New England

southern New EnglandNew EnglanderNew England regiontownNew England ColoniesNew England statesnortheastnorthern New EnglandEnglishNew English
New England is a geographical region composed of six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.wikipedia
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Maine

MEState of MaineM'''ain'''E
New England is a geographical region composed of six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

Vermont

VTState of VermontVt.
New England is a geographical region composed of six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

New Hampshire

NHState of New HampshireNew Hampshire, U.S.
New England is a geographical region composed of six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

Massachusetts

MACommonwealth of MassachusettsMass.
New England is a geographical region composed of six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

Manchester, New Hampshire

ManchesterManchester, NHDerryfield
The largest metropolitan area is Greater Boston with nearly a third of the entire region's population, which also includes Worcester, Massachusetts (the second-largest city in New England), Manchester, New Hampshire (the largest city in New Hampshire), and Providence, Rhode Island (the capital and largest city of Rhode Island).
It is the most populous city in northern New England, an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont.

Worcester, Massachusetts

WorcesterWorcester, MAWorcester, Mass.
The largest metropolitan area is Greater Boston with nearly a third of the entire region's population, which also includes Worcester, Massachusetts (the second-largest city in New England), Manchester, New Hampshire (the largest city in New Hampshire), and Providence, Rhode Island (the capital and largest city of Rhode Island).
Named after Worcester, England, as of the 2010 Census the city's population was 181,045, making it the second most populous city in New England after Boston.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

MassachusettsMassachusetts Baycolonial Massachusetts
Ten years later, more Puritans established Massachusetts Bay Colony north of Plymouth Colony.
The lands of the settlement were located in southern New England in Massachusetts, with initial settlements situated on two natural harbors and surrounding land, about 15.4 mi apart —the areas around Salem and Boston.

Providence, Rhode Island

ProvidenceProvidence, RIProvidence, R.I.
The largest metropolitan area is Greater Boston with nearly a third of the entire region's population, which also includes Worcester, Massachusetts (the second-largest city in New England), Manchester, New Hampshire (the largest city in New Hampshire), and Providence, Rhode Island (the capital and largest city of Rhode Island).
The city is the third most populous city in New England after Boston and Worcester, Massachusetts.

Salem, Massachusetts

SalemSalem, MASalem Town
In 1692, the town of Salem, Massachusetts and surrounding areas experienced the Salem witch trials, one of the most infamous cases of mass hysteria in history.
It is a New England bedrock of history and is considered one of the most significant seaports in Puritan American history.

New Brunswick

NBProvince of New BrunswickNew Brunswick, Canada
It is bordered by the state of New York to the west and by the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and north, respectively.
The area was caught up in the global conflict between the British and French empires, including the 1722–25 Dummer's War against New England.

Plymouth Colony

PlymouthPlymouth PlantationNew Plymouth
In 1620, Puritan Separatist Pilgrims from England established Plymouth Colony, the second successful English settlement in America, following the Jamestown Settlement in Virginia founded in 1607.
It was one of the earliest successful colonies to be founded by the English in America, along with Jamestown and other settlements in Virginia, and was the first permanent English settlement in the New England region.

Connecticut

CTState of ConnecticutConn.
New England is a geographical region composed of six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States.

Merrimack Valley

Golden TriangleMerrimack River ValleyMerrimack
The region played a prominent role in the movement to abolish slavery in the United States, and was the first region of the U.S. transformed by the Industrial Revolution, centered on the Blackstone and Merrimack river valleys.
The Merrimack is one of the larger waterways in the New England region and has helped define the livelihood and culture of those living along it since native times.

Connecticut River

ConnecticutUpper ValleyConnecticut River Valley
The Atlantic fall line lies close to the coast, which enabled numerous cities to take advantage of water power along the many rivers, such as the Connecticut River, which bisects the region from north to south.
The Connecticut River is the longest river in the New England region of the United States, flowing roughly southward for 406 mi through four states.

Abenaki

AbenakisAbenaki nationAbnaki
Prominent tribes included the Abenakis, Mi'kmaq, Penobscot, Pequots, Mohegans, Narragansetts, Pocumtucks, and Wampanoag.
The Abenaki live in Quebec and the Maritimes of Canada and in the New England region of the United States, a region called Wabanahkik ("Dawn Land") in the Eastern Algonquian languages.

New York (state)

New YorkNYNew York State
It is bordered by the state of New York to the west and by the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and north, respectively.
Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land.

Algonquian peoples

AlgonquianAlgonquinAlgonquians
Over the next 126 years, people in the region fought in four French and Indian Wars, until the English colonists and their Iroquois allies defeated the French and their Algonquin allies in America.
The Algonquians of New England (who spoke Eastern Algonquian) practiced a seasonal economy.

King Philip's War

King Philip’s Wara year-long warconflict
The confederation was designed largely to coordinate mutual defense, and it gained some importance during King Philip's War which pitted the colonists and their Indian allies against a widespread Indian uprising from June 1675 through April 1678, resulting in killings and massacres on both sides.
King Philip's War (sometimes called the First Indian War, Metacom's War, Metacomet's War, Pometacomet's Rebellion, or Metacom's Rebellion) was an armed conflict in 1675–78 between Indian inhabitants of New England and New England colonists and their Indian allies.

Dominion of New England

New EnglandDominion
He therefore established the Dominion of New England, an administrative union comprising all of the New England colonies.
The Dominion of New England in America (1686–89) was an administrative union of English colonies covering New England and the Mid-Atlantic Colonies (except for the Colony of Pennsylvania).

John Smith (explorer)

John SmithCaptain John SmithCapt. John Smith
In 1616, English explorer John Smith named the region "New England".
Later, he explored and mapped the coast of New England.

Siege of Boston

besieged Bostonevacuation of Bostonbesieged in Boston
The first battles of the war were fought in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, later leading to the Siege of Boston by continental troops.
New England militiamen prevented the movement by land of the British Army, which was garrisoned in what was then the peninsular city of Boston, Massachusetts.

Hartford Convention

discreditedconventionsecession
As the United States and the United Kingdom fought the War of 1812, New England Federalists organized the Hartford Convention in the winter of 1814 to discuss the region's grievances concerning the war, and to propose changes to the Constitution to protect the region's interests and maintain its political power.
The Hartford Convention was a series of meetings from December 15, 1814 to January 5, 1815, in Hartford, Connecticut, United States, in which the New England Federalist Party met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing power.

Pequot War

boiled over into warconflictcourse of war
Relationships between colonists and local Indian tribes alternated between peace and armed skirmishes, the bloodiest of which was the Pequot War in 1637 which resulted in the Mystic massacre.
The result was the elimination of the Pequot tribe as a viable polity in Southern New England, and the colonial authorities classified them as extinct.

Fall line

break-linehead of the navigationline of waterfalls
The Atlantic fall line lies close to the coast, which enabled numerous cities to take advantage of water power along the many rivers, such as the Connecticut River, which bisects the region from north to south.
New England:

Federalist Party

FederalistFederalistsF
As the United States and the United Kingdom fought the War of 1812, New England Federalists organized the Hartford Convention in the winter of 1814 to discuss the region's grievances concerning the war, and to propose changes to the Constitution to protect the region's interests and maintain its political power.
They held a strong base in the nation's cities and in New England.