New Age

New Age movementnew-ageNew Age spiritualityNew Age religionmind-body-spiritNew Age religionsNew AgersAmbientCatholic rejection of the New Agecontemporary popular spirituality
New Age is an eclectic range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.wikipedia
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Franz Mesmer

Franz Anton MesmerMesmerAnton Mesmer
Such prominent occultist influences include the work of Emanuel Swedenborg and Franz Mesmer, as well as the ideas of Spiritualism, New Thought, and Theosophy.
(In modern times New Age spiritualists have revived a similar idea.) Mesmer's theory attracted a wide following between about 1780 and 1850, and continued to have some influence until the end of the 19th century.

Modern Paganism

NeopaganNeopaganismneo-pagan
The New Age has generated criticism from established Christian organisations as well as modern Pagan and indigenous communities.
Contemporary Paganism has sometimes been associated with the New Age movement, with scholars highlighting both similarities and differences.

Mediumship

mediummediumsspirit medium
This is accompanied by a common belief in a wide variety of semi-divine non-human entities, such as angels and masters, with whom humans can communicate, particularly through the form of channeling.
The practice is associated with several religious-belief systems such as Shamanism, Vodun, Spiritualism, Spiritism, Candomblé, Voodoo, Umbanda and some New Age groups.

Western culture

WesternWestern civilizationWest
New Age is an eclectic range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.
Tendencies that have come to define modern Western societies include the concept of political pluralism, individualism, prominent subcultures or countercultures (such as New Age movements) and increasing cultural syncretism resulting from globalization and human migration.

Western esotericism

esotericesotericismesotericist
As a form of Western esotericism, the New Age drew heavily upon a number of older esoteric traditions, in particular those that emerged from the occultist current that developed in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Esoteric ideas permeated the counterculture of the 1960s and later cultural tendencies, from which emerged the New Age phenomenon in the 1970s.

Cult

cultsreligious cultdestructive cult
According to Hammer, this New Age was a "fluid and fuzzy cultic milieu".
In 2007 the religious scholar Elijah Siegler commented that, although no NRM had become the dominant faith in any country, many of the concepts which they had first introduced (often referred to as "New Age" ideas) have become part of worldwide mainstream culture.

James R. Lewis (scholar)

James R. LewisLewis, James R.James Lewis
While acknowledging that New Age was a problematic term, the scholar of religion James R. Lewis stated that it remained a useful etic category for scholars to use because, "There exists no comparable term which covers all aspects of the movement."
James R. Lewis (born November 3, 1959) is a writer and academic specializing in new religious movements, astrology and New Age.

Theosophy

theosophisttheosophicalTheosophists
Such prominent occultist influences include the work of Emanuel Swedenborg and Franz Mesmer, as well as the ideas of Spiritualism, New Thought, and Theosophy.
Theosophical ideas have also exerted an influence on a wide range of other esoteric movements and philosophies, among them Anthroposophy, the Church Universal and Triumphant, and the New Age.

Alice Bailey

Alice A. BaileyArcane Schoolesoteric astrology
The concept of a coming "new age" that would be inaugurated by the return to Earth of Jesus Christ was a theme in the poetry of Wellesley Tudor Pole and Johanna Brandt, and then also appeared in the work of the American Theosophist Alice Bailey, who used the term prominently in such titles as Disciplineship in the New Age (1944) and Education in the New Age (1954).
Alice Ann Bailey (June 16, 1880 – December 15, 1949) was a writer of more than twenty-four books on theosophical subjects, and was one of the first writers to use the term New Age.

Spirituality

spiritualspirituallyspiritual life
New Age is an eclectic range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.
The distinction between the spiritual and the religious became more common in the popular mind during the late 20th century with the rise of secularism and the advent of the New Age movement.

Helena Blavatsky

Madame BlavatskyHelena Petrovna BlavatskyBlavatsky
A further major influence on the New Age was the Theosophical Society, an occult group co-founded by the Russian Helena Blavatsky in the late 19th century.
Her Theosophical doctrines influenced the spread of Hindu and Buddhist ideas in the West as well as the development of Western esoteric currents like Ariosophy, Anthroposophy, and the New Age Movement.

Edgar Cayce

Edgar Cayce FoundationWesley Harrington Ketchum
Serving as a partial bridge between Theosophical ideas and those of the New Age was the American esotericist Edgar Cayce, who founded the Association for Research and Enlightenment.
Some consider him the true founder and a principal source of the most characteristic beliefs of the New Age movement.

Aetherius Society

George KingThe Next MasterMary King (The Magdala Centre/The Aetherius Society)
Examples of such groups included the Aetherius Society, founded in the UK in 1955, and the Heralds of the New Age, established in New Zealand in 1956.
It is a syncretic religion, based primarily on Theosophy, but also incorporating millenarian, New Age, and UFO religion aspects.

Esalen Institute

EsalenSoviet/American Cultural Exchange Program
In 1962 the Esalen Institute was established in Big Sur, California.
Over the next few years, Esalen became the center of practices and beliefs that make up the New Age movement, from Eastern religions/philosophy, to alternative medicine and mind-body interventions, to Gestalt Practice.

