A report on New Brunswick

Fort Beauséjour at the Isthmus of Chignecto. The French built the fort in 1751 in an effort to limit British expansion into continental Acadia.
A romanticized depiction of the arrival of the Loyalists in New Brunswick
An Intercolonial Railway bridge, 1875. The railway was established as a result of Confederation.
A provincial welcome sign in English and French, the two official languages of the province
Topographic map of New Brunswick
Furbish's lousewort is a herb endemic to the shores of the upper Saint John River.
The Hopewell Rocks are rock formations located at the upper reaches of the Bay of Fundy, near Hopewell Cape.
View of the Appalachian mountains from Mount Carleton Provincial Park
Population density of New Brunswick
The province's distribution of English and French is highly regional.
Uptown Saint John is a commercial hub and seaport for the province.
A New Brunswick pulp mill owned by J. D. Irving
Sir Howard Douglas Hall at the University of New Brunswick is the oldest university building still in use in Canada.
The New Brunswick Legislative Building serves as the meeting place for the provincial legislative assembly.
The Imperial Theatre in Saint John hosts the productions of the Atlantic Ballet Theatre of Canada and Theatre New Brunswick.
The Owens Art Gallery at Mount Allison University is the oldest university-operated art gallery in Canada.
Administrative areas of New Brunswick (historic county borders also shown):
Local service district
Rural community
Indian reserve

One of the ten provinces (and three territories) of Canada.

- New Brunswick

148 related topics with Alpha


Nova Scotia

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One of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada.

One of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada.

Topographic map of Nova Scotia
Köppen climate types of Nova Scotia
Mi'kmaq family in Tuft's Cove, 1871. The Mi'kmaq inhabited Nova Scotia when the first Europeans arrived.
French forces withdrawing from Port-Royal after being defeated by the British in 1710
Expulsion of the Acadians in Grand-Pré. More than 80 per cent of the Acadian population was expelled from the region between 1755 and 1764.
A Black Loyalist wood cutter, at Shelburne, Nova Scotia, in 1788
leading the captured USS Chesapeake (1799) into Halifax during the War of 1812
Inauguration of the Sebastopol Monument in 1860. The monument was built to honour Nova Scotians who fought in the Crimean War.
The Bluenose in 1921. The racing ship became a provincial icon for Nova Scotia in the 1920s and 1930s.
Population density map of Nova Scotia (c. 2016) with county and regional municipality borders shown.
Languages in Nova Scotia: red – majority anglophone, orange – mixed, blue – majority francophone
Distribution of Scottish Gaelic in the Maritimes
Lobster traps on a dock in Sheet Harbour. The province is the world's largest exporter of lobsters.
A farm in Grafton. Agriculture remains an important sector of the economy in the Annapolis Valley.
A cruise ship docked at the Port of Halifax. The port sees more than 200,000 cruise passengers each year.
Peggys Point Lighthouse in Peggys Cove is a tourist attraction in the province.
Map of Nova Scotia's 18 historical counties by their current organization or municipal status.
Performers at Halifax Pop Explosion, an annual music festival in Halifax
The Art Gallery of Nova Scotia is the provincial art gallery of Nova Scotia.
Symphony Nova Scotia performing at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Halifax
An ice hockey game between the Cape Breton Screaming Eagles, and the Halifax Mooseheads, two Major Junior hockey teams in Nova Scotia
Université Sainte-Anne is a Francophone university situated in Pointe-de-l'Église.
Kluskap monument, Millbrook First Nation, Sipekni'katik, Mi'kma'ki
Map of Acadia in 1757.

The peninsula that makes up Nova Scotia's mainland is connected to the rest of North America by the Isthmus of Chignecto, on which the province's land border with New Brunswick is located.


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One of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada.

One of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada.

