Nicolás Maduro

Nicolas MaduroMaduroNicholas MaduroNicolás Maduro MorosMaduro regimeNicholås MaduroNicolás Maduro governmentPresident MaduroPresident Nicolas MaduroPresident Nicolás Maduro
Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician serving as president of Venezuela since 2013, with his presidency being disputed with Juan Guaidó since January 2019.wikipedia
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2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis

presidential crisisdisputedVenezuelan presidential crisis
Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician serving as president of Venezuela since 2013, with his presidency being disputed with Juan Guaidó since January 2019. AP News reported that "familiar geopolitical sides" had formed in the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, with allies Russia, China, Iran, Syria, and Cuba supporting Maduro, and the US, Canada, and most of Western Europe supporting Guaidó as interim president.
A crisis concerning who is the legitimate President of Venezuela has been underway since 10 January 2019, with the nation and the world divided in support for Nicolás Maduro or Juan Guaidó.

Juan Guaidó

Juan GuaidoJuan
Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician serving as president of Venezuela since 2013, with his presidency being disputed with Juan Guaidó since January 2019.
On 23 January 2019, Guaidó and the National Assembly declared he was acting President of Venezuela, receiving recognition of legitimacy by almost 60 governments worldwide, and starting the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis by challenging Nicolás Maduro's presidency.

2013 Venezuelan presidential election

2013presidential electionspecial election
Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician serving as president of Venezuela since 2013, with his presidency being disputed with Juan Guaidó since January 2019. A special presidential election was held in 2013, which Maduro won with 50.62% of the vote as the United Socialist Party of Venezuela candidate.
Voters gave Nicolás Maduro—who had assumed the role of acting president since Chávez's death—a narrow victory over his opponent Henrique Capriles Radonski, the Governor of Miranda.

2017 Venezuelan protests

2017 protestsprotests grewthe protests that year
The Supreme Tribunal removed power from the elected National Assembly, resulting in a constitutional crisis and protests in 2017.
Protests began in January 2017 after the arrest of multiple opposition leaders and the cancellation of dialogue between the opposition and Nicolás Maduro's government.

2018 Venezuelan presidential election

2018 presidential elections2018 reelection2018
On 20 May 2018, presidential elections were called prematurely; opposition leaders had been jailed, exiled or forbidden to run, there was no international observation, and tactics to suggest voters could lose their jobs or social welfare if they did not vote for Maduro were used. The majority of nations in the Western world did not recognize the Constituent Assembly election or the validity of Maduro's 2018 reelection; the Canadian, Panamanian, and the United States governments sanctioned Maduro.
Presidential elections were held in Venezuela on 20 May 2018, with incumbent Nicolás Maduro being re-elected for a second six-year term.

2017 Venezuelan constitutional crisis

constitutional crisis2017 constitutional crisisa constitutional crisis in the country
The Supreme Tribunal removed power from the elected National Assembly, resulting in a constitutional crisis and protests in 2017.
The Tribunal, mainly supporters of President Nicolás Maduro, also restricted the immunity granted to the Assembly's members, who mostly belonged to the opposition.

International sanctions during the Venezuelan crisis

sanctioned by several countriesCanada sanctioned 40 Venezuelan officialsinternational sanctions
The majority of nations in the Western world did not recognize the Constituent Assembly election or the validity of Maduro's 2018 reelection; the Canadian, Panamanian, and the United States governments sanctioned Maduro.
During the crisis in Venezuela, governments of the United States, the European Union, Canada, Mexico, Panama and Switzerland applied individual sanctions against people associated with the administration of Nicolás Maduro.

National Assembly (Venezuela)

National AssemblyNational Assembly of VenezuelaVenezuelan National Assembly
Beginning his working life as a bus driver, Maduro rose to become a trade union leader before being elected to the National Assembly in 2000. He later married Cilia Flores, a lawyer and politician who replaced Maduro as president of the National Assembly in August 2006, when he resigned to become Minister of Foreign Affairs, becoming the first woman to serve as president of the National Assembly. Maduro was elected on the MVR ticket to the Venezuelan Chamber of Deputies in 1998, to the National Constituent Assembly in 1999, and finally to the National Assembly in 2000, at all times representing the Capital District.
From that point forward, the two legislatures have operated in parallel, with the National Assembly forming the primary opposition to president Nicolás Maduro, and with the Constituent Assembly being his primary supporters.

Venezuelan refugee crisis

Bolivarian diasporaa large influxevolving situation
Under Maduro's administration, more than 9,000 people have been executed for “resistance to authority” and more than 4 million Venezuelans have been forced to flee the country.
Academics and business leaders have said that emigration from Venezuela increased significantly during the final years of Chávez's presidency and during the presidency of Nicolás Maduro.

2017 Venezuelan Constituent Assembly election

Constituent Assembly electionConstituent AssemblyNational Constituent Assembly
The majority of nations in the Western world did not recognize the Constituent Assembly election or the validity of Maduro's 2018 reelection; the Canadian, Panamanian, and the United States governments sanctioned Maduro.
Constituent Assembly elections were held in Venezuela on 30 July 2017 to elect the members of the 2017 Constituent National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional Constituyente; ANC) Unlike the 1999 Constituent National Assembly, which was assembled following a referendum, the 2017 election was convened by the presidential decree of President Nicolás Maduro.

Responses to the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis

nation and the world divided in supportrecognized as the interim president of Venezuela50 governments
AP News reported that "familiar geopolitical sides" had formed in the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, with allies Russia, China, Iran, Syria, and Cuba supporting Maduro, and the US, Canada, and most of Western Europe supporting Guaidó as interim president.
On 10 January 2019, Venezuela's opposition-majority National Assembly declared that incumbent Nicolás Maduro's 2018 reelection was invalid, and its president, Juan Guaidó, said that he was prepared to assume the acting presidency.

