A report on New York City and New York (state)

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
New York was dominated by Iroquoian (purple) and Algonquian (pink) tribes.
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
New Amsterdam, present-day Lower Manhattan, 1660
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
New York and neighboring provinces, by Claude Joseph Sauthier, 1777
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
British general John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga in 1777
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
1800 map of New York from Low's Encyclopaedia
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
The Erie Canal at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Flight 175 hitting the South Tower on September11, 2001
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
Flooding on AvenueC in Lower Manhattan caused by Hurricane Sandy
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
New York is bordered by six U.S. states, two Great Lakes, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to about eleven million residents conjointly.
Lake-effect snow is a major contributor to heavy snowfall totals in western New York, including the Tug Hill region.
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Two major state parks (in green) are the Adirondack Park (north) and the Catskill Park (south).
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals.
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The African Burial Ground National Monument in Lower Manhattan
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
Map of the counties in New York
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
New York population distribution map. New York's population is primarily concentrated in the Greater New York area, including New York City and Long Island.
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights, New York.
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, hub of the Broadway theater district, a media center, and one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
"I Love New York"
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, the largest container ship to enter the Port of New York and New Jersey as of September7, 2017
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
Harris Hall of the City College of New York, a public college of the City University of New York
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Butler Library at Columbia University
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
University of Rochester
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
South campus of the University at Buffalo, the flagship of the State University of New York
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
The New York City Subway is one of the world's busiest, serving more than five million passengers per average weekday.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Grand Central Terminal in New York City
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
The New York State Capitol in Albany
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
New York State Court of Appeals
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer, New York's U.S. Senators
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
Kathy Hochul (D), the 57th Governor of New York
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
Yankee Stadium in The Bronx
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
Koppen climate of New York
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

New York, often called New York City (NYC) to distinguish it from the State of New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

- New York City

It is often called New York State to distinguish it from its largest city, New York City.

- New York (state)

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Views of the Catskills from the Hudson like this led to the name "Blue Mountains" for a time.

Catskill Mountains

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Views of the Catskills from the Hudson like this led to the name "Blue Mountains" for a time.
A 1685 revision of a 1656 map of New Netherland showing the locations of the "Lands of the Kats Kills" and the "High Lands of the Esopus"
Free-floating tubers on Esopus Creek
Kaaterskill Falls on Spruce Creek near Palenville, New York. One of the higher falls in New York. Two separate falls total 260 ft.
Platte Clove, a break in the Catskill Escarpment created by glacial action
The Ashokan Reservoir as seen from Wittenberg Mountain
Hunter Mountain
Balsam Lake Mountain fire tower in 2008
A map of the railroads in the Catskills. Despite what the map says, nearly the entirety of this map is of the Catskills. East of the Hudson River are The Berkshires and the Taconic Mountains, and to the far north (central and northern Albany County, and far-northern Schoharie County) are the Appalachians.
View from The Mountain House (1836), painting by William Henry Bartlett
Paul Weber, Scene in the Catskills, 1858
October in the Catskills, 1880 painting by Sanford Robinson Gifford
Painting by Asher Brown Durand depicting the Catskills using the "sublime landscape" approach<ref>{{cite web |publisher= The Walters Art Museum |url= http://art.thewalters.org/detail/19883 |title= The Catskills}}</ref>
The Redmond Stage, Woodstock music festival, 1969
Kaaterskill Falls on the Catskill Mountains (1826–27), painting by William Guy Wall, Honolulu Museum of Art

The Catskill Mountains, also known as the Catskills, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains, located in southeastern New York.

They are well known in American society as the setting for films and works of art, including many 19th-century Hudson River School paintings, as well as for being a favored destination for vacationers from New York City in the mid-20th century.

English Americans

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English Americans, or Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England.

English Americans, or Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England.

