Netherlandswikipedia

The Netherlands (Nederland ) is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe.
Dutch🇳🇱the NetherlandsHollandDutchmanNEDNLNLDKingdom of the NetherlandsNederlands
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Belgium

🇧🇪BelgianBEL
The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
Belgium officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest.

Amsterdam

Amsterdam, NetherlandsAmsterdam, The NetherlandsAmsterdam WCT
The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij).
Amsterdam (, UK also ; ) is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

The Hague

Den HaagHagueThe Hague, Netherlands
The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij).
The Hague (Den Haag, short for s-⁠Gravenhage ) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

Rotterdam

Rotterdam, NetherlandsRotterdam, The NetherlandsOverschie
The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij).
Rotterdam (, UK also ; ) is the second-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Eindhoven

Eindhoven, NetherlandsMayor of EindhovenThe Void
The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij).
Eindhoven is the fifth-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands.

Pillarisation

pillarpillarizationpillarized
A policy of pillarisation historically segregated society and institutions between Catholics, Calvinists and socialists, but Dutch society is today one of the most cosmopolitan in the world.
The best-known examples of this have historically occurred in the Netherlands and Belgium.

North Sea

Norththe North SeaNorthern Sea
The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between the United Kingdom (particularly England and Scotland), Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France.

Randstad

Randstad provincemain citiesAmsterdam–The Hague–Rotterdam
The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij).
The Randstad is a megalopolis in the central-western Netherlands consisting primarily of the four largest Dutch cities (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht) and their surrounding areas.

States General of the Netherlands

States GeneralStates-GeneralDutch parliament
Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General, Cabinet and Supreme Court.
The States General of the Netherlands (Staten-Generaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer).

Sint Eustatius

St. EustatiusStatiaSt Eustatius
Together with three island territories in the Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba), it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
It is a special municipality (officially “public body”) of the Netherlands.

Transport in the Netherlands

public transportAir transport in the Netherlandsinfrastructure
Its strong performance is owed in large part to a generous welfare state that provides universal healthcare, public education and infrastructure, and a range of social benefits.
The Netherlands is both a very densely populated and a highly developed country, in which transport is a key factor of the economy.

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Netherlandsconstituent countryDutch
Together with three island territories in the Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba), it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The four parts of the kingdom—the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten—are constituent countries (landen in Dutch) and participate on a basis of equality as partners in the kingdom.

Netherlands national football team

Netherlandsthe NetherlandsNetherlands national team
Nonetheless, Holland is widely used in reference to the Netherlands national football team.
The Netherlands national football team (Het Nederlands Elftal) represents the Netherlands in international football.

South Holland

Zuid-HollandZuid HollandWest Frisia
The region of Holland consists of North and South Holland, two of the nation's twelve provinces, formerly a single province, and earlier still, the County of Holland, a remnant of the dissolved Frisian Kingdom.
South Holland (Zuid-Holland ) is a province of the Netherlands with a population of just over 3.6 million as of 2015 and a population density of about 1300 /km2, making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas.

Eighty Years' War

Dutch War of IndependenceWar of Independencewar
The emphasis on Holland during the formation of the Dutch Republic, the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Dutch Wars in the 16th, 17th and 18th century, made Holland serve as a pars pro toto for the entire country, which is now considered either incorrect, informal, or, depending on context, opprobrious.
The Eighty Years' War (Tachtigjarige Oorlog; Guerra de los Ochenta Años) or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands.

Same-sex marriage in the Netherlands

Netherlandssame-sex marriagethe Netherlands
The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870, allowed women's suffrage in 1917, and became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001.
The Netherlands was the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.

North Holland

Noord-HollandNorthNorth-Holland
The region of Holland consists of North and South Holland, two of the nation's twelve provinces, formerly a single province, and earlier still, the County of Holland, a remnant of the dissolved Frisian Kingdom.
North Holland (Noord-Holland, West Frisian Dutch: Noard-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands located in the northwestern part of the country.

Rhine

River RhineRhine RiverRhine Valley
From a regional point of view, Niderlant was also the area between the Meuse and the lower Rhine in the late Middle Ages.
The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin, Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

Maastricht

Maastricht, NetherlandsMaastricht, The NetherlandsMaestricht
The oldest human (Neanderthal) traces were found in higher soils, near Maastricht, from what is believed to be about 250,000 years ago.
Maastrichtian): Mestreech ; French: Maestricht (archaic); Spanish: Mastrique (archaic)) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.

Brabantse Stedenrij

Brabant CMSA CMSA
The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij).
Brabantse Stedenrij (, Brabantine City Row) is a polycentric city region in the province of North Brabant, Netherlands.

Benelux

Benelux UnionBenelux Economic UnionBenelux countries
The Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD, and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union.
The Benelux Union (Benelux Unie; Union Benelux; Benelux-Unioun) is a politico-economic union of three neighbouring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
The Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD, and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union.
The original members of what came to be known as the European Communities were the Inner Six: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany.