Niagara Falls

NiagaraFallsNIANiagara Falls Power GenerationNiagara Falls State ParkRoger WoodwardwaterfallsFalls of Niagarago over Niagara Falls in a barrelhydroelectric power plant at Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, between the Canadian province of Ontario and the US state of New York.wikipedia
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New York (state)

New YorkNew York StateNY
Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, between the Canadian province of Ontario and the US state of New York.
Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, and Niagara Falls.

Horseshoe Falls

Canadian FallsCanadian HorseshoeCanadian Horseshoe Falls
The largest is Horseshoe Falls, also known as Canadian Falls, which straddles the international border between Canada and the United States.
Horseshoe Falls, also known as Canadian Falls, is the largest of the three waterfalls that collectively form Niagara Falls on the Niagara River along the Canada–United States border.

Ontario

Ontario, CanadaONProvince of Ontario
Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, between the Canadian province of Ontario and the US state of New York.
A well-known geographic feature is Niagara Falls, part of the Niagara Escarpment.

Buffalo, New York

BuffaloBuffalo, NYBuffalo, United States
The falls are 27 km north-northwest of Buffalo, New York, and 121 km south-southeast of Toronto, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York.
Buffalo is on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, 16 miles south of Niagara Falls.

Goat Island (New York)

Goat IslandGoat
Bridal Veil Falls are separated from Horseshoe Falls by Goat Island and from American Falls by Luna Island.
Goat Island (previously called Iris Island) is a small island in the Niagara River, in the middle of Niagara Falls between the Bridal Veil Falls and the Horseshoe Falls.

Niagara Falls, Ontario

Niagara FallsNiagaraNiagara Falls, ON
The falls are 27 km north-northwest of Buffalo, New York, and 121 km south-southeast of Toronto, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York.
The Niagara River flows over Niagara Falls at this location, creating a natural spectacle which attracts millions of tourists each year.

American Falls

American
The smaller American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls lie entirely within the United States.
The American Falls is the second-largest of the three waterfalls that together are known as Niagara Falls on the Niagara River along the Canada–U.S. border.

Bridal Veil Falls (Niagara Falls)

Bridal Veil Falls
The smaller American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls lie entirely within the United States.
The Bridal Veil Falls is the smallest of the three waterfalls that make up Niagara Falls.

Lake Erie

ErieLake Eirelake
Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls have the highest flow rate of any waterfall in North America that has a vertical drop of more than 50 m. During peak daytime tourist hours, more than 168,000 m 3 (six million cubic feet) of water goes over the crest of the falls every minute. According to the [[Timeline of the far future#Future of the Earth, the Solar System and the Universe|timeline of the far future]], in roughly 50,000 years Niagara Falls will have eroded the remaining 32 km to Lake Erie and ceased to exist.
The main natural outflow from the lake is via the Niagara River, which provides hydroelectric power to Canada and the U.S. as it spins huge turbines near Niagara Falls at Lewiston, New York and Queenston, Ontario.

Niagara River

NiagaraGull IslandRiver Niagara
Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls have the highest flow rate of any waterfall in North America that has a vertical drop of more than 50 m. During peak daytime tourist hours, more than 168,000 m 3 (six million cubic feet) of water goes over the crest of the falls every minute. In 1881, under the leadership of Jacob F. Schoellkopf, the Niagara River's first hydroelectric generating station was built.
The river, which is occasionally described as a strait, is about 58 km long and includes Niagara Falls in its course.

Niagara Falls, New York

Niagara FallsNiagara Falls, NYCity of Niagara Falls
The falls are 27 km north-northwest of Buffalo, New York, and 121 km south-southeast of Toronto, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York.
It is adjacent to the Niagara River, across from the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and named after the famed Niagara Falls which they share.

Waterfall

waterfallscascadefalls
Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, between the Canadian province of Ontario and the US state of New York.
Class 10 waterfalls include Niagara Falls, Paulo Afonso Falls and Khone Falls.

Niagara Escarpment

EscarpmentHamilton MountainLockport formation
Niagara Falls was formed when glaciers receded at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation (the last ice age), and water from the newly formed Great Lakes carved a path through the Niagara Escarpment en route to the Atlantic Ocean.
The escarpment is most famous as the cliff over which the Niagara River plunges at Niagara Falls, for which it is named.

