Netscape

Netscape Communications CorporationNetscape CommunicationsNetscape Communications Corp.Mosaic CommunicationsMosaic Communications CorporationNetscape CorporationNetscape.comAOL-NetscapeDevEdgeNetcenter
Netscape is a brand name associated with the development of the Netscape web browser.wikipedia
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Internet Explorer

Microsoft Internet ExplorerIEMSIE
The browser was once dominant but lost to Internet Explorer and other competitors after the so-called first browser war, its market share falling from more than 90 percent in the mid-1990s to less than 1 percent in 2006.
This came after Microsoft used bundling to win the first browser war against Netscape, which was the dominant browser in the 1990s.

Transport Layer Security

SSLTLSSSL/TLS
The company is also known for developing SSL which was used for securing online communications before its successor TLS took over.
TLS builds on the earlier SSL specifications (1994, 1995, 1996) developed by Netscape Communications

JavaScript

Server-side JavaScriptclient-side JavaScriptJS
Netscape is credited with creating the JavaScript programming language, the most widely used language for client-side scripting of web pages.
In 1994, a company called Mosaic Communications was founded in Mountain View, California and employed many of the original NCSA Mosaic authors to create Mosaic Netscape.

James H. Clark

Jim ClarkDr. James H. ClarkJames Clark
It was founded under the name Mosaic Communications Corporation on April 4, 1994, the brainchild of Jim Clark who had recruited Marc Andreessen as co-founder and Kleiner Perkins as investors.
He founded several notable Silicon Valley technology companies, including Silicon Graphics, Inc., Netscape Communications Corporation, myCFO, and Healtheon.

Marc Andreessen

Marc Andreesen
It was founded under the name Mosaic Communications Corporation on April 4, 1994, the brainchild of Jim Clark who had recruited Marc Andreessen as co-founder and Kleiner Perkins as investors.
He is the co-author of Mosaic, the first widely used web browser; co-founder of Netscape; and co-founder and general partner of Silicon Valley venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz.

Netscape Navigator

NavigatorNetscapeMosaic Netscape
This browser was subsequently renamed Netscape Navigator, and the company took the "Netscape" name (coined by employee Greg Sands, although it was also a trademark of Cisco Systems ) on November 14, 1994, to avoid trademark ownership problems with NCSA, where the initial Netscape employees had previously created the NCSA Mosaic web browser.
Netscape Navigator was a proprietary web browser, and the original browser of the Netscape line, from versions 1 to 4.08, and 9.x. It was the flagship product of the Netscape Communications Corp and was the dominant web browser in terms of usage share in the 1990s, but by 2002 its use had almost disappeared.

Rosanne Siino

During this period, Netscape also pursued a publicity strategy (crafted by Rosanne Siino, then head of public relations) packaging Andreessen as the company's "rock star."
Rosanne Siino is the retired former Vice President of Communications for Netscape (Communications Corporation).

Kleiner Perkins

Kleiner Perkins Caufield & ByersKleiner, Perkins, Caufield & ByersKPCB
It was founded under the name Mosaic Communications Corporation on April 4, 1994, the brainchild of Jim Clark who had recruited Marc Andreessen as co-founder and Kleiner Perkins as investors.
Since its founding in 1972, the firm has backed entrepreneurs in over 900 ventures, including America Online, Amazon.com, Tandem Computers, Compaq, Electronic Arts, JD.com, Square, Genentech, Google, Netscape, Sun Microsystems, Nest, Synack, Snap, AppDynamics, and Twitter.

Browser wars

browser warfirst browser warbrowser
The browser was once dominant but lost to Internet Explorer and other competitors after the so-called first browser war, its market share falling from more than 90 percent in the mid-1990s to less than 1 percent in 2006.
The "First Browser War" during the late 1990s pitted Microsoft's Internet Explorer against Netscape's Navigator.

Dot-com bubble

dot-com boomdot-com bustInternet bubble
The IPO also helped kickstart widespread investment in internet companies that created the dot-com bubble.
Netscape Communications Corporation made an initial public offering (IPO) on Nasdaq on August 9, 1995, and was extremely successful—the stock closed at $58.25, giving the company a value of $2.9 billion.

Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMicrosoft Corp.MS
AOL sold the former Netscape company to Microsoft, who in turn sold them to Facebook.
With a few exceptions of new companies, like Netscape, Microsoft was the only major and established company that acted fast enough to be a part of the World Wide Web practically from the start.

Mozilla

Mozilla LabsMozilla ResearchFirefox Marketplace
January 1998 was also the month that Netscape started the open source Mozilla project.
Mozilla (stylized as moz://a) is a free software community founded in 1998 by members of Netscape.

