Nicotine

nicotine addictionnicotine sulfateaddicted to nicotinenicotinoidaddictive natureaddictivenesscigarettesCommithighly addictiveliquid nicotine
Nicotine is a stimulant and potent parasympathomimetic alkaloid that is naturally produced in the nightshade family of plants.wikipedia
857 Related Articles

Neonicotinoid

neonicotinoidsNicotinoidban on neonicotinoids
It functions as an antiherbivore chemical; consequently, nicotine was widely used as an insecticide in the past, and neonicotinoids, such as imidacloprid, are widely used.
Neonicotinoids (sometimes shortened to neonics ) are a class of neuro-active insecticides chemically similar to nicotine. In the 1980s Shell and in the 1990s Bayer started work on their development.

Alkaloid

alkaloidspurine alkaloidalkaloid biosynthesis
Nicotine is a stimulant and potent parasympathomimetic alkaloid that is naturally produced in the nightshade family of plants.
Other alkaloids possess psychotropic (e.g. psilocin) and stimulant activities (e.g. cocaine, caffeine, nicotine, theobromine), and have been used in entheogenic rituals or as recreational drugs.

Smoking cessation

quit smokingquitting smokingtobacco cessation
It is used for the treatment of tobacco use disorders as a smoking cessation aid and nicotine dependence for the relief of withdrawal symptoms.
Tobacco smoke contains nicotine, which is addictive and can cause dependence.

Effects of electronic cigarettes on human brain development

adverse effects of nicotine exposure on the developing human braine-cigarette components in a susceptible time period of brain developmentharm adolescent brain development
Nicotine can harm adolescent brain development.
Exposure to nicotine-containing electronic cigarettes during adolescence can impair the developing human brain.

Nicotine poisoning

acute nicotine toxicityTobacco intoxication
The median lethal dose of nicotine in humans is unknown, but high doses are known to cause nicotine poisoning.
Nicotine poisoning describes the symptoms of the toxic effects of nicotine following ingestion, inhalation, or skin contact.

Eggplant

auberginebrinjalSolanum melongena
Usually consistent concentrations of nicotine varying from 2–7 µg/kg (20–70 millionths of a percent wet weight) are found in the edible family Solanaceae, such as potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant.
Botanically classified as a berry, the fruit contains numerous small, soft, edible seeds that taste bitter because they contain or are covered in nicotinoid alkaloids, like the related tobacco.

Smoking

smokerssmokersmoke
The primary therapeutic use of nicotine is treating nicotine dependence to eliminate smoking and the damage it does to health.
In the case of cigarette smoking these substances are contained in a mixture of aerosol particles and gasses and include the pharmacologically active alkaloid nicotine; the vaporization creates heated aerosol and gas into a form that allows inhalation and deep penetration into the lungs where absorption into the bloodstream of the active substances occurs.

Drug withdrawal

withdrawalwithdrawal symptomswithdrawal syndrome
It is used for the treatment of tobacco use disorders as a smoking cessation aid and nicotine dependence for the relief of withdrawal symptoms.
Withdrawal from nicotine can cause irritability, fatigue, insomnia, headache, and difficulty concentrating.

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

nicotinic acetylcholine receptorsnicotinicnicotinic receptors
Nicotine acts as a receptor agonist at most nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), except at two nicotinic receptor subunits (nAChRα9 and nAChRα10) where it acts as a receptor antagonist.
Nicotinic receptors also respond to drugs as the agonist nicotine.

Nicotine gum

nicotine chewing gumchewing gumgum
Controlled levels of nicotine are given to patients through gums, dermal patches, lozenges, inhalers, electronic/substitute cigarettes or nasal sprays to wean them off their dependence.
Nicotine gum is a type of chewing gum that delivers nicotine to the body.

Addiction

drug addictiondrug addictdrug addicts
Nicotine is highly addictive.
Examples of drug and behavioral addictions include alcoholism, marijuana addiction, amphetamine addiction, cocaine addiction, nicotine addiction, opioid addiction, food addiction, video game addiction, gambling addiction, and sexual addiction.

Cigarette

cigarettessmokingtraditional cigarettes
An average cigarette yields about 2 mg of absorbed nicotine; high amounts can be more harmful. Other recreational nicotine products include chewing tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, e-cigarettes, snuff, pipe tobacco, and snus.
Most cigarettes contain a "reconstituted tobacco" product known as "sheet", which consists of "recycled [tobacco] stems, stalks, scraps, collected dust, and floor sweepings", to which are added glue, chemicals and fillers; the product is then sprayed with nicotine that was extracted from the tobacco scraps, and shaped into curls.