England United States. Shows the first permanent English settlement of Jamestown in 1607.
Statue of John Smith for the first English settlement in Historic Jamestowne, Virginia.
The first self-governing document of Plymouth Colony. English Pilgrims signing the Mayflower Compact in 1620.
John Trumbull's famous painting, Declaration of Independence.
English language distribution in the United States.
American cultural icons, apple pie, baseball, and the American flag.
The First Thanksgiving at Plymouth Colony by English Pilgrims in October 1621.
Henry Chadwick’s early contributions to the development of the game is often called the "Father of Baseball".

The same 1909 data for each state (of the total European population only) of English ancestry were Connecticut 96.2%, Rhode Island 96.0%, Vermont 95.4%, Massachusetts 95.0%, New Hampshire 94.1%, Maine 93.1%, Virginia 85.0%, Maryland 84.0%, North Carolina 83.1%, South Carolina 82.4%, New York 78.2% and Pennsylvania 59.0%.

New York City (after the Duke of York )

Naturalization ceremony at Oakton High School in Fairfax County, Virginia, December 2015.

Immigration to the United States

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Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of United States history.

Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of United States history.

Naturalization ceremony at Oakton High School in Fairfax County, Virginia, December 2015.
Immigrants to the United States take the Oath of Allegiance at a naturalization ceremony at the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona, September 2010.
Population growth rate with and without migration in the U.S.
Immigrants on ocean steamer passing the Statue of Liberty, New York City, 1887
Immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, 1902
Polish immigrants working on the farm, 1909. The welfare system was practically non-existent before the 1930s and the economic pressures on the poor were giving rise to child labor.
Immigrant trunks. Left, from Sweden, late 19th century. Right, from Refugee camp in Thailand, 1993.
Boston Chinatown, Massachusetts, 2008.
Operation Allies Refuge: Afghans being evacuated on a US Air Force Boeing C-17 plane during the Fall of Kabul (2021)
Naturalization ceremony, Salem, Massachusetts, 2007
Little Italy in New York, ca.1900
Crowd at the Philippine Independence Day Parade in New York City
Galveston Immigration Stations
Mexican immigrants march for more rights in Northern California's largest city, San Jose (2006).
Garment factories in Manhattan's Chinatown
A U.S. green card, a document confirming permanent resident status for eligible immigrants, including refugees, political asylum seekers, family-sponsored migrants, employment-based workers and diversity immigrants (DV).
A cartoon in Puck from 1888 attacked businessmen for welcoming large numbers of low-paid immigrants, leaving the American men unemployed.
Maggie and Jiggs from Bringing Up Father (January 7, 1940).
The Statue of Liberty was a common sight to many immigrants who entered the United States through Ellis Island

More than 80 cities in the United States, including Washington D.C., New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco, San Diego, San Jose, Salt Lake City, Phoenix, Dallas, Fort Worth, Houston, Detroit, Jersey City, Minneapolis, Denver, Baltimore, Seattle, Portland, Oregon and Portland, Maine, have sanctuary policies, which vary locally.

Contemporary immigrants settle predominantly in seven states, California, New York, Florida, Texas, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Illinois, comprising about 44% of the U.S. population as a whole.

Yeshiva University

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David H. Zysman Hall, a Moorish Revival building on Yeshiva University's Wilf Campus, is home to Yeshiva University High School for Boys and houses the former main beit midrash (Torah study hall).

Yeshiva University is a private research university with four campuses in New York City.

Yeshiva University is an independent institution chartered by New York State.

Humid subtropical climate in Li River, China.

Humid subtropical climate

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Zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters.

Zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters.

Humid subtropical climate in Li River, China.
Warm temperate with hot summer climate zones of the world according to a modified Köppen climate classification that uses a threshold of 0 °C for the coldest month.

Under Köppen's climate classification, this zone includes locations further north, primarily Virginia, Kentucky, the lower elevations of West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Washington, D.C., New Jersey, southeastern Pennsylvania, extreme southern New York around New York City and sections of Long Island.

Powers Street Mosque

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The Powers Street Mosque in Brooklyn, New York City is one of the oldest mosques in the United States.

