Nissen hut

Nissen hutsNissenarmy hutsNissen-typeNissen-type huts
A Nissen hut is a prefabricated steel structure for military use, especially as barracks, made from a half-cylindrical skin of corrugated steel.wikipedia
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Peter Norman Nissen

Peter Nissen
Designed during the First World War by the American-born engineer and inventor Major Peter Norman Nissen, it was used extensively during the Second World War.
He held a number of patents for his inventions and developed the Nissen hut prefabricated shelter during the First World War.

Barracks

barrackmilitary barracksarmy barracks
A Nissen hut is a prefabricated steel structure for military use, especially as barracks, made from a half-cylindrical skin of corrugated steel.
Hut camps were developed using variations of the eponymous Nissen hut, made from timber or corrugated iron.

Quonset hut

QuonsetQuonset hutsbuilding
Similar-shaped hut types were developed as well, notably the larger Romney hut in the UK and the Quonset hut in the United States.
The design was developed in the United States, based on the Nissen hut introduced by the British during World War I.

Corrugated galvanised iron

corrugated ironcorrugated metalcorrugated steel
A Nissen hut is a prefabricated steel structure for military use, especially as barracks, made from a half-cylindrical skin of corrugated steel. The exterior is formed from curved corrugated steel sheets 10 feet 6 inches by 2 feet 2 inches (3.2 × 0.7 m), laid with a two-corrugation lap at the side and a 6-inch (15 cm) overlap at the ends.

Romney hut

Romney huts
Similar-shaped hut types were developed as well, notably the larger Romney hut in the UK and the Quonset hut in the United States.
At the outbreak of World War II, the British military developed a series of prefabricated huts to supplement the World-War-I-era Nissen hut.

Italian Chapel

chapelChapel of Lambholm
Two Nissen huts were joined end-to-end.

Rubb hall

* Nissen hut

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Designed during the First World War by the American-born engineer and inventor Major Peter Norman Nissen, it was used extensively during the Second World War.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Designed during the First World War by the American-born engineer and inventor Major Peter Norman Nissen, it was used extensively during the Second World War.

Cylinder

cylindricalcylindersrod
A Nissen hut is made from a sheet of metal bent into half a cylinder and planted in the ground with its axis horizontal.

Steel

steel industrysteelworkersteels
The exterior is formed from curved corrugated steel sheets 10 feet 6 inches by 2 feet 2 inches (3.2 × 0.7 m), laid with a two-corrugation lap at the side and a 6-inch (15 cm) overlap at the ends.

Purlin

purlinsdouble purlingpurlin plates
These are attached to five 3 × 2 inch (7.5 × 5 cm) wooden purlins and 3 × 2 inch wooden spiking plates at the ends of the floor joists.

Hardboard

High-density fiberboardhigh density fiberboardhigh-density fibreboard
Interior lining could be horizontal corrugated iron or material like hardboard attached to the ribs.

Asbestos

asbestos fibersblue asbestosamphibole asbestos
Sometimes corrugated asbestos cement sheeting is used.

Royal Engineers

Corps of Royal EngineersRoyal EngineerRE
Between 16 and 18 April 1916, Major Peter Norman Nissen of the 29th Company Royal Engineers of the British Army began to experiment with hut designs.

British Army

ArmyBritishBritish troops
Between 16 and 18 April 1916, Major Peter Norman Nissen of the 29th Company Royal Engineers of the British Army began to experiment with hut designs.

Queen's University

Queen’s UniversityQueenQueen's College
The semi-cylindrical shape was derived from the drill-shed roof at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario (collapsed 1896).

Kingston, Ontario

KingstonKingston, ONKingston, Upper Canada
The semi-cylindrical shape was derived from the drill-shed roof at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario (collapsed 1896).

Clive Gerard Liddell

Clive LiddellClive LiddelSir Clive Gerard Liddell
Nissen's design was subject to intensive review by his fellow officers, Lieutenant Colonels Shelly, Sewell and McDonald, and General Clive Gerard Liddell, which helped Nissen develop the design.

Distinguished Service Order

DSOCompanion of the Distinguished Service OrderD.S.O.
Nissen received some £13,000 and was awarded the DSO (Distinguished Service Order).

Queen Camel

Wales
The Nissen hut was adapted into a larger prefabricated two-storey house and marketed by Nissen-Petren Ltd. Four of the original prototypes survive in Queen Camel in Somerset.

Pacific Magazines

K-ZoneTotal GirlHome Beautiful
A similar approach was taken with the U.S. Quonset hut at the end of the war, with articles on how to adapt the buildings for domestic use appearing in Home Beautiful and Popular Mechanics.

Popular Mechanics

Popular Mechanics MagazinePopular Mechanics ShowPopular Mechanics’
A similar approach was taken with the U.S. Quonset hut at the end of the war, with articles on how to adapt the buildings for domestic use appearing in Home Beautiful and Popular Mechanics.