Plant defense against herbivory

defense against herbivoresdefense against herbivoryfeeding deterrent
It functions as an antiherbivore chemical; consequently, nicotine was widely used as an insecticide in the past, and neonicotinoids, such as imidacloprid, are widely used.
Over 3000 known alkaloids exist, examples include nicotine, caffeine, morphine, cocaine, colchicine, ergolines, strychnine, and quinine.

Recreational drug use

recreational drugdrug userecreational drugs
Nicotine is used as a recreational drug.
Recreational drugs include alcohol (as found in beer, wine, and distilled spirits); cannabis (legal nationally in certain countries and state/province-wide or locally in others) and hashish; nicotine (tobacco); caffeine (coffee, tea, and soft drinks); prescription drugs; and the controlled substances listed as illegal drugs in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1961) and the Convention on Psychotropic Substances (1971) of the United Nations.

Snuff (tobacco)

snuffdry snuffNasal snuff
Other recreational nicotine products include chewing tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, e-cigarettes, snuff, pipe tobacco, and snus.
It is inhaled or "snuffed" into the nasal cavity, delivering a swift hit of nicotine and a lasting flavoured scent (especially if flavouring has been blended with the tobacco).

Nicotine patch

nicotine patchespatchesadhesive patch
Controlled levels of nicotine are given to patients through gums, dermal patches, lozenges, inhalers, electronic/substitute cigarettes or nasal sprays to wean them off their dependence.
A nicotine patch is a transdermal patch that releases nicotine into the body through the skin.

Parasympathomimetic drug

parasympathomimeticcholinomimeticparasympathomimetics
Nicotine is a stimulant and potent parasympathomimetic alkaloid that is naturally produced in the nightshade family of plants.

Chewing tobacco

tobaccochewingchewed tobacco
Other recreational nicotine products include chewing tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, e-cigarettes, snuff, pipe tobacco, and snus.
Unlike dipping tobacco, it is not ground and must be manually crushed with the teeth to release flavour and nicotine.

Electronic cigarette

e-cigarettese-cigarettevaping
Other recreational nicotine products include chewing tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, e-cigarettes, snuff, pipe tobacco, and snus.
E-liquids usually contain propylene glycol, glycerin, nicotine, flavorings, additives, and differing amounts of contaminants.

Snus

Swedish snusGeneral snusswedish snuff
Other recreational nicotine products include chewing tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, e-cigarettes, snuff, pipe tobacco, and snus.
Snus usually contains nicotine, which is highly addictive.

Insecticide

insecticidesinsecticidalsystemic insecticide
It functions as an antiherbivore chemical; consequently, nicotine was widely used as an insecticide in the past, and neonicotinoids, such as imidacloprid, are widely used.
Neonicotinoids are synthetic analogues of the natural insecticide nicotine (with much lower acute mammalian toxicity and greater field persistence).

Solanaceae

nightshadenightshade familysolanaceous
Nicotine is a stimulant and potent parasympathomimetic alkaloid that is naturally produced in the nightshade family of plants. Usually consistent concentrations of nicotine varying from 2–7 µg/kg (20–70 millionths of a percent wet weight) are found in the edible family Solanaceae, such as potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant.
Many species contain a variety of alkaloids that can be more or less active or poisonous, such as scopolamine, atropine, hyoscyamine, and nicotine.

Cigar

cigarsCuban cigarscigar maker
Other recreational nicotine products include chewing tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, e-cigarettes, snuff, pipe tobacco, and snus.
Smoking primitive cigars spread to Spain and Portugal and eventually France, most probably through Jean Nicot, the French ambassador to Portugal, who gave his name to nicotine.

Insomnia

trouble sleepingsleeplessnessdifficulty sleeping
Conditions that can result in insomnia include psychological stress, chronic pain, heart failure, hyperthyroidism, heartburn, restless leg syndrome, menopause, certain medications, and drugs such as caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol.

Nicotine dependence

tobacco use disorderAddictionaddiction to nicotine
Nicotine dependence involves aspects of both psychological dependence and physical dependence, since discontinuation of extended use has been shown to produce both affective (e.g., anxiety, irritability, craving, anhedonia) and somatic (mild motor dysfunctions such as tremor) withdrawal symptoms.
Nicotine dependence is a state of dependence upon nicotine.