Welland Canal

Welland Ship CanalThird Welland CanalFourth Welland Canal
Scientists argue there is an old valley, St David's Buried Gorge, buried by glacial drift, at the approximate location of the present Welland Canal.
Traversing the Niagara Peninsula from Port Weller to Port Colborne, it enables ships to ascend and descend the Niagara Escarpment and bypass Niagara Falls.

List of Niagara Falls hydroelectric generating plants

hydroelectric plants at Niagara Fallshydroelectric powerNiagara Falls hydroelectric generating plant
Niagara Falls is famed both for its beauty and as a valuable source of hydroelectric power.
Niagara Falls hydroelectric generating plants are the hydroelectric powerplants in the vicinity of the Niagara Falls, a large geological feature which straddles the joint borders of Canada and the United States of America.

Great Lakes

North American Great LakesGreat Lakethe Great Lakes
Niagara Falls was formed when glaciers receded at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation (the last ice age), and water from the newly formed Great Lakes carved a path through the Niagara Escarpment en route to the Atlantic Ocean.

Timeline of the far future

far future40,000 years296,000 years
According to the [[Timeline of the far future#Future of the Earth, the Solar System and the Universe|timeline of the far future]], in roughly 50,000 years Niagara Falls will have eroded the remaining 32 km to Lake Erie and ceased to exist.

Niagara Gorge

gorgeNiagara River GorgeWhirlpool Rapids
Niagara Falls is a group of three waterfalls at the southern end of Niagara Gorge, between the Canadian province of Ontario and the US state of New York.
It begins at the base of Niagara Falls and ends at the Niagara Escarpment near Queenston, Ontario, where the Falls originated about 12,500 years ago.

Niagara Falls Suspension Bridge

International Suspension BridgeNiagara Falls International Bridge CompanyNiagara Falls Suspension Bridge Company
Later that year, demand for passage over the Niagara River led to the building of a footbridge and then Charles Ellet's Niagara Suspension Bridge.
It spanned 825 ft and stood 2.5 mi downstream of Niagara Falls, where it connected Niagara Falls, Ontario to Niagara Falls, New York.

An East View of the Great Cataract of Niagara

In 1762, Captain Thomas Davies, a British Army officer and artist, surveyed the area and painted the watercolor, An East View of the Great Cataract of Niagara, the first eyewitness painting of the falls.
An East View of the Great Cataract of Niagara is a historic watercolour of Niagara Falls painted on site by Thomas Davies (c.

Pehr Kalm

Peter KalmKalmPehr (Peter) Kalm
The Finnish-Swedish naturalist Pehr Kalm explored the area in the early 18th century and is credited with the first scientific description of the falls.
Among his many scientific accomplishments, Kalm can be credited with the first description of Niagara Falls written by a trained scientist; he described this phenomenon along the border of New York (United States) and Canada.

List of waterfalls by flow rate

flow ratehighest flow ratesixth-greatest average annual flow
Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls have the highest flow rate of any waterfall in North America that has a vertical drop of more than 50 m. During peak daytime tourist hours, more than 168,000 m 3 (six million cubic feet) of water goes over the crest of the falls every minute.

Jacob F. Schoellkopf

Jacob SchoellkopfSchoellkopf & Mathews
In 1881, under the leadership of Jacob F. Schoellkopf, the Niagara River's first hydroelectric generating station was built.
Jacob Friedrich Schoellkopf (November 15, 1819 – September 15, 1899) was a pioneer in harnessing the hydroelectric power of Niagara Falls.

Theodosia Burr Alston

TheodosiaTheodosia Burr
Theodosia Burr Alston (daughter of Vice President Aaron Burr) and her husband Joseph Alston were the first recorded couple to honeymoon there in 1801.
They honeymooned at Niagara Falls, the first recorded couple to do so.

Whirlpool Rapids Bridge

Whirlpool Bridge955CLower Steel Arch Bridge
Known today as the Whirlpool Rapids Bridge, it carries passenger vehicles and trains between Canada (through Canadian Customs Border Control) and the U.S.A. just downstream of the falls.
This bridge is located approximately 1.5 km north of the Rainbow Bridge and about 2 km from the Falls.