Second inauguration of Nicolás Maduro

second inaugurationwas sworn inhis second inauguration
Amid widespread condemnation, President Maduro was sworn in on 10 January 2019, and the president of the National Assembly, Guaidó, was declared the interim president by that body on 23 January 2019.
The inauguration involved the swearing-in of Nicolás Maduro for his second term, and, especially within the context of Maduro's election, has been controversial and contested by various figures and organizations.

Vice President of Venezuela

Vice PresidentVicepresidency of VenezuelaList of Vice Presidents of Venezuela
He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2013 and as vice president of Venezuela from 2012 to 2013 under Chávez.
Since June 14, 2018, Delcy Rodríguez of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela was Vice President to Nicolás Maduro.

Shortages in Venezuela

shortageschronic shortages of basic goodslarge shortages of goods
Shortages in Venezuela and decreased living standards led to protests beginning in 2014 that escalated into daily marches nationwide, repression of dissent and a decline in Maduro's popularity.
Following Chávez's death and the election of his successor Nicolás Maduro in 2013, shortage rates continued to increase and reached a record high of 28% in February 2014.

President of Venezuela

PresidentVenezuelan PresidentProvisional President of Venezuela
Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician serving as president of Venezuela since 2013, with his presidency being disputed with Juan Guaidó since January 2019.
As of November, the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis is unresolved and who holds the office is disputed since 10 January 2019, when the opposition-majority National Assembly declared that incumbent Nicolás Maduro's 2018 re-election was invalid and the body declared its president, Juan Guaidó, to be acting president of the country.

Cilia Flores

He later married Cilia Flores, a lawyer and politician who replaced Maduro as president of the National Assembly in August 2006, when he resigned to become Minister of Foreign Affairs, becoming the first woman to serve as president of the National Assembly.
She is married to the President of Venezuela Nicolás Maduro, making her the First Lady.

Nicolás Maduro Guerra

Nicolas Maduro Guerra
His first marriage was to Adriana Guerra Angulo, with whom he had his only son, Nicolás Maduro Guerra, also known as "Nicolasito", who was appointed to several senior government posts (Chief of the Presidency's Special Inspectors Body, head of the National Film School, and a seat in the National Assembly).
Nicolas Ernesto Maduro Guerra (born 21 June 1990) is a Venezuelan politician and the son of the President of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro.

Venezuela

VenezuelanBolivarian Republic of VenezuelaVEN
Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician serving as president of Venezuela since 2013, with his presidency being disputed with Juan Guaidó since January 2019.
Nicolás Maduro was elected in 2013 after the death of Chavez.

2015 Venezuelan parliamentary election

2015 parliamentary election2015 parliamentary elections2015
An opposition-led National Assembly was elected in 2015 and a movement toward recalling Maduro began in 2016; Maduro maintained power through the Supreme Tribunal, the National Electoral Council and the military.
After Chávez's death in 2013, his hand-picked successor Maduro was narrowly elected president, continuing Chávez' ideological influence.

Sephardi Jews

SephardicSephardiSephardic Jews
He stated in a 2013 interview that "my grandparents were Jewish, from a Sephardic Moorish background, and converted to Catholicism in Venezuela".
Among a few notable figures with roots in Western Sephardim are the current president of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, and former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, Benjamin N. Cardozo.

United Socialist Party of Venezuela

PSUVUnited Socialist PartyUnited Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV)
A special presidential election was held in 2013, which Maduro won with 50.62% of the vote as the United Socialist Party of Venezuela candidate.
The party is headed at the national level by the Eternal President Hugo Chávez (a posthumous title), the president (currently Nicolas Maduro), vice-president (Jorge Arreaza), and a 29-member national board of directors:

Hugo Chávez

ChávezHugo Chávez FríasHugo Chavez
He was appointed to a number of positions under President Hugo Chávez and was described in 2012 by the Wall Street Journal as the "most capable administrator and politician of Chávez's inner circle".
Due to the death of Chávez, Vice President Nicolás Maduro took over the presidential powers and duties for the remainder of Chávez's abbreviated term until presidential elections were held.

1998 Venezuelan parliamentary election

19981998 elections1998 parliamentary elections
Maduro was elected on the MVR ticket to the Venezuelan Chamber of Deputies in 1998, to the National Constituent Assembly in 1999, and finally to the National Assembly in 2000, at all times representing the Capital District.
People elected for the first time in this election include Nicolás Maduro and Juan Barreto (MVR), Henrique Capriles Radonski (COPEI) for the Chamber of Deputies; and Rafael Poleo (Democratic Action) and Julián Isaías Rodríguez Diaz (MVR) for the Senate.

Death of Hugo Chávez

Chávez's deathdeathdied
Upon the death of Hugo Chávez on 5 March 2013, Maduro assumed the powers and responsibilities of the president.
Nicolás Maduro served as interim president following Chávez's death until 14 April, because the Vice President did not want to take charge of the country as Chávez had nominated Nicolas Maduro as a successor.

Israel–Venezuela relations

Israel-Venezuela relationsclosed in January 2009diplomatic relations
Venezuela's foreign policy stances during his term included support for Libya under Muammar Gaddafi, breaking off diplomatic ties with Israel during the 2008–09 Gaza War, recognizing and establishing diplomatic relations with the State of Palestine, a turnaround in relations with Colombia in the 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis and again in the 2010 Colombia–Venezuela diplomatic crisis, recognizing Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states, and support for Bashar al-Assad during the Syrian Civil War.
On April 27, 2009, Venezuelan foreign minister (and future president) Nicolas Maduro met with Palestinian National Authority foreign affairs minister Riyad al-Maliki in Caracas, where formal diplomatic relations were established.