New Territories

NTN.T.The New TerritoriesNew Territories EastNew Territories, Hong KongXinjie
The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula.wikipedia
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Outlying Islands, Hong Kong

Outlying IslandsOutlying Islandoutlying islands of Hong Kong
According to that treaty, the territories comprise the mainland area north of the Boundary Street of Kowloon Peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River (which is the border between Hong Kong and Mainland China), as well as over 200 outlying islands, including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau in the territory of Hong Kong.
There are 263 islands in Hong Kong, the vast majority of which are located within the New Territories and significant numbers of them are located in Islands District in the south and southwest, Sai Kung District in the southeast, and Tai Po District and North District in the northeast.

Cheung Chau

Cheung Chau IslandCheung Chau Fong Bin Hospital
According to that treaty, the territories comprise the mainland area north of the Boundary Street of Kowloon Peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River (which is the border between Hong Kong and Mainland China), as well as over 200 outlying islands, including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau in the territory of Hong Kong.
Under the terms of the 1898 Second Convention of Peking, the New Territories and 200 smaller islands including Cheung Chau were leased to the United Kingdom for 99 years.

Sham Chun River

Shenzhen RiverShum Chun RiverSam Chun River
According to that treaty, the territories comprise the mainland area north of the Boundary Street of Kowloon Peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River (which is the border between Hong Kong and Mainland China), as well as over 200 outlying islands, including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau in the territory of Hong Kong.
It formed part of the limit of the lease of the New Territories in 1898 in the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory (also Second Convention of Peking).

Handover of Hong Kong

transfer of sovereignty over Hong Konghandovertransfer of sovereignty
Upon the expiry of the lease, sovereignty was transferred to the People's Republic of China in 1997, together with the Qing-ceded territories of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula.
The 1898 Convention which handed additional parts of Hong Kong (the New Territories) to Britain for 99 years excluded the Walled City, with a population of roughly 700.

Boundary Street

According to that treaty, the territories comprise the mainland area north of the Boundary Street of Kowloon Peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River (which is the border between Hong Kong and Mainland China), as well as over 200 outlying islands, including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau in the territory of Hong Kong. Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1842 and Kowloon south of Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island in 1860.
The street previously marked the boundary between the southern part of Kowloon, ceded by the Qing dynasty to Great Britain in 1860 along with Stonecutters Island, and the northern part of Kowloon (New Kowloon) (which remained part of China until it was leased as part of the New Territories to the United Kingdom in 1898 for 99 years under the Second Convention of Peking).

Kowloon Walled City

Kowloon Walled City ParkWalled CityCity of Darkness
Chinese officials stayed in the walled cities of Kowloon City and Weihaiwei.
Originally a Chinese military fort, the Walled City became an enclave after the New Territories were leased to the UK by China in 1898.

Kowloon

Kowloon, Hong KongEast KowloonHung Hom, Kowloon
Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1842 and Kowloon south of Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island in 1860.
The part of Kowloon north of Boundary Street (New Kowloon) was leased by the British as part of the New Territories under the 1898 [[Convention between the United Kingdom and China, Respecting an Extension of Hong Kong Territory|Second Convention of Peking]] for 99 years.

British Hong Kong

Hong KongColonial Hong KongBritish rule
The additional land was estimated to be 365 square miles (945 km 2 ) or 12 times the size of the existing Colonial Hong Kong at the time.
The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898.

Hong Kong Island

Hong Kongisland of Hong Kongeponymous island
Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1842 and Kowloon south of Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island in 1860. The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula.
It is separated from the mainland (Kowloon Peninsula and New Territories) by Victoria Harbour.

Tai Po

TaipoTai Po DistrictWofoo Tai Po
The date for the takeover of the New Territories was fixed as 17 April 1899 and Tai Po was chosen as the administrative centre.
Tai Po is an area in the New Territories of Hong Kong.

Walled villages of Hong Kong

walled villagewalled villagesKam Hing Wai
An attempt by the clansmen at guerilla warfare was put down by the British near Lam Tsuen with over 500 Chinese men killed, and collapsed when British artillery was brought to bear on the walled villages of the clansmen.
Most of the walled villages of Hong Kong are located in the New Territories.

Six-Day War (1899)

Six-Day Warattackedresistance movement
Fearing for their traditional land rights, in the Six-Day War of 1899, a number of clans attempted to resist the British, mobilising clan militias that had been organised and armed to protect against longshore raids by pirates.
The Six-Day War of 1899 was fought between the British Empire and the major punti clans of the New Territories in Hong Kong on 14–19 April 1899.

