Non-commercial educational station

Long wave radio broadcasting station, Motala, Sweden

Radio station or television station that does not accept on-air advertisements (TV ads or radio ads), as defined in the United States by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and was originally intended to offer educational programming as part, or whole, of its programming.

- Non-commercial educational station

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Television station

Set of equipment managed by a business, organisation or other entity, such as an amateur television operator, that transmits video content and audio content via radio waves directly from a transmitter on the earth's surface to any number of tuned receivers simultaneously.

Cerro de Punta, Puerto Rico's highest peak, and its TV transmission towers

Another form a television station may take is non-commercial educational (NCE) and considered public broadcasting.

Broadcast license

Type of spectrum license granting the licensee permission to use a portion of the radio frequency spectrum in a given geographical area for broadcasting purposes.

Governments issue driver's licenses to people who are allowed to drive motor vehicles on public roads.

Licenses are increasingly offered via spectrum auctions; however, this fails to consider non-commercial educational users (who are shut out of the process for economic reasons).

Commercial broadcasting

Broadcasting of television programs and radio programming by privately owned corporate media, as opposed to state sponsorship.

A broadcasting antenna in Stuttgart

In the United States, non-commercial educational (NCE) television and radio exists in the form of community radio; however, premium cable services such as HBO and Showtime generally operate solely on subscriber fees and do not sell advertising.

FM broadcast band

Range of radio frequencies used for FM broadcasting by radio stations.

Graphical depiction of FM broadcasting allotments.

In the United States, the twenty-one channels with center frequencies of 87.9–91.9 MHz (channels 200 through 220) constitute the reserved band, exclusively for non-commercial educational (NCE) stations.

List of North American broadcast station classes

List of broadcast station classes applicable in much of North America under international agreements between the United States, Canada and Mexico.

FM broadcast zones in the US

Canada protects all radio stations out to a signal strength of 0.5mV/m (54dBu), whereas only commercial B stations in the US are. Commercial B1 in the US is 0.7mV/m (57dBu), and all other stations are 1.0mV/m (60dBu). Noncommercial-band stations (88.1 to 91.9) are not afforded this protection, and are treated as C3 and C2 even when they are B1 or B. C3 and C2 may also be reported internationally as B1 and B, respectively.

Low-power broadcasting

Broadcasting by a broadcast station at a low transmitter power output to a smaller service area than "full power" stations within the same region.

An LPAM antenna in a beer tent
Low Power Television stations in the US by community of license

Low Power FM (LPFM) is a non-commercial educational broadcast radio service created by the Federal Communications Commission in the United States in 2000.

Radio broadcasting

Transmission of audio , sometimes with related metadata, by radio waves to radio receivers belonging to a public audience.

Long wave radio broadcasting station, Motala, Sweden
Slovak Radio Building, Bratislava, Slovakia (architects: Štefan Svetko, Štefan Ďurkovič and Barnabáš Kissling, 1967–1983)
Broadcasting tower in Trondheim, Norway
Advertisement placed in the November 5, 1919 Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant announcing PCGG's debut broadcast scheduled for the next evening.
Use of a sound broadcasting station
Transmission diagram of sound broadcasting (AM and FM)
AM broadcasting stations in 2006
FM radio broadcast stations in 2006
Worldwide presence of Radio Maria broadcasters.

There are several subtypes, namely commercial broadcasting, non-commercial educational (NCE) public broadcasting and non-profit varieties as well as community radio, student-run campus radio stations, and hospital radio stations can be found throughout the world.

Religious broadcasting

Dissemination of television and/or radio content that intentionally has religious ideas, religious experience, or religious practice as its core focus.

The Buddha, Laozi, and Confucius in a Ming dynasty painting

Religious broadcasting in the United States is mainly the province of local or regional networks which produce programming relevant to their community, and is usually heard on stations holding non-commercial educational broadcast licenses.

Must-carry

In cable television, governments apply a must-carry regulation stating that locally licensed television stations must be carried on a cable provider's system.

A coaxial cable used to carry cable television onto subscribers' premises

Must-carry does not apply if the television station does not want to be carried under the retransmission consent provisions. This applies only to non-commercial educational (NCE) stations. Station operators are allowed to demand payment from cable operators, or negotiate private agreements for carriage, or threaten revocation against the cable operator (see Sinclair, Time Warner Cable). Must-carry is a privilege given to television stations, not a cable company. A cable company cannot use must-carry to demand the right to carry an over-the-air station against the station's wishes.

Georgia Public Broadcasting

State network of PBS member television stations and NPR member radio stations serving the U.S. state of Georgia.

GPB offices in midtown Atlanta
The WACS tower, seen after it was blown down in a tornado in 2007

The station filed with the FCC to convert WNEG's station license to non-commercial status.