Mark Satin

Not everyone who came to be associated with the New Age phenomenon openly embraced the term New Age, although it was popularised in books like David Spangler's 1977 work Revelation: The Birth of a New Age and Mark Satin's 1979 book New Age Politics: Healing Self and Society.
He is best known for contributing to the development and dissemination of three political perspectives – neopacifism in the 1960s, New Age politics in the 1970s and 1980s, and radical centrism in the 1990s and 2000s.

Marilyn Ferguson

Aquarian CconspiracyThe Aquarian Conspiracy
Marilyn Ferguson's 1982 book The Aquarian Conspiracy has also been regarded as a landmark work in the development of the New Age, promoting the idea that a new era was emerging.
Marilyn Ferguson (April 5, 1938 in Grand Junction, Colorado – October 19, 2008) was an American author, editor and public speaker, best known for her 1980 book The Aquarian Conspiracy and its affiliation with the New Age Movement in popular culture.

Shirley MacLaine

Shirley McLaine
Several key events occurred, which raised public awareness of the New Age subculture: publication of Linda Goodman's best-selling astrology books Sun Signs (1968) and Love Signs (1978); the release of Shirley MacLaine's book Out on a Limb (1983), later adapted into a television mini-series with the same name (1987); and the "Harmonic Convergence" planetary alignment on August 16 and 17, 1987, organized by José Argüelles in Sedona, Arizona.
She is known for her New Age beliefs, and has an interest in spirituality and reincarnation.

José Argüelles

The Mayan FactorJosé Arguelles
Several key events occurred, which raised public awareness of the New Age subculture: publication of Linda Goodman's best-selling astrology books Sun Signs (1968) and Love Signs (1978); the release of Shirley MacLaine's book Out on a Limb (1983), later adapted into a television mini-series with the same name (1987); and the "Harmonic Convergence" planetary alignment on August 16 and 17, 1987, organized by José Argüelles in Sedona, Arizona.
José Argüelles, born Joseph Anthony Arguelles (January 24, 1939 – March 23, 2011), was an American New Age author and artist.

J. Z. Knight

RamthaJZ KnightJ.Z. Knight
The claims of channelers Jane Roberts (Seth Material), Helen Schucman (A Course in Miracles), J. Z. Knight (Ramtha), Neale Donald Walsch (Conversations with God) (note that Walsch denies being a "channeler" and his books make it obvious that he is not one, though the text emerged through a dialogue with a deeper part of himself in a process comparable to automatic writing) contributed to the movement's growth.
Judy Zebra "J. Z." Knight (born Judith Darlene Hampton; March 16, 1946) is an American New Age teacher and author known for her purported channelling of a spiritual entity named Ramtha.

David Spangler

Not everyone who came to be associated with the New Age phenomenon openly embraced the term New Age, although it was popularised in books like David Spangler's 1977 work Revelation: The Birth of a New Age and Mark Satin's 1979 book New Age Politics: Healing Self and Society.
Spangler is considered one of the founding figures of the modern New Age movement, although he is highly critical of what much of the movement has since become, especially its commercial and sensationalist elements.

Seth Material

Jane RobertsSethSeth Speaks
The claims of channelers Jane Roberts (Seth Material), Helen Schucman (A Course in Miracles), J. Z. Knight (Ramtha), Neale Donald Walsch (Conversations with God) (note that Walsch denies being a "channeler" and his books make it obvious that he is not one, though the text emerged through a dialogue with a deeper part of himself in a process comparable to automatic writing) contributed to the movement's growth.
The material is regarded as one of the cornerstones of New Age philosophy, and the most influential channelled text of the post-World War II "New Age" movement, other than the Edgar Cayce books and A Course in Miracles.

New Age travellers

Peace ConvoyNew Age travellertravellers
In Britain during the 1980s, the term New Age Travellers came into use, although York characterised this term as "a misnomer created by the media".
New Age travellers are people who often espouse New Age beliefs, and the hippie culture of the 1960s, and travel between music festivals and fairs, in order to live in a community with others who hold similar beliefs.

Big Sur

Big Sur, CaliforniaBig Sur CoastPoint Sur
In 1962 the Esalen Institute was established in Big Sur, California.
Esalen hosted many figures of the nascent "New Age" and, in the 1960s, played an important role in popularizing Eastern philosophies, the "Human Potential Movement", and Gestalt therapy in the United States.

Out on a Limb (book)

Out on a LimbOut on a Limb'' (book)
Several key events occurred, which raised public awareness of the New Age subculture: publication of Linda Goodman's best-selling astrology books Sun Signs (1968) and Love Signs (1978); the release of Shirley MacLaine's book Out on a Limb (1983), later adapted into a television mini-series with the same name (1987); and the "Harmonic Convergence" planetary alignment on August 16 and 17, 1987, organized by José Argüelles in Sedona, Arizona.
It details MacLaine's journeys through New Age spirituality.

J. Gordon Melton

Melton, J. GordonGordon MeltonJ. Gordon Elton
As James R. Lewis and J. Gordon Melton point out, the New Age phenomenon represents "a synthesis of many different preexisting movements and strands of thought".
His areas of research include major religious traditions, American Methodism, new and alternative religions, Western Esotericism (popularly called occultism) and parapsychology, New Age, and Dracula and vampire studies.