New Sweden

SwedishWicacoNya SverigeFort Nya GothenborgGovernor of the Colony of SwedesSwedesFort Nya KorsholmSwedish colonycolonysame name
New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige; Uusi Ruotsi; Nova Svecia) was a Finnish-Swedish colony along the lower reaches of the Delaware River in America from 1638 to 1655, established during the Thirty Years' War when Sweden was a great military power.wikipedia
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Swedish colonies in the Americas

Swedish colonization of the AmericasSwedish colonyestablished a colony
New Sweden was part of Swedish colonization efforts in the Americas.
Sweden established colonies in the Americas in the mid-17th century, including the colony of New Sweden (1638–1655) on the Delaware River in what is now Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, as well as two possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Pennsylvania

PACommonwealth of PennsylvaniaPa.
Settlements were established on both sides of the Delaware Valley in the region of Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, often in places where Swedish traders had been visiting since about 1610.
Part of Pennsylvania (along the Delaware River), together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.

New Jersey

NJState of New JerseyJersey
Settlements were established on both sides of the Delaware Valley in the region of Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, often in places where Swedish traders had been visiting since about 1610.
Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden.

Fort Christina

Fort AltenaFort Christina State ParkFort Kristina
Fort Christina in Wilmington, Delaware was the first settlement, named after the reigning Swedish monarch.
Fort Christina (also called Fort Altena) was the first Swedish settlement in North America and the principal settlement of the New Sweden colony.

New Netherland

New NetherlandsDutchNieuw-Nederland
New Sweden was conquered by the Dutch Republic in 1655 during the Second Northern War and incorporated into the Dutch colony of New Netherland.
The settlement of New Sweden by the Swedish South Company encroached on its southern flank, while its northern border was redrawn to accommodate an expanding New England Confederation.

Wilmington, Delaware

WilmingtonWilmington, DEWilmington Country Club
Fort Christina in Wilmington, Delaware was the first settlement, named after the reigning Swedish monarch. Traces of New Sweden persist in the lower Delaware Valley, including Holy Trinity Church in Wilmington, Delaware, Gloria Dei Church and St. James Kingsessing Church in Philadelphia, Trinity Episcopal Church in Swedesboro, New Jersey, and Christ Church in Swedesburg, Pennsylvania.
Fort Christina served as the headquarters for the colony of New Sweden which consisted of, for the most part, the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey), but few colonists settled there.

Delaware

DEState of DelawareGeography of Delaware
Settlements were established on both sides of the Delaware Valley in the region of Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, often in places where Swedish traders had been visiting since about 1610.
In 1638 New Sweden, a Swedish trading post and colony, was established at Fort Christina (now in Wilmington) by Peter Minuit at the head of a group of Swedes, Finns and Dutch.

Peter Minuit

Pierre Minuitthird governor of New Netherland
Flemish Dutch Samuel Blommaert assisted the fitting-out and appointed Peter Minuit (the former Governor of New Amsterdam) to lead the expedition.
He founded the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware Peninsula in 1638.

Samuel Blommaert

Flemish Dutch Samuel Blommaert assisted the fitting-out and appointed Peter Minuit (the former Governor of New Amsterdam) to lead the expedition.
In the latter period he was a paid commissioner of Sweden in the Netherlands and he played a dubious but key role in Pierre Minuit's expedition that led to the Swedish colonizing of New Sweden.

Fogel Grip

Fågel Grip
The expedition sailed into Delaware Bay aboard the Fogel Grip and Kalmar Nyckel, which lay within the territory claimed by the Dutch.
She was used on the first Swedish expedition in 1638 together with Kalmar Nyckel to establish the colony of New Sweden.

Fort Nya Elfsborg

Fort ElfsborgNya Elfsborg
They established Fort Nya Elfsborg on the east bank of the Delaware near Salem, New Jersey and Fort Nya Gothenborg on Tinicum Island to the immediate southwest of Philadelphia.
Fort Nya Elfsborg was a fortification and settlement established as a part of New Sweden.

Johan Björnsson Printz

Johan PrintzGovernor PrintzGovernor Johan Printz
The company expanded along the river from Fort Christina under the leadership of Johan Björnsson Printz, governor from 1643 to 1653.
Johan Björnsson Printz (July 20, 1592 – May 3, 1663) was governor from 1643 until 1653 of the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware River in North America.

Måns Nilsson Kling

Mauno Kling
The official duties of the governor of New Sweden were carried out by Captain Måns Nilsson Kling, until a new governor was selected and arrived from Sweden two years later.
Måns Nilsson Kling or Mauno Kling was the second governor of the 17th century colony of New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige), which he administrated from Fort Christina, now Wilmington, Delaware.

