New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Hudson Terminal (right) and the Singer Building (left) in 1909
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
Preliminary site plans for the new World Trade Center
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
Inside the Oculus, leading to the Dey Street Concourse
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Platform level
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
The West Concourse
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
Concourse above PATH tracks
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
The ribs, as seen from outside the station at night
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Workers open up the glass ceiling to make repairs
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
Doorway between PATH and New York City Subway stations, including the back of the preserved door from 9/11 with the words "MATF 1 / 9 13" spray-painted on it. This was a message from Urban Search and Rescue Massachusetts Task Force 1 of Beverly, Massachusetts, who searched the World Trade Center site on September 13, 2001
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
Oculus during Pride Month
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

World Trade Center is a terminal station on the PATH system, within the World Trade Center complex in the Financial District of Manhattan, New York City.

- World Trade Center station (PATH)

The World Trade Center PATH station, which had opened on July 19, 1909, as the Hudson Terminal, was also destroyed in the attacks.

- New York City

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Bin Laden circa 1997–1998

September 11 attacks

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The September 11 attacks, commonly known as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated suicide terrorist attacks carried out by the militant Islamic extremist network al-Qaeda against the United States.

The September 11 attacks, commonly known as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated suicide terrorist attacks carried out by the militant Islamic extremist network al-Qaeda against the United States.

Bin Laden circa 1997–1998
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed after his capture in 2003
Map showing the attacks on the World Trade Center (Planes are not drawn to scale)
Diagram showing the attacks on the World Trade Center
Flight paths of the four planes
Collapse of the towers as seen from across the Hudson River in New Jersey
The north face of Two World Trade Center (South Tower) immediately after being struck by United Airlines Flight 175
World Trade Center site (Ground Zero) with an overlay showing the original building locations
Remains of 6, 7, and 1WTC
on September 17
Aerial view of the Pentagon
Satellite view of New York City on September 12, photographed by the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) camera aboard Landsat 7.
A portion of the World Trade Center bathtub at the National September 11 Memorial & Museum
Search and rescue teams inspect the wreckage at Ground Zero on September 13
President George W. Bush is briefed in Sarasota, Florida, where he learned of the attacks unfolding while he was visiting an elementary school.
Vladimir Putin (right) and his then-wife Lyudmila Putina (center) on November 16
U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan
Survivors covered in dust after the collapse of the towers
U.S. deficit and debt increases 2001–2008
Alleged "extraordinary rendition" illegal flights of the CIA, as reported by Rzeczpospolita.
Mohamed Atta, an Egyptian national, was the ringleader of the attacks.
The exterior support columns from the lower level of the South Tower remained standing after the building collapsed.
Rebuilt One World Trade Center nearing completion in July 2013
The United States flag flying at half-staff in New York City on September 11, 2014, the thirteenth anniversary of the attacks.
The Tribute in Light on September 11, 2006, the fifth anniversary of the attacks
Fritz Koenig’s monumental sculpture The Sphere in its final location in Liberty Park

The hijackers successfully crashed the first two planes into the North and South Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, and the third plane into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia.

The PATH train system's World Trade Center station was located under the complex.

World Trade Center (2001–present)

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The original World Trade Center in March 2001
Preliminary site plans for the World Trade Center's reconstruction. [ Comparison (background: pre-9/11, blue overlay: planned rebuild)].
Construction of the September 11 Memorial complex in December 2010
Rebuilding progress in April 2011, looking west from the transportation hub's site
Rebuilding progress in April 2014, looking east from the memorial
View across the south pool of the Memorial towards the adjacent Museum.
The portion of the Westfield World Trade Center inside the Oculus
The World Trade Center station's connection to the Cortlandt Street station
Construction on the Ronald O. Perelman Performing Arts Center in June 2021
An aerial view of Liberty Park
frameless

The World Trade Center is a mostly completed complex of buildings in the Lower Manhattan neighborhood of New York City, U.S., replacing the original seven buildings on the same site that were destroyed in the September 11 attacks.

The site is being rebuilt with up to six new skyscrapers, four of which have been completed; a memorial and museum to those killed in the attacks; the elevated Liberty Park adjacent to the site, containing the St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church and the Vehicular Security Center; and a transportation hub.