This was the first Muslim organization in New York state and the first official mosque for New York City's Muslim population.

NJ Transit Rail Operations

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Rail division of NJ Transit.

Rail division of NJ Transit.

It operates commuter rail service in New Jersey, with most service centered on transportation to and from New York City, Hoboken, and Newark.

NJ Transit also operates rail service in Orange and Rockland counties in New York under contract to Metro-North Railroad.

The flag of New York

Judiciary of New York (state)

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The flag of New York
The New York State Court of Appeals building in Albany
The New York County Courthouse in Manhattan
NYC Criminal Courts building, connected to the Tombs
The McKinney's annotated version of the Civil Practice Law and Rules
Map of New York judicial districts
Judith Kaye was Chief Judge from 1993–2008
SUNY Buffalo Law School
A New York State Court Officer cruiser in Times Square

The Judiciary of New York (officially the New York State Unified Court System) is the judicial branch of the Government of New York, comprising all the courts of the State of New York (excluding extrajudicial administrative courts).

The New York State Supreme Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction in civil cases statewide and in criminal cases in New York City.

2010 was SUNY Downstate's sesquicentennial, celebrating 150 years in medical education. 
Sesquicentennial Site

SUNY Downstate Medical Center

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2010 was SUNY Downstate's sesquicentennial, celebrating 150 years in medical education. 
Sesquicentennial Site

SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University (Downstate) is a public medical school and hospital in Brooklyn, New York.

Eighty-six percent of its employees are New York City residents; 68 percent live in Brooklyn.

Democratic Party (United States)

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One of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States.

One of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States.

Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States (1829–1837) and the first Democratic president.
Martin Van Buren was the eighth president of the United States (1837–1841) and the second Democratic president.
Senator Stephen A. Douglas
The 1885 inauguration of Grover Cleveland, the only president with non-consecutive terms
Leaders of the Democratic Party during the first half of the 20th century on 14 June 1913: Secretary of State William J. Bryan, Josephus Daniels, President Woodrow Wilson, Breckinridge Long, William Phillips, and Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, 32nd and 33rd presidents of the United States (1933–1945; 1945–1953), featured on a campaign poster for the 1944 presidential election
John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, 35th and 36th presidents of the United States (1961–1963, 1963–1969)
Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States (1977–1981), delivering the State of the Union Address in 1979
Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States (1993–2001), at The Pentagon in 1998
Barack Obama speaking to College Democrats of America in 2007
President Barack Obama meeting with the Blue Dog Coalition in the State Dining Room of the White House in 2009
Eleanor Roosevelt at the 1956 Democratic National Convention in Chicago
President Barack Obama signing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act into law at the White House on March 23, 2010
Secretary of State John Kerry addressing delegates at the United Nations before signing the Paris Agreement on April 22, 2016
Shirley Chisholm was the first major-party African American candidate to run nationwide primary campaigns.
President Lyndon B. Johnson signing the Immigration Act of 1965 as Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Senators Edward M. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy and others look on
Then-Senator Barack Obama shaking hands with an American soldier in Basra, Iraq in 2008
President Jimmy Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin in 1978
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meeting with President Barack Obama at Ben Gurion Airport in 2013
Self-identified Democrats (blue) versus self-identified Republicans (red) (January–June 2010 data)
Higher percentages of Democrats than Republicans are members of union households.
Elected at age 33, Jon Ossoff is currently the youngest member of the U.S. Senate.
Hillary Clinton was the first woman to be nominated for president by a major party.
Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg
Vice President Kamala Harris
Julián Castro served as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
U.S. Senator Tammy Duckworth
Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi
U.S. Senator Kyrsten Sinema
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer
U.S. opinion on gun control issues is deeply divided along political lines, as shown in this 2021 survey.

In New York, the Democratic ballot symbol is a five-pointed star.

Jewish Americans as an important Democratic constituency are especially politically active and influential in large cities such as New York City, Los Angeles, Boston, and Chicago and play critical roles in large cities within presidential swing states, such as Philadelphia, Miami, and Las Vegas.