No Child Left Behind Act

No Child Left BehindNCLBNo Child Left Behind Act of 2001No Child Left Behind (NCLB) ActNo Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)(NCLB)7th grade reading and math examsaccountability goalsAYPeducation reform
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) was a U.S.wikipedia
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Ted Kennedy

Edward KennedyEdward M. KennedyTeddy Kennedy
It was coauthored by Representatives John Boehner (R-OH), George Miller (D-CA), and Senators Ted Kennedy (D-MA) and Judd Gregg (R-NH).
Kennedy played a major role in passing many laws, including the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, the National Cancer Act of 1971, the COBRA health insurance provision, the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Ryan White AIDS Care Act, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, the Mental Health Parity Act, the S-CHIP children's health program, the No Child Left Behind Act, and the Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act.

Every Student Succeeds Act

Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015repeal
Its replacement, the Every Student Succeeds Act, turned the remnants over to the states.
The law replaced its predecessor, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), and modified but did not eliminate provisions relating to the periodic standardized tests given to students.

Adequate Yearly Progress

AYPAdequate Yearly Progress (AYP)school improvement
Schools that receive Title I funding through the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 must make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in test scores (e.g. each year, fifth graders must do better on standardized tests than the previous year's fifth graders).
Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) is a measurement defined by the United States federal No Child Left Behind Act that allows the U.S. Department of Education to determine how every public school and school district in the country is performing academically according to results on standardized tests.

Highly qualified teachers

highly qualifiedHighly Qualified Teacher (HQT)
The act requires states to provide "highly qualified" teachers to all students.
The highly qualified teacher provision is one of the goals of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001.

George Miller (California politician)

George MillerGeorge Miller IIIRep. George Miller
It was coauthored by Representatives John Boehner (R-OH), George Miller (D-CA), and Senators Ted Kennedy (D-MA) and Judd Gregg (R-NH).
With that committee's chairman and their Senate counterparts, Miller helped draft the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001 and 2002.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Title IElementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965Title 1
Schools that receive Title I funding through the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 must make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in test scores (e.g. each year, fifth graders must do better on standardized tests than the previous year's fifth graders). The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) was a U.S. Act of Congress that reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; it included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students.
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) introduced a testing regime designed to promote standards-based education.

John Boehner

John A. BoehnerBoehnerBoehner, John
It was coauthored by Representatives John Boehner (R-OH), George Miller (D-CA), and Senators Ted Kennedy (D-MA) and Judd Gregg (R-NH).
Boehner and Senator Ted Kennedy authored the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which was signed by President George W. Bush in 2002.

Scientifically based research

scientifically
The act requires schools to rely on scientifically based research for programs and teaching methods.
Scientifically based research (SBR) is the required standard in professional development and the foundation of academic instruction under the guidelines of No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB).

Standardized test

standardized testingstandardized testsstandardised test
No Child Left Behind requires all public schools receiving federal funding to administer a statewide standardized test annually to all students.
U.S. Public Law 107-110, known as the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, further ties public school funding to standardized testing.

National Assessment of Educational Progress

NAEPNational Assessment Governing BoardNational Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
A significant change to state NAEP occurred in 2001 with the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, also referred to as "No Child Left Behind" legislation.

Teaching to the test

teach to the testdrill and killdrilling for exams
This is colloquially referred to as "teaching to the test."
The No Child Left Behind Act, which placed a far higher emphasis than before on the evaluation of schools' effectiveness through standardized tests, could hypothetically be considered to have been a step in the wrong direction for USA schooling.

George W. Bush

BushPresident BushPresident George W. Bush
For example, President Bush requested only $13.3 billion of a possible $22.75 billion in 2006.
He signed into law broad tax cuts, the Patriot Act, the No Child Left Behind Act, the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, Medicare prescription drug benefits for seniors, and funding for the AIDS relief program known as PEPFAR.

Susan B. Neuman

Susan B. Neuman, U.S.
Neuman previously served as Assistant Secretary of Elementary and Secondary Education in the US Department of Education during the George W. Bush Administration and was primarily responsible for initial implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act.

Standards-based education reform in the United States

standards-based education reformStandards based education reformeducational standards
It supported standards-based education reform based on the premise that setting high standards and establishing measurable goals could improve individual outcomes in education.
The movement resulted in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001, which required that states make yearly progress towards having all students be proficient by 2014, as evidenced by annual standardized testing.

Value-added modeling

value-added assessmentsvalue-added measuresvalue added methodology
First created as a teacher evaluation tool for school programs in Tennessee in the 1990s, the use of the technique expanded with the passage of the No Child Left Behind legislation in 2002.

Gifted education

gifted and talentedGifted and Talented Educationgifted
Federal funding of gifted education decreased by a third over the law's first five years.
The goal of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is to bring proficiency of all students to grade level, but critics note it does not address the needs of gifted students who perform above grade level.

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

ARRAAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment ActRecovery Act
His plan came on the heels of the announcement of the Race to the Top initiative, a $4.35 billion reform program financed by the Department of Education through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

Charter school

chartercharter schoolspublic charter school
Charter schools were targeted as a major component of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2002.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

IDEA 2004IDEAIndividuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Opponents say that testing students with disabilities violates the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) by making students with disabilities learn the same material as non-disabled students.
Several provisions aligned IDEA with the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, signed by President George W. Bush.

Roy Barnes

Roy E. BarnesGovernor Roy BarnesGovernor Roy E. Barnes
In February 2007, former Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson and Georgia Governor Roy Barnes, Co-Chairs of the Aspen Commission on No Child Left Behind, announced the release of the Commission's final recommendations for the reauthorization of the No Child Left Behind Act.
After his defeat, he resumed the practice of law and co-chaired the Aspen Institute Commission on No Child Left Behind Act.

Educational assessment

assessmentassessmentsassess
Those opposed to the use of testing to determine educational achievement prefer alternatives such as subjective teacher opinions, classwork, and performance-based assessments.
In the U.S., the No Child Left Behind Act mandates standardized testing nationwide.

Charles Murray (political scientist)

Charles MurrayMurray, CharlesCharles A. Murray
Charles Murray wrote of the law: "The United States Congress, acting with large bipartisan majorities, at the urging of the President, enacted as the law of the land that all children are to be above average."
Murray has been critical of the No Child Left Behind law, arguing that it "set a goal that was devoid of any contact with reality.... The United States Congress, acting with large bipartisan majorities, at the urging of the President, enacted as the law of the land that all children are to be above average."

Mental health provisions in Title V of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

As a part of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, congress passed into law two subparts of Part D of Title V (Promoting Informed Parental Choice and Innovative Programs) of that Act pertaining to mental health interventions as they relate to students.

Texas

TXTexanState of Texas
For example, at Sharpstown High School in Houston, Texas, more than 1,000 students began high school as freshmen, and four years later, fewer than 300 students were enrolled in the senior class.
STAAR assess students' attainment of reading, writing, mathematics, science, and social studies skills required under Texas education standards and the No Child Left Behind Act.

School Improvement Grant

School Improvement Grants
School Improvement Grants (SIGs) are grants awarded by the U.S. Department of Education to state education agencies (SEAs) under Section 1003(g) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (aka ESEA, reauthorized by the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) in 2002).