Financial District, Manhattan

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Aerial view of the Financial District in 2009
1847 map showing the street layout and ferry routes for lower Manhattan
The Chamber of Commerce Building at 65 Liberty Street, one of many historical buildings in the district
The original city map of New Amsterdam, called the Castello Plan, from 1660 (the bottom left corner is approximately south, while the top right corner is approximately north) The fort eventually gave the name to The Battery, the large street leading from the fort later became known as Broadway, and the city wall (right) possibly gave the name to Wall Street.
The Twin Towers in March 2001
The Financial District area from Brooklyn. The South Street Seaport is at the lower middle, slightly to the right. Circa 2006
Leadership and Public Service High School
The Broad Street facade of the New York Stock Exchange
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York Building
The former House of Morgan building at 23 Wall Street
Federal Hall, once the U.S. Custom House, now a museum, with the towers of Wall Street behind it
One Liberty Plaza, one of the many modern skyscrapers in the area

The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, also known as FiDi, is a neighborhood located on the southern tip of Manhattan island in New York City.

Fulton Center, a new transit complex intended to improve access to the area, opened in 2014, followed by the World Trade Center Transportation Hub in 2016.

Manhattan

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Peter Minuit, early 1600s
Pieter Schaghen's 1626 letter saying Manhattan was purchased for 60 guilders.
The Castello Plan showing the Dutch city of New Amsterdam in 1660, at the southern tip of Manhattan
Washington's statue in front of Federal Hall on Wall Street, where in 1789 he was sworn in as first U.S. president
Manhattan in 1873. The Brooklyn Bridge was under construction from 1870 until 1883
The "Sanitary & Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York", commonly known as the Viele Map, was created by Egbert Ludovicus Viele in 1865
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Manhattan personified, early 20th century
V-J Day in Times Square in Times Square, 1945
Flooding on Avenue C caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012
Satellite image of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson River to the west, the Harlem River to the north, the East River to the east, and New York Harbor to the south, with rectangular Central Park prominently visible. Roosevelt Island, in the East River, belongs to Manhattan.
Location of Manhattan (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Manhattan schist outcropping in Central Park
Liberty Island is an exclave of Manhattan, of New York City, and of New York State, that is surrounded by New Jersey waters
The Empire State Building in the foreground looking southward from the top of Rockefeller Center, with One World Trade Center in the background, at sunset. The Midtown South Community Council acts as a civic caretaker for much of the neighborhood between the skyscrapers of Midtown and Lower Manhattan.
Central Park in autumn
The Estonian House, the main center of Estonian culture amongst Estonian Americans
A. T. Stewart in 1870, 9th Street, Manhattan
Many tall buildings have setbacks on their facade due to the 1916 Zoning Resolution. This is exemplified at Park Avenue and 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, seen from Brooklyn
The Flatiron District is the center and birthplace of Silicon Alley
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a major cultural venue in Manhattan, it also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million
The New York Times headquarters, 620 Eighth Avenue
Butler Library at Columbia University, with its notable architectural design
Stuyvesant High School, in Tribeca
New York Public Library Main Branch at 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The scene at Manhattan's 2015 LGBT Pride March. The annual event rivals the sister São Paulo event as the world's largest pride parade, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Madison Square Garden is home to the Rangers and Knicks, and hosts some Liberty games
The Skating Pond in Central Park, 1862
Manhattan Municipal Building
James Farley Post Office
A slum tour through the Five Points in an 1885 sketch
Tenement houses in 1936
At the time of its construction, London Terrace in Chelsea was the largest apartment building in the world
Grand Central Terminal is a National Historic Landmark.
Ferries departing Battery Park City and helicopters flying above Manhattan
The Staten Island Ferry, seen from the Battery, crosses Upper New York Bay, providing free public transportation between Staten Island and Manhattan.
The Brooklyn Bridge to the right and the Manhattan Bridge towards the left, are two of the three bridges that connect Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn over the East River.
Eighth Avenue, looking northward ("Uptown"), in the rain; most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration
Tourists looking westward at sunset to observe the July 12, 2016 Manhattanhenge
Ferry service departing Battery Park City towards New Jersey, see from Paulus Hook

Manhattan, known regionally as The City, is the most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs of New York City.

