Netherlands New Guinea

Dutch New GuineaNew GuineaDutch colonyhanded over to IndonesiaHollandiaNederlands Nieuw GuineaPapuathe western part of New GuineaWest New Guineawithdrawal of Dutch forces
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.wikipedia
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Western New Guinea

West PapuaPapuaWestern Papua
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.
Historically, the region has had the official names of Netherlands New Guinea (1895–1962), West New Guinea (1962–63), West Irian (or Irian Barat) (1963–73), Irian Jaya (1973–2002), and Papua (2002–present).

Papua (province)

PapuaPapua Provinceprovince of Papua
It was commonly known as Dutch New Guinea. It contained what are now Indonesia's two easternmost provinces, Papua and West Papua, which were administered as a single province prior to 2003 under the name Irian Jaya.
During the Dutch colonial era the region was known as part of "Dutch New Guinea" or "Netherlands New Guinea".

Dutch East Indies

DutchNetherlands East IndiesEast Indies
Until 1949 it was a part of the Dutch East Indies. Until after World War II the western part of the island of New Guinea was part of the Dutch colony of the Netherlands Indies.
The Netherlands formally recognized Indonesian sovereignty at the 1949 Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference with the exception of the Netherlands New Guinea (Western New Guinea), which was ceded to Indonesia 14 years later in 1963 under the provisions of the New York Agreement.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
It was commonly known as Dutch New Guinea. It contained what are now Indonesia's two easternmost provinces, Papua and West Papua, which were administered as a single province prior to 2003 under the name Irian Jaya.
In December 1949, the Dutch formally recognised Indonesian independence in the face of international pressure, with the exception of the Netherlands New Guinea, which was later incorporated into Indonesia following the 1962 New York Agreement and the disputed 1969 referendum that led to the ongoing Papua conflict.

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Netherlandsconstituent countryDutch
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.
Before the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands was proclaimed in 1954, Suriname, Netherlands New Guinea, and the Netherlands Antilles, formerly "Colony of Curaçao and subordinates" (Kolonie Curaçao en Onderhorige Eilanden) were colonies of the Netherlands.

New Guinea Council

prepare the West Papuans for self-rule
The dispute escalated into low-level conflict in 1962 following Dutch moves in 1961 to establish a New Guinea Council.
The New Guinea Council was a unicameral representative body formed in the Dutch colony of Netherlands New Guinea in 1961.

United States of Indonesia

Republic of the United States of IndonesiaRISIndonesia
The whole would be called the United States of Indonesia and would remain linked to the Netherlands in the Netherlands-Indonesian Union.
The Republic of the United States of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia Serikat, RIS), abbreviated as RUSI, was a federal state to which the Netherlands formally transferred sovereignty of the Dutch East Indies (minus Netherlands New Guinea) on 27 December 1949 following the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference.

Indonesian National Revolution

National RevolutionIndonesian RevolutionIndonesian War of Independence
During the Indonesian Revolution, the Dutch launched 'police actions' to capture territory from the Indonesian Republic.
The revolution marked the end of the colonial administration of the Dutch East Indies, except for Netherlands New Guinea.

Morning Star flag

flagflag of West PapuaMorning Star
The Dutch endorsed the council’s selection of a new national anthem and the Morning Star as the new national flag on 1 December 1961.
The Morning Star flag (Bendera Bintang Kejora, Morgenster vlag) was a flag used in a supplemental fashion on Netherlands New Guinea to the flag of the Netherlands.

Sukarno

President SukarnoSoekarnoPresident of the Republic of Indonesia
After Japan's surrender, Sukarno issued the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence, which was to encompass the whole of the Netherlands Indies.
On that month, he nationalized 246 Dutch companies which had been dominating the Indonesian economy, most notably the NHM, Royal Dutch Shell subsidiary Bataafsche Petroleum Maatschappij, Escomptobank, and the "big five" Dutch trading corporations (NV Borneo Sumatra Maatschappij / Borsumij, NV Internationale Crediet- en Handelsvereeneging "Rotterdam" / Internatio, NV Jacobson van den Berg & Co, NV Lindeteves-Stokvis, and NV Geo Wehry & Co), and expelled 40,000 Dutch citizens remaining in Indonesia while confiscating their properties, purportedly due to the failure by the Dutch government to continue negotiations on the fate of Netherlands New Guinea as was promised in the 1949 Round Table Conference.

