Normandy

Gallo-Roman theatre in Lillebonne
Bayeux Tapestry (Scene 23): Harold II swearing oath on holy relics to William the Conqueror
Norman possessions in the 12th century
Joan of Arc burning at the stake in the city of Rouen, painting by Jules Eugène Lenepveu
Allied invasion of Normandy, D-Day, 1944
The medieval island of Mont-Saint-Michel, the most visited monument in Normandy
The Arche and the Aiguille of the cliffs of Étretat
A typical Norman thatched building. This is now a village hall
The Seine in Les Andelys
The Bresle
Historic photograph of the Caserne Jeanne d'Arc in Rouen, today seat of the Norman regional assembly
Half-timbered houses in Rouen
A Norman style construction in Deauville
Normande cow
Cider from Normandy
Wace presents his Roman de Rou to Henry II, Illustration 1824
Claude Monet, Woman with a Parasol – Madame Monet and Her Son, 1875
Robert Antoine Pinchon, Un après-midi à l'Ile aux Cerises, Rouen, oil on canvas, 50 x 61.2 cm
Rouen Cathedral
"Two-leopard" version, which is the main one.
"Three-leopard" version
Nordic Cross version
"Two-leopard" flag of Sark
Coat of arms of the Duchy of Normandy
Coat of arms of Guernsey
Coat of arms of Jersey
Mont Saint-Michel
Château Gaillard
Honfleur
Le Havre
Port Racine
Half-timbered houses in Rouen
Saint-Céneri-le-Gérei
Château d'Ételan (1494)
Decorated boats in Honfleur harbour
Rouen Cathedral by Claude Monet
World War II 15 cm TbtsK C/36 German coastal gun.
Pegasus Bridge
The Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial near Colleville-sur-Mer

Geographical and cultural region in Northwestern Europe, roughly coextensive with the historical Duchy of Normandy.

- Normandy

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Rollo

Statue of Rollo in Ålesund, Norway
Rollo's grave at the Cathedral of Rouen
A genealogical chart of the Norman dynasty

Rollo (, Rolloun; ; Rollon; died between 928 and 933) was a Viking who became the first ruler of Normandy, today a region in northern France.

Norman language

Norman or Norman French (Normaund, Normand, Guernésiais: Normand, Jèrriais: Nouormand) is, depending on classification, either a French dialect or a Romance language which can be classified as one of the Oïl languages along with French, Picard and Walloon.

A bar named in Norman

Norman is spoken in mainland Normandy in France, where it has no official status, but is classed as a regional language.

Sarthe

Department of the French region of Pays de la Loire, and the province of Maine, situated in the Grand-Ouest of the country.

The Château de Boisclaireau, residence of the Gueroust family, Counts of Boisclaireau, in Sarthe.
Gallo-Roman walls and Cathedral in Le Mans
Stained glass in Le Mans Cathedral
The 24 Hours of Le Mans is the world's oldest continuing sports car race in endurance racing.<ref>{{cite news | url=https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/motoring/weekly-auto-agenda-le-mans-1997970.html | title=Weekly auto agenda: Le Mans | newspaper=The Independent | date=11 June 2010 | access-date=22 April 2011 }}</ref>
Church of La Ferté-Bernard
Château du Lude
Château de Courtanvaux

It is south of Normandy and on the southern edge of the Armorican Massif.

Norsemen

The Norsemen (or Norse people) were a North Germanic ethnolinguistic group of the Early Middle Ages, during which they spoke the Old Norse language.

Norse clothing
Exploration and expansion routes of Norsemen

From this word came the name of the Normans and of Normandy, which was settled by Norsemen in the tenth century.

