New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
New York was dominated by Iroquoian (purple) and Algonquian (pink) tribes.
Skeletons unearthed at Lenape burial ground in Staten Island, the largest pre-European burial ground in New York City
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
New Amsterdam, present-day Lower Manhattan, 1660
Voorlezer's House
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
New York and neighboring provinces, by Claude Joseph Sauthier, 1777
Billiou–Stillwell–Perine House
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
British general John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga in 1777
Sir William Howe established his headquarters at the Rose and Crown Tavern at New Dorp Lane and Richmond Road prior to the invasions of Long Island and Manhattan.
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
1800 map of New York from Low's Encyclopaedia
The Conference House
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
The Erie Canal at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Historic Richmond Town museum complex is located in the heart of Staten Island.
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Flight 175 hitting the South Tower on September11, 2001
New housing on Staten Island, 1973. Photo by Arthur Tress.
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
Flooding on AvenueC in Lower Manhattan caused by Hurricane Sandy
US Navy ships tied up at the home port pier during Fleet Week in 2007
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
New York is bordered by six U.S. states, two Great Lakes, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
View of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge from the South Beach on Staten Island.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to about eleven million residents conjointly.
The geology of Staten Island.
Lake-effect snow is a major contributor to heavy snowfall totals in western New York, including the Tug Hill region.
Serpentinite shown in rock cut along I-278 in Staten Island by Todt Hill marked on USGS geological map.
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Two major state parks (in green) are the Adirondack Park (north) and the Catskill Park (south).
Location of Staten Island (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals.
Population density and elevation above sea level in Greater NYC, U.S. (2010). Staten Island is especially vulnerable to sea level rise.
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The African Burial Ground National Monument in Lower Manhattan
Aerial view of Staten Island from the east at night
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
Map of the counties in New York
Deer found in Charleston, Staten Island. Deer may be part of 40-large herd in Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserves.
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
New York population distribution map. New York's population is primarily concentrated in the Greater New York area, including New York City and Long Island.
Borough Hall in St. George, Staten Island.
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement
"Postcards 9/11 Memorial", at St. George Esplanade
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
258x258px
Sailors' Snug Harbor
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights, New York.
The Richmond County Bank Ballpark
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, hub of the Broadway theater district, a media center, and one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
A 1905 golf match with Isaac Mackie (right) at Fox Hills Golf Club, Staten Island, NY
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
"I Love New York"
The Staten Island Ferry provides travel between lower Manhattan and the St. George Terminal.
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, the largest container ship to enter the Port of New York and New Jersey as of September7, 2017
The Staten Island Railway operates along the Richmond/Amboy Roads corridor.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
Harris Hall of the City College of New York, a public college of the City University of New York
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Butler Library at Columbia University
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
University of Rochester
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
South campus of the University at Buffalo, the flagship of the State University of New York
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
The New York City Subway is one of the world's busiest, serving more than five million passengers per average weekday.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Grand Central Terminal in New York City
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
The New York State Capitol in Albany
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
New York State Court of Appeals
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer, New York's U.S. Senators
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
Kathy Hochul (D), the 57th Governor of New York
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
Yankee Stadium in The Bronx
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
Koppen climate of New York
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

New York, often called New York City (NYC) to distinguish it from the State of New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

- New York City

Staten Island is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Richmond County, in the U.S. state of New York.

- Staten Island

It is often called New York State to distinguish it from its largest city, New York City.

- New York (state)

The five boroughs—Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), and Staten Island (Richmond County)—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single municipal entity in 1898.

- New York City

Much of New York's boundaries are in water, as is true for New York City: four of its five boroughs are situated on three islands at the mouth of the Hudson River: Manhattan Island; Staten Island; and Long Island, which contains Brooklyn and Queens at its western end.

