A report on New York City and New York (state)

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
New York was dominated by Iroquoian (purple) and Algonquian (pink) tribes.
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
New Amsterdam, present-day Lower Manhattan, 1660
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
New York and neighboring provinces, by Claude Joseph Sauthier, 1777
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
British general John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga in 1777
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
1800 map of New York from Low's Encyclopaedia
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
The Erie Canal at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Flight 175 hitting the South Tower on September11, 2001
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
Flooding on AvenueC in Lower Manhattan caused by Hurricane Sandy
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
New York is bordered by six U.S. states, two Great Lakes, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to about eleven million residents conjointly.
Lake-effect snow is a major contributor to heavy snowfall totals in western New York, including the Tug Hill region.
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Two major state parks (in green) are the Adirondack Park (north) and the Catskill Park (south).
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals.
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The African Burial Ground National Monument in Lower Manhattan
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
Map of the counties in New York
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
New York population distribution map. New York's population is primarily concentrated in the Greater New York area, including New York City and Long Island.
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
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The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights, New York.
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, hub of the Broadway theater district, a media center, and one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
"I Love New York"
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, the largest container ship to enter the Port of New York and New Jersey as of September7, 2017
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
Harris Hall of the City College of New York, a public college of the City University of New York
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Butler Library at Columbia University
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
University of Rochester
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
South campus of the University at Buffalo, the flagship of the State University of New York
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
The New York City Subway is one of the world's busiest, serving more than five million passengers per average weekday.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Grand Central Terminal in New York City
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
The New York State Capitol in Albany
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
New York State Court of Appeals
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer, New York's U.S. Senators
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
Kathy Hochul (D), the 57th Governor of New York
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
Yankee Stadium in The Bronx
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
Koppen climate of New York
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

New York, often called New York City (NYC) to distinguish it from the State of New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

- New York City

It is often called New York State to distinguish it from its largest city, New York City.

- New York (state)

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Newburgh, New York

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Woodcut of Newburgh skyline from Hudson in 1842, with Dutch Reformed Church, then with its original dome and lantern
Water Street in Newburgh, photo taken c. 1906; the buildings on the street were demolished as part of urban renewal efforts in the 1960s and 1970s.
City manager Joseph Mitchell attending the Newburgh City Council in 1961
Barge in frozen Newburgh Bay, 2011
Washington's Headquarters State Historic Site
These homes on Chambers Street show the two faces of contemporary Newburgh: both historic, one newly renovated, the other exemplifying urban blight
Masjid al-Ikhlas, where the 2009 New York City bomb plot was hatched
The Dutch Reformed Church, a National Historic Landmark
Mount St. Mary's Motherhouse, 2007
Lower Broadway, 2006
Newburgh Court House, 1907
Newburgh U.S. Post Office, 2007
Stewart International Airport from above, 2007
The former Newburgh Station of the West Shore Railroad

Newburgh is a city in the U.S. state of New York, within Orange County.

Located 60 mi north of New York City, and 90 mi south of Albany on the Hudson River within the Hudson Valley Area, the city of Newburgh is located near Stewart International Airport, one of the primary airports for Downstate New York.

United States Declaration of Independence

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Pronouncement and founding document adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 4, 1776.

Pronouncement and founding document adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 4, 1776.

Thomas Jefferson, the principal author of the Declaration, as painted by Rembrandt Peale
The 13 states at the Declaration of Independence
The Assembly Room in Philadelphia's Independence Hall, where the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence
Writing the Declaration of Independence, 1776, an idealized depiction of Franklin, Adams, and Jefferson working on the Declaration was widely reprinted (by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, 1900).
Portable writing desk that Jefferson used to draft and finalize the Declaration of Independence
"Declaration House", the reconstructed boarding house at Market and S. 7th Street in Philadelphia, where Jefferson wrote the Declaration
The opening of the original printing of the Declaration, printed on July 4, 1776, under Jefferson's supervision. The engrossed copy was made later (shown at the top of this article). The opening lines differ between the two versions.
English political philosopher John Locke (1632–1704)
The signed copy of the Declaration is now badly faded because of poor preserving practices in the 19th century. It is on display at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.
The Syng inkstand, which was used at both the 1776 signing of the Declaration and the 1787 signing of the U.S. Constitution, is on display in Philadelphia
On July 4, 1776, Continental Congress President John Hancock's signature authenticated the United States Declaration of Independence.
Johannes Adam Simon Oertel's painting Pulling Down the Statue of King George III, N.Y.C., ca. 1859, depicts citizens destroying a statue of King George after the Declaration was read in New York City on July 9, 1776.
William Whipple, signer of the Declaration of Independence, manumitted his slave, believing that he could not both fight for liberty and own slaves.
The Rotunda for the Charters of Freedom in the National Archives building
a new broadside
John Trumbull's famous 1818 painting is often identified as a depiction of the signing of the Declaration, but it actually shows the drafting committee presenting its work to the Congress.
United States two-dollar bill (reverse)
Congressman Abraham Lincoln, 1845–1846
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and her two sons (1848)

