A report on Nigeria

Ceremonial Igbo pot from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu
Yoruba copper mask of Obalufon from the city of Ife c. 1300
Royal Benin ivory mask, one of Nigeria's most recognized artifacts. Benin Empire, 16th century.
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard who as Governor-General of Nigeria led the amalgamation of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.
Emir of Kano with cavalry, 1911
1953 postage stamp with portrait of Queen ElizabethII
Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966
The Republic of Biafra in June 1967, when it declared its independence from the rest of Nigeria
Shehu Shagari was the first democratically elected President of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983.
Olusegun Obasanjo was civilian President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Muhammadu Buhari is currently serving as President of Nigeria, since 2015.
Nigerian National Assembly, Abuja
Nigerian Army self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Nigerian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja
Former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (centre) with United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2014
Map of Nigeria with administrative divisions
Climate map of Nigeria
Palm plantation in Delta State
Rainforest range of Obudu Mountains
Clouds kissing the mountains of Obudu
A proportional representation of Nigeria exports, 2019
Farm ploughing in Kwara State
Oil facility at Bonny Island, Rivers State
PTDF – Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014). Nigeria has the largest reserves in Africa.
Innoson vehicles
Steel factory in Ajaokuta
Meridien Akwa Ibom golf course park
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Substation in Abuja
Railway system in Nigeria, 2022
Second Niger bridge at Onitsha, artistic impression
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 on board in 2017
Population density (persons per square kilometer) in Nigeria
Map of Nigeria's linguistic groups
The Abuja National Mosque
National Church of Nigeria, Abuja
Nigerian states that implement some form of sharia law (in green)
A hospital in Abuja
The University of Lagos
A Nigerian police officer at the Eyo festival in Lagos
End SARS is a decentralised social movement and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.
Nigerian women in tech
Lisa Folawiyo, Fashion Designer From Nigeria
An Eyo Iga Olowe Salaye masquerade jumping
Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Africa's most popular and best selling literary piece ever, has been translated into more than forty languages.
Wizkid is a popular musician in Nigeria, Africa and worldwide.
Nigeria at the 2018 FIFA World Cup
Nigerian football supporters at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Imota Rice Mill, close to Lagos
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
Pharmacy in Epe
Ituen Basi, Lagos based Nigerian fashion designer

Country in West Africa.

- Nigeria

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Guinean forest–savanna mosaic

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Ecoregion of West Africa, a band of interlaced forest, savanna, and grassland running east to west and dividing the tropical moist forests near the coast from the West Sudanian savanna of the interior.

Ecoregion of West Africa, a band of interlaced forest, savanna, and grassland running east to west and dividing the tropical moist forests near the coast from the West Sudanian savanna of the interior.

The Guinean forest-savanna mosaic covers an area of 673,600 km2, extending from western Senegal to eastern Nigeria, and including portions of Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, and Benin.

Western State (Nigeria)

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The former Western State of Nigeria was formed in 1967 when the Western Region was subdivided into the states of Lagos and Western State.

Fula people

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The Fula, Fulani, or Fulɓe people (Fulɓe, 𞤊𞤵𞤤𞤩𞤫; Peul; Fulani or Hilani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw) are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.

The Fula, Fulani, or Fulɓe people (Fulɓe, 𞤊𞤵𞤤𞤩𞤫; Peul; Fulani or Hilani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw) are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.

A distribution map of Fula people. Dark green: a major ethnic group; Medium: significant; Light: minor.
A Fulani Woman from Niger
Fulani man with traditional marks on his face (Nigeria)
Tassili n'Ajjer rock art
Fula Village and its Agricultural Products, after Francis Moore, 1802
Fula people have helped form several historic Islamic theocracies and led many Jihad states such as the 19th-century Masina.
Fulbe woman at the Sangha market, Mali 1992
Fulbe woman at the Sangha market, Mali 1992
Fulani pastoralists in Niger
Several Wodaabe clans in Niger have gathered for a Gerewol festival
The traditional hat (Tengaade) of the Fulani people worn in diverse slightly different variations among every Fula subgroup
Antique Fulani Blanket, Mali, estimated to be from the 1920s courtesy the WOVENSOULS collection
An N'Dama herd in West Africa
Fulani herders in Mali
Fulani dancers in their full traditional regalia.
Fulani calabashes used for butter and milk storage and as containers for hawking
Fulani "grass house" in Mali
Pair of Earrings; 1981; 3.2 x 3.2 x 1.9 cm (1{{1/4}} x 1{{1/4}} x {{3/4}} in.); Brooklyn Museum (New York City)
Bracelet; made before 1985; red copper; 5.3 x 10.6 x 10.6 cm (1{{frac|1|16}} x 4{{frac|3|16}} x 4{{frac|3|16}} in.); Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen (the Netherlands)

This caste system, however, wasn't as elaborate in places like northern Nigeria, Eastern Niger or Cameroon.


