Neurophysiology

neurophysiologistneurophysiologicalphysiologyneurophysiologistsHistory of neurophysiologyneurophysiologicneurophysiologicallyfunctionalneural mechanismsneuronal physiology
Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia, "knowledge") is a branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system.wikipedia
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Neuroscience

neurobiologyneuroscientistneurosciences
Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia, "knowledge") is a branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system.
It is a multidisciplinary branch of biology that combines physiology, anatomy, molecular biology, developmental biology, cytology, mathematical modeling and psychology to understand the fundamental and emergent properties of neurons and neural circuits.

Computational neuroscience

computational neuroscientistMathematical neurosciencetheoretical neuroscience
Neurophysiology is related to electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, biophysics, and mathematical neuroscience.
mathematics, statistics, computer simulations, and abstractions which are used across many subareas of neuroscience including development, structure, physiology and cognitive abilities of the nervous system.

Hippocampus

hippocampalhippocampihippocampal formation
In 1564, Giulio Cesare Aranzio discovered the hippocampus, naming it such due to its shape resemblance to a sea horse.
Since different neuronal cell types are neatly organized into layers in the hippocampus, it has frequently been used as a model system for studying neurophysiology.

Electrophysiology

electrophysiologicalelectrophysiologistelectrophysiologic
Neurophysiology is related to electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, biophysics, and mathematical neuroscience. The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.
Scientists such as Duchenne de Boulogne (1806–1875) and Nathaniel A. Buchwald (1924–2006) are considered to have greatly advanced the field of neurophysiology, enabling its clinical applications.

Physiology

physiologistphysiologicalphysiologically
Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia, "knowledge") is a branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system.

Bell–Magendie law

Bell-Magendie law
In the same year, Charles Bell finished work on what would later become known as the Bell-Magendie law, which compared functional differences between dorsal and ventral roots of the spinal cord.
In anatomy and neurophysiology, this is the finding that the anterior spinal nerve roots contain only motor fibers and posterior roots only sensory fibers and that nerve impulses are conducted in only one direction in each case.

Brain

brain functionmammalian braincerebral
Relating these population-level patterns to the computational functions of individual neurons is a major focus of current research in neurophysiology.

Ancient Greek

GreekClassical GreekGr.
Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia, "knowledge") is a branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system.

-logy

-logia-ologylogy
Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia, "knowledge") is a branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system.

Nervous system

neuralnervousneurogenic
Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia, "knowledge") is a branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system.

Patch clamp

patch-clampPatch clamp techniquepatch clamping
The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Voltage clamp

clampedHolding voltage (physiology)voltage
The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Extracellular

extracellular spaceextracellular environment[2
The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Single-unit recording

Single-cell recordingsingle-cell recordingssingle unit recording
The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Local field potential

local field potentialsExtracellular field potentialfield potentials
The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Calcium imaging

Ca 2+ -imagingCa 2+ imagingcalcium fluorescence imaging
The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Optogenetics

optogenetic[55Optogenetic activation
The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Molecular biology

molecular biologistmolecularmolecular microbiology
The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging, optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Neuroanatomy

neuroanatomistneuroanatomicalneuroanatomic
Neurophysiology is related to electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, biophysics, and mathematical neuroscience.

Neurochemistry

brain chemistryneurochemistHistory of neurochemistry
Neurophysiology is related to electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, biophysics, and mathematical neuroscience.

Biophysics

biophysicistbiophysicalbiological physics
Neurophysiology is related to electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, biophysics, and mathematical neuroscience.

Clinical neurophysiology

clinical neurophysiologistclinical neurophysiologistselectrophysiological methods
It also has medical applications in clinical neurophysiology and clinical neuroscience.

Clinical neuroscience

Clinicalclinical neuroscientist
It also has medical applications in clinical neurophysiology and clinical neuroscience.

Edwin Smith Papyrus

Edwin SmithEdwin Smith Surgical PapyrusEdwin Smith Medical Papyrus
In 1700 B.C., the Edwin Smith surgical papyrus was written.

Papyrus

papyripapyriformchartatabidum
In 1700 B.C., the Edwin Smith surgical papyrus was written.