A depiction of Jacques Cartier by Théophile Hamel, 1844
Three Huron-Wyandot chiefs from Wendake. New France had largely peaceful relations with the Indigenous people, such as their allies the Huron. After the defeat of the Huron by their mutual enemy, the Iroquois, many fled from Ontario to Quebec.
Montcalm leading his troops into battle. Watercolour by Charles William Jefferys.
The Province of Quebec in 1774
The Battle of Saint-Eustache was the final battle of the Lower Canada Rebellion.
George-Étienne Cartier, creator of the Quebec state and premier of Canada East
Maurice Duplessis, premier of Quebec from 1936 to 1939 and during the Grande Noirceur
"Maîtres chez nous" was the electoral slogan of the Liberal Party during the 1962 election.
René Lévesque, one of the architects of the Quiet Revolution, and the Premier of Quebec's first modern sovereignist government
Map of Quebec
Michel's falls on Ashuapmushuan River in Saint-Félicien, Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
Köppen climate types of Quebec
Baie-Saint-Paul during winter
The Parliament Building in Quebec City
The seventeen administrative regions of Quebec.
The Édifice Ernest-Cormier is the courthouse for the Quebec Court of Appeal in Montreal
The Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré
Map of aboriginal communities in Quebec, this includes reserves, settlements and northern villages.
The Institut national de la recherche scientifique helps to advance scientific knowledge and to train a new generation of students in various scientific and technological sectors.
Quebec's exports to the international market. The United States is the country which buys the most Québécois exports by far. (2011)
The Beauharnois generating station, operated by Hydro-Québec
A mockup of the Airbus A220 (formerly the Bombardier CSeries), originally developed by Bombardier Aerospace
The Château Frontenac is the most photographed hotel in the world.
In 1969, Héroux-Devtek designed and manufactured the undercarriage of the Apollo Lunar Module.
The ferry N.M. Camille-Marcoux, of the Société des traversiers du Québec
The show Dralion, Cirque du Soleil, introduced in 2004
La chasse-galerie (1906) by Henri Julien, showing a scene from a popular Quebec folk legend.
La Cavalière by Charles Daudelin, 1963, installed in front of the pavilion Gérard Morisset of the Quebec National Museum of Fine Arts in Quebec City
Maison Routhier in Sainte-Foy. This kind of Canadien-style house remains a symbol of Canadien nationalism.
A classic poutine from La Banquise in Montreal
The Montreal Canadiens at the Bell Centre
St-Jean-Baptiste Day celebrations at Maisonneuve park in Montréal
The Fleurdelisé flying at Place d'Armes in Montreal
Canada in the 18th century.
The Province of Quebec from 1763 to 1783.
Lower Canada from 1791 to 1841. (Patriots' War in 1837, Canada East in 1841)
Quebec from 1867 to 1927.
Quebec today. Quebec (in blue) has a border dispute with Labrador (in red).
Different forest areas of Quebec. 1. Middle Arctic Tundra
2. Low Arctic Tundra
3. Torngat Mountain Tundra
4. Eastern Canadian Shield Taiga
5. Southern Hudson Bay Taiga
6. Central Canadian Shield Forests
7. Eastern Canadian Forests
8. Eastern Forest/Boreal Transition
9. Eastern Great Lakes Lowland Forests
10. New England/Acadian Forests
11. Gulf of St. Lawrence Lowland Forests

Located in Central Canada, the province shares land borders with Ontario to the west, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, New Brunswick to the southeast, and a coastal border with Nunavut; in the south it borders Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York in the United States.


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Maine State House, designed by Charles Bulfinch, built 1829–1832
Misty Morning, Coast of MaineArthur Parton (1842–1914). Between 1865 and 1870, Brooklyn Museum.
A map of Maine and surrounding regions
The Maine coast and Portland Head Light
Rocky shoreline in Acadia National Park
Autumn in the Hundred-Mile Wilderness
Köppen climate types of Maine, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Winter in Bangor
Maine population density map
Bath Iron Works naval shipbuilding
Lobstering in Portland
Maine blueberries. The U.S.'s only commercial producers of wild blueberries are located in Maine.
Portland International Jetport
The Penobscot Narrows Bridge, carrying U.S. Route 1 and Maine State Route 3 over the Penobscot River
A southbound Downeaster passenger train at Ocean Park, Maine, as viewed from the cab of a northbound train
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
The University of Maine is the state's only research university.
Colby, Bates, and Bowdoin (pictured) Colleges form the Colby-Bates-Bowdoin Consortium
College hockey being played at the Cross Insurance Center
Two moose in the Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge. The moose is Maine's state mammal.
1. Portland
2. Lewiston
3. Bangor
4. South Portland
5. Auburn
6. Biddeford
7. Sanford
8. Brunswick
9. Saco
10. Scarborough
11. Westbrook
12. Augusta
Party registration by county: (November 2020)

Maine is a state in the New England region of the United States, bordered by New Hampshire to the west; the Gulf of Maine to the southeast; and the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and northwest, respectively.