- New York (state)

12 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Brooklyn

7 links

A dining table from the Dutch village of Brooklyn, c. 1664, in The Brooklyn Museum
Village of Brooklyn and environs, 1766
The Battle of Long Island was fought across Kings County.
Winter Scene in Brooklyn, c. 1819–20, by Francis Guy (Brooklyn Museum)
Brooklyn Bridge in 1883, by Currier and Ives
Currier and Ives print of Brooklyn, 1886
Brooklyn in 1897
Location of Brooklyn (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District
Park Slope
150–159 Willow Street, three original red-brick early 19th-century Federal Style houses in Brooklyn Heights
Imatra Society, consisting of Finnish immigrants, celebrating its summer festival in Fort Hamilton, Brooklyn in 1894.
The Brooklyn Museum on Eastern Parkway
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch at Grand Army Plaza
The USS North Carolina, launched at Brooklyn Navy Yard, June 1940
Newer buildings near East River State Park
Kwanzan Cherries in bloom at Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
Astroland in Coney Island.
Barclays Center in Pacific Park within Prospect Heights, home of the Nets and Liberty.
Brooklyn Borough Hall
Brooklyn Tech as seen from Ashland Place in Fort Greene
The Brooklyn College library, part of the original campus laid out by Randolph Evans, now known as "East Quad"
Brooklyn Law School's 1994 new classical "Fell Hall" tower, by architect Robert A. M. Stern
NYU Tandon Wunsch Building
St. Francis College Administration Building
The Central Library at Grand Army Plaza.
Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue subway station
Atlantic Terminal is a major hub in Brooklyn
The Marine Parkway Bridge
Williamsburg Bridge, as seen from Wallabout Bay with Greenpoint and Long Island City in background

Brooklyn is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Kings County, in the U.S. state of New York.

Brooklyn has several bridge and tunnel connections to the borough of Manhattan across the East River and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connects it with Staten Island.

New York metropolitan area

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Largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4669.0 mi2, and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

Largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4669.0 mi2, and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

Map of the counties in the four divisions of the New York Metropolitan Area
Nocturnal view of the New York City metropolitan area, the world's most brightly illuminated conurbation and largest urban landmass. Long Island extends 120 miles eastward from Manhattan, the central core of the conurbation.
Part of the Palisades Interstate Park, the cliffs of the New Jersey Palisades of Bergen County overlook the Hudson River as well as The Bronx and Upper Manhattan in New York.
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to approximately 11 million residents conjointly.
The Bear Mountain Bridge connecting Westchester and Orange Counties, New York, across the Hudson River, as seen from Bear Mountain
High Point Monument as seen from Lake Marcia at High Point, Sussex County, the highest elevation in New Jersey at 1803 ft above sea level.
The Village of Garden City in Nassau County, Long Island's Town of Hempstead, which with over 770,000 people is the New York metropolitan area's most populous individual municipality outside New York City.
Westhampton, Suffolk County, New York, on the East End of Long Island, December 2008
The Great Falls of the Passaic River in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, dedicated as a National Historical Park in November 2011, incorporates one of the largest waterfalls in the eastern United States.
Downtown Trenton in Mercer County, including the New Jersey State House topped by its golden dome, alongside the Delaware River
Downtown New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey, an educational and cultural district undergoing gentrification
The Mohonk Mountain House, Ulster County, New York, in the Hudson Valley, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986.
Sugarloaf Hill in Putnam County, New York, in the Hudson Valley
A deer in a suburban street (Highland Park, Middlesex County, NJ)
Mohawk Mountain Ski Area, Cornwall, Litchfield County, Connecticut, in the Berkshire Mountains
Dingmans Falls in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, Pike County, northeastern Pennsylvania
Downtown Stamford in Fairfield County, Connecticut
The New Haven Green Historic District in Connecticut was designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1970.
Aerial view of Newark, Essex County, New Jersey's most populous city
Public Library in Yonkers, Westchester County, New York
Barnum Museum in Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut's most populous city
Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, known as the "Silk City", seen here from Garret Mountain Reservation, is a prime destination for a diverse pool of international immigrants.
Peter Minuit is credited with the purchase of the island of Manhattan in 1626.
New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it New York
Little Italy, Lower East Side, Manhattan, circa 1900.
The United Nations Headquarters, established in Midtown Manhattan in 1952
Liberty Enlightening the World, known as the Statue of Liberty, on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, is a globally recognized symbol of both the United States and ideals such as freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
The Unisphere in Flushing Meadows – Corona Park, iconic of Queens, the most ethnically diverse U.S. county and a borough of New York.
The main concourse of Grand Central Terminal, which opened in 1913.
A flooded Avenue C in Manhattan just moments before the explosion at an electrical substation caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012.
Spanish Harlem (El Barrio) in Upper Manhattan
Chinatown, Manhattan (紐約華埠). The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest population of overseas Chinese outside of Asia, over three-quarters of a million in 2013.
Bergen County (버겐 카운티), New Jersey, is home to [[List of U.S. cities with significant Korean-American populations#Top ten municipalities as ranked by Korean-American percentage of overall population in 2010|all of the nation's top ten municipalities by percentage of Korean population]], led by Palisades Park (벼랑 공원) (above), a borough where Koreans comprise the majority (52%) of the population.
India Square, Jersey City, New Jersey, known as Little Bombay, home to the highest concentration of Asian Indians in the Western Hemisphere.
The Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree, considered the “worldwide symbol of Christmas”, is an annual staple of the New York metropolitan area during the Holiday season
The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest gay and bisexual community in the United States and one of the world's largest.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on the North Shore of Long Island is an internationally renowned biomedical research facility and home to eight scientists awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
The NY Stock Exchange on Wall St. is the world's largest by total market capitalization of listed companies.
Manhattan's Flatiron District was the cradle of Silicon Alley, now metonymous for the New York metropolitan region's high tech sector, which has since expanded beyond the area.
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States.
Low Library, the Neoclassical centerpiece of the Columbia University campus
The bronze clock on Harkness Tower at Yale University, a structure reflecting the Collegiate Gothic architectural genre
Watercolor of Cleveland Tower, Princeton University, seen in the noon autumn sun
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Washington Heights in Upper Manhattan across the Hudson River to Fort Lee in Bergen County, New Jersey, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge. Interstate 95 and U.S. Route 1/9 cross the river via the bridge, while U.S. Route 46, which lies entirely within New Jersey, ends halfway across the bridge at the state border with New York.
The Walkway over the Hudson, the world's longest pedestrian bridge, connects Ulster and Dutchess counties in New York.
The Long Island Expressway (I-495), viewing eastbound in Corona, Queens
Heavy traffic on the Garden State Parkway in Wall Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey
The AirTrain at JFK International Airport in Jamaica, Queens
Skyline of Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, Ocean County, New Jersey, the world's largest theme park in 2013. To the far left is Kingda Ka, the world's tallest roller coaster.

