New Zealand

🇳🇿NZLNZ New Zealand KiwiNew Zealand Albums ChartN.Z.New Zealand’sNew ZealanderAotearoa/New Zealand
New Zealand (Aotearoa ) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.wikipedia
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List of islands of New Zealand

Islandislands of New ZealandNew Zealand archipelago
The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island (Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands.
The following is a list of islands of New Zealand. New Zealand consists of a large number of islands, estimated around six hundred, mainly remnants of a larger land mass now beneath the sea.

North Island

NorthEast CoastNew Zealand North Island
The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island (Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait.

Australia

🇦🇺AUSAustralian
New Zealand is situated some 1500 km east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1000 km south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga.
The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.

Fiji

🇫🇯Fiji IslandsRepublic of Fiji
New Zealand is situated some 1500 km east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1000 km south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga.
Fiji (Viti ; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1100 nmi northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

Auckland

Auckland, New ZealandAuckland CityAuckland Central
New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand.

Māori culture

MāoriMaoriculture
Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that later were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture.
Māori culture (Māoritanga) is indigenous to New Zealand and originated from, and is still part of, Eastern Polynesian culture.

Capital of New Zealand

capitalcapital citycapital for that country
New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.
New Zealand's first capital city was Old Russell (Okiato) in 1840–41.

Māori people

MāoriMaoriNew Zealand Māori
In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.

Colony of New Zealand

New Zealandcolonybecame a colony
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full statutory independence in 1947 and the British monarch remained the head of state.
The Colony of New Zealand was a British colony that existed in New Zealand from 1841 to 1907, created as a Crown colony.

Independence of New Zealand

independencean independent country of its ownfull statutory independence
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full statutory independence in 1947 and the British monarch remained the head of state.
New Zealand has no fixed date of independence; instead, political independence came about as a result of New Zealand's evolving constitutional status.

Tonga

🇹🇴Kingdom of TongaTongan
New Zealand is situated some 1500 km east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1000 km south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga.
It is surrounded by Fiji and Wallis and Futuna (France) to the northwest, Samoa to the northeast, Niue to the east (which is the nearest foreign territory), Kermadec (part of New Zealand) to the southwest, and New Caledonia (France) and Vanuatu to the farther west.

New Zealanders

New ZealandNew ZealanderKiwi
Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders.
New Zealanders, colloquially known as Kiwis, are people associated with New Zealand, sharing a common history, culture, and language (New Zealand English).

Treaty of Waitangi

TreatyThe Treaty of WaitangiTe Tiriti O Waitangi
In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
The Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.

Tasman Sea

Tasmantrans-Tasmancoast
New Zealand is situated some 1500 km east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1000 km south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga.
The Tasman Sea (Māori: Te Tai-o-Rehua, Tasman Sii) is a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean, situated between Australia and New Zealand.

Abel Tasman

Abel Janszoon TasmanTasmanAbel Jansen Tasman
In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand.
He was the first known European explorer to reach the islands of Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) and New Zealand, and to sight the Fiji islands.

Agriculture in New Zealand

agriculturefarmingagricultural
The service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, and agriculture.
In New Zealand, agriculture is the largest sector of the tradable economy, contributing about two-thirds of exported goods in 2006–7.

New Zealand Sign Language

NZ Sign LanguageSign LanguageNew Zealand Sign Language Act
The official languages are English, Māori, and NZ Sign Language, with English being very dominant.
New Zealand Sign Language or NZSL (Te Reo Rotarota) is the main language of the deaf community in New Zealand.

New Zealand Parliament

ParliamentHouse of RepresentativesMember of Parliament
Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, who is currently Jacinda Ardern.
The New Zealand Parliament (Pāremata Aotearoa) is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives.

Pacific Islander

other Pacific IslanderPasifikaPacific Island
Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders.
New Zealand has the largest concentration of Pacific Islanders in the world.

Economy of New Zealand

New Zealand economyNew Zealand's economyNew Zealand
The service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, and agriculture.
New Zealand has one of the most globalised economies and depends greatly on international trade – mainly with Australia, the European Union, the United States, China, South Korea, Japan and Canada.

Unicameralism

unicameralunicameral legislatureunicameral parliament
Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, who is currently Jacinda Ardern.
Sometimes, as in New Zealand and Denmark, this comes about through the abolition of one of the two chambers, or, as in Sweden, through the merger of the two chambers into a single one, while in others a second chamber has never existed.

Prime Minister of New Zealand

Prime MinisterPremierPremier of New Zealand
Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, who is currently Jacinda Ardern.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand (Te Pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government of New Zealand.

Regions of New Zealand

Regionregional councilregional councils
In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes.
New Zealand is divided into sixteen regions for local government purposes.

Tokelau

🇹🇰Union IslandsTK
The Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau (a dependent territory); the Cook Islands and Niue (self-governing states in free association with New Zealand); and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica.
Tokelau (previously known as the Union Islands, and officially as Tokelau Islands until 1976; lit. "north-northeast" ) is a dependent territory of New Zealand in the southern Pacific Ocean.

Niue

🇳🇺NiueanNU
The Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau (a dependent territory); the Cook Islands and Niue (self-governing states in free association with New Zealand); and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica.
Niue is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, 2400 km northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, and west of the Cook Islands.