Delaware River

DelawareRiverRiver Delaware
New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige; Uusi Ruotsi; Nova Svecia) was a Finnish-Swedish colony along the lower reaches of the Delaware River in America from 1638 to 1655, established during the Thirty Years' War when Sweden was a great military power.
In the seventeenth century it provided the conduit for colonial settlement by the Dutch (New Netherland), the Swedish (New Sweden).

Swedes' Landing

They passed Cape May and Cape Henlopen in late March 1638 and anchored on March 29 at a rocky point on the Minquas Kill that is known today as Swedes' Landing.
This was the site where the initial Swedish landing took place and marks the spot where the New Sweden colony began.

Lenape

DelawareLenni LenapeDelaware Indians
Governor Minuit landed on the west bank of the river and gathered the sachems of the Delawares and Susquehannocks.
European settlers and traders from the 17th-century colonies of New Netherland and New Sweden traded with the Lenape for agricultural products, mainly maize, in exchange for iron tools.

New Castle, Delaware

New CastleNew Castle, DENewcastle, Delaware
The invasion began on August 29, 1664 with the capture of New Amsterdam and ended with the capture of Fort Casimir (New Castle, Delaware) in October.
The Dutch originally named the settlement Fort Casimir, but this was changed to Fort Trinity (Swedish: Trefaldighet) following its seizure by the colony of New Sweden on Trinity Sunday, 1654.

Susquehannock

SusquehannocksConestogaSusquehanna
Governor Minuit landed on the west bank of the river and gathered the sachems of the Delawares and Susquehannocks.
Before that time, it was the inland Susquehannock who had allied themselves to Dutch and Swedish traders (1600 & 1610) and Swedish settlers in New Sweden around-1640 who had a monopoly on European flintlock firearms, increasing the tribe's power.

The Printzhof

Governor Printz ParkPrintzhof
He also built his manor house The Printzhof at Fort Nya Gothenborg, and the Swedish colony prospered for a time.
The Printzhof, located in Governor Printz Park in Essington, Pennsylvania, was the home of Johan Björnsson Printz, governor of New Sweden.

William Penn

PennPenn familyPenns
New Sweden finally came to an end when its land was included in William Penn's charter for Pennsylvania on August 24, 1682.
However, Penn's Quaker government was not viewed favorably by the Dutch, Swedish, and English settlers in what is now Delaware.

Swedish South Company

The Swedish South Company was founded in 1626 with a mandate to establish colonies between Florida and Newfoundland for the purposes of trade, particularly along the Delaware River.
The Swedish South Company, also known as the Company of New-Sweden (Swedish, Söderkompaniet, Nya Sverige-kompaniet), was a trading company from Sweden founded in 1626, that supported the trade between Sweden and its colony New Sweden, in North America.

Fort Casimir

Fort Casimir, DE, USAFort TrefaldigheetsNew Amstel
In May 1654, soldiers from New Sweden led by Governor Johan Risingh captured Fort Casimir and renamed it Fort Trinity (Trefaldigheten in Swedish).
In 1638, the Delaware Valley began to be settled by Swedes, Finns, Dutch, and Walloons and became the colony of New Sweden, though this was not officially recognized by the Dutch Empire.

Johan Risingh

Johan Classon RisinghJohan Rising
In May 1654, soldiers from New Sweden led by Governor Johan Risingh captured Fort Casimir and renamed it Fort Trinity (Trefaldigheten in Swedish).
Johan Classon Risingh (1617 in Risinge – 1672) was the last governor of the Swedish colony of New Sweden.

Holy Trinity Church (Old Swedes)

Old Swedes ChurchHoly Trinity ChurchOld Swedes Episcopal Church Cemetery
Traces of New Sweden persist in the lower Delaware Valley, including Holy Trinity Church in Wilmington, Delaware, Gloria Dei Church and St. James Kingsessing Church in Philadelphia, Trinity Episcopal Church in Swedesboro, New Jersey, and Christ Church in Swedesburg, Pennsylvania.
It was consecrated on Trinity Sunday, June 4, 1699, by a predominantly Swedish congregation formerly of the colony of New Sweden.

New Castle County, Delaware

New Castle CountyNew CastleNew Castle County Council
They restored the status which predated the English invasion, and codified it in the establishment of three counties: Hoarkill County, New Amstel County, and Upland County, which was later partitioned between New Castle County, Delaware, and the Colony of Pennsylvania.
In 1640, New Sweden was founded a few miles south of Christina.