The metropolitan area includes New York City (the most populous city in the United States), Long Island, the Mid and Lower Hudson Valley in the State of New York; the six largest cities in New Jersey: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Lakewood, and Edison, and their vicinities; and six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, and Danbury, and their vicinities.

Richmond County, NY (the borough of Staten Island in NYC)

Long Island Native American settlements

Long Island

5 links

Long Island Native American settlements
Painting of three Lenape Indians, circa 1860s
The Old House, built in 1699 in Cutchogue, January 2008
The Brooklyn Bridge, the first of multiple crossings constructed across the East River, connects Long Island with Manhattan Island (background).
Oheka Castle, a Gold Coast estate in West Hills, is the second-largest private residence in the country
Montauk Point at Long Island's rural eastern tip, January 2013
The four counties of Long Island include two independent counties (Nassau and Suffolk) and two New York City boroughs (Brooklyn and Queens)
Satellite imagery showing the New York metropolitan area at night. Long Island is highly developed and densely populated, extending approximately 120 mi eastward from the central core of Manhattan
The intersection of Long Island, Manhattan, and the continental mainland taken from space by the Space Shuttle Columbia, 1993
The bluffs of Long Island's North Shore, November 2012
Cumulus congestus clouds over Long Island on a summer afternoon, July 2013
Clear skies in autumn over the Great Peconic Bay, with the Atlantic Ocean as its primary inflow, separating the North Fork and South Fork at the East End of Long Island, November 2007
Stripped Rockaway Beach Boardwalk after Hurricane Sandy, November 2012
A mansion on Long Island's wealthy Gold Coast, which along with The Hamptons and Brooklyn's western waterfront (facing Manhattan) provides Long Island with some of the most expensive residential real estate in the world.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on the North Shore of Nassau County is an internationally renowned biomedical research facility and home to eight scientists awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Brookhaven National Laboratory a major U.S. Department of Energy research institution, July 2010
A commemorative half-dollar coin issued in 1936 for Long Island's tercentenary
Chaminade High School in Mineola, April 2013
The Student Activities Center at Stony Brook University, August 2020
Blodgett Hall at Adelphi University in Garden City, March 2022
Northwell Health at Jones Beach Theater in Wantagh, March 2007
The Big Duck in Flanders, August 2018
A winery and tasting room in a 1690 farmhouse near Stony Brook, May 2014
Citi Field, home of the New York Mets, in Queens, September 2011
Barclays Center in Brooklyn, home of the Brooklyn Nets, October 2016
The Stony Brook Seawolves homecaming game, September 2012
Bethpage Ballpark, home of the Long Island Ducks minor league baseball team, July 2011
Preparing for a horse race at Belmont Park, home of the Belmont Stakes, the final leg of the Triple Crown, April 2005
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States, January 2013
A 7 train in Queens, April 2007
A schematic map of the LIRR system
A Nassau Inter-County Express bus, June 2019
Long Island Expressway in Nassau County

