Norwalk virusnorovirusesNorovirus acute gastroenteritisnorovirus gastroenteritisNorwalkNorwalk-likewinter vomiting bug
Norovirus, sometimes referred to as the winter vomiting bug, is the most common cause of gastroenteritis.wikipedia
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stomach flucholera morbusinfectious diarrhea
Norovirus, sometimes referred to as the winter vomiting bug, is the most common cause of gastroenteritis.
In adults, norovirus and Campylobacter are common causes.


The virus is usually spread by the fecal–oral route.
Norovirus and rotavirus, common causes of viral gastroenteritis, are transmitted by the faecal–oral route and are passed from person to person by contact, entering the body in food or water.


diarrhoeadiarrheal diseaseschronic diarrhea
Infection is characterized by diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain.
Norovirus is the most common cause of viral diarrhea in adults, but rotavirus is the most common cause in children under five years old.


Infection is characterized by diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain.
Norovirus (formerly Norwalk virus or Norwalk agent)

Norovirus GII.4 Sydney

Norovirus GII.4 Sydney
GII.4 Sydney is a strain of Norovirus first discovered in March 2012 and is now the predominant strain of recent Norovirus outbreaks worldwide, replacing G11.4 New Orleans.

Hand sanitizer

alcohol based hand rubAlcohol rubalcohol rubs
Alcohol-based hand sanitizers are less effective.
There are certain situations during which hand washing with water and soap are preferred over hand sanitizer, these include: eliminating bacterial spores of Clostridioides difficile, parasites such as Cryptosporidium, and certain viruses like norovirus depending on the concentration of alcohol in the sanitizer (95% alcohol was seen to be most effective in eliminating most viruses).

Fecal–oral route

fecal-oral routefecal-oralfaecal-oral route
The virus is usually spread by the fecal–oral route.
Norovirus acute gastroenteritis


Noroviruses (NoV) are a genetically diverse group of single-stranded positive-sense RNA, non-enveloped viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae.
Genus Norovirus; type species: Norwalk virus

Norovirus cis-acting replication element

Norovirus cis-acting replication element
In molecular biology, the Norovirus cis-acting replication element (CRE) is an RNA element which is found in the coding region of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase in Norovirus.

Small intestine

small bowelsmall intestinessmall
When a person becomes infected with norovirus, the virus is replicated within the small intestine.

Norwalk, Ohio

NorwalkNorwalk, OHNorwalk Ohio
The disease is named after Norwalk, Ohio, where an outbreak occurred in 1968.
* The gastroenteritis-causing virus Norovirus is named after the city.

Cruise ship

cruise shipscruise linercruise
Norovirus is a common cause of epidemics of gastroenteritis on cruise ships.
Norovirus is a virus that commonly causes gastroenteritis in developed countries, and is also a cause of gastroenteritis on cruise ships.

2008 in the United Kingdom

17 January – The number of people affected by norovirus stomach bug in the UK reached an estimated 3 million.

2017 World Championships in Athletics – Men's 400 metres

400 metres400 mMen's 400 metres
Isaac Makwala (Botswana) had qualified for the final, but was barred from competing as he was under quarantine due to the norovirus outbreak in one of the athletes' hotels.

Murine norovirus

Murine norovirus (MNV) is a species of norovirus affecting mice.

Traveler's diarrhea

travelers' diarrheatraveler’s diarrheaMontezuma's Revenge
About 10% to 20% of cases are due to norovirus.

Medical classification

statistical classificationmedical codingclassification
Diagnosis codes track diseases and other health conditions, inclusive of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and heart disease, and infectious diseases such as norovirus, the flu, and athlete's foot.

Foodborne illness

food poisoningptomaine poisoningptomaine
In the past, bacterial infections were thought to be more prevalent because few places had the capability to test for norovirus and no active surveillance was being done for this particular agent.

Introduction to viruses

Viruses such as norovirus are transmitted by the faecal–oral route, which involves the contamination of hands, food and water.

List of infectious diseases

bacterial infectionbacterial infectionsFungal, Bacterial and Viral infections

The Fat Duck

In 2009 the restaurant suffered from the largest norovirus outbreak ever documented at a restaurant with over 400 diners falling ill.

Kingsman (franchise)

KingsmanThe Secret ServiceKingsman: The Secret Service
Returning to Kingsman headquarters to retrieve a pill to treat his little brother Ryan's norovirus, an alert comes in from the South African Secret Service (SASS) regarding an encrypted message that was sent to a wanted hacker named Alias at Times Square in Manhattan.

Infections associated with diseases

For example: in a murine model, Crohn's disease can be precipitated by a norovirus, but only when both a specific gene variant is present and a certain toxin has damaged the gut.

Storylines of Shortland Street (2008)

Doctors fight to revive Toni Warner (but are unable) after her blood pressure drops during surgery. She dies of renal failure, resulting from a combination of norovirus and a missing kidney. It was later discovered that her death was actually caused by a faulty drug distributed by the dodgy pharmaceutical company Scott Spear who worked closely with a ruthless gang known as the whitetails.