A report on New York City

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

Most populous city in the United States.

- New York City

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Province of New York

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British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America.

British proprietary colony and later royal colony on the northeast coast of North America.

Map of the Province of New York
The Van Bergen farm, 1733, near Albany, New York
Map of the Province of New York

The final evacuation of all of New York by the British Army was followed by the return of General George Washington's Continental Army on November 25, 1783, in a grand parade and celebration.

The Arthur family arrived at Chicago's Polk Street Depot on August 30, 1920, during the Great Migration.

Great Migration (African American)

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The movement of six million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West between 1910 and 1970.

The movement of six million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West between 1910 and 1970.

The Arthur family arrived at Chicago's Polk Street Depot on August 30, 1920, during the Great Migration.
African-American youths play basketball in Chicago's Stateway Gardens high-rise housing project in 1973.
The Hub is the retail heart of the South Bronx, New York City.
White tenants seeking to prevent Black people from moving into the Sojourner Truth housing project in Detroit erected this sign, 1942
Graph showing the percentage of the African-American population living in the American South, 1790–2010
The Great Migration shown by changes in the African-American share of populations of major U.S. cities, 1910–40 and 1940–70
Racially motivated murders per decade from 1865 to 1965.
A map of the black percentage of the U.S. population by each state/territory in 1900.
A map of the black percentage of the U.S. population by each state/territory in 1990.
A map showing the change in the total Black population (in percent) between 1900 and 1990 by U.S. state.

The historic change brought by the migration was amplified because the migrants, for the most part, moved to the then-largest cities in the United States (New York City, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C.) at a time when those cities had a central cultural, social, political, and economic influence over the United States.

Flag of the United Empire Loyalists.

Loyalist (American Revolution)

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Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often referred to as Tories, Royalists or King's Men at the time.

Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often referred to as Tories, Royalists or King's Men at the time.

Flag of the United Empire Loyalists.
Britannia offers solace and a promise of compensation for her exiled American-born Loyalists. (Reception of the American Loyalists by Great Britain in the Year 1783. Engraving by Henry Moses after a painting by Benjamin West.)
A jury finding from Kentucky County, Virginia in July 1780, confiscating lands of two men adjudged to be British subject. Daniel Boone was listed as a member of the jury.
Johnson Hall, seat of Sir John Johnson in the Mohawk Valley
A Black Loyalist wood cutter at Shelburne, Nova Scotia in 1788
Tory Refugees on their way to Canada by Howard Pyle
Shelburne, Nova Scotia, a major early destination of Loyalist refugees
John Copley's "The Death of Major Pierson"
Benjamin West's "John Eardley Wilmot"

Many outspoken or militarily active Loyalists were forced to flee, especially to their stronghold of New York City.

A horse-drawn fire engine en route to the burning factory

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire

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A horse-drawn fire engine en route to the burning factory
The building's south side, with windows marked X from which 50 women jumped
62 people jumped or fell from windows
Bodies of the victims being placed in coffins on the sidewalk
People and horses draped in black walk in procession in memory of the victims
Tombstone of fire victim Tillie Kupferschmidt at the Hebrew Free Burial Association's Mount Richmond Cemetery
Logo
Hilda Solis, the American Secretary of Labor, seen on the overhead screen, speaking at the Centennial Memorial; the Brown (Asch) Building is on the far right.
The commemoration drew thousands of people, many holding aloft "146 Shirtwaist-Kites" conceived by artist Annie Lanzillotto and designed and fabricated by members of The Remember the Triangle Fire Coalition, with the names of the victims on sashes, as they listened to speakers.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Memorial, Mount Zion Cemetery, Maspeth, Queens

The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, on Saturday, March 25, 1911, was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in U.S. history.

Triumph of the Human Spirit at Foley Square in 2019

Foley Square

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Triumph of the Human Spirit at Foley Square in 2019
New York County Supreme Court at 60 Centre Street
Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse at 40 Centre Street
Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse at 500 Pearl Street

Foley Square, also called Federal Plaza, is a street intersection in the Civic Center neighborhood of Lower Manhattan, New York City, which contains a small triangular park named Thomas Paine Park.

London is considered a global city.

Global city

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City that is a primary node in the global economic network.