Long Island is a largely urbanized and densely populated island in the southeastern geographical area of the U.S. state of New York, part of the New York metropolitan area.

The island comprises four counties; Kings and Queens counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two thirds.

To the extreme southwest, Long Island is separated from Staten Island and the state of New Jersey by Upper New York Bay, the Narrows, and Lower New York Bay.

The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, and New York City is shown by hatching in lower Manhattan.

Boroughs of New York City

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The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, and New York City is shown by hatching in lower Manhattan.
Chinatown in Manhattan, the most densely populated borough of New York City, with a higher density than any individual American city.
Landmark 19th-century brownstones in the Greenpoint Historic District of Brooklyn, New York City's most populous borough.
The Unisphere in Queens, the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world.
The Bronx, the northernmost borough of New York City and the only borough situated on the United States mainland.
Borough Hall in the St. George neighborhood of Staten Island, the most suburban borough of New York City.
The percentage of New York City population residing in each borough (from bottom to top):
 1. Manhattan ,
 2. Brooklyn ,
 3. Queens ,
 4. The Bronx, and
 5. Staten Island . Populations before 1898 are for the areas now enclosed in the present boroughs.
1. The Bronx (Bronx County)
2. Brooklyn (Kings County)
3. Manhattan (New York County)
4. Queens (Queens County)
5. Staten Island (Richmond County)
Note: JFK and LGA airports are both part of Queens.

New York City is composed of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island.

Each borough is coextensive with a respective county of New York State, making New York City one of the U.S. municipalities in multiple counties.

Manhattan

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Peter Minuit, early 1600s
Pieter Schaghen's 1626 letter saying Manhattan was purchased for 60 guilders.
The Castello Plan showing the Dutch city of New Amsterdam in 1660, at the southern tip of Manhattan
Washington's statue in front of Federal Hall on Wall Street, where in 1789 he was sworn in as first U.S. president
Manhattan in 1873. The Brooklyn Bridge was under construction from 1870 until 1883
The "Sanitary & Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York", commonly known as the Viele Map, was created by Egbert Ludovicus Viele in 1865
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Manhattan personified, early 20th century
V-J Day in Times Square in Times Square, 1945
Flooding on Avenue C caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012
Satellite image of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson River to the west, the Harlem River to the north, the East River to the east, and New York Harbor to the south, with rectangular Central Park prominently visible. Roosevelt Island, in the East River, belongs to Manhattan.
Location of Manhattan (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Manhattan schist outcropping in Central Park
Liberty Island is an exclave of Manhattan, of New York City, and of New York State, that is surrounded by New Jersey waters
The Empire State Building in the foreground looking southward from the top of Rockefeller Center, with One World Trade Center in the background, at sunset. The Midtown South Community Council acts as a civic caretaker for much of the neighborhood between the skyscrapers of Midtown and Lower Manhattan.
Central Park in autumn
The Estonian House, the main center of Estonian culture amongst Estonian Americans
A. T. Stewart in 1870, 9th Street, Manhattan
Many tall buildings have setbacks on their facade due to the 1916 Zoning Resolution. This is exemplified at Park Avenue and 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, seen from Brooklyn
The Flatiron District is the center and birthplace of Silicon Alley
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a major cultural venue in Manhattan, it also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million
The New York Times headquarters, 620 Eighth Avenue
Butler Library at Columbia University, with its notable architectural design
Stuyvesant High School, in Tribeca
New York Public Library Main Branch at 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The scene at Manhattan's 2015 LGBT Pride March. The annual event rivals the sister São Paulo event as the world's largest pride parade, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Madison Square Garden is home to the Rangers and Knicks, and hosts some Liberty games
The Skating Pond in Central Park, 1862
Manhattan Municipal Building
James Farley Post Office
A slum tour through the Five Points in an 1885 sketch
Tenement houses in 1936
At the time of its construction, London Terrace in Chelsea was the largest apartment building in the world
Grand Central Terminal is a National Historic Landmark.
Ferries departing Battery Park City and helicopters flying above Manhattan
The Staten Island Ferry, seen from the Battery, crosses Upper New York Bay, providing free public transportation between Staten Island and Manhattan.
The Brooklyn Bridge to the right and the Manhattan Bridge towards the left, are two of the three bridges that connect Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn over the East River.
Eighth Avenue, looking northward ("Uptown"), in the rain; most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration
Tourists looking westward at sunset to observe the July 12, 2016 Manhattanhenge
Ferry service departing Battery Park City towards New Jersey, see from Paulus Hook