West New Guinea dispute

West PapuadisputeDutch-Indonesian dispute
Tensions regarding the Dutch-Indonesian dispute over Netherlands New Guinea escalated in December 1957 following Indonesia's defeat in the UN General Assembly on 29 November 1957 to pass a resolution in favour of Indonesia's claim to the territory.
The West New Guinea dispute (1950–1962), also known as the West Irian dispute, was a diplomatic and political conflict between the Netherlands and Indonesia over the territory of Netherlands New Guinea.

Netherlands-Indonesian Union

De Nederlandse Unie
The whole would be called the United States of Indonesia and would remain linked to the Netherlands in the Netherlands-Indonesian Union.
5) Netherlands New Guinea

Papua conflict

West Papua conflictinsurgencyInsurgency in Papua
Papua Conflict
Since the withdrawal of the Dutch colonial administration from the Netherlands New Guinea in 1962, the implementation of Indonesian governance in 1963 and the formal absorption of Papua into Indonesia in 1969, the Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka, (OPM), a militant Papuan-independence organisation, has conducted a low-key guerrilla war against Indonesia through the targeting of its military and police, and engages in the kidnapping of Papuan Indonesian settlers and foreigners.

New Guinea

PapuaPapua New GuineanNew Guinea island
New Guinea
The western portion of the island located west of 141°E longitude (except for a small section of territory to the east of the Fly River which belongs to Papua New Guinea) was formerly a Dutch colony, part of the Dutch East Indies. After the Dutch New Guinea Dispute it is now two Indonesian provinces:

Netherlands New Guinean gulden

NNG gulden
The gulden was the currency of Netherlands New Guinea until 1963.

Self-determination

self determinationright to self-determinationright of self-determination
Van Mook and his supporters referred to the right of self-determination in this respect: the different ethnic communities of Indonesia should have the right to govern themselves.
The self-determination of the West Papuan people has been violently suppressed by the Indonesian government since the withdrawal of Dutch colonial rule under the Netherlands New Guinea in 1962.

Jayapura

HollandiaHollandia (currently known as Jayapura)Abepura
In 1945, the Dutch made Hollandia the capital of Netherlands New Guinea.

Dutch language

DutchDutch-languagenl
After the declaration of independence of Indonesia, Western New Guinea, the "wild east" of the Dutch East Indies, remained a Dutch colony until 1962, known as Netherlands New Guinea.

Territory

territoriesoverseas territoryterritorial
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.

West Papua (province)

West PapuaWest Papua provincePapua
It was commonly known as Dutch New Guinea. It contained what are now Indonesia's two easternmost provinces, Papua and West Papua, which were administered as a single province prior to 2003 under the name Irian Jaya.

Operation Product

a major military offensiveattack on the areas of Indonesia controlled by republican forcesattacked republicans
During the Indonesian Revolution, the Dutch launched 'police actions' to capture territory from the Indonesian Republic.

Succession of states

successor statesuccessor statesPredecessor States
In contrast, the Indonesian Republic, as successor state to the Netherlands East Indies, claimed Netherlands New Guinea as part of its natural territorial bounds.

Battle of Arafura Sea

Vlakke Hoek incidenta 1962 naval engagementa raid on the New Guinea coastline
Following the Vlakke Hoek incident, Indonesia launched a campaign of infiltrations designed to place pressure on the Dutch.

Act of Free Choice

controversial plebiscite19691969 referendum
A plebiscite, the Act of Free Choice, was eventually held in 1969 but the fairness of the election is disputed.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Until after World War II the western part of the island of New Guinea was part of the Dutch colony of the Netherlands Indies.