The Maritimes

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The Maritimes: New Brunswick (green), Nova Scotia (blue) and Prince Edward Island (red)
St. John River Campaign: A View of the Plundering and Burning of the City of Grimross (present day Gagetown, New Brunswick) by Thomas Davies in 1758. This is the only contemporaneous image of the Expulsion of the Acadians.
Siege of Louisbourg (1758)
Köppen climate types of the Maritimes
Map showing of mother tongue in the Maritimes. Red represents a majority of Anglophones and less than 33% Francophones; Orange, a majority of Anglophones and more than 33% Francophones; Blue, a Francophone majority with less than 33% Anglophones; and green, a Francophone majority with more than 33% Anglophones.
Halifax skyline from Dartmouth, Nova Scotia
Fredericton City Hall
Peakes Quay on the Charlottetown waterfront
Delegates of the Charlottetown Conference on the steps of Government House
Maritime-born shipping magnate Sir Samuel Cunard
Yarmouth in 1910
Major factories like this cotton mill in Marysville, near Fredericton, failed to compete with more centralized operations in Quebec and Ontario
Halifax Shipyard
Pulp and paper mill in new Brunswick
Siege of Louisbourg (1758)

The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island.

St. John River Campaign: "A View of the Plundering and Burning of the City of Grimross" (1758)
Watercolor by Thomas Davies

Expulsion of the Acadians

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St. John River Campaign: "A View of the Plundering and Burning of the City of Grimross" (1758)
Watercolor by Thomas Davies
British Army officer and Governor, Charles Lawrence
Deportation of the Acadians, Grand-Pré
Charles Deschamps de Boishébert et de Raffetot
Raid on Lunenburg (1756)
Major Jedidiah Preble
A view of Miramichi, a French settlement in the Gulf of St. Laurence, destroyed by Brigadier Murray detached by General Wolfe for that purpose, from the Bay of Gaspe, (1758)
Raid on Miramichi Bay – Burnt Church Village by Captain Hervey Smythe (1758)
Monument to Imprisoned Acadians on Georges Island (background), Bishops Landing, Halifax
A map of the British and French settlements in North America in 1755. The province of Nova Scotia had expanded to encompass all of Acadie, or present-day New Brunswick.
Mémorial des Acadiens de Nantes
Thomas Jefferys (1710–71) was a royal geographer to King George III and a London publisher of maps. He is well known for his maps of North America, produced to meet commercial demand, but also to support British territorial claims against the French. This map presents Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island in the wake of the "great upheaval".

The Expulsion of the Acadians, also known as the Great Upheaval, the Great Expulsion, the Great Deportation, and the Deportation of the Acadians (Le Grand Dérangement or Déportation des Acadiens), was the forced removal by the British of the Acadian people from the present-day Canadian Maritime provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, and the present-day U.S. state of Maine — parts of an area historically known as Acadia, causing the deaths of thousands of people.


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Fredericton City Hall is the seat of municipal government.
Princess Margaret Bridge
The Nashwaak River Trail
The Beaverbrook Art Gallery
Celebration of Acadian culture in Fredericton
Queen Square Park
The New Brunswick Legislative Building
Marysville Place houses a number of offices for the provincial government.
Downtown Fredericton
Fredericton Transit bus with bike rack

Fredericton is the capital city of the Canadian province of New Brunswick.

Acadia (1754)


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Colony of New France in northeastern North America which included parts of what are now the Maritime provinces, the Gaspé Peninsula and Maine to the Kennebec River.

Colony of New France in northeastern North America which included parts of what are now the Maritime provinces, the Gaspé Peninsula and Maine to the Kennebec River.

Acadia (1754)
The French claimed that the Kennebec River formed the border between Acadia and New England, seen here on a map of Maine
Siege of Saint John (1645) – d'Aulnay defeats La Tour in Acadia
Acadia in 1757
French map of 1720 North America. Acadie extends clearly into present-day New Brunswick.
Duc d'Anville Expedition: Action between and the Mars
Acadians at Annapolis Royal, by Samuel Scott, 1751; earliest known image of Acadians
St. John River Campaign: A View of the Plundering and Burning of the City of Grimross (present day Gagetown, New Brunswick) by Thomas Davies in 1758. This is the only contemporaneous image of the Expulsion of the Acadians.
Siege of Louisbourg (1758)
This Acadian flag was established at the second Acadian Convention in 1884 at Miscouche, Prince Edward Island.
Main Acadian communities of Acadia before the deportation
Charles de Menou d'Aulnay – Civil War in Acadia
Françoise-Marie Jacquelin – Civil War in Acadia
Baron de Saint-Castin – Castine's War
Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville – Queen Anne's War
Daniel d'Auger de Subercase, last governor of Acadia 1706–1710
Sébastien Rale – Father Rale's War
Chief Jean-Baptiste Cope – Father Le Loutre's War
Jean-Louis Le Loutre – Father Le Loutre's War
Thomas Pichon
Joseph (Beausoleil) Broussard
Siege of Louisbourg (1758)

Present-day New Brunswick, which remained part of Nova Scotia until becoming its own colony in 1785.

