New Caledonia

Two Kanak warriors posing with penis gourds and spears, around 1880
Chief King Jacques and his Queen
Flags side by side on the same pole, Nouméa, March 2011
Logo of the Territorial Congress
Jean Lèques during a ceremony honoring U.S. service members who helped ensure the freedom of New Caledonia during World War II
The special territories of the European Union prior to Brexit
Pyramid graph illustrating the administration of New Caledonia
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New Caledonia from space
Reefs of New Caledonia from ISS, September 9, 2020
Landscape in the south of New Caledonia
Amborella, the world's oldest living lineage of flowering plant
Araucaria columnaris, New Caledonia
The kagu, an endemic flightless bird
A proportional representation of New Caledonia exports, 2019
A creek in southern New Caledonia. Red colors reveal the richness of the ground in iron oxides and nickel.
Caldoches, European people born in New Caledonia
New Caledonian footballer Christian Karembeu, 1998 FIFA World Cup winner with France
Kanak women
Rodeos (here at the annual fair of Bourail) are part of Caldoche culture.

Sui generis collectivity of overseas France in the southwest Pacific Ocean, south of Vanuatu, about 1210 km east of Australia, and 17,000 km from Metropolitan France.

- New Caledonia

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Coral Sea

Marginal sea of the South Pacific off the northeast coast of Australia, and classified as an interim Australian bioregion.

Marginal sea of the South Pacific off the northeast coast of Australia, and classified as an interim Australian bioregion.

A map of the Coral Sea Islands
The Great Dividing Range consists of a complex of mountain ranges, plateaus, upland areas and escarpments.
Thermal profile of the East Australian Current
Tropical Cyclone Larry over the Great Barrier Reef, 19 March 2006
Corals on Flynn Reef near Cairns
Crown-of-thorns starfish
Christmas tree worm (Spirobranchus giganteus) in Porites coral. Admiralty, Osprey Reef
A banded sea krait Laticauda colubrina
Shen Neng 1 aground on the Great Barrier Reef on 5 April 2010

It is bounded in the west by the east coast of Queensland, thereby including the Great Barrier Reef, in the east by Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides) and by New Caledonia, and in the northeast approximately by the southern extremity of the Solomon Islands.

City centre and Nouméa Cathedral

Nouméa

City centre and Nouméa Cathedral
Nouméa city flag, 2011
Small scale map of the city
Nouméa 1930.
A woman at a market in Nouméa, 2006
University of New Caledonia, Nouville campus, 2011
Bernheim Library exterior, 2011
Bernheim Library interior, 2011

Nouméa is the capital and largest city of the French special collectivity of New Caledonia and is also the largest francophone city of Oceania.

Kanak women talking in New Caledonia

Kanak people

Kanak women talking in New Caledonia
Antique lithograph of Kanaks.
Kanak warriors, c. 1880
Two Kanak warriors posing with penis gourds and spears
Kanaks, c. 1880
A Kanak woman with bougna, a casserole of fruit and fish baked in a ground oven.
Fragment of a roof finial of a large clan house, sculpture of the Kanak people made of Houp wood, New Caledonia, late 14th century—early 15th century
Exhibit of stages of construction of a Kanak hut
Kanak necklace, in flying fox hair cords
Sperm whale tooth, New Caledonia, nineteenth century
Kanak canteen
Kanak mace
Headgear Tidi
Carved wooden door jamb
Male statuette wearing a penis sheath statement

Kanak (French spelling until 1984: Canaque) are the indigenous Melanesian inhabitants of New Caledonia, an overseas collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific.

Chesterfield Islands from space

Chesterfield Islands

Chesterfield Islands from space
Bellona Reefs
South Bellona Reefs
Map of Long Island and Martin, Veys and Passage Islands

The Chesterfield Islands (îles Chesterfield in French) are a French archipelago of New Caledonia located in the Coral Sea, 550 km northwest of Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia.

Isle of Pines (New Caledonia)

Upi Bay, Isle of Pines, New Caledonia
1890 map

The Isle of Pines (Île des Pins; name in Kanak language Kwênyii: Kunyié) is an island in the Pacific Ocean, in the archipelago of New Caledonia, an overseas collectivity of France.

South Province, New Caledonia

The South Province (Province Sud) is one of three administrative subdivisions in New Caledonia.

Sui generis

Latin phrase that means "of its/his/her/their own kind", "in a class by itself", therefore "unique".

Latin phrase that means "of its/his/her/their own kind", "in a class by itself", therefore "unique".

A similar case that led to the use of the label sui generis is the relationship of New Caledonia relative to France, because the legal status of New Caledonia can aptly be said to lie somewhere between a French overseas collectivity and a sovereign nation.

In 1869, seized the blackbirding schooner and freed its passengers.

Blackbirding

Blackbirding involves the coercion of people through deception or kidnapping to work as slaves or poorly paid labourers in countries distant from their native land.

Blackbirding involves the coercion of people through deception or kidnapping to work as slaves or poorly paid labourers in countries distant from their native land.

In 1869, seized the blackbirding schooner and freed its passengers.
Kanaka workers in a sugar cane plantation in Queensland, late 19th century.
Robert Towns
Adolescent South Sea Islanders on a Herbert River plantation in the early 1870s
The Para, Captain John Ronald Mackay at the Solomon Islands in 1894
South Sea Islander community taking part in the traditional parade of nations during the 2013 Rockhampton Cultural Festival, Queensland.
Map of Melanesia
New Hebrides workers in Noumea.
Geographic definition of Polynesia, surrounded by a light pink line
Captain T.J. McGrath, master of Grecian

The demand for this kind of cheap labour principally came from European colonists in New South Wales, Queensland, Samoa, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tahiti and Hawaii, as well as plantations in Peru, Mexico and Guatemala.

Wallis and Futuna

French island collectivity in the South Pacific, situated between Tuvalu to the northwest, Fiji to the southwest, Tonga to the southeast, Samoa to the east, and Tokelau to the northeast.

French island collectivity in the South Pacific, situated between Tuvalu to the northwest, Fiji to the southwest, Tonga to the southeast, Samoa to the east, and Tokelau to the northeast.

Drawing of Wallis Island by Captain Samuel Wallis in 1767
Coastal view of Wallis island by Captain James Cook in 1773
Ruins of the Talietumu fort
Location map of Wallis and Futuna in relation to France.
Map of the territory of Wallis and Futuna
Aerial view of Wallis Island (Uvea)
Futuna Island
Alofi Island
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption, Mata-Utu

At that point, the islands were put under the authority of the French colony of New Caledonia.

Known distribution of the Lapita culture

Lapita culture

Name given to a Neolithic Austronesian people and their material culture, who settled Island Melanesia via a seaborne migration at around 1600 to 500 BCE.

Name given to a Neolithic Austronesian people and their material culture, who settled Island Melanesia via a seaborne migration at around 1600 to 500 BCE.

Known distribution of the Lapita culture
Reconstruction of the face of a Lapita woman. National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka. Reconstruction showed she had thick lips, wide nose, straight hair
Lapita pottery from Vanuatu, Museum in Port Vila.
Prehistoric pottery vessels, including some with Lapita designs, from the island of Taumako
Jack Golson excavation site in Vailele with a visit from a Samoan family, 1957
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian peoples across the Indo-Pacific

The term 'Lapita' was coined by archaeologists after mishearing a word in the local Haveke language, xapeta'a, which means 'to dig a hole' or 'the place where one digs', during the 1952 excavation in New Caledonia.