City that is a primary node in the global economic network.

London is considered a global city.
A map showing the distribution of GaWC-ranked world cities (2010 data)

New York City, London, Tokyo, and Paris, are fashion capitals and are notably the most prominent metropolises mentioned in this respect.

View of New York State Pavilion tower and the Unisphere in 2013

Flushing Meadows–Corona Park

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View of New York State Pavilion tower and the Unisphere in 2013
The park in fall
Aerial view of the Corona Ash Dumps, circa the early 1920s
The 1939 New York World's Fair
The Unisphere at the 1964/1965 World's Fair
Nike Go Play Day - Skate Kitchen and Quell skateboarding meet up hosted by Leo Baker at the Maloof Skatepark
Looking across Meadow Lake
A R33 World's Fair subway car leading the Train of Many Colors at Mets–Willets Point.

Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, often referred to as Flushing Meadows Park, or simply Flushing Meadows, is a public park in the northern part of Queens, New York City.

Conference House

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Conference House (also known as Billop House ) is a stone house in Tottenville, Staten Island, New York City built by Captain Christopher Billopp some time before 1680.

Jennie Bobb and her daughter, Nellie Longhat (both Delaware), Oklahoma, 1915

Lenape

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Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in the United States and Canada.

Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in the United States and Canada.

Jennie Bobb and her daughter, Nellie Longhat (both Delaware), Oklahoma, 1915
Traditional Confederations of Lenape lands, the Lenapehoking, not showing any of the several divisions governed by matriarchies
Susie Elkhair (died 1926) of the Delaware Tribe of Indians, wearing ribbonwork shawl
Benjamin West's painting (in 1771) of William Penn's 1682 treaty with the Lenape
Lapowinsa, Chief of the Lenape, Lappawinsoe painted by Gustavus Hesselius in 1735
Lenape farm on the Delaware Indian Reservation in Kansas in 1867

Scholars have estimated that at the time of European settlement, around much of the current New York City area alone, there may have been about 15,000 Lenape in approximately 80 settlement sites.

The New York City Subway is the world's largest single-operator rapid transit system by number of metro stations, at 472.

Rapid transit

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Type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

Type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.

The New York City Subway is the world's largest single-operator rapid transit system by number of metro stations, at 472.
The London Underground is the world's oldest underground system.
Rapid transit networks around the world:
A crowded Paris Métro mean station platform in 2007
A station of the Guangzhou Metro in 2005
Initial construction stages of London's Metropolitan Railway at King's Cross St Pancras in 1861.
Ana Rosa station platform, line 2 in São Paulo Metro.
The coaches of the Delhi Metro are color-coded to indicate different service lines.
Helsinki Metro is the northernmost metro system in the world.
Tokyo Metro uses large LCD information display to show the current location, upcoming stops, and advertisements in several languages (Japanese, English, Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese, Korean).
Shenzhen Metro uses large LCD information displays to show the current location, upcoming stops and diagrams of the next station.
Platform-edge doors are used for safety at Daan Station on the Red Line (Tamsui-Xinyi Line), Taipei Metro, Taiwan.
Full-height enclosed platform screen doors installed in an underground station of the Chennai Metro.
DAS antennas, such as this one installed by Transit Wireless in a NYC Subway station, are commonly used to provide cellular reception in metro stations.
Inside a tunnel on the Turin Metro, the interlocking tunnel lining segments placed by a tunnel boring machine can be clearly seen.
Landungsbrücken station in Hamburg is an example where the U-Bahn is on the surface while the S-Bahn station is on a lower level.
Constructing a subway station Prosek in Prague.
The Sportivnaya station of the Saint Petersburg Metro has 2 levels.
The Getafe Central station on Line 12 of Madrid Metro has several levels.
Trains on the North East MRT line in Singapore are fully automated and are not operated by any driver.
Prague Metro, M1 driver panel
Platform screen doors at Castle Hill Station on the Sydney Metro.
Stratford Station in London is shared by London Underground trains (left) and main line rail services (right), as well as the Docklands Light Railway (not shown).
The Docklands Light Railway in London allows for dense land use, while retaining a high capacity.

Budapest, Chicago, Glasgow and New York City all converted or purpose-designed and built electric rail services.