Nizhny Novgorod

GorkyNizhniy NovgorodNizhni NovgorodGorkiyGorkiNizhni-NovgorodGor'kiyNizhny Novgorod CityGorkiiNijni-Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is a city in Russia and the administrative center (capital ) of Volga Federal District and Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.wikipedia
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Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is a city in Russia and the administrative center (capital ) of Volga Federal District and Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.
Russia's capital, Moscow, is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod.

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

Gorky OblastNizhny NovgorodNizhny Novgorod Region
Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is a city in Russia and the administrative center (capital ) of Volga Federal District and Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.
Its administrative center is the city of Nizhny Novgorod.

Kuzma Minin

MininKozma Minin
In 1612 Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky organized an army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles.
Kuzma (Kozma) Minin Ми́нин; full name Kuzma Minich Zakhariev-Sukhoruky, Кузьма́ Ми́нич Заха́рьев Сухору́кий; died 1616) was a Russian merchant from Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, who, together with Prince Dmitry Pozharsky, became a national hero for his role in defending the country against the Polish invasion in the early 17th century.

Nizhny Novgorod Fair

Makaryev FairFairMakariev Fair
In 1817 Nizhny Novgorod became a great trade center of the Russian Empire. In 1896 at a fair, an All-Russia Exhibition was organized.
Nizhny Novgorod Fair (old name — Makaryev Fair) was a fair in Nizhny Novgorod held annually every July near Makaryev Monastery on the left bank of the Volga River from the mid-16th century to 1816.

Dmitry Pozharsky

PozharskyPrince PozharskyDmitri Pozharsky
In 1612 Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky organized an army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles.
Pozharsky formed the Second Volunteer Army with Kuzma Minin in Nizhny Novgorod against the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth's occupation of Russia during the Time of Troubles, resulting in Polish withdrawal after Russian victory at the Battle of Moscow in 1612.

Nizhny Novgorod Metro

metroNizhny Novgorodcity metro system
In 1985, the Nizhny Novgorod Metro was opened.
The Nizhny Novgorod Metro, formerly known as the Gorky Metro, is a rapid-transit system which serves the city of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.

Maxim Gorky

GorkyMaxim GorkiMaksim Gorky
From 1932 to 1990, it was known as Gorky, after the writer Maxim Gorky, who was born there.
Born as Alexei Maximovich Peshkov on 28 March 1868, in Nizhny Novgorod, Gorky became an orphan at the age of eleven.

Bombing of Gorky in World War II

bombingbombed the cityair raids.
Due to this, the Luftwaffe constantly bombed the city from the air.
Gorky is now known as Nizhny Novgorod.

Historic centre of Nizhny Novgorod

historic city centerhistorical centrehistorical centre of Old Kanavino
The Kremlin – the main center of the city – contains the main government agencies of the city and the Volga Federal District.
The historic centre of Nizhny Novgorod (also old Nizhny Novgorod, the old town) is the downtown of Nizhny Novgorod with historical buildings in the borders up to 1917.

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin

Kremlin
The Kremlin – the main center of the city – contains the main government agencies of the city and the Volga Federal District.
The Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is a fortress in Nizhny Novgorod, the historic city center.

Veliky Novgorod

NovgorodNovgorod the GreatPrincipality of Novgorod
Novgorodian is inappropriate; it refers to a resident of Veliky Novgorod, in northwestern Russia.
The "Veliky" ("great") part was eventually added to city's name to disambiguate it with another city of similar name, Nizhny Novgorod ("lower newtown").

Spit of Nizhny Novgorod

SpitconfluenceSpit (Strelka)
The city traces its origin from a small Russian wooden hillfort that was founded by Grand Duke Yuri II in 1221 at the confluence of two of the most important rivers in his principality, the Volga and Oka rivers.
The Spit of Nizhny Novgorod (Стрелка Нижнего Новгорода short name is the Spit or Strelka) is one of the main natural landmarks in the historical centre of Nizhny Novgorod.

Moscow

Moscow, RussiaMoscow, Soviet UnionMoskva
In 1612 Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky organized an army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles. Nizhny Novgorod is located about east of Moscow, where the Oka River empties into the Volga.
In 1612, the people of Nizhny Novgorod and other Russian cities conducted by prince Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin rose against the Polish occupants, besieged the Kremlin, and expelled them.

