Non-resident Indian and person of Indian origin

NRIIndian diasporanon-resident IndianIndianNon-Resident IndiansIndiansNRIsPeople of Indian originOverseas IndiansPerson of Indian Origin
Overseas Indians, officially known as Non-resident Indians (NRIs) or Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs), are people of Indian birth, descent or origin who live outside the Republic of India.wikipedia
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Hinduism in Southeast Asia

spread of HinduismHinduHinduism in Thailand
Indianised kingdom in several parts of the world beyond India proper as part of the Indosphere of Greater India, including through historical spread of Indian culture, Indian cuisine, Bollywood, spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia and spread of Buddhism on Silk Road.
Today, the only practicing Hindus in Southeast Asia other than Overseas Indians are the Balinese and Tenggerese minorities in Indonesia, and the Cham minority in Cambodia and southern Vietnam.

Diaspora

diasporicdiasporasDiasporism
According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs based on migrants overseas with India as the country of citizenship at birth, in 2019 Indians comprised world's largest migrant diaspora populations in the world with over 17.5 million (6.4% of global migrants or 0.4% of India's population) Indians out of total 272 million migrants worldwide, this excludes the second or more generation PIO living in other nations.
In 2019, according to data released by United Nations with 17.5 million Indian diaspora is world's largest diaspora, followed by 11.8 million Mexican diaspora and 10.7 million of Chinese diaspora.

Thai royal and noble titles

PhrayaMom RajawongseMom Luang
Indian honorifics influenced the Malay, Thai, Filipino and Indonesian honorifics.
Indian diaspora, both ancient (PIO) and current (NRI), played an ongoing key role as professionals, traders, priests and warriors.

Filipino styles and honorifics

FilipinoSenapatiApo
Indian honorifics influenced the Malay, Thai, Filipino and Indonesian honorifics.
Indian diaspora, both ancient (PIO) and current (NRI), played an ongoing key role as professionals, traders, priests and warriors.

Bollywood

HindiHindi filmHindi cinema
Indianised kingdom in several parts of the world beyond India proper as part of the Indosphere of Greater India, including through historical spread of Indian culture, Indian cuisine, Bollywood, spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia and spread of Buddhism on Silk Road.
The 2000s saw increased Bollywood recognition worldwide due to growing (and prospering) NRI and Desi communities overseas.

Indian indenture system

Indian indentured labourersindentured laborersindentured labourers
During the mid-19th century until the end of the World War I, much of the migration that occurred was of pioneering Girmitya indentured workers — mostly Bhojpuri and Awadhi-speaking people from the Bhojpur district of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar to other British colonies under the Indian indenture system.
This resulted in the development of a large Indian diaspora in the Caribbean, Natal, Réunion, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Myanmar, to Fiji, as well as the growth of Indo-Caribbean, Indo-African, Indo-Fijian, Indo-Malaysian, and Indo-Singaporean populations.

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

Non-Resident Indian Day10th Pravasi Bharatiya DivasPBD Canada
Since 2003, the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (Overseas Indians' Day) sponsored by Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, is celebrated in India on 9 January each year, to "mark the contributions of the Overseas Indian community in the development of India".
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (Hindi: प्रवासी भारतीय दिवस, IAST: Pravāsī bhāratīya divas, English: Non-Resident Indian Day) is a celebratory day observed (starting in 2015) on 9 January by the Republic of India to mark the contribution of the overseas Indian community towards the development of India.

Overseas Citizenship of India

Overseas Citizen of Indiaoverseas citizens of IndiaOCI
As of December 2005, the Indian government has introduced the "Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI)" scheme to allow a limited form of dual citizenship to Indians, NRIs, and PIOs for the first time since independence in 1947.
The Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) is an immigration status permitting a foreign citizen of Indian origin to live and work in the Republic of India indefinitely.

Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

Minister of Overseas Indian AffairsOverseas Indian Facilitation CentreMinister for Overseas Indian Affairs
Since 2003, the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (Overseas Indians' Day) sponsored by Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, is celebrated in India on 9 January each year, to "mark the contributions of the Overseas Indian community in the development of India".
It was dedicated to all matters relating to the Indian diaspora around the world.

Aapravasi Ghat

Mauritius hosts the Aapravasi Ghat, the only site of UNESCO in the world, to pay homage to the memory of indenture.
The large-scale migration of the laborers left an indelible mark on the societies of many former British colonies, with Indians constituting a substantial proportion of their national populations.

Thaipusam

ThaipoosamThai PoosamThaipooyam
The Indian Festivals of Maha Shivaratri, Diwali, Thaipusam, Ponggal, Ganesh Chaturthi and Ugadi are all National Holidays as well as the Annual Commemoration of the Arrival of Indian Indentured Labourers in Mauritius.
It is mainly observed in countries where there is a significant presence of Tamil community such as India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Mauritius Singapore, South Africa, Canada and other places where ethnic Hindu Tamils reside as a part of the local Indian diaspora population such as Réunion, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, Jamaica and the other parts of the Caribbean.

First East Turkestan Republic

East Turkestan RepublicIslamic Republic of East TurkestanEast Turkestan
The killings of two Hindus at the hands of Uighurs took place in the Shamba Bazaar in a most brutal fashion.
Russian refugees, missionaries, and British-Indian merchants and usurers of Hindu background were potential targets of gangs of Kashgaris so the Consulate-General of Britain was a potential shelter.

