Nonprofit organization

non-profitnon-profit organizationnonprofitnot-for-profitnon-profit organisationnot-for-profit organizationnot for profitNonprofit directornon-profit organizationsnonprofit organisation
A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.wikipedia
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501(c) organization

501(c)(3)501(c)(4)501(c)
Not-for-profits are tax-exempt under 501(c)(7) requirements if they are an organization for pleasure, recreation or another nonprofit purpose.
A 501(c) organization is a nonprofit organization in the federal law of the United States according to and is one of over 29 types of nonprofit organizations exempt from some federal income taxes.

Organization

organisationorganizationsorganisations
In economic terms, it is an organization that uses its surplus of the revenues to further achieve its ultimate objective, rather than distributing its income to the organization's shareholders, leaders, or members.
There are a variety of legal types of organisations, including corporations, governments, non-governmental organisations, political organisations, international organisations, armed forces, charities, not-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and educational institutions.

501(c)(3) organization

501(c)(3)501(c)3501c3
A nonprofit is tax-exempt under 501(c)(3) requirements if it is either a religious, charitable, or educational based organizations that do not influence state and federal legislation.
It is one of the 29 types of 501(c) nonprofit organizations in the US.

Board of directors

Board of Trusteesdirectorboard
The organization may be controlled by its members who elect the board of directors, board of governors or board of trustees.
A board of directors is a group of people who jointly supervise the activities of an organization, which can be either a for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or a government agency.

Business

for-profitenterprisefirm
Both not-for-profit and for-profit corporate entities must have board members, steering-committee members, or trustees who owe the organization a fiduciary duty of loyalty and trust.

Revenue

turnoverrevenuesgross revenue
In economic terms, it is an organization that uses its surplus of the revenues to further achieve its ultimate objective, rather than distributing its income to the organization's shareholders, leaders, or members.
For non-profit organizations, revenue may be referred to as gross receipts, support, contributions, etc. This operating revenue can include donations from individuals and corporations, support from government agencies, income from activities related to the organization's mission, income from fundraising activities, and membership dues.

National Center for Charitable Statistics

According to the National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS), there are more than 1.5 million nonprofit organizations registered in the United States, including public charities, private foundations, and other nonprofit organizations.
GuideStar works with the National Center for Charitable Statistics to get each Form 990 filed by a nonprofit organization online and readily available to the public.

Social enterprise

social enterprisesCommunity Enterprise CentreFreer Spreckley
From an academic perspective, social enterprise is, for the most part, considered a sub-set of the nonprofit sector as typically they too are concerned with a purpose relating to a public good.
Social enterprises can be structured as a for-profit or non-profit, and may take the form (depending on in which country the entity exists and the legal forms available) of a co-operative, mutual organization, a disregarded entity, a social business, a benefit corporation, a community interest company, a company limited by guarantee or a charity organization.

Voluntary association

associationassociationsvoluntary organisation
The nonprofit may also be a trust or association of members.
Associations may take the form of a non-profit organization or they may be not-for-profit corporations; this does not mean that the association cannot make benefits from its activity, but all the benefits must be reinvested.

Balance sheet

statement of financial positionbalance sheetsbalance-sheet
5, and must include a balance sheet, a report on activities, the income and expenditure for the particular period, a report on changes in assets, a statement of cash flows, and notes to the financial statements.
In financial accounting, a balance sheet or statement of financial position or statement of financial condition is a summary of the financial balances of an individual or organization, whether it be a sole proprietorship, a business partnership, a corporation, private limited company or other organization such as Government or not-for-profit entity.

Association without lucrative purpose

AISBLASBLvzw
Vereniging zonder winstoogmerk (Dutch, abbreviated vzw) or Association sans but lucratif (French, abbreviated asbl) or Vereinigung ohne Gewinnerzielungsabsicht (German, abbreviated VoG) is the legal term for a non-profit organization in Belgium; the French term also applies in Luxembourg and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Foundation (nonprofit)

foundationcharitable foundationfoundations
A foundation (also a charitable foundation) is a category of nonprofit organization or charitable trust that will typically provide funding and support for other charitable organizations through grants, but may engage directly in charitable activities.