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Country on the West African coast.

Country on the West African coast.

A European map of West Africa and the Grain Coast, 1736. It has the archaic mapping designation of Negroland.
Map of Liberia Colony in the 1830s, created by the ACS, and also showing Mississippi Colony and other state-sponsored colonies.
Residence of Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia, between 1848 and 1852.
African Americans depart for Liberia, 1896. The ACS sent its last emigrants to Liberia in 1904.
Charles D. B. King, 17th President of Liberia (1920–1930), with his entourage on the steps of the Peace Palace, The Hague (the Netherlands), 1927.
A technical in Monrovia during the Second Liberian Civil War.
A map of Liberia
Liberia map of Köppen climate classification.
A Liberian tropical forest
A view of a lake in Bomi County
Pygmy hippos are among the species illegally hunted for food in Liberia. The World Conservation Union estimates that there are fewer than 3,000 pygmy hippos remaining in the wild.
Loggers and logging truck, early 1960s
Former President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
President Sirleaf with US Secretary of State John Kerry, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, and British PM David Cameron in September 2015
A proportional representation of Liberian exports. The shipping related categories reflect Liberia's status as an international flag of convenience – there are 3,500 vessels registered under Liberia's flag accounting for 11% of ships worldwide.
Liberia, trends in the Human Development Index 1970–2010.
Real GDP per capita development, since 1950
The streets of downtown Monrovia, March 2009
Liberia's population from 1961 to 2013, in millions. Liberia's population tripled in 40 years.
Liberia's population pyramid, 2005. 43.5% of Liberians were below the age of 15 in 2010.
Students studying by candlelight in Bong County
Development of life expectancy
Bassa culture. Helmet Mask for Sande Society (Ndoli Jowei), Liberia. 20th century. Brooklyn Museum.
A beachside barbecue at Sinkor, Monrovia, Liberia

Taylor resigned in August 2003 and went into exile in Nigeria.

Ibibio people

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Nwed Abasi ke Iko Ibibio Ayo Mfin - Ufa Edioomo
An intentionally "ugly" mask of the Ekpo society with an articulated jaw.
Ekpo society mask with attached raffia fringe

The Ibibio people (English: /ɪbɪˈbiːəʊ/) are a coastal people in southern Nigeria.

The INEC headquarters in Abuja, Nigeria

Independent National Electoral Commission

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The INEC headquarters in Abuja, Nigeria

The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) was established in 1998 and is the electoral body which oversees elections in Nigeria.


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Royal Palace of Mobee of Badagry
Badagry (February 1851)<ref name=Offering1851>{{cite journal|title=Badagry|journal=Wesleyan Juvenile Offering|date=February 1851|volume=VIII|pages=12|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=bFwEAAAAQAAJ&q=The+Wesleyan+juvenile+offering+1851|access-date=30 November 2015|publisher=Wesleyan Mission-House|location=London}}</ref>
Nigeria's first Christian Mission in Badagry. This is located at the museum of slavery.
Seriki Faremi Abass Slave Museum, Badagry
Seme Route
Slave Port Badagry
The First Administrative Building, Badagry, Lagos
The first story building in Nigeria
Badagry heritage museum model, Badagry, Lagos
Badagry heritage museum stone, Badagry, Lagos
Badagry, Apapa, Ikeja landmark

Badagry (traditionally Gbagli) also spelled Badagri, is a coastal town and Local Government Area (LGA) in Lagos State, Nigeria.

Entrance to the modern Sultan's palace in Sokoto

List of sultans of Sokoto

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Ruler of the Sokoto Caliphate.

Ruler of the Sokoto Caliphate.

Entrance to the modern Sultan's palace in Sokoto
Sokoto Caliphate in the 19th century

The post has become increasingly ceremonial since British rule, but the Sultan, considered a spiritual leader in the Muslim community in Nigeria, can still carry much weight with Fulani and Hausa people from northern Nigeria.

Aro Confederacy

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Aro sphere of influence

The Aro Confederacy (1690–1902) was a political union orchestrated by the Aro people, Igbo subgroup, centered in Arochukwu in present-day southeastern Nigeria.

Federation of Nigeria

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Coronation stamp, 1953
Depicting the groundnuts harvest, 1953
Depicting tin mining in Nigeria, 1953
Overprinted to mark the Queen's visit in 1956
Commemorating the centenary of the city of Victoria, 1958

The Federation of Nigeria was a predecessor to modern-day Nigeria from 1954 to 1963.