Indian people

IndianIndiansIndia
Overseas Indians, officially known as Non-resident Indians (NRIs) or Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs), are people of Indian birth, descent or origin who live outside the Republic of India.
Due to emigration, the Indian diaspora is present throughout the world, notably in other parts of Asia, North America, the Caribbean, Oceania, and Africa.

Indian honorifics

honorific titlesIndian honorific(Revered) Father or Elder or Wise
Indian honorifics influenced the Malay, Thai, Filipino and Indonesian honorifics.
With the expansion of Indosphere cultural influence of Greater India, through transmission of Hinduism in Southeast Asia and the Silk Road transmission of Buddhism leading to Indianization of Southeast Asia with non-Indian southeast Asian native Indianized kingdoms adopting Sanskritization of their languages and titles as well as ongoing historic expansion of Indian diaspora has resulted in many overseas places having Indianised names, architecture, loan words and people's titles.

Gujarati people

GujaratiGujaratisGujrati
Gujarati and Sindhi merchants and traders settled in the Arabian Peninsula, Aden, Oman, Bahrain, Dubai, South Africa and East African countries, most of which were ruled by the British.
Non Resident Gujaratis (NRGs) maintain active links with the homeland in the form of business, remittance, philanthropy, and through their political contribution to state governed domestic affairs.

Kerala

Kerala stateKerala, Indiastate of Kerala
As a result, it remains a political issue only in states with major emigrant populations, such as Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and to a lesser degree Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Goa.
Cochin International Airport is also the first Indian airport to be incorporated as a public limited company; it was funded by nearly 10,000 non-resident Indians from 30 countries.

Indian cuisine

IndianIndiaIndian restaurant
Indianised kingdom in several parts of the world beyond India proper as part of the Indosphere of Greater India, including through historical spread of Indian culture, Indian cuisine, Bollywood, spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia and spread of Buddhism on Silk Road.
The interaction of various Indian diaspora communities with the native cultures of their domiciles have resulted in the creation of many fusion cuisines, which blend aspects of Indian and foreign cuisines.

Seychelles

SeychelloisSeychelles IslandsRepublic of Seychelles
The major destinations were Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, other parts of the Caribbean (e.g. Jamaica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Belize, Barbados, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Lucia), Fiji, Réunion, Seychelles, Malay Peninsula (e.g. Malaysia and Singapore), East Africa (e.g. Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda) and South Africa.
As the islands of the Seychelles had no indigenous population, the current Seychellois descend from people who immigrated, of which the largest ethnic groups were those of African, French, Indian and Chinese origin.

Indentured servitude

indentured servantindentured servantsindentured labour
From 1838 to 1917, over half a million Indians from the former British Raj or British India, were brought to the British West Indies as indentured servants to address the demand for labour following the abolition of slavery.
This resulted in the development of large Indian diaspora, which spread from the Indian Ocean (i.e. Réunion and Mauritius) to Pacific Ocean (i.e. Fiji), as well as the growth of Indo-Caribbean and Indo-African population.

Réunionnais of Indian origin

IndianIndiansethnic groups of Indian origin
Réunionnais of Indian origin are people of Indian origin in Réunion.

Bend It Like Beckham

film of the same namethe film
Indian culture has been constantly referenced within the wider British culture, at first as an "exotic" influence in films like My Beautiful Laundrette, but now increasingly as a familiar feature in films like Bend It Like Beckham.
Planet Bollywood gave the film a mark of 9 out of 10: the "screenplay not only explores the development of Jesse as a person, but also the changing values and culture of NRI teens: Jesse's urge to break the social norm of the Indian home-maker, her sister's (Archie Punjabi) sexually active relationship, and the gay Indian [Tony, played by Ameet Chana]."

Hindi

Hindi languageHindi-languageStandard Hindi
The mother tongue of Indo-Mauritians is Creole, as well as French and English in general fields, however various Indian languages are still spoken, especially Bhojpuri, Tamil, Hindi, Marathi, Odia, Telugu, and Urdu are used in religious activities.
Apart from this, Hindi is spoken by the large Indian diaspora which hails from, or has its origin from the "Hindi Belt" of India.

Greater India

IndianizedIndianized kingdomIndianized kingdoms
Indianised kingdom in several parts of the world beyond India proper as part of the Indosphere of Greater India, including through historical spread of Indian culture, Indian cuisine, Bollywood, spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia and spread of Buddhism on Silk Road.

Bahrain

Kingdom of BahrainBahreinBHR
Gujarati and Sindhi merchants and traders settled in the Arabian Peninsula, Aden, Oman, Bahrain, Dubai, South Africa and East African countries, most of which were ruled by the British.
In 2008, approximately 290,000 Indian nationals lived in Bahrain, making them the single largest expatriate community in the country.

Indosphere

scriptintroducing elementswriting system
Indianised kingdom in several parts of the world beyond India proper as part of the Indosphere of Greater India, including through historical spread of Indian culture, Indian cuisine, Bollywood, spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia and spread of Buddhism on Silk Road.