Manhattan, known regionally as The City, is the most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs of New York City.

It is the urban core of the New York metropolitan area, and coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York.

Richmond County (Staten Island)—southwest

Hudson River

4 links

The Hudson River Watershed, including the Hudson and Mohawk rivers
The mouth of the Hudson (yellow), located between Jersey City and New York City
The Hudson River flowing out of Henderson Lake in Tahawus
The river from Poughkeepsie, looking north.
The river between Hudson Waterfront in New Jersey (left) and Manhattan (right)
The bulk carrier Nord Angel breaking ice on the Hudson
Robert Havell, Jr., View of the Hudson River from Tarrytown, c. 1866
The Erie Canal in Amsterdam, New York
The George Washington Bridge links Upper Manhattan and Fort Lee, New Jersey
The Hudson Valley Hot-Air Balloon Festival, 2009
US Airways Flight 1549 after landing on the waters of the Hudson River in January 2009
North River by George Bellows, 1908, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
The Norrie Point Environmental Center in Staatsburg, headquarters of the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve
Debris floating on the river near the World Trade Center, 1973
A juvenile house sparrow by the Hudson River

The Hudson River is a 315 mi river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York in the United States.

It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley to the Upper New York Bay between New York City and Jersey City, eventually draining into the Atlantic Ocean at New York Harbor.

Its outflow continues through the Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island, under the Verrazzano Bridge, and into Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.

The Battle of Long Island, 1776, by Domenick D'Andrea

Battle of Long Island

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The Battle of Long Island, 1776, by Domenick D'Andrea
American strategy called for the first line of defense to be based on the Heights of Guan, a series of hills which stretched northeast across King's County. The main defensive works were a series of forts and entrenchments located in the northwest of the county, in and around Brooklyn. The "Road to Narrows" is the Gowanus Road. No. 5 is the "Old Stone House". Map by Bernard Ratzer based on his 1766–1767 survey.
The British fleet in the lower bay (Harpers Magazine, 1876) depicts the British fleet amassing off the shores of Staten Island in the summer of 1776
British troops in the type of flat-bottomed boat used for the invasion of Long Island. Hessians in their blue uniforms are in the two boats that are only partly visible.
Denyse's Ferry, the first place at which the Hessians and British landed on Long Island August 22, 1776 by A. Brown. This high point overlooking the Narrows was an American artillery position and was bombarded by the British before the invasion, but the actual landing took place farther east at Gravesend Bay (around to the left from the perspective of this illustration) where the conditions were more favorable for the small British boats carrying the troops.
British military map from 1776 showing the marching routes and engagement sites during the Battle of Long Island
Howard's Tavern as it appeared in 1776; it was demolished in 1880. The tavern was located near the present-day intersection of Fulton Street and Jamaica Avenue.
A view from Battle Hill – the highest point in King's County – looking west toward Upper New York Harbor and New Jersey beyond. Here on Lord Stirling's left flank about 300 Americans under Colonel Atlee and General Parsons repulsed successive attacks by the British after taking the hill, and inflicted the highest casualties against the British during the Battle of Long Island.
Battle Pass – also known as "Flatbush Pass" – is located in modern-day Prospect Park. Here General Sullivan and his troops were outflanked by the British who attacked from the rear while the Hessians attacked up Battle Pass. (Lithograph c.1866)
U.S. Army – Artillery Retreat from Long Island 1776 (1899)
Washington evacuating Army 175th Anniversary Issue of 1951. Accurate depiction of Fulton Ferry House at right. Flat-bottomed ferry boats in the East River are depicted in the background.
The Foot of Wall Street And Ferry House – 1746. The Manhattan side of the East River crossing, known then as the Brooklyn Ferry, as it looked in the mid-1700s.
The British fleet in New York Harbor just after the battle
Old Sugar House and Middle Dutch Church c.1830. The Middle Dutch Church is where some of the enlisted men captured at the Battle of Long Island were imprisoned. The Sugar House also became a prison as the British captured more of Washington's soldiers during the retreat from New York. The site today is the location of 28 Liberty Street.
Dongan Oak memorial in Prospect Park

