Newar people

NewarNewarsNewariNewaNewa peopleNewar communityjanajatiAilaa NewarsJanajatis
Newar (नेवार; endonym: Newa: नेवा, Pracalit script: 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅), or Nepami, are the historical inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic heritage and civilisation.wikipedia
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Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of NepalNepaleseNepali
Newar (नेवार; endonym: Newa: नेवा, Pracalit script: 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅), or Nepami, are the historical inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic heritage and civilisation.
The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans, and was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala.

Newa art

artNepalese
Newars are known for their contributions to culture, art and literature, trade, agriculture and cuisine.

Nepal Mandala

Nepal Mandal
The Kathmandu Valley and surrounding territories constituted the former Newar kingdom of the Nepal Mandala.
The rule of the indigenous Newars in Nepal Mandala ended with its conquest by the Gorkha Kingdom and the rise of the Shah dynasty in 1768.

Newa architecture

agricultureNewaNewari architectural style
Newars are known for their contributions to culture, art and literature, trade, agriculture and cuisine.
Newa architecture is an indigenous style of architecture used by the Newari people in the Kathmandu valley in Nepal.

Kathmandu Valley

KathmanduvalleyBhaktapur district
Newar (नेवार; endonym: Newa: नेवा, Pracalit script: 𑐣𑐾𑐰𑐵𑑅), or Nepami, are the historical inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic heritage and civilisation.
Kathmandu is not the native name used by the indigenous Nepa people of the valley.

Newa cuisine

Newari cuisinecuisineJaa
Newars are known for their contributions to culture, art and literature, trade, agriculture and cuisine.
Newa cuisine (also referred to as Newar cuisine) is a subset of Nepalese cuisine that has developed over centuries among the Newars of Kathmandu (Kathmandu is called Yen in Nepal bhasa language), Nepal.

Shresthas

ShresthaChatharīyaChatharīya Srēstha
The Vajracharyas, Buddhist priests, will adamantly maintain that they are Buddhists, and so will the Bare (Shakya) and the Uray (Tuladhars, et al.), whereas, the Dyabhāju Brāhman, the Jha Brāhman, and the dominant Shresthas will maintain that they are Hindus.
The Srēṣṭa or Shrēṣṭha or (स्यस्य: Śeśyah or Syaśya) is the second largest Newar caste-class group, occupying around 25% of overall Newar population, or about 1.2% of Nepal’s total population.

Ranjitkar

Ranjitkar (रंजितकार a.k.a. Chhipaa or Ranjit) is one of the castes of Newar.

Newar Buddhism

Newar BuddhistBuddhistNewar Buddhists
Newar Buddhism is the form of Vajrayana Buddhism practiced by the Newar people of the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Rajbhandari

RajbhandārīRājbhandārīRājbhandārīs
Rajbhandari is a Newar surname of people originating from Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.

Malla (Kathmandu Valley)

MallaMalla DynastyNepal
Indo-Aryan tribes like the Licchavis and Mallas (N) from respective Indian Mahajanapada (i.e. Licchavis of Vajji and Malla (I)) that arrived at different periods eventually merged with the local population by adopting their language and customs.
Nevertheless, Jayasthitimalla united the entire valley and its environs under his sole rule, an accomplishment still remembered with pride by Nepalese, particularly Newars.

Chitrakar

chitra-rachanaChitrakārChitrakārs
In this ceremony, Buddhist Newars - Gubhāju-Baré (Bajracharya-Shakya), Urāy, Jyapu and few artisan castes like Chitrakār - perform their Pravrajyā and Chudākarma ceremony by mimicking Gautama Buddha's ascetic and medicant lifestyle and the steps to attain monkhood and nirvana where the boy stays in a Buddhist monastery, Vihara, for three days, living the life of a monk and abandoning all material pleasures.
Chitrakar (Devanagari: चित्रकार) is a caste within the Newar community of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.

Newa Hinduism

Hindu Newars
Hindu Newars perform the male initiation ceremony as a ritual observance of the brahmachārya - the first stage in the traditional four stages of life.
.Newa Hinduism is a form of Hinduism followed by the Newar people.

Battle of Kirtipur

Prior to the Gorkha conquest, which began with the Battle of Kirtipur in 1767, the borders of Nepal Mandala extended to Tibet in the north, the nation of the Kirata in the east, the kingdom of Makwanpur in the south and the Trishuli River in the west which separated it from the kingdom of Gorkha.
The battle between the Newars of the valley and the invading Gorkhalis marked a turning point in the war of expansion launched by Gorkhali king Prithvi Narayan Shah.

Tuladhar

Tulādhar (Devanagari: तुलाधर) is a Nepali/Nepalese caste from the Newar community of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.

Kathmandu

Kathmandu, NepalKathmandu Metropolitan CityKatmandu
Bhaktapur is primarily Hindu, while Kathmandu is a mix of both.
The valley is historically termed as "Nepal Mandala" and has been the home of Newar people, a cosmopolitan urban civilization in the Himalayas foothills.

Kansakar

Kansakār (Devanagari: कंसकार) or Kasāh is a Nepalese caste group belonging to the Newar community of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.

Sthapit

Sikarmi (Sthapit)
Sthāpit (Devanagari: स्थापित) is a Nepalese caste from the Newa people of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.

Bania (Newar caste)

Bania
Bania (Devanagari: बनिया) is a Nepalese caste from the Newar community of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.

Kirata

KiratasKirātaBesadae/Sosaeadae
Prior to the Gorkha conquest, which began with the Battle of Kirtipur in 1767, the borders of Nepal Mandala extended to Tibet in the north, the nation of the Kirata in the east, the kingdom of Makwanpur in the south and the Trishuli River in the west which separated it from the kingdom of Gorkha.
The Kiratas of middle Himalayas are Limbu, Rai, Yakkha, Sunuwar and Lepcha tribes of Eastern Nepal, Sikkim and Darjeeling of India, and a major segment of Kathmandu Valley's indigenous Newars.

Rajkarnikar

Halwāis
The Rajkarnikar are a Newar clan, the original inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley, which is Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, its sister city, Lalitpur, Patan, and Bhaktapur.

Gorkha Kingdom

GorkhaGorkhaliNepal
Newar rule in Nepal Mandala ended with its conquest by the Gorkha Kingdom in 1768.
Among their conquests, the most important and valuable acquisition was the wealthy Newar confederacy of Nepal Mandala centered in the Kathmandu Valley.

Tamrakar

Tāmrākārs
In Nepal, the Tamrakars are found among the Newar community of the Kathmandu Valley.

Newar language

Nepal BhasaNewariNewar
Newars form a linguistic and cultural community of primarily Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Burman ethnicities following Hinduism and Buddhism with Nepal Bhasa as their common language.
Newar or Newari, known officially in Nepal as Nepal Bhasa, is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the Newar people, the indigenous inhabitants of Nepal Mandala, which consists of the Kathmandu Valley and surrounding regions in Nepal.

Pradhan

Pradhan SenapatiPradhān
It is also commonly employed as a high-caste family name by lineages belonging to the Chatharīya (or Kshatriya) caste of the Newāh/Newār community of Nepal