Saint John, New Brunswick

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The Marco Polo
A blacksmith shop near Saint John Harbour in the late 19th century
Martello Tower, Saint John
Covered bridges dot the Greater Saint John region.
Saint John City Market
Partridge Island immigration station
Colsen Cove generating station
The Old Post Office
1914 Saint John Railwaymen's Strike riot
Looking east on the Saint John Throughway, right before the Harbour Bridge and the now closed (since 2011) toll plaza
A Saint John Transit bus in uptown
TD Station is home to the city's Quebec Major Junior hockey team, Saint John Sea Dogs, and the Saint John Riptide of the National Basketball League of Canada.
The Commons at the University of New Brunswick
Saint John is known for its pub and restaurant scene throughout uptown. Statistics Canada found the city has the third most pubs per capita in Canada.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.country94.ca/news/790179589/cheers-saint-john-port-city-has-third-most-bars-capita-country|title=Cheers, Saint John: Port City Has Third Most Bars Per Capita In Country|publisher=Acadia Broadcasting Ltd.|access-date=4 February 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180205072524/http://www.country94.ca/news/790179589/cheers-saint-john-port-city-has-third-most-bars-capita-country|archive-date=February 5, 2018|url-status=dead}}</ref>
The Imperial Theatre, a National Historic Site still hosting live performances
Fiddlehead sculpture at the Saint John Arts Centre in the city's uptown
Prince William Street, National Historic Site of Canada. The building in the foreground is the Bank of New Brunswick building, Canada's first bank established by Royal Charter.

Saint John is a seaport city of the Atlantic Ocean located on the Bay of Fundy in the province of New Brunswick, Canada.

Canadian Territory at Confederation

Canadian Confederation

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Canadian Territory at Confederation
George-Étienne Cartier
Map of the Eastern British Provinces in North America at the time of Canadian Confederation, 1867.
Delegates of the Charlottetown Conference on the steps of Government House, September 1864
Thomas D'Arcy McGee in 1868
Delegates at the Quebec Conference, October 1864
Queen Victoria granted royal assent to the British North America Act on March 29, 1867
Proclamation of Canadian Confederation
John A. Macdonald became the first prime minister of Canada.
1885 photo of Robert Harris' 1884 painting, Conference at Quebec in 1864, to settle the basics of a union of the British North American Provinces, also known as The Fathers of Confederation. The original painting was destroyed in the 1916 Parliament Buildings Centre Block fire. The scene is an amalgamation of the Charlottetown and Quebec City conference sites and attendees.

Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which three British North American provinces, the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, were united into one federation called the Dominion of Canada, on July 1, 1867.

Prince Edward Island

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One of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada.

One of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada.

Satellite picture of Prince Edward Island
The island's landscape is pastoral, with wooded areas and rolling hills.
Because the Gulf of Saint Lawrence freezes over, the island's climate is similar to a continental climate as opposed to an oceanic climate.
Topographical map of Prince Edward Island
The Winter River in February 2014. The river provides about 92 per cent of Charlottetown's water supply.
Map of Prince Edward Island and French settlements c. 1744
Monument for the Acadian expulsion in Prince Edward Island. A large number of Acadians were forcibly removed from the island in the mid 18th century.
Map of the island with lot boundaries in 1775. The island was divided into lots in 1767.
Delegates of the Charlottetown Conference in 1864. Although PEI hosted a conference, it did not join the Confederation until 1873.
The Confederation Centre of the Arts was completed in 1964, and commemorates the centenary of Confederation.
Population density of Prince Edward Island (c. 2016) with county borders shown.
Dominant self-identified ethnic origin of the population of Prince Edward Island
Languages of Prince Edward Island (red: English, blue: French). Evangeline Region is the only Francophone majority area on the island.
A harvester at work in a soybean field. Agriculture remains a major part of the province's economy.
Lobster traps at the harbour of Naufrage. Lobster fishing continues to be a major economic sector for coastal communities.
Farming on Prince Edward Island
A wind farm at North Cape
The SDU Main Building at the University of Prince Edward Island, the only university on the island
The exterior of Province House, meeting place for the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Municipalities of Prince Edward Island
The entrance to Queen Elizabeth Hospital, the largest hospital in the province
In May 1997, the Confederation Bridge was opened, providing a fixed link between the island and the mainland.
Green Gables in Cavendish was a farm featured in Anne of Green Gables.
The Cavendish Beach Music Festival is an annual music festival held in mid-July.

Prince Edward Island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, west of Cape Breton Island, north of the Nova Scotia peninsula, and east of New Brunswick.