New Guinea

A 1644 map of New Guinea and the surrounding area
Regions of Oceania: Australasia, Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia. Physiographically, Australasia includes the Australian landmass (including Tasmania), New Zealand, and New Guinea.
New Guinea located in relation to Melanesia
New Guinea map of Köppen climate classification
Mount Bosavi
Political divisions of New Guinea
Topographical map of New Guinea
Dani tribesman in the Baliem Valley
Kurulu Village War Chief at Baliem Valley
Korowai tribesman
The raggiana bird-of-paradise is native to New Guinea.
The floristic region of Malesia
New Guinea crocodile
Coral reefs in Papua New Guinea
The continent of Sahul before the rising ocean sundered Australia and New Guinea after the last ice age.
Group of natives at Mairy Pass. Mainland of British New Guinea in 1885.
Papuans on the Lorentz River, photographed during the third South New Guinea expedition in 1912–13.
New Guinea from 1884 to 1919. The Netherlands controlled the western half of New Guinea, Germany the north-eastern part, and Britain the south-eastern part.
A Japanese military map of New Guinea from 1943.
Australian soldiers resting in the Finisterre Ranges of New Guinea while en route to the front line.
Map of New Guinea, with place names as used in English in the 1940s
Western New Guinea was formally annexed by Indonesia in 1969

World's second-largest island with an area of 785753 km2.

- New Guinea
A 1644 map of New Guinea and the surrounding area

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Biak as one of the Schouten Islands

Biak

Biak as one of the Schouten Islands
American basketball player Mel Hirsch during World War II playing on the U.S. Army Air Corps 13th Troop Carrier Squadron's officers team against the enlisted men for the 403rd Group Championship, on Biak Island, April 9, 1945.
People of Biak in 1907. Tropenmuseum.
The carnivorous pitcher plant Nepenthes insignis grows on Biak.

Biak is an island located in Cenderawasih Bay near the northern coast of Papua, an Indonesian province, and is just northwest of New Guinea.

Bird's Head Peninsula

The king bird-of-paradise is one of over 300 bird species on the peninsula.

The Bird's Head Peninsula (Indonesian: Kepala Burung, Vogelkop) or Doberai Peninsula (Semenanjung Doberai), is a large peninsula that makes up the northwest portion of the island of New Guinea and the major part of the province of West Papua, Indonesia.

Raja Ampat Islands

Weather in Raja Ampat.
Coral reef off of Piaynemo, an island in Misool District
Marine biodiversity of Raja Ampat.

Raja Ampat, or the Four Kings, is an archipelago located off the northwest tip of Bird's Head Peninsula on the island of New Guinea, in Indonesia's West Papua province.

Map by Willem Blaeu (1630)

Maluku Islands

Archipelago in the east of Indonesia.

Archipelago in the east of Indonesia.

Map by Willem Blaeu (1630)
Drawing of Ternate by a presumably Dutch artist. Inset shows Saint John Baptist Portuguese-built fort on the island
An orembai, a common traditional sailing vessel of the Maluku Islands
Fort Duurstede in Saparua, 1846
Tanimbar warriors
Map of Wallacea; upper right corner facing North. The red line denotes the western border of Wallacea. The eastern border corresponds to the light Australia–New Guinea shelf.
Ternate Island, as seen from Halmahera
From The Malay Archipelago by Alfred Wallace (1869): illustration of king and twelve-wired birds-of-paradise by John Gerrard Keulemans.
People of Tidore during visit by hospital ship USNS Mercy (T-AH-19)

Geographically they are located east of Sulawesi, west of New Guinea, and north and east of Timor.

Sultanate of Tidore

Sultanate in Southeast Asia, centered on Tidore in the Spice Islands (presently in North Maluku Province).

Sultanate in Southeast Asia, centered on Tidore in the Spice Islands (presently in North Maluku Province).

Portrait of Sultan Saifuddin of Tidore, Czartoryski Museum, Kraków.
Genealogy of the rulers of Tidore
Image of Tidore town in 1601, with Spanish and Dutch ships engaged in a fight. A mosque, a Catholic church and a small fortress can be seen.
Territories associated with Ternate (red) and Tidore (orange), and Tidore vassals (light orange), at the end of the VOC era. The extent of political influence shifted over the centuries.

Tidore was a rival of the Sultanate of Ternate for control of the spice trade, and had an important historical role as binding the archipelagic civilizations of Indonesia to the Papuan world.

Location

Arafura Sea

Location

The Arafura Sea (or Arafuru Sea) lies west of the Pacific Ocean, overlying the continental shelf between Australia and Western New Guinea (also called Papua), which is the Indonesian part of the Island of New Guinea.

The first wave of US troops lands on Los Negros, Admiralty Islands, 29 February 1944.

Bismarck Archipelago

The first wave of US troops lands on Los Negros, Admiralty Islands, 29 February 1944.
Provinces of Papua New Guinea

The Bismarck Archipelago (Bismarck-Archipel, ) is a group of islands off the northeastern coast of New Guinea in the western Pacific Ocean and is part of the Islands Region of Papua New Guinea.

The location of the Gulf of Carpentaria. It covers a water area of about 300000 km2.

Gulf of Carpentaria

The location of the Gulf of Carpentaria. It covers a water area of about 300000 km2.
The Gulf of Carpentaria from an 1859 Dutch map
The Gulf of Carpentaria between Bentinck Island and the Australian continent
Loading ore from McArthur River zinc mine at Bing Bong Loading Facility, 2011
Gulf of Carpentaria from MODIS
Karumba Beach, Karumba, Queensland
Melbidir II anchored off Karumba near the mouth of the Norman River

The Gulf of Carpentaria (-14°N, 139°W) is a large, shallow sea enclosed on three sides by northern Australia and bounded on the north by the eastern Arafura Sea (the body of water that lies between Australia and New Guinea).

Location of Schouten Islands

Schouten Islands

Location of Schouten Islands
Schouten Islands with minor islands and towns
Schouten Islands in Cenderawasih Bay.
Schouten Islands, c. 1896
1917 map of Cenderawasih Bay (then Geelvink Bay) including the Schouten Islands
Bindusi, East Biak, Biak Numfor Regency, Papua, Indonesia

The Schouten Islands (Kepulauan Biak, also Biak Islands or Geelvink Islands) are an island group of Papua province, eastern Indonesia in the Cenderawasih Bay (or Geelvink Bay) 50 km off the north-western coast of the island of New Guinea.

Coral Sea

Marginal sea of the South Pacific off the northeast coast of Australia, and classified as an interim Australian bioregion.

Marginal sea of the South Pacific off the northeast coast of Australia, and classified as an interim Australian bioregion.

A map of the Coral Sea Islands
The Great Dividing Range consists of a complex of mountain ranges, plateaus, upland areas and escarpments.
Thermal profile of the East Australian Current
Tropical Cyclone Larry over the Great Barrier Reef, 19 March 2006
Corals on Flynn Reef near Cairns
Crown-of-thorns starfish
Christmas tree worm (Spirobranchus giganteus) in Porites coral. Admiralty, Osprey Reef
A banded sea krait Laticauda colubrina
Shen Neng 1 aground on the Great Barrier Reef on 5 April 2010

In the northwest, it reaches to the south coast of eastern New Guinea, thereby including the Gulf of Papua.