Non-governmental organization

NGONGOsnon-governmental organisationnon-governmental organizationsnon-governmentalnon-governmental organisationsnon-government organizationnon governmental organizationnongovernmental organizationnon-government organisation
Non-governmental organizations (also known as NGOs, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations ) are organizations independent of any government.wikipedia
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Voluntary sector

third sectorsocial sectornonprofit sector
Apart from "NGO", there are alternative or overlapping terms in use, including: third-sector organization (TSO), non-profit organization (NPO), voluntary organization (VO), civil society organization (CSO), grassroots organization (GO), social movement organization (SMO), private voluntary organization (PVO), self-help organization (SHO) and non-state actors (NSAs).
The voluntary sector or civic sector is the duty of social activity undertaken by organizations that are non-governmental nonprofit organizations.

World Economic Forum

WEFDavosDavos World Economic Forum
They are usually non-profit, and many NGOs are active in humanitarian or social areas; however, NGOs can also be lobby groups for corporations, such as the World Economic Forum. A prominent example of this is the World Social Forum, which is a rival convention to the World Economic Forum held annually in January in Davos, Switzerland.
The flagship event of the World Economic Forum is the invitation-only annual meeting held at the end of January in Davos, Switzerland, bringing together chief executive officers from its 1,000 member companies, as well as selected politicians, representatives from academia, NGOs, religious leaders, and the media in an alpine environment.

International non-governmental organization

INGOInternational nongovernmental organizationInternational NGO
An international non-governmental organization (INGO) extends the concept of a non-governmental organization (NGO) to an international scope.

Greenpeace

Greenpeace InternationalGreenpeace CanadaGreenpeace UK
Some NGOs, such as Greenpeace do not accept funding from governments or intergovernmental organizations.
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 39 countries and an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

United States Agency for International Development

USAIDU.S. Agency for International DevelopmentAgency for International Development
USAID refers to NGOs as private voluntary organizations.
USAID also provides financial assistance to local and international NGOs who in turn give technical assistance in developing countries.

World Wide Fund for Nature

World Wildlife FundWWFWorldwide Fund for Nature
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.

ENGO

environmental NGOenvironmental non-governmental organizationsENGOs
An ENGO (environmental non-governmental organization) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) in the field of environmentalism.

Human rights

human righthuman rights violationshuman rights abuses
Examples include improving the state of the natural environment, encouraging the observance of human rights, improving the welfare of the disadvantaged, or representing a corporate agenda.
Actions by states and non-governmental organisations form a basis of public policy worldwide.

Quango

quangosquasi-autonomous non-governmental organisationgovernment bodies
As its name suggests, a quango is a hybrid form of organization, with elements of both non-government organizations (NGOs) and public sector bodies.

Government-organized non-governmental organization

GONGOgovernment organized non-governmental organizationGovernment Organized Non-Governmental Organization (GONGO)
A government-organized non-governmental organization (GONGO) is a non-governmental organization that was set up or sponsored by a government in order to further its political interests and mimic the civic groups and civil society at home, or promote its international or geopolitical interests abroad.

Volunteering

volunteervolunteersvolunteerism
NGOs are usually funded by donations, but some avoid formal funding altogether and are run primarily by volunteers.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami attracted a large number of volunteers worldwide, deployed by non-governmental organizations, government agencies, and the United Nations.

Expatriate

expatriatesexpatsexpat
There is some dispute as to whether expatriates should be sent to developing countries.
In common usage, the term often refers to professionals, skilled workers, or artists taking positions outside their home country, either independently or sent abroad by their employers, which can be companies, universities, governments, or non-governmental organisations.

Oxfam

Oxfam InternationalOxfam AmericaOxfam Novib
For instance, an NGO such as Oxfam, concerned with poverty alleviation, may provide needy people with the equipment and skills to find food and clean drinking water, whereas an NGO like the FFDA helps through investigation and documentation of human rights violations and provides legal assistance to victims of human rights abuses.
By 1960, it was a major international non-governmental aid organization.

Afghanistan Information Management Services

AIMS
Others, such as the Afghanistan Information Management Services, provide specialized technical products and services to support development activities implemented on the ground by other organizations.
Afghanistan Information Management Services (AIMS) is a Kabul-based Afghan non-governmental organisation (NGO).