Pays de Caux

Location within France
Étretat, falaise d'aval and the needle
Beeches grown as a wind break around a now derelict farm on the Pays de Caux plateau.
The abbey of Fécamp
Pays de Caux: a small building in brick, flint and clunch
Chateau d'Etelan
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Mer et bateaux, 1883, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Note the Valleuses, one containing a village.
Monet
Monet
Courbet

The Pays de Caux (,, literally Lands of Caux) is an area in Normandy occupying the greater part of the French département of Seine Maritime in Normandy.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rouen

Archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.

Rouen Cathedral

As one of the fifteen Archbishops of France, the Archbishop of Rouen's ecclesiastical province comprises the greater part of Normandy.

Saxons

The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxan,, Sassen, Saksen) were a group of Germanic<ref name="Germanic">

The remains of a seax together with a reconstructed replica
Map of the Roman Empire and contemporary indigenous Europe in 125AD, showing the location of the Saxons in Northern Germany
Europe in the late fifth century. Most names shown are the Latin names of fifth-century peoples, with the exceptions of Syagrius (king of a Gallo-Roman rump state), Odoacer (Germanic king of Italy), and (Julius) Nepos (nominally the last Western Roman emperor, de facto ruler of Dalmatia).
Possible locations of the Angles, Saxons and Jutes before their migration to Britain.
Alfred the Great
The later stem duchy of Saxony (c. 1000 AD), which was based in the Saxons' traditional homeland bounded by the rivers Ems, Eider and Elbe
1868 illustration of Augustine addressing the Saxons

In Merovingian times, continental Saxons had also been associated with the activity and settlements on the coast of what later became Normandy.

Channel Islands

The Channel Islands and adjacent coast of France
Aerial view of Sark
Aerial view of Guernsey
La Gran'mère du Chimquière, Statue menhir, Saint Martin, Guernsey
German fortifications, built during the Second World War, are presently scattered throughout the landscape of the Channel Islands
During the German occupation of Jersey, a stonemason repairing the paving of the Royal Square incorporated a V for victory under the noses of the occupiers. This was later amended to refer to the Red Cross ship Vega. The addition of the date 1945 and a more recent frame has transformed it into a monument.
Crowds cheer as the Channel Islands are liberated at Saint Peter Port in 1945
Entrance to the public gallery of the States Chamber in Jersey
ATR 42-500 of Aurigny Air Services
A sea festival advertised using Dgèrnésiais
This statue of a crapaud (toad) in St Helier represents the traditional nickname for Jersey people
Flag of Jersey
Flag of Guernsey
Flag of Alderney
Flag of Sark
Flag of Herm
Flag of Brecqhou

The Channel Islands (îles Anglo-Normandes or îles de la Manche) are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy.

Pays de Bray

Location within France

The Pays de Bray (, literally Land of Bray) is a small (about 750 km²) natural region of France situated to the north-east of Rouen, straddling the French departments of the Seine-Maritime and the Oise (historically divided among the Provinces of Normandy and Picardy since 911, now divided among the administrative regions of Normandy and Picardy).

Rouen

City on the River Seine in northern France.

Left to right: St Ouen, Notre Dame, St Maclou
Gros-Horloge
The tramway
King Edward IV
Pierre Corneille
Thomas Corneille
Jean Jouvenet
Jean Restout
Gustave Flaubert, 1865
A class at the Lycée Pierre-Corneille, Rouen 1902, artists Robert Antoine Pinchon (second row, right) and Marcel Duchamp (third row, left)
Salon des Artistes Rouennais, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen, c. 1930
François Hollande, 2017
Artist Arne Quinze
Fleurs d'eau, by Jean-Yves Lechevallier
Rouen Cathedral, Full Sunlight, by Claude Monet, 1894.

During the Hundred Years' War, on 19 January 1419, Rouen surrendered to Henry V of England, who annexed Normandy once again to the Plantagenet domains but Rouen did not go quietly: Alain Blanchard hanged English prisoners from the walls, for which he was summarily executed while Canon and Vicar General of Rouen Robert de Livet became a hero for excommunicating the English king, resulting in de Livet's imprisonment for five years in England.