Four multi-billion-dollar projects were completed in the mid-2010s: the $1.4 billion Fulton Center in November 2014, the $2.4 billion 7 Subway Extension in September 2015, the $4 billion World Trade Center Transportation Hub in March 2016, and Phase 1 of the $4.5 billion Second Avenue Subway in January 2017.

One World Trade Center in 2017

One World Trade Center

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One World Trade Center in 2017
One World Trade Center in 2017
One World Trade Center in 2022
The first One World Trade Center under construction in May 1970
The original World Trade Center complex in March 2001; the original 1 WTC is the tower on the left with the spire
Lobby of Tower 1, looking south along the east side of the building, August 19, 2000
Underground damage from the 1993 bombing
One World Trade Center tower construction as of August 7, 2007
One World Trade Center construction in April 2013
Preliminary site plans for the World Trade Center's reconstruction. In orange are the new buildings (One World Trade Center is the square at upper left), and in blue is the 9/11 Memorial and Museum.
Entrance to the tower
One World Observatory
Height comparison of major skyscrapers in New York City, with One World Trade Center shown at far left. The North Tower of WTC was 1,727 ft (526.3 m)
When viewed from street level in proximity to the tower, One World Trade Center appears to ascend to a pyramid point.
Spire atop One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center and adjacent buildings at dusk
Seen at sunset; the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge is in the background
Daniel Libeskind won the 2002 competition to develop a master plan for the World Trade Center's redevelopment.
The original Twin Towers, {{circa|2000}}
One World Trade Center under construction behind the World Financial Center in June 2011.
One World Trade Center (to the left) and 4 World Trade Center under construction, as seen from a helicopter on April 30, 2012.
Manhattan from the observatory
Brooklyn Bridge, Manhattan Bridge and 8 Spruce Street
World Trade Center station
56 Leonard Street from the 52nd Floor

One World Trade Center (also known as One World Trade, One WTC, and formerly Freedom Tower) is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

The temporary PATH station was not to be removed until its official replacement, the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, was completed, blocking access to the planned loading area.

Battery Park City

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Greenery at South Cove
Construction in May 1973
The esplanade
Yacht harbor at North Cove, next to the World Financial Center
"The House That Will Not Pass for Any Color Than its Own" - (2011), Mildred Howard - shown here in 2020 installed at Belvedere Plaza in Battery Park City
Southern part of Battery Park City; Millennium Point is shown.
Brookfield Place as seen in 2006, when it was the World Financial Center
200 West Street, from Murray Street, looking west
Stuyvesant High School from North End Avenue
The New York Public Library branch
A field in Rockefeller State Park, with the buildings along River Terrace behind it
At the corner of Vesey Street and North End Avenue is the Irish Hunger Memorial
The Museum of Jewish Heritage from the Hudson River

Battery Park City is a mainly residential 92 acre planned community and neighborhood on the west side of the southern tip of the island of Manhattan in New York City.

The West Concourse, a tunnel from Brookfield Place passing under West Street, also provides access from Battery Park City to the World Trade Center PATH station, the WTC Cortlandt station, and the Fulton Street station (New York City Subway).

PATH (rail system)

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One of the original plans, with branches to the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal (lower left) and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Astor Place (center)
Hudson tunnels shortly after their completion
Park Place Station in Newark was the H&MRR's terminus until the completion of Newark Penn Station in the late 1930s.
Historic tile work at current 14th street PATH station
The 19th Street station, abandoned since 1954
PATH train at Newark Penn Station, 1966
PATH arriving at Harrison, NJ in 1969
The completed World Trade Center Transportation Hub in April 2016
Newark Liberty Airport International Station, to which PATH service would be extended
SmartLink turnstiles at the WTC station accept both PATH SmartLink cards and MTA MetroCards.
The PA5 cars at Newark Penn Station
Interior of a PA5 car
View of the Dock Bridge, which is used by PATH but owned by Amtrak
View from the front of a Newark-bound train, 1997
Map of the PATH system (regular service)
Map of the PATH system (late-night hours and on weekends/holidays)
To-scale map of the PATH system

Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) is a 13.8 mi rapid transit system in the northeastern New Jersey cities of Newark, Harrison, Jersey City, and Hoboken, as well as Lower and Midtown Manhattan in New York City.

As part of the World Trade Center's construction, the Port Authority decided to demolish the Hudson Terminal and construct a new World Trade Center Terminal on the site.