New Sweden

SwedishWicacoNya SverigeFort Nya GothenborgGovernor of the Colony of SwedesSwedesFort Nya KorsholmSwedish colonycolonysame name
New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige; Uusi Ruotsi; Nova Svecia) was a Finnish-Swedish colony along the lower reaches of the Delaware River in America from 1638 to 1655, established during the Thirty Years' War when Sweden was a great military power.wikipedia
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Delaware Bay

Delaware CapesBayDelaware
The expedition sailed into Delaware Bay aboard the Fogel Grip and Kalmar Nyckel, which lay within the territory claimed by the Dutch.
The thin nature of the corporate colony's presence in the bay and along what was called the South River (now the Delaware) made it possible for Peter Minuit, the former director of New Netherland, to establish a competing Swedish sponsored settlement, New Sweden in 1638.

Swedesboro, New Jersey

SwedesboroSwedesboro, NJSwedesboro Borough
Traces of New Sweden persist in the lower Delaware Valley, including Holy Trinity Church in Wilmington, Delaware, Gloria Dei Church and St. James Kingsessing Church in Philadelphia, Trinity Episcopal Church in Swedesboro, New Jersey, and Christ Church in Swedesburg, Pennsylvania.
Swedesboro was settled as part of New Sweden in the mid-1600s.

Clas Fleming (admiral)

Clas FlemingClaes Larsson FlemingKlas Fleming
This was organized and overseen by Clas Fleming, a Swedish admiral from Finland.
He was instrumental in organizing the expedition to establish the Swedish colony in North America, New Sweden, in modern Delaware, in 1637.

Peter Stuyvesant

Petrus StuyvesantPieter StuyvesantStuyvesant
Sweden opened the Second Northern War in the Baltic by attacking the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Dutch sent an armed squadron of ships under Director-General Peter Stuyvesant to seize New Sweden.
In the summer of 1655, he sailed down the Delaware River with a fleet of seven vessels and about 700 men and took possession of the colony of New Sweden, which was renamed "New Amstel."

Province of Maryland

MarylandColony of MarylandMaryland colony
In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their war against English colonists in the Province of Maryland.
The Susquehannock (with the help of the colony of New Sweden) defeated Maryland in 1644.

Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church

Gloria Dei ChurchGloria Dei Church cemeteryGloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site
Traces of New Sweden persist in the lower Delaware Valley, including Holy Trinity Church in Wilmington, Delaware, Gloria Dei Church and St. James Kingsessing Church in Philadelphia, Trinity Episcopal Church in Swedesboro, New Jersey, and Christ Church in Swedesburg, Pennsylvania. It was later used as a church until about 1700, when Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church of Philadelphia was built on the site.
Swedish pioneers of New Sweden were the first to settle the area in 1646.

Second Northern War

Northern WarsSecond NorthernNorthern War
Sweden opened the Second Northern War in the Baltic by attacking the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Dutch sent an armed squadron of ships under Director-General Peter Stuyvesant to seize New Sweden. New Sweden was conquered by the Dutch Republic in 1655 during the Second Northern War and incorporated into the Dutch colony of New Netherland.
In New Sweden, in May 1654, the Dutch Fort Casimir was captured by soldiers from the New Sweden colony led by governor Johan Risingh.

American Swedish Historical Museum

The American Swedish Historical Museum in South Philadelphia houses many exhibits, documents, and artifacts from the New Sweden colony.
It is located in Franklin Delano Roosevelt Park in South Philadelphia, on part of a historic 17th-century land grant originally provided by Queen Christina of Sweden to settlers of New Sweden.

Brandywine Creek (Christina River tributary)

Brandywine CreekBrandywine RiverBrandywine
The mouth of the creek on the Christina River in present-day Wilmington, Delaware, is the site of the New Sweden colony, where colonists first landed on March 29, 1638.

Chester, Pennsylvania

ChesterChester, PAChester City Council
The first European settlers in the area were members of the New Sweden colony.

Log cabin

cabinlog cabinscabins
The colonists of New Sweden brought with them the log cabin, which became such an icon of the American frontier that it is thought of as an American structure.
Historians believe that the first log cabins built in North America were in the Swedish colony of Nya Sverige (New Sweden) in the Delaware River and Brandywine River valleys.

Delaware County, Pennsylvania

Delaware CountyDelawareDelaware County, PA
The land was explored by Henry Hudson in 1609, and over the next several decades it was variously claimed and settled by the Swedes, the Dutch, and the English.

Upland, Pennsylvania

UplandUpland BoroughUpland, PA
Christiana, Delaware is one of the few settlements in the area with a Swedish name, and Upland survives as Upland, Pennsylvania.
The first European settlers in this area were from the Swedish colony of New Sweden.

Philadelphia

Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, PACity of Philadelphia
The Swedes claimed that the purchased land included land on the west side of the South River from just below the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, southeastern Pennsylvania, Delaware, and coastal Maryland.
In 1638, Swedish settlers led by renegade Dutch established the colony of New Sweden at Fort Christina (present-day Wilmington, Delaware) and quickly spread out in the valley.

Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania

Marcus HookMarcus Hook, PAMarcus Hoo
The Lenape had a major settlement in Marcus Hook; New Sweden colonists established a trading post here in the 1640s.

Tinicum Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania

Tinicum TownshipEssingtonTinicum Island
They established Fort Nya Elfsborg on the east bank of the Delaware near Salem, New Jersey and Fort Nya Gothenborg on Tinicum Island to the immediate southwest of Philadelphia.
Fort Nya Gothenborg, located on the South River, was settled by colonial Swedes in 1643.

Eddystone, Pennsylvania

EddystoneEddystone, PAEddystone Borough
The land was owned by Olof Persson Stille, one of the early settlers from New Sweden, who had immigrated in 1641.

Finns Point

Finn's Point
Memory of the early Finnish settlement lived on in place names near the Delaware River such as Finland (Marcus Hook), Torne, Lapland, Finns Point, Mullica Hill, and Mullica River.
Tradition holds that a settlement was first planted by Finns as part of the colony of New Sweden in 1638.

Bridgeport, New Jersey

BridgeportNew StockholmBridgeport (Logan Township)
Bridgeport, along with Swedesboro, was one of only two settlements established in New Jersey as a part of the New Sweden colony, the fort at Nya Elfsborg having been abandoned.

Kalmar Nyckel

the modern ''Kalmar Nyckel
The expedition sailed into Delaware Bay aboard the Fogel Grip and Kalmar Nyckel, which lay within the territory claimed by the Dutch.
Kalmar Nyckel (Key of Kalmar) was a Swedish ship built by the Dutch famed for carrying Swedish settlers to North America in 1638, to establish the colony of New Sweden.

Eric Pålsson Mullica

Eric Pålsson Mullica (Mullikka) was an early Finnish settler to New Sweden.

Finnish Americans

FinnishFinnish AmericanFinnish-American
Some Finns, like the ancestors of John Morton, came to the Swedish colony of New Sweden, that existed in mid-17th century.

Upland Court

Chester Court Housecourt
Upland Court was the governing body of the New Sweden colony following Dutch West India Company annexation from Swedish colonial rule.

Olof Persson Stille

Olof Persson Stille (1610–1684) was a pioneer settler of New Sweden, a colony along the lower reaches of the Delaware River in North America claimed by Sweden from 1638 to 1655.

Swedish emigration to the United States

Swedish emigration to North AmericaSwedish immigrantSwedish
The Swedish West India Company established a colony on the Delaware River in 1638, naming it New Sweden.