Dmitry of Suzdal

Dmitry KonstantinovichDmitri KonstantinovichDmitri of Suzdal
Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich (1323–1383) sought to make his capital a rival worthy of Moscow; he built a stone citadel and several churches and was a patron of historians.
Dmitri Konstantinovich of Suzdal (1324 – 5 June 1383) ("the one-eyed" or "Odnook") was a powerful Prince of Suzdal and Nizhny Novgorod who dominated Russian politics during the minority of his son-in-law, Dmitri Donskoi.

Oka River

OkaRiver OkaMiddle
The city traces its origin from a small Russian wooden hillfort that was founded by Grand Duke Yuri II in 1221 at the confluence of two of the most important rivers in his principality, the Volga and Oka rivers. Nizhny Novgorod is located about east of Moscow, where the Oka River empties into the Volga.
In 1221 Grand Duke Yuri II of Vladimir founded Nizhny Novgorod, later to become one of the largest Russian cities, to protect the Oka's confluence with the Volga.

Russo-Kazan Wars

Kazan WarRusso-Kazan WarSiege of Kazan (1487)
capture of Kazan in 1552.
Hostilities broke out when Khan Maxmut took the strategic fortress of Nizhny Novgorod and invaded Muscovy.

Suzdal

Suzdal, RussiaSuzdalia
After 86 years its importance further increased when the seat of the powerful Suzdal Principality was moved here from Gorodets in 1350.
Eventually, it united with Nizhny Novgorod until both were annexed by Moscow in 1392.

All-Russia Exhibition 1896

All-Russia Exhibition1896 All-Russia industrial and art exhibition1896
In 1896 at a fair, an All-Russia Exhibition was organized.
The All-Russia industrial and art exhibition 1896 in Nizhny Novgorod was held from May 28 (June 9 N.S.) till October 1 (13 N.S.), 1896.

GAZ

Gorky Automobile PlantGorkovsky Avtomobilny ZavodGAZ-AAA
In particular, the Gorky Automobile Plant was constructed in this period.
GAZ or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (ГАЗ or Го́рьковский автомоби́льный заво́д) is a Russian automotive manufacturer located in Nizhny Novgorod (a city named Gorky 1932-1990).

Coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod

The historical coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod in 1781 was a red deer with black horns and hooves on a white field.
For the basis of the coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod, the historical coat of arms of August 16, 1781 was taken.

Gorodets, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

Gorodets
After 86 years its importance further increased when the seat of the powerful Suzdal Principality was moved here from Gorodets in 1350.
Gorodets is a town and the administrative center of Gorodetsky District in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Volga River, 53 km northwest of Nizhny Novgorod, the administrative center of the oblast.

Vasili IV of Russia

Vasili IVVasily IVVasily Shuisky
After the city's incorporation into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1392, the local princes took the name Shuisky and settled in Moscow, where they were prominent at the court and briefly ascended the throne in the person of Vasily IV.
Born Prince Vasili Ivanovich Shuisky, he was descended from sovereign princes of Nizhny Novgorod and a 20th generation male line descendant of the Varangian prince Rurik.

Primary Chronicle

Russian Primary ChronicleTale of Bygone YearsNestor Chronicle
The earliest extant manuscript of the Russian Primary Chronicle, the Laurentian Codex, was written for him by the local monk Laurentius in 1377.
The Laurentian Codex was compiled in what are today Russian lands by the Nizhegorod monk Laurentius for the Prince Dmitry Konstantinovich in 1377.

Administrative divisions of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

fortydistrictsurban-type settlement in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one resort settlement and twelve rural localities, incorporated as the city of oblast significance of Nizhny Novgorod—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.

Laurentian Codex

LaurentianLaurentian Chronicle
The earliest extant manuscript of the Russian Primary Chronicle, the Laurentian Codex, was written for him by the local monk Laurentius in 1377.
The codex was not just copied by the Nizhegorod monk Laurentius commissioned by Dionysius of Suzdil in 1377.