Shenzhen

Shenzhen, ChinaShenzenShenzhen, Guangdong
It excluded the town of Shenzhen (Sham Chun), and the boundary would divide the town.
On 21 April 1898, the Qing government signed a "Special Article for the Exhibition of Hong Kong's Borders" with the United Kingdom, and leased the New Territories from Xin'an to the United Kingdom for 99 years.

Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory

Second Convention of PekingBritish leased the New TerritoriesHong Kong's New Territories
Historically, it is the region described in the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory.
Under the convention the territories north of what is now Boundary Street and south of the Sham Chun River, and the surrounding islands, later known as the "New Territories" were leased to the United Kingdom for 99 years rent-free, expiring on 30 June 1997, and became part of the crown colony of Hong Kong.

Weihaiwei under British rule

WeihaiweiCommissioner of WeihaiweiBritish Weihaiwei
In July, it secured Weihaiwei in Shandong in the north as a base for operations against the Germans in Qingdao (Tsingtao) and the Russians in Port Arthur.
In 1909, the Hong Kong governor Sir Frederick Lugard, proposed that Britain return Weihaiwei to Chinese rule in return for perpetual rule of the New Territories of Hong Kong which had also been leased in 1898.

New Kowloon

Later, after New Kowloon was defined from the area between the Boundary Street and the Kowloon Ranges spanned from Lai Chi Kok to Lei Yue Mun, and the extension of the urban areas of Kowloon, New Kowloon was gradually urbanised and absorbed into Kowloon.
The territory north of Boundary Street (later known as New Kowloon) remained part of China until it was leased as part of the New Territories to Britain in 1898 for 99 years under the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory (also known as the Second Convention of Peking).

Sino-British Joint Declaration

Sino-British Joint Declaration on the Question of Hong KongJoint DeclarationSino–British Joint Declaration
As the expiry date of the lease neared in the 1980s, talks between the United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China led to the signing of the Sino-British Joint Declaration (1984), in which the whole of Hong Kong would be returned, instead of only the New Territories.
The Declaration stipulates the sovereign and administrative arrangement of then-British Hong Kong after 1 July 1997, when the lease of the New Territories was set to expire according to the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory.

Victoria Harbour

Hong Kong Harbourharbourcross-harbour
Victoria City and Victoria Harbour were vulnerable to any hostile forces launching attacks from the hills of Kowloon.

Mainland China

mainlandMainland ChineseChina
According to that treaty, the territories comprise the mainland area north of the Boundary Street of Kowloon Peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River (which is the border between Hong Kong and Mainland China), as well as over 200 outlying islands, including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau in the territory of Hong Kong.
Geologically speaking, Hong Kong and Macau are both connected to mainland China in certain areas (e.g. the north of the New Territories).

Indigenous inhabitants of the New Territories

indigenous inhabitantsindigenous inhabitantrural leader
However, in order to prevent future resistance the British made concessions to the indigenous inhabitants with regards to land use, land inheritance and marriage laws; the majority of which remained in place into the 1960s when polygamy was outlawed.
Indigenous inhabitants refers to the people descended through the male line from a person who was in 1898, before Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory was signed, a resident of an established village in the New Territories of Hong Kong.

North District (Hong Kong)

North DistrictNorthNorth District, Hong Kong
It is located in the northeastern part of the New Territories.

Sha Tin District

Sha TinShatinShatin District
As one of the 9 districts located in the New Territories, it covers the areas of Sha Tin, Tai Wai, Ma On Shan, Fo Tan, Siu Lek Yuen and Ma Liu Shui.

Henry Arthur Blake

Sir Henry BlakeSir Henry Arthur BlakeHenry Blake
The new Hong Kong Governor Henry Blake arrived in November 1898.
Five months before he arrived in Hong Kong, the British Government negotiated an agreement with the Imperial Chinese Government allowing the Hong Kong Government to lease the New Territories for 99 years.

Sai Kung District

Sai KungSai Kung, New Territories
It comprises the southern half of Sai Kung Peninsula and Clear Water Bay Peninsula in the New Territories plus a strip to the east of Kowloon.

Lantau Island

LantauLantaoGangzhou
According to that treaty, the territories comprise the mainland area north of the Boundary Street of Kowloon Peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River (which is the border between Hong Kong and Mainland China), as well as over 200 outlying islands, including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau in the territory of Hong Kong.
Red taxis serve the urban areas, green taxis serve the New Territories while taxis on Lantau Island are blue in colour.