Non-state actor

non-state actorsnon-statenon-state groups
Apart from "NGO", there are alternative or overlapping terms in use, including: third-sector organization (TSO), non-profit organization (NPO), voluntary organization (VO), civil society organization (CSO), grassroots organization (GO), social movement organization (SMO), private voluntary organization (PVO), self-help organization (SHO) and non-state actors (NSAs).
In practice, it means that participation is open to all kind of actors, such as community-based organisations, women's groups, human rights associations, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), religious organizations, farmers' cooperatives, trade unions, universities and research institutes, the media and the private sector.

Nonprofit organization

non-profitnon-profit organizationnonprofit
Apart from "NGO", there are alternative or overlapping terms in use, including: third-sector organization (TSO), non-profit organization (NPO), voluntary organization (VO), civil society organization (CSO), grassroots organization (GO), social movement organization (SMO), private voluntary organization (PVO), self-help organization (SHO) and non-state actors (NSAs). They are usually non-profit, and many NGOs are active in humanitarian or social areas; however, NGOs can also be lobby groups for corporations, such as the World Economic Forum.
In India, non-governmental organizations are the most common type of societal institutions that do not have commercial interests.

International development

developmentglobal developmentdevelopment cooperation
Since the end of World War II, NGOs have had an increasing role in international development, particularly in the fields of humanitarian assistance and poverty alleviation.
Rights-based approach to development has been adopted by many nongovernmental organizations and the United Nations as the new approach to international development.

Civil society

civil society organizationscivil societiesglobal civil society
Apart from "NGO", there are alternative or overlapping terms in use, including: third-sector organization (TSO), non-profit organization (NPO), voluntary organization (VO), civil society organization (CSO), grassroots organization (GO), social movement organization (SMO), private voluntary organization (PVO), self-help organization (SHO) and non-state actors (NSAs).

Grassroots Support Organization

Grassroots Support Organizations (GSOs) are a specialized subset of Intermediate Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs) that provides services and support to local groups of disadvantaged rural or urban households and individuals.

Consultative status

Special Consultative Statusgeneral consultative statusan organization with consultative status
However, the phrase "non-governmental organization" only came into popular use with the establishment of the United Nations Organization in 1945 with provisions in Article 71 of Chapter 10 of the United Nations Charter for a consultative role for organizations which are neither governments nor member states—see Consultative Status.
The consultative status is a phrase whose use can be traced to the founding of the United Nations and is used within the UN community to refer to "Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council" (see [[List of organizations with consultative status to the United Nations Economic and Social Council|list]]).

World Social Forum

Social Forum2005 World Social ForumWorld Social Forum (WSF)
A prominent example of this is the World Social Forum, which is a rival convention to the World Economic Forum held annually in January in Davos, Switzerland.
The World Social Forum can be considered a visible manifestation of global civil society, bringing together non governmental organizations, advocacy campaigns, and formal and informal social movements seeking international solidarity.

International health

HealthInternational Health StudiesInternational Healthcare
In December 2007, The United States Department of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) S. Ward Casscells established an International Health Division under Force Health Protection & Readiness.
International Health also identifies needs in developing nations and looks for non-governmental organizations (NGOs), intergovernmental organizations, and private voluntary organizations (PVOs) such as professional societies, that have the ability and expertise to address these problems.

Development aid

development cooperationtechnical assistancedevelopment assistance
In an attempt to counterbalance this trend, NGOs have developed to emphasize humanitarian issues, developmental aid and sustainable development.
The remaining 15–20% comes from private organisations such as "non-governmental organisations" (NGOs), foundations and other development charities (e.g., Oxfam).

Agenda 21

Local Agenda 21Agenda 21 (1992)Agenda 21 local
The vital role of NGOs and other "major groups" in sustainable development was recognized in Chapter 27 of Agenda 21, leading to intense arrangements for a consultative relationship between the United Nations and non-governmental organizations.

Earth Summit

United Nations Conference on Environment and DevelopmentRio Earth SummitRio Summit
In terms of environmental issues and sustainable development, the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992 was the first to show the power of international NGOs, when about 2,400 representatives of NGOs came to play a central role in deliberations.
Since the creation, many others in the field of sustainability show a similar development to the issues discussed in these conferences, including non-governmental organizations (NGOs).