Public-benefit corporation

public benefit corporationpublic authoritypublic authorities
In Israel nonprofit organizations (NPOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are usually established as registered nonprofit associations (Hebrew amutah, plural amutot) or public benefit companies (Hebrew Chevrah LeTo’elet Hatzibur, not to be confused with public benefit corporations).
Other public-benefit corporations resemble private non-profit organizations, and take on roles that private corporations might otherwise perform.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
It is also a working language in nonprofit organisations such as the Red Cross (alongside English, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic and Russian), Amnesty International (alongside 32 other languages of which English is the most used, followed by Spanish, Portuguese, German, and Italian, Médecins sans Frontières (used alongside English, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic), and Médecins du Monde (used alongside English).

Charitable organization

charityregistered charitycharities
According to the National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS), there are more than 1.5 million nonprofit organizations registered in the United States, including public charities, private foundations, and other nonprofit organizations. In the UK a nonprofit organization may take the form of an unincorporated association, a charitable trust, a charitable incorporated organisation (CIO), a company limited by guarantee (which may or may not be charitable), a charter organization (which may or may not be charitable), a charitable company, a community interest company (CIC) (which may or may not be charitable), a community benefit society (which may or may not be charitable), or a cooperative society (which may or may not be charitable).
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).

Housing cooperative

cooperative housingco-opcooperative
housing cooperatives), charitable organizations, religious organizations, political parties, commodities exchanges (in Ukraine, commodities exchanges can't be organized for profit) and more.
However, another hallmark of cooperative living is that it is nonprofit, so that the work is done at cost, with no profit motive involved.

Private company limited by guarantee

company limited by guaranteelimited by guaranteecompanies limited by guarantee
In the UK a nonprofit organization may take the form of an unincorporated association, a charitable trust, a charitable incorporated organisation (CIO), a company limited by guarantee (which may or may not be charitable), a charter organization (which may or may not be charitable), a charitable company, a community interest company (CIC) (which may or may not be charitable), a community benefit society (which may or may not be charitable), or a cooperative society (which may or may not be charitable).
In British and Irish company law, a company limited by guarantee (LBG) is an alternative type of corporation used primarily for non-profit organisations that require legal personality.

FairVote

Center for Voting and DemocracyFair VoteCitizens for Proportional Representation
A board-only organization's bylaws may even state that the organization does not have any membership, although the organization's literature may refer to its donors or service recipients as 'members'; examples of such organizations are FairVote and the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws.

Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques

INSEENational Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies1999 census
In 2008, the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) counted more than a million of these associations in the country, and about 16 million people older than 16 are members of a nonprofit in France (a third of the population over 16 years old).

Fundraising

fundraiserfund-raisingfund raising
Although fundraising typically refers to efforts to gather money for non-profit organizations, it is sometimes used to refer to the identification and solicitation of investors or other sources of capital for-profit enterprises.

Master of Nonprofit Organizations

nonprofit managementMaster of Nonprofit ManagementMA in Nonprofit Organizations
The Master of Nonprofit Organizations (MNO or MNPO), Master of Non-profit Management (MNM), Master of Not-for-Profit Leadership (MNPL), Master of Nonprofit Studies (MNpS), Master of Public Affairs (MPA), Master of Philanthropic Studies, Master of Nonprofit Administration (MNA) and similarly named degrees offer graduate-level training in management and leadership in the nonprofit sector.

Non-governmental organization

NGONGOsnon-governmental organisation
In India, non-governmental organizations are the most common type of societal institutions that do not have commercial interests.
They are usually non-profit, and many NGOs are active in humanitarian or social areas; however, NGOs can also be lobby groups for corporations, such as the World Economic Forum.

Non-profit technology

Nonprofit technologytechnology
Nonprofit technology is the deliberative use of technology by nonprofit organizations to maximize potential in numerous areas, primarily in supporting the organization mission and meeting reporting requirements to funders and regulators.

Non-profit organizations and access to public information

maintaining freedom of access to public informationnon-profit
When government agencies outsource basic services to third-party non-profit contractors, one consequence is that the public may lose its access to information about the service that the public would have retained, had a government agency carried out the service directly.

Voluntary sector

third sectorsocial sectornonprofit sector
The voluntary sector or civic sector is the duty of social activity undertaken by organizations that are non-governmental nonprofit organizations.