National Center for Supercomputing Applications

NCSANational Center for Supercomputer Applications
This browser was subsequently renamed Netscape Navigator, and the company took the "Netscape" name (coined by employee Greg Sands, although it was also a trademark of Cisco Systems ) on November 14, 1994, to avoid trademark ownership problems with NCSA, where the initial Netscape employees had previously created the NCSA Mosaic web browser.
NCSA Mosaic was written by Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, who went on to develop the Netscape Web browser.

Peter Currie (businessman)

Peter Currie
Later, former Netscape executives Mike Homer and Peter Currie described the period as "hectic and crazy" and that the company was undone by factors both internal and external.
Peter L. S. Currie (born 1956) is a business executive who was the chief financial officer for Netscape from 1995 to 1999.

Web browser

browserweb browsersinternet browser
The internal codename for the company's browser was Mozilla, which stood for "Mosaic killer", as the company's goal was to displace NCSA Mosaic as the world's number one web browser.
Marc Andreessen, the leader of the Mosaic team, soon started his own company, Netscape, which released the Mosaic-influenced Netscape Navigator in 1994.

Open-source software

open sourceopen-sourceopen source software
January 1998 was also the month that Netscape started the open source Mozilla project.
The paper received significant attention in early 1998, and was one factor in motivating Netscape Communications Corporation to release their popular Netscape Communicator Internet suite as free software.

Internet Information Services

IISMicrosoft IISInternet Information Server
Microsoft also targeted other Netscape products with free workalikes, such as the Internet Information Server (IIS), a web server which was bundled with Windows NT.
Microsoft was criticized by vendors of other web server software, including O'Reilly & Associates and Netscape, for its licensing of early versions of Windows NT; the "Workstation" edition of the OS permitted only ten simultaneous TCP/IP connections, whereas the more expensive "Server" edition, which otherwise had few additional features, permitted unlimited connections but bundled IIS.

Netscape Public License

NPL
It placed this code under the Netscape Public License, which was similar to the GNU General Public License but allowed Netscape to continue to publish proprietary work containing the publicly released code.
The Netscape Public License (NPL) is a free software license, the license under which Netscape Communications Corporation originally released Mozilla.

Mosaic (web browser)

MosaicNCSA MosaicMosaic web browser
This browser was subsequently renamed Netscape Navigator, and the company took the "Netscape" name (coined by employee Greg Sands, although it was also a trademark of Cisco Systems ) on November 14, 1994, to avoid trademark ownership problems with NCSA, where the initial Netscape employees had previously created the NCSA Mosaic web browser. Clark recruited other early team members from SGI and NCSA Mosaic.
Mosaic Communications eventually became Netscape Communications Corporation, producing Netscape Navigator.

AOL

America OnlineAOL MusicSpinner.com
Netscape stock traded from 1995 until 1999 when the company was acquired by AOL in a pooling-of-interests transaction ultimately worth US$10 billion.
It originally provided a dial-up service to millions of Americans, as well as providing a web portal, e-mail, instant messaging and later a web browser following its purchase of Netscape.

IPlanet

Sun-Netscape AllianceSun-Netscape software alliance
Eventually, Netscape's server products and its Professional Services group became part of iPlanet, a joint marketing and development alliance between AOL and Sun Microsystems.
iPlanet was a product brand that was used jointly by Sun Microsystems and Netscape Communications Corporation when delivering software and services as part of a non-exclusive cross marketing deal that was also known as "A Sun|Netscape Alliance".

World Wide Web

WebWWWthe web
Netscape was the first company to attempt to capitalize on the nascent World Wide Web.
JavaScript is a scripting language that was initially developed in 1995 by Brendan Eich, then of Netscape, for use within web pages.

Gecko (software)

GeckoGecko layout engineGecko rendering engine
The Mozilla Organization rewrote the entire browser's source code based on the Gecko rendering engine, and all future Netscape releases were based on this rewritten code.
Development of the layout engine now known as Gecko began at Netscape in 1997, following the company's purchase of DigitalStyle.

Netscape Navigator 9

A new version of the Netscape browser, Netscape Navigator 9, based on Firefox 2, was released in October 2007.
Netscape Navigator 9 is a discontinued web browser that was produced by the Netscape Communications division of parent AOL, first announced on January 23, 2007.

Netscape (web browser)

NetscapeNetscape 5Netscape Communicator 5.0
Netscape is a brand name associated with the development of the Netscape web browser.
The Netscape web browser is the general name for a series of web browsers formerly produced by Netscape Communications Corporation, a former subsidiary of AOL.