The Battle of Long Island, also known as the Battle of Brooklyn and the Battle of Brooklyn Heights, was an action of the American Revolutionary War fought on Tuesday, August 27, 1776, at the western edge of Long Island in the present-day Brooklyn, New York.

After defeating the British in the siege of Boston on March 17, commander-in-chief George Washington relocated the Continental Army to defend the port city of New York, located at the southern end of Manhattan Island.

In July, the British, under the command of General William Howe, landed a few miles across the harbor on the sparsely populated Staten Island, where they were reinforced by a fleet of ships in Lower New York Bay over the next month and a half, bringing their total force to 32,000 troops.

Province of New York

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British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America.

British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America.

Map of the Province of New York
The Van Bergen farm, 1733, near Albany, New York
Map of the Province of New York

As one of the Middle Colonies, New York achieved independence and worked with the others to found the United States.

The final evacuation of all of New York by the British Army was followed by the return of General George Washington's Continental Army on November 25, 1783, in a grand parade and celebration.

Richmond County: the current Richmond County; Staten Island.

Separate municipal buildings for the town and village of Monroe in Orange County

Administrative divisions of New York (state)

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Separate municipal buildings for the town and village of Monroe in Orange County
Albany City Hall, the seat of local government in New York's capital city
The wards of New York City as established in 1683
Map showing municipalities in New York, as well as cities not included within a town. New York City is shown as divided into boroughs.
Sign for the Hamlet of Sand Lake within the Town of Sand Lake, New York
The village of Pomona (red) in Rockland County is partly within two different towns.

The administrative divisions of New York are the various units of government that provide local services in the State of New York.

Except for its 10 Indian Reservations and the City of New York, every piece of land in the State is part of a city or town, which, with the exception of the city of Geneva, is part of one and only one county.

5. Staten Island ]]

The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, seen from New York Water Taxi in New York Harbor, 2013

Ellis Island

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The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, seen from New York Water Taxi in New York Harbor, 2013
Aerial view of Ellis Island
State border after New Jersey vs. New York, 1998
The bridge to Liberty State Park
Aerial view
Ellis Island buildings circa 1893
Anti-immigrant cartoon expressing opposition to the construction of Ellis Island (Judge, March 22, 1890)
First Ellis Island Immigrant Station, built in 1892 and destroyed 1897
Second Ellis Island Immigration Station (opened 1900) as seen in 1905
European immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, 1915
The main building's registry room
Radicals awaiting deportation, 1920
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Seen from east. From left to right: contagious diseases ward; lawn; hospital; ferry basin; main building, kitchen, dormitory, and immigration building
Detail of ceiling of registry room
Entrance to the Main Building, seen from the south
Undated photo of southern facade of kitchen and laundry
View from the southeast; the baggage and dormitory (right) is east of the main building (left)
A Smith Drum laundry machine in the outbuilding
Isolation ward on island 3
Ellis Island Ferry Building
December 2014 aerial view of the area; in the foreground is Ellis Island, and behind it is Liberty State Park and Downtown Jersey City
Arrival, circa 1908 (photo by Lewis Hine)
Immigrants being inspected, 1904
Dormitory room for detained immigrants
Excerpt from a museum exhibit
Wall of Honor
Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital
Immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, 1902
Ellis Island and Manhattan as seen from New Jersey shore in 2020

Ellis Island is a federally owned island in New York Harbor, situated within the U.S. states of New York and New Jersey, that was the busiest immigrant inspection and processing station in the United States.

While most of the island is in Jersey City, New Jersey, a small section is an exclave of New York City.

Those with serious contagious diseases (such as cholera and typhus) were quarantined at Hoffman Island or Swinburne Island, two artificial islands off the shore of Staten Island to the south.