Washington had the Declaration read to his troops in New York City on July 9, with thousands of British troops on ships in the harbor.

Later in 1776, a group of 547 Loyalists, largely from New York, signed a Declaration of Dependence pledging their loyalty to the Crown.

Rome, the imperial capital at the height of the territorial expansion

Caput Mundi

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Latin phrase used to describe a global city as the capital of the world.

Latin phrase used to describe a global city as the capital of the world.

Rome, the imperial capital at the height of the territorial expansion
Map of the Holy Land, "the first non-Ptolemaic map of a definite country". Jerusalem is viewed from the west; the octagonal Dome of the Rock stands left of King Solomon's Al-Aqsa Mosque.
A view of Levent, one of the main business districts in Istanbul and home to the city's tallest buildings
Cityscape of Paris
Cityscape of London
The Empire State Building in Midtown Manhattan, New York City
The Washington skyline.

Other important cities to have been called as the "Novum Caput Mundi" (New Capital of the world) after the modern period include Paris, London, New York City, and Washington, D.C.

Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has been described as the cultural, media, financial, and entertainment capital of the world, despite not being the modern governmental capital of the United States or even of New York State (which is Albany).

Photo from Historic American Buildings Survey

Castle Clinton

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Photo from Historic American Buildings Survey
The Bay and Harbor of New York by Samuel Waugh (1814–1885), depicting the castle in 1848
First appearance of Jenny Lind in the U.S. at Castle Garden, September 11, 1850 (lithograph by Currier and Ives)
Aerial view illustration of Manhattan, showing Castle Garden at its tip, ca. 1880
The New York Aquarium was once housed at Castle Garden (image before 1923)

Castle Clinton or Fort Clinton, previously known as Castle Garden, is a circular sandstone fort located in Battery Park, in Manhattan, New York City.

On August 1, 1855, Castle Clinton became the Emigrant Landing Depot, functioning as the New York State immigrant registration center (the nation's first such entity).

Fort Greene, Brooklyn

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1766 map of Brooklyn
Football at Fort Greene, circa 1872–1887
Lafayette Ave Presbyterian Church, before 1933 when its steeple was shortened
USS North Carolina in the Brooklyn Navy Yard in 1941
New residential buildings at Ashland Place and Lafayette Street
New Fort Greene Park playground
Streetscape near Fulton Street
Brooklyn Tech HS in Fort Greene

Fort Greene is a neighborhood in the northwestern part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn.

In approximately A.D. 800, a gradual movement of Native Americans advanced from the Delaware area into lower New York, ultimately settling as part of the Canarsie tribe among 13 tribes of the Algonquin Nation.

