New Zealand National Party

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The New Zealand National Party (Rōpū Nāhinara o Aotearoa), shortened to National (Nāhinara) or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand.wikipedia
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List of political parties in New Zealand

political party in New ZealandPolitical parties in New Zealandpolitical parties
The New Zealand National Party (Rōpū Nāhinara o Aotearoa), shortened to National (Nāhinara) or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand.
After Labour eventually won office in 1935, the Liberals (then known as the United Party) and Reform came together in 1936 to form the National Party.

New Zealand Labour Party

Labour PartyLabourLabour Government
It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Alongside its main rival, the New Zealand National Party, Labour has dominated New Zealand governments since the 1930s.

Sidney Holland

HollandSid HollandSidney George Holland
After the 1949 general election, Sidney Holland became the first prime minister from the National Party, and remained in office until 1957.
He was instrumental in the creation and consolidation of the New Zealand National Party, which was to dominate New Zealand politics for much of the second half of the 20th century.

Politics of New Zealand

New Zealand politicsNew Zealand GovernmentNew Zealand
It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The country has a multi-party system, though the dominant political parties in New Zealand have historically been the Labour Party and the National Party (or its predecessors).

Keith Holyoake

HolyoakeSir Keith HolyoakeKeith Jacka Holyoake
He was succeeded by Keith Holyoake, who was soon defeated at a general election by the Labour Party in 1957.
He played an instrumental role in the formation of the National Party in 1936.

Robert Muldoon

Rob MuldoonMuldoonSir Robert Muldoon
The party's platform shifted from moderate economic liberalism to increased emphasis on state interventionism during Robert Muldoon's National government from 1975 to 1984.
Sir Robert David Muldoon (25 September 1921 – 5 August 1992) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party.

Jim Bolger

BolgerJames BolgerJames Brendan Bolger
In 1990, Jim Bolger formed another National government, which continued the radical free-market reforms initiated by the preceding Labour government.
James Brendan Bolger (born 31 May 1935) is a New Zealand politician of the National Party who was the 35th Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving from 1990 to 1997.

Reform Party (New Zealand)

Reform PartyReformNew Zealand Reform Party
National was formed in 1936 through amalgamation of conservative and liberal parties, Reform and United respectively, and is New Zealand's second-oldest extant political party.
It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and later formed a coalition with the United Party (a remnant of the Liberals), and then merged with United to form the modern National Party.

United Party (New Zealand)

United PartyUnited
National was formed in 1936 through amalgamation of conservative and liberal parties, Reform and United respectively, and is New Zealand's second-oldest extant political party.
The United Party of New Zealand, a party formed out of the remnants of the Liberal Party, formed a government between 1928 and 1935, and in 1936 merged with the Reform Party to establish the National Party.

1957 New Zealand general election

1957 election19571957 general election
He was succeeded by Keith Holyoake, who was soon defeated at a general election by the Labour Party in 1957.
It saw the governing National Party narrowly defeated by the Labour Party.

1996 New Zealand general election

1996 election19961996 general election
Following the first MMP election in 1996, the National Party governed in a coalition with the populist New Zealand First.
It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition.

1999 New Zealand general election

1999 election19991999 general election
National Party leader Jenny Shipley became New Zealand's first female prime minister in 1997; her government was defeated by a Labour-led coalition in 1999.
The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance.

2008 New Zealand general election

2008 general election2008 election2008
The National Party was most recently in government from 2008 to 2017 under John Key and Bill English; it governed with support from the centrist United Future, the classical-liberal ACT Party and the indigenous-rights-based Māori Party.
The liberal-conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark.

1990 New Zealand general election

1990 election19901990 general election
In 1990, Jim Bolger formed another National government, which continued the radical free-market reforms initiated by the preceding Labour government.
The National Party, led by Jim Bolger, won a landslide victory and formed the new government.

Centre-right politics

Centre-rightcenter-rightCentre right
The New Zealand National Party (Rōpū Nāhinara o Aotearoa), shortened to National (Nāhinara) or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand.
The International Democrat Union is an alliance of centre-right to right-wing political parties, including the British Conservative Party, the Conservative Party of Canada, the Liberal Party of Australia, the New Zealand National Party and Christian democratic parties, which is committed to human rights as well as economic development.

1960 New Zealand general election

19601960 election1960 general election
Holyoake was in office for a second period from 1960 to 1972.
It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.

Jenny Shipley

ShipleyJennifer Mary ShipleyDame Jenny Shipley
National Party leader Jenny Shipley became New Zealand's first female prime minister in 1997; her government was defeated by a Labour-led coalition in 1999.
She was the first female prime minister of New Zealand, and is the only woman to have led the National Party.

New Zealand First

NZ FirstNew Zealand First Party NZ First
Following the first MMP election in 1996, the National Party governed in a coalition with the populist New Zealand First.
It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party.

John Key

KeySir John KeyKey, John
The National Party was most recently in government from 2008 to 2017 under John Key and Bill English; it governed with support from the centrist United Future, the classical-liberal ACT Party and the indigenous-rights-based Māori Party.
Sir John Phillip Key (born 9 August 1961) is a New Zealand former politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 2008 to 2016 and as Leader of the New Zealand National Party from 2006 to 2016.

Bill English

EnglishEnglish, BillHon Bill English
The National Party was most recently in government from 2008 to 2017 under John Key and Bill English; it governed with support from the centrist United Future, the classical-liberal ACT Party and the indigenous-rights-based Māori Party.
He was the leader of the National Party from 2001 to 2003 and 2016 to 2018, also serving two terms as Leader of the Opposition.

1949 New Zealand general election

19491949 election1949 general election
After the 1949 general election, Sidney Holland became the first prime minister from the National Party, and remained in office until 1957.
It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party.

1984 New Zealand general election

1984 election19841984 general election
The party's platform shifted from moderate economic liberalism to increased emphasis on state interventionism during Robert Muldoon's National government from 1975 to 1984.
It marked the beginning of the Fourth Labour Government, with David Lange's Labour Party defeating the long-serving Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon, of the National Party.

2017 New Zealand general election

2017 general election2017 election2017
At the 2017 general election, the party gained 44.4 percent of the party vote and won 56 seats, making it the largest caucus in the House of Representatives.
Prior to the election, the centre-right National Party, led by Prime Minister Bill English, had governed since 2008 in a minority government with confidence and supply from the Māori, ACT and United Future parties.

United Future

United Future New ZealandUnited Future Party United Future
The National Party was most recently in government from 2008 to 2017 under John Key and Bill English; it governed with support from the centrist United Future, the classical-liberal ACT Party and the indigenous-rights-based Māori Party.
The party was in government between 2005 and 2017, first alongside Labour (2005–2008) and then supporting National (2008–2017).

Electoral reform in New Zealand

electoral reform1993 electoral referendumNew Zealand
Following the first MMP election in 1996, the National Party governed in a coalition with the populist New Zealand First.
An example of this is the 1978 election, in which the Labour Party won more than 10,000 votes (0.6%) more than the National Party but gained 11 fewer seats in Parliament.