A report on New York City and New York (state)

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
New York was dominated by Iroquoian (purple) and Algonquian (pink) tribes.
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
New Amsterdam, present-day Lower Manhattan, 1660
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
New York and neighboring provinces, by Claude Joseph Sauthier, 1777
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
British general John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga in 1777
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
1800 map of New York from Low's Encyclopaedia
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
The Erie Canal at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Flight 175 hitting the South Tower on September11, 2001
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
Flooding on AvenueC in Lower Manhattan caused by Hurricane Sandy
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
New York is bordered by six U.S. states, two Great Lakes, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to about eleven million residents conjointly.
Lake-effect snow is a major contributor to heavy snowfall totals in western New York, including the Tug Hill region.
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Two major state parks (in green) are the Adirondack Park (north) and the Catskill Park (south).
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals.
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The African Burial Ground National Monument in Lower Manhattan
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
Map of the counties in New York
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
New York population distribution map. New York's population is primarily concentrated in the Greater New York area, including New York City and Long Island.
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights, New York.
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, hub of the Broadway theater district, a media center, and one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
"I Love New York"
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, the largest container ship to enter the Port of New York and New Jersey as of September7, 2017
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
Harris Hall of the City College of New York, a public college of the City University of New York
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Butler Library at Columbia University
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
University of Rochester
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
South campus of the University at Buffalo, the flagship of the State University of New York
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
The New York City Subway is one of the world's busiest, serving more than five million passengers per average weekday.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Grand Central Terminal in New York City
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
The New York State Capitol in Albany
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
New York State Court of Appeals
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer, New York's U.S. Senators
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
Kathy Hochul (D), the 57th Governor of New York
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
Yankee Stadium in The Bronx
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
Koppen climate of New York
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

New York, often called New York City (NYC) to distinguish it from the State of New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

- New York City

It is often called New York State to distinguish it from its largest city, New York City.

- New York (state)

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Nighttime aerial view of much of Nassau County, from the west-northwest; Hempstead is in the center, with roads projecting out in various directions; bridges to Jones Beach Island are at the upper right. The Grand Central Parkway–Cross Island Parkway interchange, barely visible at the lower left, is just outside the county, within Queens.

Nassau County, New York

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Nighttime aerial view of much of Nassau County, from the west-northwest; Hempstead is in the center, with roads projecting out in various directions; bridges to Jones Beach Island are at the upper right. The Grand Central Parkway–Cross Island Parkway interchange, barely visible at the lower left, is just outside the county, within Queens.
A Nassau County Auxiliary Police car
Hicksville fire department
The Theodore Roosevelt County Executive and Legislative Building
The Nassau County Courthouse
The United States Merchant Marine Academy
Hofstra University Student Center
A pre-race post parade at Belmont Park in 1999
The golf course at Bethpage State Park

Nassau County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.

In 1683, the colonial territory of Yorkshire was dissolved, Suffolk County and Queens County were established, and the local seat of government was moved west from Hempstead to Jamaica (now in New York City).

New Netherland

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17th-century colonial province of the Dutch Republic that was located on what is now the East Coast of the United States.

17th-century colonial province of the Dutch Republic that was located on what is now the East Coast of the United States.

New Netherland map published by Nicolaes Visscher II (1649–1702)
Map based on Adriaen Block's 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. It was created by Dutch cartographers in the (ca. 1590s–1720s) and Netherlandish cartography (ca. 1570s–1670s).
New Netherland map published by Nicolaes Visscher II (1649–1702)
Map of New Netherland and New England, with north to the right
The West India House in Amsterdam, headquarters of the Dutch West India Company from 1623 to 1647
The storehouse of the Dutch West India Company in Amsterdam, built in 1642, became the headquarters of the board in 1647 because of financial difficulties after the loss of Dutch Brazil.
Map showing the area claimed by the Dutch in North-America and several Dutch settlements, against modern state boundaries
Map (c. 1639), Manhattan situated on the North River (North arrow pointing to the right)
St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery, site of Stuyvesant's grave
Nicolaes Visscher I (1618–1679), Novi Belgii Novæque Angliæ, reprint of 1685 which is not a completely correct representation of the situation at the time. The border with New England had been adjusted to 50 mi west of the Fresh River, while the Lange Eylandt towns west of Oyster Bay were under Dutch jurisdiction.
Image of " " made in 1664, the year that it was surrendered to English forces under Richard Nicolls
The original settlement has grown into the largest metropolis in the United States, seen here in 2006
The Prinsenvlag or "Prince's Flag", featuring the blue, white, and orange of some flags in the region
The Noort Rivier was one of the three main rivers in New Netherland.

The claimed territories extended from the Delmarva Peninsula to southwestern Cape Cod, while the more limited settled areas are now part of the U.S. states of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Connecticut, with small outposts in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island.

It was during the early British colonial period that the New Netherlanders actually developed the land and society that had an enduring impact on the Capital District, the Hudson Valley, North Jersey, western Long Island, New York City, Fairfield County, and ultimately the United States.

Hudson Valley

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Map of Washington's retreat through New York and New Jersey
Robert Havell, Jr., View of the Hudson River from Tarrytown, c. 1866
The Stone Barns Center for Food & Agriculture is a leading nonprofit farm and educational center in the region.
The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights.
Upper Hudson (light yellow),
Mid-Hudson (green),
Lower Hudson (blue)
The Mid-Hudson Bridge, connecting Poughkeepsie and Highland
The Yonkers station serves Amtrak intercity trains and Metro-North commuter trains.

The Hudson Valley (also known as the Hudson River Valley) comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in the U.S. state of New York.

The region stretches from the Capital District including Albany and Troy south to Yonkers in Westchester County, bordering New York City.

Westchester County, New York

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Harbors, islands and shoreline of New Rochelle
Philipsburg Manor House in Sleepy Hollow
The New Croton Reservoir is the largest of many in the county.
Municipalities in Westchester County, New York
Philipse Manor Hall in Yonkers
Tarrytown Music Hall on Main Street
The Tappan Zee Bridge connecting Tarrytown to South Nyack
Westchester County Airport near White Plains
The Old Dutch Church in Sleepy Hollow

Westchester County is located in the U.S. state of New York.

It is the seventh most populous county in New York State and the most populous north of New York City.

Separate municipal buildings for the town and village of Monroe in Orange County

Administrative divisions of New York (state)

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Separate municipal buildings for the town and village of Monroe in Orange County
Albany City Hall, the seat of local government in New York's capital city
The wards of New York City as established in 1683
Map showing municipalities in New York, as well as cities not included within a town. New York City is shown as divided into boroughs.
Sign for the Hamlet of Sand Lake within the Town of Sand Lake, New York
The village of Pomona (red) in Rockland County is partly within two different towns.

The administrative divisions of New York are the various units of government that provide local services in the State of New York.

Except for its 10 Indian Reservations and the City of New York, every piece of land in the State is part of a city or town, which, with the exception of the city of Geneva, is part of one and only one county.

The Battle of Long Island, 1776, by Domenick D'Andrea

Battle of Long Island

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The Battle of Long Island, 1776, by Domenick D'Andrea
American strategy called for the first line of defense to be based on the Heights of Guan, a series of hills which stretched northeast across King's County. The main defensive works were a series of forts and entrenchments located in the northwest of the county, in and around Brooklyn. The "Road to Narrows" is the Gowanus Road. No. 5 is the "Old Stone House". Map by Bernard Ratzer based on his 1766–1767 survey.
The British fleet in the lower bay (Harpers Magazine, 1876) depicts the British fleet amassing off the shores of Staten Island in the summer of 1776
British troops in the type of flat-bottomed boat used for the invasion of Long Island. Hessians in their blue uniforms are in the two boats that are only partly visible.
Denyse's Ferry, the first place at which the Hessians and British landed on Long Island August 22, 1776 by A. Brown. This high point overlooking the Narrows was an American artillery position and was bombarded by the British before the invasion, but the actual landing took place farther east at Gravesend Bay (around to the left from the perspective of this illustration) where the conditions were more favorable for the small British boats carrying the troops.
British military map from 1776 showing the marching routes and engagement sites during the Battle of Long Island
Howard's Tavern as it appeared in 1776; it was demolished in 1880. The tavern was located near the present-day intersection of Fulton Street and Jamaica Avenue.
A view from Battle Hill – the highest point in King's County – looking west toward Upper New York Harbor and New Jersey beyond. Here on Lord Stirling's left flank about 300 Americans under Colonel Atlee and General Parsons repulsed successive attacks by the British after taking the hill, and inflicted the highest casualties against the British during the Battle of Long Island.
Battle Pass – also known as "Flatbush Pass" – is located in modern-day Prospect Park. Here General Sullivan and his troops were outflanked by the British who attacked from the rear while the Hessians attacked up Battle Pass. (Lithograph c.1866)
U.S. Army – Artillery Retreat from Long Island 1776 (1899)
Washington evacuating Army 175th Anniversary Issue of 1951. Accurate depiction of Fulton Ferry House at right. Flat-bottomed ferry boats in the East River are depicted in the background.
The Foot of Wall Street And Ferry House – 1746. The Manhattan side of the East River crossing, known then as the Brooklyn Ferry, as it looked in the mid-1700s.
The British fleet in New York Harbor just after the battle
Old Sugar House and Middle Dutch Church c.1830. The Middle Dutch Church is where some of the enlisted men captured at the Battle of Long Island were imprisoned. The Sugar House also became a prison as the British captured more of Washington's soldiers during the retreat from New York. The site today is the location of 28 Liberty Street.
Dongan Oak memorial in Prospect Park

The Battle of Long Island, also known as the Battle of Brooklyn and the Battle of Brooklyn Heights, was an action of the American Revolutionary War fought on Tuesday, August 27, 1776, at the western edge of Long Island in the present-day Brooklyn, New York.

After defeating the British in the siege of Boston on March 17, commander-in-chief George Washington relocated the Continental Army to defend the port city of New York, located at the southern end of Manhattan Island.


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Southernmost state in the New England region of the United States.

Southernmost state in the New England region of the United States.

A map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies
A 1799 map of Connecticut which shows The Oblong, from Low's Encyclopaedia
View of New London in 1854
1895 map from Rand McNally
Köppen climate types of Connecticut, using 1991–2020 climate normals.
Connecticut's population density map
A welcome sign on I-91 in Enfield.
The Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge, locally known as the QBridge, carries ten lanes over the Quinnipiac River in New Haven, along the Connecticut Turnpike.
A Metro-North Railroad New Haven Line train leaving Stamford Station
Bradley International Airport, the state's largest
The Connecticut State Capitol in downtown Hartford
Connecticut political party registration 1958–2012, marked with presidential influence
Yale's motto means “light and truth.”
University of Connecticut, the state's main public university
Lime Rock, a home of the American Le Mans Series
Yale Bowl during "The Game" between Yale and Harvard. The Bowl was also the home of the NFL's New York Giants in 1973–74.
The Charter Oak
The {{USS|Nautilus|SSN-571}}

It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south.

For the winter of 1778–79, General George Washington decided to split the Continental Army into three divisions encircling New York City, where British General Sir Henry Clinton had taken up winter quarters.

The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, seen from New York Water Taxi in New York Harbor, 2013

Ellis Island

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The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, seen from New York Water Taxi in New York Harbor, 2013
Aerial view of Ellis Island
State border after New Jersey vs. New York, 1998
The bridge to Liberty State Park
Aerial view
Ellis Island buildings circa 1893
Anti-immigrant cartoon expressing opposition to the construction of Ellis Island (Judge, March 22, 1890)
First Ellis Island Immigrant Station, built in 1892 and destroyed 1897
Second Ellis Island Immigration Station (opened 1900) as seen in 1905
European immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, 1915
The main building's registry room
Radicals awaiting deportation, 1920
Seen from east. From left to right: contagious diseases ward; lawn; hospital; ferry basin; main building, kitchen, dormitory, and immigration building
Detail of ceiling of registry room
Entrance to the Main Building, seen from the south
Undated photo of southern facade of kitchen and laundry
View from the southeast; the baggage and dormitory (right) is east of the main building (left)
A Smith Drum laundry machine in the outbuilding
Isolation ward on island 3
Ellis Island Ferry Building
December 2014 aerial view of the area; in the foreground is Ellis Island, and behind it is Liberty State Park and Downtown Jersey City
Arrival, circa 1908 (photo by Lewis Hine)
Immigrants being inspected, 1904
Dormitory room for detained immigrants
Excerpt from a museum exhibit
Wall of Honor
Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital
Immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, 1902
Ellis Island and Manhattan as seen from New Jersey shore in 2020

Ellis Island is a federally owned island in New York Harbor, situated within the U.S. states of New York and New Jersey, that was the busiest immigrant inspection and processing station in the United States.

While most of the island is in Jersey City, New Jersey, a small section is an exclave of New York City.

Erie Canal

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Historic canal in upstate New York that runs east-west between the Hudson River and Lake Erie.

Historic canal in upstate New York that runs east-west between the Hudson River and Lake Erie.

Erie Canal map c. 1840
Aqueduct over the Mohawk River at Rexford, one of 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal
The Mohawk Valley, running east and west, cuts a natural pathway (water gap) between the Catskill Mountains to the south and the Adirondack Mountains to the north.
Profile of the original canal
Operations at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Stonework of lock abandoned because of route change, at Durhamville, New York
An original five-step lock structure crossing the Niagara Escarpment at Lockport, now without gates and used as a cascade for excess water
Erie Canal lock in Lockport, New York
1853 map of New York canals emboldened, center: the Erie Canal; other lines: railroads, rivers and county borders
Lithograph of the Erie Canal at Lockport, New York c. 1855. Published for Herrman J. Meyer, 164 William Street, New York City.
Aqueduct over Nine Mile Creek north of Camillus, New York, built in 1841 and abandoned c. 1918; one of 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal, it has since been restored.
Upstream view of the downstream lock at Lock 32, Pittsford, New York
Map of the "Water Level Routes" of the New York Central Railroad (purple), West Shore Railroad (red) and Erie Canal (blue)
Rochester, New York, aqueduct c. 1890
Two "low" lift bridges in Lockport, New York, July 2010
The modern Erie Canal has 34 locks, which are painted with the blue and gold colors of the New York State Canal System.
Gateway Harbor in North Tonawanda, about 1000 ft from the present-day western terminus of the Erie Canal where it connects to the Niagara River
The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park
Buffalo's Erie Canal Commercial Slip in Spring 2008
Erie Canal Lock 18, Cohoes, New York
Old Erie Canal State Historic Park, DeWitt, New York
The modern single lock at the Niagara Escarpment

In effect, the canal accelerated the settlement of the Great Lakes region, the westward expansion of the United States, and the economic ascendency of New York State.

The westward connection gave New York City a strong advantage over all other U.S. ports and brought major growth to canal cities such as Albany, Utica, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo.

Long Island Sound is shown highlighted in pink between Connecticut (to the north) and Long Island (to the south).

Long Island Sound

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Long Island Sound is shown highlighted in pink between Connecticut (to the north) and Long Island (to the south).
Long Island Sound at night, as seen from space
The Watershed of Long Island Sound includes nearly all of Connecticut and western Massachusetts, large swathes of Vermont, New Hampshire and Rhode Island, along with relatively small areas of New York state. (The map is miscolored in two places: the area called "5" is part of the watershed, as is the area called "9" on Long Island; the line dividing Long Island is the southerly limit of the watershed, which includes only a small fraction of the island, along the northern coast)
Long Island Sound in Branford, Connecticut
Long Island Sound from Calf Pasture Beach in Norwalk, Connecticut

Long Island Sound is a marine sound and tidal estuary of the Atlantic Ocean, lying predominantly between the U.S. state of Connecticut to the north, and Long Island in New York to the south.

Cities on the New York side of the Sound include Rye, Glen Cove, New Rochelle, Larchmont and portions of Queens and the Bronx in New York City.