudius Drusus.

Mark Antony

Marcus AntoniusMarc AntonyAntony
Drusus married Antonia Minor, the daughter of Mark Antony and Augustus' sister, Octavia Minor, and gained a reputation of being completely faithful to her.

Roman naming conventions

nomenfiliationgentilicum
According to Suetonius, Drusus was originally given Decimus as his praenomen, the first of a Roman male's conventional three names in Roman naming practice at the time.
His brother, born Decimus Claudius Nero, subsequently became Nero Claudius Drusus, exchanging his original praenomen for his paternal cognomen, and assuming a new cognomen from his maternal grandfather.

Legio I Germanica

I ''GermanicaLegio I ''GermanicaI Germanica
In spring of 12 BCE, he embarked an expeditionary force, perhaps consisting of the Legiones I Germanica and V Alaudae, by ship from the vicinity of modern Nijmegen, making use of one or more canals he had built for the purpose.
Most likely, the title Germanica was granted for service in Drusus' subsequent punitive and exploratory campaigns against the Germanic tribes.

Mainz

MogontiacumMainz, GermanyMoguntiacum
He remained extremely popular with the legionaries, who erected a monument (the Drususstein) in Mogontiacum (modern Mainz) on his behalf.
The Roman stronghold or castrum Mogontiacum, the precursor to Mainz, was founded by the Roman general Drusus perhaps as early as 13/12 BC.

Lugdunum

LugudunumLyonColonia Copia Claudia Augusta Lugdunum
In summer of 10 BCE, Drusus left the field in order to return to Lugdunum, where he inaugurated the sanctuary of the Three Gaulish provinces at Condate on 1 August.
Agrippa, Drusus, Tiberius, and Germanicus (born himself in Lugdunum) were among the gubernatorial generals who served in Lugdunum.