Fordham University

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Lt. Herbert C. Squires with the Fordham cadet corps, April 1886
Woolworth Building 1913, site of City Hall campus
Entrance to the City Hall Division at the Vincent Astor Building c. 1965
First commencement ceremony before recently completed Keating Hall, June 10, 1936
President Dwight D. Eisenhower at the launching of Lincoln Center campus, 1959
Interior of Duane Library at the Rose Hill campus, 2004
Entrance to the Fordham School of Law at Lincoln Center
Cunniffe House, the administration building at Rose Hill, constructed in 1838 and one of the oldest buildings on campus
Fordham University Church, Rose Hill, viewed from the northeast
Keating Hall, administrative headquarters of the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences, Rose Hill
William D. Walsh Family Library, Rose Hill
Duane Library, Rose Hill
Alpha House, Rose Hill
Insignia of the Fordham ROTC unit
Colin Powell, alumnus of Fordham Military Science program
O'Hare Hall at Rose Hill campus
View of the Lincoln Center Campus
Queen's Court Residential College, Rose Hill
Keating Hall, the architectural centerpiece of Rose Hill, with Edwards Parade in the foreground
University Church at Rose Hill, with Orestes Brownson statue in foreground
View of the School of Law at Lincoln Center
The Peter, Fisher of Men statue at the Lincoln Center campus
The illuminated tower at Lincoln Center
Robert Moses plaza at Lincoln Center
College series Fordham baseball card, c. undefined 1910
The Rams football team in Yankee Stadium on November 30, 1940, during a game against NYU
Fordham football in The Liberty Cup against Columbia at Jack Coffey Field, 2015
A game against Yale on the Fordham baseball field, April 1902
Collins Auditorium, theater at Rose Hill and home to the philosophy department
The Blue Chapel in Keating Hall, Rose Hill
Fordham's Rose Hill campus is home to one of the largest collections of mature American elms in the United States
Statue of Archbishop Hughes gifted in 1891, Rose Hill campus
Statue of the Ram, the university mascot, Rose Hill
University seal
Fordham's fight song, "Fordham Ram" by J. Ignatius Coveney
Keating Hall tower, Rose Hill
Keating Hall Auditorium, popular filming location at Rose Hill
Alan Alda, Emmy and Golden Globe-winning actor
Steve Bellán, first Cuban and first Latin American to play major league baseball
John O. Brennan, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
William J. Casey, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Mary Higgins Clark, novelist
Patricia Clarkson, Academy Award-nominated actress
Andrew Cuomo, 56th Governor of New York
Don DeLillo, Pulitzer Prize-nominated novelist
Lana Del Rey, singer-songwriter
John La Farge, visual artist
Geraldine Ferraro, member of the U.S. House of Representatives and vice-presidential candidate
Hage Geingob, President of Namibia
Martin H. Glynn, 40th Governor of New York
Michael Kay, sports broadcaster for the New York Yankees
Jack Keane, Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Vince Lombardi, Hall of Famer, namesake of Super Bowl trophy
Vin Scully, sportscaster
Robert Gould Shaw, commander 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment in American Civil War
Francis Spellman, Cardinal Archbishop of New York
Donald Trump, 45th president of the United States, attended for two years before transferring to the University of Pennsylvania
Denzel Washington, Academy Award-winning actor
Hilaire Belloc, prolific Anglo-French writer and historian, President of the Oxford Union, British Member of Parliament
Brian Davies, Professor of Philosophy at Fordham, and specialist in Thomism
Victor Francis Hess, Nobel Prize recipient and discoverer of Cosmic Rays
Olivia Hooker, first African-American woman to enter the U.S. Coast Guard
Carl Jung, founder of analytical psychology
John McCloskey, first US Catholic Cardinal and first president of Fordham
Pietro Montana, sculptor and painter noted for war memorials and religious works
Guillermo Owen, Colombian mathematician, considered one of the founding fathers of game theory
Susan Scafidi, founder of Fashion Law Institute
Zephyr Teachout, political activist, CEO of Mayday PAC

Fordham University is a private Jesuit research university in New York City.

Established in 1841 and named for the Fordham neighborhood of the Bronx in which its original campus is located, Fordham is the oldest Catholic and Jesuit university in the northeastern United States and the third-oldest university in New York State.

Port of New York and New Jersey

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Port district of the New York-Newark metropolitan area, encompassing the region within approximately a 25 mi radius of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.

Port district of the New York-Newark metropolitan area, encompassing the region within approximately a 25 mi radius of the Statue of Liberty National Monument.

NASA image of the greater Newark and New York area, including the port district
Deepening of Kill van Kull
The Port of New York and New Jersey grew from the original harbor at the convergence of the Hudson River and the East River at the Upper New York Bay.
New York Harbor at Upper Bay in 1999: Manhattan (left), Brooklyn (top), Jersey City (bottom), Ellis Island (left) and Liberty Island (right), Governors Island (the largest at center)
Aerial view of Upper New York Bay-Port Jersey and Newark Bay-Port Newark-Elizabeth
Port Newark on Newark Bay (foreground) and Port Jersey on Upper New York Bay
CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, the largest container ship to enter the port as of on Sept 7, 2017
Along the Arthur Kill, the Staten Island Railway North Shore Branch line (foreground) connects the Howland Hook Marine Terminal to the Chemical Coast
Newtown Creek
NYNJ Rail western end
Cruise terminal on the Hudson
New York Water Taxi ferries moored at Erie Basin in Red Hook, Brooklyn
Sandy Hook Light, the oldest continuously operating and standing lighthouse in the United States
Stepping Stones Lighthouse
Battery Park City is one of many sites throughout the port built on land fill
The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island recall the era of transatlantic immigration to America

It includes the system of navigable waterways in the New York–New Jersey Harbor Estuary, which runs along over 770 mi of shoreline in the vicinity of New York City and northeastern New Jersey, as well as the region's airports and supporting rail and roadway distribution networks.

Established in 1921, the bi-state Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, in addition to overseeing maritime facilities, is responsible for the vehicular crossings and the rapid transit system between New York and New Jersey, several of the region's airports, and other transportation and real estate development projects.

Cornell University

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Private Ivy League and statutory land-grant research university, based in Ithaca, New York.

Private Ivy League and statutory land-grant research university, based in Ithaca, New York.

View of McGraw Tower with Uris Library, Morrill Hall, and Cayuga Lake
The Arts Quad on Cornell's main campus with McGraw Tower in the background
Overlooking Ho Plaza from atop McGraw Tower, with Sage Hall and Barnes Hall in the background
Sage Chapel hosts religious services and concerts, and is the final resting place of the university's founder
Weill Medical Center overlooks the East River in New York City.
Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar
A World War I Memorial on Cornell's West Campus in Ithaca
Cornell's Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, designed by I.M. Pei
The A.D. White Reading Room, which contains much of the 30,000 volume collection donated to the university by its co-founder and first president
The sarcophagus in Sage Chapel of Jennie McGraw, Cornell benefactress
Students performing a Raas, a traditional folk dance from India
Cornell's 2008 commencement ceremony at Schoellkopf Field
The Cornell Law Library is one of 12 national depositories for print records of briefs filed with the U.S. Supreme Court.
Cornell's Center for Advanced Computing was one of the five original centers of the NSF's Supercomputer Centers Program.
Cornell Botanic Gardens, located adjacent to the Ithaca campus, is used for conservation research and for recreation by Cornellians
In the basement of Goldwin Smith Hall, researchers in the Dendrochronology Lab determine the age of archaeological artifacts found at digs
Interior windows of Barton Hall, an on-campus field house
The Fuertes Observatory on Cornell's North Campus is open to the public every Friday night
One of several footbridges that span Cornell's gorges and ease commuting from housing to academic buildings on campus
A 1908 print depicting a Cornell baseball player
A tradition started in 1901, Dragon Day celebrates a feat by first-year architecture students to construct a colossal dragon to be paraded to center campus and then burned.
An ivy-covered emblem of Ezra Cornell circumscribed by the university motto
1916 Cornell faculty
The Cornell Club in New York City is a focal point for alumni.

The university also administers two satellite campuses, one in New York City and one in Education City, Qatar.

Cornell University was founded on April 27, 1865; the New York State (NYS) legislature authorized the university as the state's land grant institution.

I Love New York

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Nick Walker's "Love Vandal" at 17th Street and 6th Avenue in Manhattan, 2015
Actor Robin Williams wearing a T-shirt with the logo translated into Arabic as "I love ❤ New York", in 2003

I Love New York (stylized I ❤ NY) is a slogan, a logo, and a song that are the basis of an advertising campaign developed by the marketing firm of Wells, Rich, Greene under the directorship of Mary Wells Lawrence used since 1977 to promote tourism in the state of New York, including New York City.

New York Institute of Technology

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Private research university founded in 1955.

Private research university founded in 1955.

NYIT's first president, Alexander Schure
NYIT pioneered computers in the classrooms, it was the first to introduce “teaching machines” in the 1950s
Old Westbury campus President's Stadium, home of the men's and women's soccer teams and the men's lacrosse team.
Old Westbury campus Recreation Hall during an NYIT Bears women's basketball game
Edward Guiliano Global Center, 1855 Broadway, Manhattan
Academic Quad, Old Westbury campus
DuPont-Guest Estate, now known as the DeSeversky Center of NYIT's Old Westbury campus
NYIT's DeSeversky Mansion, on its Old Westbury campus
W. Kenneth Riland Academic Health Care Center on NYIT's Old Westbury campus
Hannah and Charles Serota Academic Center on NYIT's Old Westbury campus.
The George and Gertrude Wisser Memorial Library, on the Old Westbury campus
New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine

It has two main campuses in New York—one in Old Westbury, on Long Island, and one in Manhattan.

The New York City campus is located between 60th and 62nd streets on Broadway, adjacent to Columbus Circle, across the street from Central Park and within walking distance of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.